[logo] Flora Malesiana Bulletin


Vol. 13(2) - December 2002

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Adam, J.H. & Ramlan b. Omar. 2001. Phytochemical study of Nepenthes species from Sarawak and Sabah. Sarawak Mus. J. 56, n.s. 77: 275–285, illus. — Flavonoids.

Aiba, S.-I. & K. Kitayama. 2002. Effects of the 1997–98 El Niño drought on rain forests of Mount Kinabalu, Borneo. J. Trop. Ecol. 18: 215–230, illus.

Albers, F. & U. Meve. 2001. A karyological survey of Asclepiadoideae, Periplocoideae, and Secamonoideae, and evolutionary considerations within Apocynaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 624–656, illus. — x = 11 basic; 2n = 44 usual; deviations only in Asclepiadoideae; chromosomes largest in Periplocoideae, smallest in Asclepiadeae.

Alejandro, G.D. & D.A. Madulid. 1999. The Ficus (Moraceae) flora of Mts. Palay-palay – Mataas na Gulod National Park (Ternate, Cavite). Acta Manil. 47: 15–40. — 20 taxa; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Alejandro, G.D. & D.A. Madulid. 2000. Morpho-numerical analysis of Ficus species (Moraceae) found in Mts. Palay-palay – Mataas na Gulod National Park (Ternate, Cavite) using hierarchical clustering techniques. Acta Manil. 48: 11–18, illus. — 20 taxa in 8 groups.

Anderberg, A.A., C. Rydin & M. Källersjö. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in the order Ericales s.l.: analyses of molecular data from five genes from the plastid and mitochondrial genomes. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 677–687, illus.

Anderberg, A.A. & Z. Zhang. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of Cyrillaceae and Clethraceae (Ericales) with special emphasis on the genus Purdiaea. Organisms, Div. & Evol. 2: 127–137, illus. — Cyrillaceae polyphyletic, Cyrilla sister of Ericaceae, Purdiaea to Clethraceae.

Ao, C.-Q., G.-X. Chen & H.-D. Zhang. 2002. Leaf epidermis morphology of Camellia and its taxonomic significance. Acta Bot. Yunn. 24: 68–74, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Distinctive but without correlation with morphology.

Argent, G. 2001. Contributions to the flora of Mount Jaya. VI. A new banana species, Musa johnsii (Musaceae) from New Guinea. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 1–7, illus.

Ashton, P.S. 1988. Manual of the non-Dipterocarp trees of Sarawak. 2. xix, 490 pp, illus. Forest Department Sarawak. ISBN 983-62-0155-6. — Very late inclusion, as the author never noti?ed us of its appearance; now largely superseded by the TFSS.

Atkins, H. & Q.C.B. Cronk. 2001. The genus Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in Palawan, Philippines. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 443–458, illus. — 12 spp, 7 new, 4 here of?cially described, 4 others described, but not named.

Austin, D.F. & E. Eich. 2001. Synopsis of Stictocardia with another Madagascan species, S. mojangensis (Convolvulaceae). Willdenowia 31: 79–85, illus. — Key to the 11 spp.

Azrianinsih, R., N. Nakagaoshi & Y. Isagi. 2001. Morphological variability of Kyllingia found in Malang, Indonesia: a perception for its taxonomy. Hikobia 13: 355–362, illus. — Cyperus brevifolius, C. kyllingia (Cyperaceae).

Azuma, H., J.G. García-Franco, V. Rico-Gray & L.B. Thien. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of the Magnoliaceae: the biogeography of tropical and temperate disjunctions. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2275–2285, illus. — S America Talauma diverged 42 mya (mid-Eocene), tropical Asian and W Indian clades 36 mya (late Eocene).

Azuma, H., L.B. Thien & S. Kawano. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Magnolia based on chloroplast DNA sequence data (trnK intron, psbA-trnH and atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer regions) and floral scent chemistry. In: Y.-H. Liu et al. (Eds.), Proceedings: 219–227, illus. — Magnolia s.l. not monophyletic.

Baburaj, D.S., S. Rajan & S.J. Britto. 2001. An extended distribution of Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. (Rubiaceae) and a new record for Tamil Nadu, South India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 25: 7–9, illus. — Description.

Baldoni, L., et 5 al. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among Olea species, based on nucleotide variation at a non-coding chloroplast DNA region. Pl. Biol. 4: 346–351, illus. — (Oleaceae).

Baldwin, B.G., B.L. Wessa & J.L. Panero. 2002. Nuclear rDNA evidence for major lineages of helenioid Heliantheae (Compositae). Syst. Bot. 27: 161–198, illus. —
3 new tribes, 3 new subtribes; Heliantheae s.s. polyphyletic; Eupatorieae nested in Heliantheae s.l.; key to tribes, subtribes.

Bandyopadhyay, S. 2001. Miscellaneous notes on Bauhinia L. (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) – II. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 25: 10–12. — Various nomenclatural matters.

Banks, D.P. 2002. Dendrobium chrysopterum Schuit. & de Vogel. Orchadian 13: 537–540, illus. — See Schuiteman, A. & E.[F.] de Vogel. 2001.

Barabé, D., A. Bruneau, F. Forest & C. Lacroix. 2002. The correlation between the development of atypical bisexual flowers and phylogeny of the Aroideae (Araceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 232: 1–19, illus.

Barfod, A.S., R. Banka & J.L. Dowe. 2001. Field guide to palms in Papua New Guinea with a multi-access key and notes on the genera. AAU Rep. 40: x, 79 pp., illus. ISBN 87-87600-55-2. — 31 gen treated; seems quite useful, although the photos are grainy (Palmae).

Barfod, A.S. & P. Forster. 2001. Len Brass’ photographs of palms in New Guinea. Palms 45: 37–38, illus. — 22 spp put on CD-ROM, some source of type material; AUD 20 from Forster.

Barker, C. 2001. Margaritaria (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 46: 505–512, illus. — 2 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions; specimens at end.

Barkman, T.J. 2001. Evolution of vegetative morphology in Mount Kinabalu high-
elevation endemics: insights from the orchid genus Dendrochilum
. Sabah Parks Nat. J. 4: 9–24, illus. — 5 endemic species derived from lower elevation species (Orchidaceae).

Barkman, T.J. & B.B. Simpson. 2001. Origin of high-elevation Dendrochilum species (Orchidaceae) endemic to Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Syst. Bot. 26: 658–669, illus. — Origin from lower elevation ancestors.

Barkman, T.J. & B.B. Simpson. 2002. Hybrid origin and parentage of Dendrochilum acuiferum (Orchidaceae) inferred from a phylogenetic context using nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data. Syst. Bot. 27: 209–220, illus.

Bastmeijer, J.D. & R. Kiew. 2001. A new Cryptocoryne hybrid (Araceae) from the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 9–17, illus. — Translated into German in Aqua-Planta 26 (2001) 172–179, illus.

Beaman, J.H. 2001. Systematics, evolution and ethnobotany of the flora of Mount Kinabalu: biodiversity research and conservation in action. Sabah Parks Nat. J. 4: 1–7. — Introduction to the Proceedings of the Symposium at the 16th International Botanical Congress, St. Louis, Missouri; high elevation endemics probably recent, derived from lower elevation species, not from distant regions.

Beaman, J.H. 2001. Enumeration of the Kinabalu flora: present status. Sabah Parks Nat. J. 4: 125–135, illus. — History and analysis of collections.

Beaman, R.S. 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography of Elatostema (Urticaceae) from Mount Kinabalu. Sabah Parks Nat. J. 4: 71–93, illus. — Combination of phylogeny, cladistics with GIS and remote sensing; vicariant speciation suggested; high altitude species seem to have evolved from lower altitude ones.

Bean, A.R. 2001. Pappus morphology and terminology in Australian and New Zealand thistles (Asteraceae, tribe Cardueae). Austrobaileya 6: 139–152, illus. — Key based on pappus and achenes.

Bell, C.D., E.J. Edwards, S.-T. Kim & M.J. Donoghue. 2001. Dipsacales phylogeny based on chloroplast sequences. Harvard Pap. Bot. 6: 481–499, illus. — Triplostegia closer to Dipsacaceae than to Valerianaceae; see also Donoghue et al. (2001).

Berg, C.C. 2002. Ficus subgenus Pharmacosycea section Oreosycea (Moraceae) in the Solomon Islands, Fiji, and the New Hebrides. Blumea 47: 299–314, illus. — 10 spp, 3 Malesian, 4 new taxa; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes, identi?cation list.

Bertea, C.M., et 7 al. 2001. Evidence for a C4 NADP-ME photosynthetic pathway in Vetiveria zizanioides Stapf. Pl. Biosystems 135: 249–262, illus. — (Gramineae).

Besnard, G., P.S. Green & A. Bervillé. 2002. The genus Olea: molecular approaches of its structure and relationships to other Oleaceae. Acta Bot. Gall. 149: 49–66, illus. — Subgen Tetrapilus seems distinct genus.

Binns, S.E., B.R. Baum & J.T. Arnason. 2002 (‘2001’). Typification of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (Heliantheae: Asteraceae) and its implications for the correct naming of two Echinacea taxa. Taxon 50: 1169–1175, illus. — What since 1903 is known as E. purpurea is E. serotina, while ‘true’ E. purpurea is called E. laevigata; proposal for conservation of status quo l.c. 1199.

Binns, S.E., B.R. Baum & J.T. Arnason. 2002 (‘2001’). Proposal to conserve the name Rudbeckia purpurea (Asteraceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 50: 1199–1200.

Bodegom, S., R.M.A.P. Haegens, B.J. van Heuven & P. Baas. 2001. Systematic leaf anatomy of Baccaurea, Distichirhops, and Nothobaccaurea (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea 46: 485–497, illus. — Phenetic analysis mainly corresponds with cladistic analysis of macromorphological features.

Bodegom, S. & J.F. Veldkamp. 2001. A revision of the pseudo-stipular species of Medinilla Gaud. ex DC. (Melastomataceae–Melastomatoideae–Miconieae). Blumea 46: 527–567, illus. — Blades have a pair of free lobes at base; 15 taxa, 13 new; correction of authorship of Medinilla (Gaudich. ex DC.), typespecies (M. medinilliana);
1 other new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; palynology.

Boonkerd, T., S. Saengmanee & B.R. Baum. 2002. The varieties of Bauhinia pottsii G. Don in Thailand (Leguminosae–Caesalpinioideae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 232: 51–62, illus. — 4 var, at least 1 in Peninsular Malaysia; key.

Boyce, P.C. 2001. The genus Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae–Monsteroideae–Monstereae) in Borneo. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 19–74, illus. — 13 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; collections under taxa and at end.

Boyce, P.C. 2001. The genus Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae–Monsteroideae–Monstereae) in New Guinea, Australia and the tropical western Pacific. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 75–183, illus. — 30 spp, 12 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; collections under taxa and at end.

Braem, G.J. 2001. Sur la taxinomie infragénérique du genre Paphiopedilum. Richardiana 1: 141–152, illus. (In French, Engl. summ.). — Molecular analyses would support Braem’s system (Orchidaceae).

Bremer, K., et 8 al. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of 100+ genera and 50+ families of euasterids based on morphological and molecular data with notes on possible higher level morphological synapomorphies. Pl. Syst. Evol. 229: 137–169, illus.

Brown, R.M. & S.I. Guttman. 2002. Phylogenetic systematics of the Rana signata complex of Philippine and Bornean stream frogs: reconsideration of Huxley’s modification of Wallace’s Line at the Oriental–Australian faunal zone interface. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 393–461, illus. — Complex monophyletic, but Philippine members not; new taxa, subspecies raised to species; two separate faunal exchanges between Philippines and edge of Sunda Shelf; of interest to botanists as well!

Brummitt, R.K. (Ed.). 2002 (‘2001’). Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 52. Taxon 50: 1179–1182.

Bruneau, A., F. Forest, P.S. Herendeen, B.B. Klitgaard & G.P. Lewis. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships in the Caesalpinioideae (Leguminosae) as inferred from chloroplasts trnL intron sequences. Syst. Bot. 26: 487–514, illus. — Monophyletic Cercideae sister to Leguminosae; next monophyletic Detarieae s.l.; next Dialiinae + Labecheinae; Papilionoideae monophyletic; Mimosoideae paraphyletic with Cassieae and Caesalpinieae p.p.; several monophyletic groups of genera or subtribes of Caesalpinioideae; simple actinomorphic flowers probably originated polytopically.

Burton, C.M. 2001. You asked for it! Hoyan 23: 33. — Comments whether Hoya callistophylla and H. clemensii (should be ‘clemensiorum’) are synonyms of H. ?nlaysonii.

Burtt, B.L. 2001. Flora of Thailand: annotated checklist of Gesneriaceae. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 29: 81–109. — 15 new taxa, 1 new name.

Caddick, L.R., P.J. Rudall, P. Wilkin, T.A.J. Hedderson & M.W. Chase. 2002. Phylogenetics of Dioscoreales based on combined analyses of morphological and molecular data. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 138: 123–144, illus. — Includes ‘core Dioscoreales’ (incl. Taccaceae), Burmaniaceae (incl. Thismiaceae), and Nartheciaceae. Cf. Neyland (2002).

Caddick, L.R., P. Wilkin, P.J. Rudall, T.A.J. Hedderson & M.W. Chase. 2001. Yams reclassified: a recircumscription of Dioscoreaceae and Dioscoreales. Taxon 51: 103–114, illus. — Stenomeris, Tacca, Trichopus included in Dioscoreaceae; dioecious genera included in Dioscorea; key to genera; synonymy, descriptions; 10 new comb.

Cameron, K.M., M.W. Chase, W.R. Anderson & H.G. Hills. 2001. Molecular systematics of Malpighiaceae: evidence from plastid rbcL and matK sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1847–1862, illus.

Cannon, C.H. 2001. Morphological and molecular diversity in Lithocarpus (Fagaceae) of Mount Kinabalu. Sabah Parks Nat. J. 4: 45–69, illus. — 37 spp present, representing 5 subgroups of 13; 2 with ‘enclosed receptacle’ fruit type probably due to convergence.

Cannon, C.H. & P.S. Manos. 2001. Combining and comparing morphometric shape descriptors with a molecular phylogeny: the case of fruit type evolution in Bornean Lithocarpus (Fagaceae). Syst. Biol. 50: 860–880, illus.

Carine, M.A. & R.W. Scotland. 2002. Classification of Strobilanthinae (Acanthaceae): trying to classify the unclassifiable? Taxon 51: 259–279, illus. — Analysis of 69 mainly Sri Lanka and S Indian taxa disagrees with previous classi?cations; subtribe best reduced to Strobilanthes s.l. with a number of informal monophyletic infrageneric groups.

Caris, P., L.P. Ronse Decraene, E. Smets & D. Clinckemaillie. 2002. The uncertain systematic position of Symplocos (Symplocaceae): evidence from a floral ontogenetic study. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 163: 67–74, illus. — In Ericales s.l.

Cayzer, L.W., M.D. Crisp & I.R.H. Telford. 2000. Revision of Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae) in Australia. Austral. Syst. Bot. 13: 845–902, illus. — 20 spp, some Malesian; 1 new sp, 3 new comb; Auranticarpa gen. nov., expected for Malesia; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; selected specimens under taxa.

Chang, H.-T. & H.-X. Qiu. 2002. Noteworthy taxa from China (continued). Guihaia 22: 1–3. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — E.g. Blachia andamanica (Euphorbiaceae), Suriana maritima (Surianaceae).

Chantaranothai, P. 2001. Notes on some Thai Syzygium (Myrtaceae). Thai For. Bull., Bot. 29: 58–60. — New records for Malesian taxa.

Chantaranothai, P. & P. Tubtimtong. 2001. A new combination in Persicaria (Polygonaceae) and a new record for Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 29: 35–37, illus. — Persicaria lapathifolia var. lanigera, also in Malesia.

Chase, M.W., et 5 al. 2002. When in doubt, put it in Flacourtiaceae: a molecular phylogenetic analysis based on plastid rbcL DNA sequences. Kew Bull. 57: 141–181, illus. — Two clades, one (incl. Flacourtia) to Salicaceae, the other to Achariaceae; survey of tribal classi?cation (1 new).

Chassot, P., S. Nemomissa, Y.-M. Yuan & P. Küpfer. 2001. High paraphyly of Swertia L. (Gentianaceae) in the Gentianella-lineage as revealed by nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence variation. Pl. Syst. Evol. 229: 1–21, illus.

Chaturvedi, M. & K. Datta. 2001. Pollen morphology in Saccharum L. (Poaceae) – wild and cultivated sugar cane species. Feddes Repert. 112: 387–390, illus. — Study of ‘all four species’ (sic, wish that life was that easy!) show differences in size and ornamentation between S. of?cinarum and S. sinense with S. robustum and S. spontaneum.

Christenson, E.A. 2001. Phalaenopsis, a monograph. 330 pp, illus. Timber Press, Oregon, ISBN 0-88192-494-6 (hbk). — Incl. Doritis, Kingidium; 5 subgen, 4 new, no key; keys to spp; synonymy, descriptions, notes with emphasis on cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Christenson, E.A. 2001. Sarcanthine genera 26: Malleola. Orchids 70: 1052–1054, illus. — Note on M. baliensis (Orchidaceae).

Christenson, E.A. 2002. Dendrobium macrostachyum Lindley, an earlier name for Dendrobium stuartii Bailey. Orchadian 13: 569–570. — Also for Dendrobium tetrodon Lindl.

Christenson, E.A. 2002. Habenaria xanthocheila, a yellow terrestrial species from Malaysia. Orchids 71: 222–223, illus. — Species distinct from H. rhodocheila (Orchidaceae).

Chung, R.C.K. 2001. Taxonomic notes on the Bornean Helicia and Heliciopsis (Proteaceae). J. Trop. For. Sci. 13: 534–547, illus. — Checklist, 1 new comb; notes on some spp; list of collections.

Civeyrel, L. & N. Rowe. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Secamonoideae based on the plastid gene matK, morphology, and biomechanics. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 583–602, illus. — Monophyletic; generic delimitation; pollination patterns.

Clarke, A.R., et 9 al. 2002. Evidence of orchid visitation by Bactrocera species (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Papua New Guinea. J. Trop. Ecol. 18: 441–448, illus. — After male fruit flies have visited orchid flowers to obtain certain chemicals they attract more females (Orchidaceae).

Clarke, C. 2001. A guide to the Pitcher plants of Sabah. iii, 39 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo). Kota Kinabalu. ISBN 983-812-057-X. — Richly illustrated basic introduction to Nepenthes; 25 taxa briefly described and depicted (Nepenthaceae).

Clarke, C. 2001. Nepenthes of Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia. x, 326 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo). Kota Kinabalu. ISBN 983-812-050-2. — Richly illustrated textbook, outlining many aspects in the distribution, ecology, history, taxonomy, conservation and cultivation of the genus with emphasis on the 34 species of the area covered; key, synonymy, descriptions, notes (Nepenthaceae).

Clarkson, J.J., M.W. Chase & M.M. Harley. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in Burseraceae based on plastid rps16 intron sequences. Kew Bull. 57: 183–193, illus. — Canarieae, Protieae monophyletic, Bursereae paraphyletic with two clades corresponding to subtribes.

Clements, M.A. 2002. Diplocaulobium angustitepalum (Orchidaceae), a new species from Papua New Guinea. Orchadian 13: 566–568, illus.

Clements, M.A. & D.L. Jones. 2002. Nomenclatural changes in the Dendrobieae (Orchidaceae) 1: the Australasian region. Orchadian 13: 485–497. — 25 new or re-instated genera with numerous new comb.

Clements, M.A. & D.L. Jones. 2002. Nomenclatural changes in the Australian and New Zealand Bulbophyllinae and Eriinae (Orchidaceae). Orchadian 13: 498–501. — 12 new or re-instated genera with numerous new comb.

Clements, M.A. & D.L. Jones. 2002. Nomenclatural notes arising from studies on the tribe Diurideae (Orchidaceae): additions and a correction. Orchadian 13: 502–503, illus. — 4 new comb, cladogram of tribe.

Conran, J.G., et 6 al. 2000. Generic relationships within and between the gymnosperm families Podocarpaceae and Phyllocladaceae based on an analysis of the chloroplast gene rbcL. Austral. J. Bot. 48: 715–724, illus. — Phyllocladaceae to be included in Podocarpaceae; Sundacarpus to Prumnopitys; Falcatifolium basal to Dacrydium; Phyllocladus in unresolved clade with e.g. Prumnopitys.

Contreras-Medina, R. & I.L. Vega. 2002. On the distribution of gymnosperm genera, their areas of endemism and cladistic biogeography. Austr. Syst. Bot. 15: 193–203, illus.

Coode, M.J.E. 2001. Elaeocarpus for the Flora Malesiana – the E. stipularis complex, E. nitidus group & E. barbulatus. Kew Bull. 56: 513–565, illus. — 6 new taxa; 6 new comb; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Coode, M.J.E. 2001. Elaeocarpus for Flora Malesiana: the Coilopetalum group in Sulawesi and Maluku. Kew Bull. 56: 837–874, illus. — 16 spp, 6 new, 6 new subspp; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Coode, M.J.E. 2001. Elaeocarpus for Flora Malesiana: the Coilopetalum group in the Lesser Sunda Islands. Kew Bull. 56: 875–883. — 7 spp, 1 new subsp; keys to all 15 spp; synonymy, notes.

Coode, M.J.E. 2001. Elaeocarpus for Flora Malesiana: the Verticillatae subgroup of the Monocera group and a new Philippine species. Kew Bull. 56: 885–901, illus. — Key to 9 taxa; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Cootes, J. 2001. The orchids of the Philippines. 231 pp, illus. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-516-0. — 300+ species described and depicted; no keys; annotated checklists of Bulbophyllinae and Dendrobiinae; overall checklist for Philippines; a very nice book (Orchidaceae).

Costea, M. & D.A. DeMason. 2001. Stem morphology and anatomy in Amaranthus L. (Amaranthaceae) – taxonomic significance. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 254–281, illus. — New infrageneric classi?cation; separation within the A. hybridus-complex.

Costea, M., A. Sanders & G. Waines. 2001. Preliminary results towards a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus complex (Amaranthaceae). Sida 19: 931–974, illus. — Discussion of infra-generic taxa; key to 3 subgen; 8 taxa, 2 new comb; no key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; only 1 (!) Malesian specimen cited.

Crawford, D.J., E. Landolt, D.H. Les & R.T. Kimball. 2002 (‘2001’). Allozyme studies in Lemnaceae: variation and relationships in Lemna sections Alatae and Biformes. Taxon 50: 987–999, illus. — Lemna aequinoctialis and L. perpusilla closely related but distinct, the latter not a hybrid.

Cribb, P. 1997. The genus Cypripedium. 301 pp, illus. Timber Press, Oregon, ISBN 0-88192-403-2m (hbk). — 45 spp; introductionary chapters; cultivation by H. Perner; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; selected specimens by taxa (Orchidaceae).

Cuénoud, P., et 5 al. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of Caryophyllales based on nuclear 18S rDNA and plastid rbcL, atpB, and matK sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 132–144, illus.

Daniel, P. & A. Rajendran. 2000 (‘1995’). Premna cordifolia (Verbenaceae) – a variously misapplied name. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37: 92–99, illus. — Key to 4 Indian spp of Premna; P. cordifolia not India, but Malesian and Indochinese; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Daniel, P. & A. Rajendran. 2000 (‘1995’). The correct ascription of the combination Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Verbenaceae). Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37: 132–133. — To be attributed to ‘(Rich.) Vahl’.

Daniel, P. & A. Rajendran. 2001 (‘1996’). Lippia alba (Miller) N.E. Br. distinct from Lippia javanica (Burm. f.) Sprengel (Verbenaceae). Bull. Bot. Surv. India 38: 19–24, illus. — Key; synonymy, notes.

Daniel, P., P. Umamaheswari & K.S. Kumar. 2001 (‘1997’). Observations on the dis-tribution of the rare Suriana maritima L. (Surianaceae) in the Gulf of Manar Biosphere Reserve, southern India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 39: 149–156, illus.

Davies, S.J. 2001. Systematics of Macaranga sects. Pachystemon and Pruinosae (Euphorbiaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 6: 371–448, illus. — 33 spp, 3 new; sections monophyletic; ecology, morphology; keys (but not to sections); synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Davis, A.P. & D.M. Bridson. 2001. A taxonomic revision of the genus Dolianthus (Rubiaceae). Blumea 46: 421–446, illus. — 13 spp, 2 new, 10 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions notes; collections at end.

Davis, C.C., W.R. Anderson & M.J. Donoghue. 2001. Phylogeny of Malpighiaceae: evidence from chloroplast ndhF and trnl-F nucleotide sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1830–1846, illus. — Niedenzu’s tribes based on fruit characters all polyphyletic.

De Wilde, W.J.J.O. 2002. Additions to Asian Myristicaceae: Endocomia, Gymnacranthera, Horsfieldia, Knema, and Myristica. Blumea 47: 347–362, illus. — 9 new taxa, new records; keys.

De Wilde, W.J.J.O. & B.E.E. Duyfjes. 2002. Synopsis of Momordica (Cucurbitaceae) in SE Asia and Malesia. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87, 1: 132–148, illus. — 10 spp, 6 in Malesia, 1 new, 1 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; no list of specimens.

Deb, D.B. & D.C. Mondal. 2001 (‘1997’). Taxonomic revision of the genus Ophiorrhiza L. (Rubiaceae) in Indian subcontinent. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 39: 1–148, illus. — 2 sect, 56 taxa, 5 new, 4 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Denduangboripant, J., M. Mendum & Q.C.B. Cronk. 2001. Evolution in Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae) inferred from ITS sequences. Pl. Syst. Evol. 228: 181–197, illus. — Support for two main clades, one mainly in mainland SE Asia, the other Malesian; the latter nested within the ?rst.

Dessein, S., S. Huysmans, E. Robbrecht & E. Smets. 2002. Pollen of African Spermacoce species (Rubiaceae). Morphology and evolutionary aspects. Grana 41: 69–89, illus. — Morphology of high taxonomic value, almost unique for species; distinction of Borreria not supported.

Dillon, S.L., P.K. Lawrence & R.J. Henry. 2001. The use of ribosomal ITS to determine phylogenetic relationships within Sorghum. Pl. Syst. Evol. 230: 97–110, illus. — Very heterogeneous, present sections untenable; Saccharum of?cinarum and Cleistachne sorghoides nest within Sorghum.

Donoghue, M.J., T. Eriksson, P.A. Reeves & R.G. Olmstead. 2001. Phylogeny and phylogenetic taxonomy of Dipsacales, with special reference to Sinadoxa and Tetradoxa (Adoxaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 6: 359–479, illus. — Valerianaceae nested in Caprifoliaceae; Triplostegia in same clade as Valerianaceae; Sambucus, Viburnum in Adoxaceae; see also Bell et al. (2001).

Dowe, J.L. & A.S. Barfod. 2001. New species of Livistonia R.Br. (Arecaceae) from north Queensland and Papua New Guinea. Austrobaileya 6: 165–174, illus. — 2 in New Guinea.

Duval, M.R. 2001. An anatomical study of anther development in Acorus L.: phylogenetic implications. Pl. Syst. Evol. 228: 143–152, illus. — Attempt to show that Acoraceae are the basal monocots.

Duval, M.R., J.D. Noll & A.H. Minn. 2001. Phylogenetics of Paniceae (Poaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1988–1992, illus. — Oplismenus basal, but no Isachne included; Panicum polyphyletic; polytopic occurrence of C3 suggests reversal from C4; Panicum maximum associated with Brachiaria/Urochloa; compare Giussani et al. (2001).

Endress, M.E. & W.D. Stevens. 2001. The renaissance of the Apocynaceae s.l.: recent advances in systematics, phylogeny, and evolution: introduction. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 517–522. — Introduction to Proceedings of 1999 Symposium.

Esser, H.-J. 2002 (‘2001’). Proposal to reject the name Croton racemosus (Euphorbiaceae). Taxon 50: 1211–1212.

Esser, H.-J. 2002. Novelties in Croton (Euphorbiaceae) from Southeast Asia. Novon 12: 42–46. — E.g. Croton grif?thii.

Esser, H.-J. & K. Chayamarit. 2001. Notes on Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) in Thailand. Harvard Pap. Bot. 6: 261–266. — E. atoto, E. bi?da (incl. E. vachellii), E. capillaris, E. cristata, E. lacei (incl. E. trigona Roxb.), E. parviflora, E. sessiliflora.

Essig, F.B., L. Bussard & N. Hernandez. 2001. A systematic histological study of palm fruits. IV. Subtribe Oncosopermatinae. Brittonia 53: 466–471, illus.

Estrada C., E. & C. Yen M. 2001. Lespedeza cuneata (Fabaceae), a first record of its occurrence in Mexico. Sida 19: 741–743. — Better called L. juncea var. sericea.

Eubanks, M.W. 2001. The mysterious origin of Maize. Econ. Bot. 55: 492–514, illus. — The ear of Zea mays possibly the result of selection by man over a few generations of hybrids between teosinte and Tripsacum (Gramineae).

Evans, B. 1999. Edible nut trees in Solomon Islands: a variety collection of Canarium, Terminalia and Barringtonia. ACIAR Techn. Rep. 44: xi, 82 pp, illus. — Other species also briefly mentioned; infra-speci?c variability of Canarium spp; C. harveyi var. nova-hebridiense polygamo-dioecious; cultivars of 3 Barringtonia spp; occurrence of B. edulis in Solomons.

Fantz, P.R. & S.V. Pradeep. 2000 (‘1995’). Clitoria (Leguminosae) of South eastern Asia. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37: 1–37, illus. — 10 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Farjon, A. 2001. World checklist and bibliography of Conifers, second edition. vii, 309 pp, illus. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. ISBN 1-84246-025-0. — Update of 1998 edition.

Fernández-Alonso, J.L. 2001. Veronica javanica Blume (Scrophulariaceae), adventicia nueva para el norte de Sudamérica. Anal. Jard. Bot. Madrid 59: 156–157. (In Spanish). — S Brazil, Colombia, Mexico; key to Colombia spp.

Fernando, E.S. & E.D. Sotalbo. 2001. A new species of Heterospathe with undivided leaves from the Philippines. Palms 45: 118–122, illus. — (Palmae).

Figlar, R.B. 2000. Proleptic branch initiation in Michelia and Magnolia subgenus Yulania provides basis for combinations in subfamily Magnolioideae. In: Y.-H. Liu et al. (Eds.), Proceedings: 14–25, illus. — Elmerrillia, Michelia reduced; many new combinations.

Fishbein, M. 2001. Evolutionary innovation and diversification in the flowers of Asclepiadaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 603–623, illus. — Diversi?cation of corona, polinarium.

Fishbein, M., C. Hibsch-Jitter, D.E. Soltis & L. Hufford. 2001. Phylogeny of Saxifragales (Angiosperms, Dicots): analysis of a rapid, ancient radiation. Syst. Biol. 50: 817–847, illus.

Floyd, S.K. & W.E. Friedman. 2001. Developmental evolution in basal angiosperms: evidence from Amborella (Amborellaceae), Nuphar (Nymphaeaceae), and Illicium (Illiciaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 228: 153–169, illus. — Reconstruction of ancestral character states from these taxa basal to angiosperms.

Freudenstein, J.V. & M.W. Chase. 2001. Analysis of mitochondrial nad1b-c intron sequences in Orchidaceae: utility and coding of length-change characters. Syst. Bot. 26: 643–657, illus. — 4 or 5 subfamilies supported; vanilloid orchids placed away from epidendroids.

Fritsch, P.W., C.M. Moerton, T. Chen & C. Meldrum. 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography of the Styracaceae. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 162, Suppl.: 95–116, illus. — Origin in Eurasia in Eocene.

Frodin, D.G. 2002. Rudolf Schlechter: his life and travels. Orchadian 13: 543–548 (reprint of an article that appeared in 1972, rewritten by D.P. Banks).

Giesen, W. 2000. Flora and vegetation of Danau Sentarum: unique lake and swamp forest ecosystem of West Kalimantan. Borneo Res. Bull. 31: 89–122, illus. — 504 spp listed.

Giussani, L.M., J.H. Cota-Sánchez, F.O. Zuloaga & E.A. Kellogg. 2001. A molecular phylogeny of the grass subfamily Panicoideae (Poaceae) show multiple origins of C4 photosynthesis. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1993–2012, illus. — 3 major clades: Andropogoneae (incl. Arundinella), Paniceae with x = 10, and Paniceae with x = 9; Panicum polyphyletic (P. maximum better in Urochloa), Paspalum paraphyletic, as Thrasya is included; compare Duval et al. (2001).

Goldman, D.H., et 8 al. 2001. Phylogenetics of Arethuseae (Orchidaceae) based on plastid matK and rbcL sequences. Syst. Bot. 26: 670–695, illus. — Tribe and its sub-tribes not monophyletic; matK gene apparently not functional in Orchidaceae.

González, F., P.J. Rudall & C.A. Furness. 2001. Microsporogenesis and systematics of Aristolochiaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 221–242, illus.

Gottschling, M., H.H. Hilger, M. Wolf & N. Diane. 2001. Secondary structure of the ITS1 transcript and its application in a reconstruction of the phylogeny of Boraginales. Pl. Biol. 3: 629–636, illus. — Boraginaceae s.l. paraphyletic; Pteleocarpa not included.

Govaerts, R. 2002 (‘2001’). How many species of seed plants are there? Taxon 50: 1085–1090. — 422,127, of which 50,715 in Malesia.

Govaerts, R., D.G. Frodin & T.D. Pennington. 2001. World checklist and bibliography of Sapotaceae. xi, 361 pp, illus. ISBN 1-900347-94-6. — System based on Pennington (1991); 54 gen, 1180 spp recognised; some new combinations (unlisted).

Govindarajalu, E. 2000. Fimbristylis pycnocephala Hillebr. – Hawaiian species, a new record to India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 733–736, illus. — Synonymy, description, compared to F. cymosa; also in Solomons (Cyperaceae).

Grass Phylogeny Working Group (GPWG). 2001. Phylogeny and subfamilial classification of the grasses. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 373–457, illus. — An impressive compilation of data which is the base of further research and taxonomic upheavals.

Gravendeel, B., et 5 al. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of Coelogyne (Epidendroideae: Orchidaceae) based on plastid RFLPS, matK, and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences: evidence for polyphyly. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1915–1927, illus. — Coelogyne consists of at least 2 well-supported clades; inclusion of Neogyna and Pholidota proposed.

Green, P.S. 2001. Studies in the genus Jasminum. XVII: sections Trifoliolata and Primulina. Kew Bull. 56: 903–915 — Trifoliolata with 6 spp, 2 Malesian, 3 subspp, 2 var, 1 new (by R. Kiew); keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; Primulina is new section from China.

Green, P.S. 2002. A revision of Olea L. (Oleaceae). Kew Bull. 57: 91–140, illus. — 42 taxa, 3 new; keys, synonymy, descriptions.

Green, T. 2001. Correction/Notice about Hoya clemensii. Fraterna 14, 4: 9. — Orthographic error corrected to Hoya clemensiorum.

Greuter, W. 2002 (‘2001’). Proposal to conserve Manilkara nom. cons. (Sapotaceae), against an additional name, Sapota. Taxon 50: 1215–1216.

Gruß, O. 2001. Phalaenopsis pallens var. trullifera f. fourmaniana, eine neue Farbform der Gattung Phalaenopsis. Orchidee 52: 577–578, illus. (In German). — A yellow colour form from the Philippines.

Gruß, O. 2001. Phalaenopsis, Neuigkeiten aus der Gattung. Orchidee 52: 579–583, illus. (In German). — Notes on P. appendiculata, P. doweryensis (description).

Gugerli, F., et 6 al. 2001. The evolutionary split of Pinaceae from other conifers: evidence from an intron loss and a multigene phylogeny. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 21: 167–175, illus. — Pinaceae + Gnetales sister to non-Pinaceae conifers.

Harrison, R.D., R. Banka, I.W.B. Thornton & M. Shahanan. 2001. Colonization of an island volcano, Long Island, Papua New Guinea, and an emergent island, Motmot, in its caldera lake. II. The vascular flora. J. Biogeogr. 28: 1311–1337, illus. — See also Shahanan et al. (2001), Thornton (2001) and Thornton et al. (2001).

Haynes, R.R. 2001. Alismataceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 351–358, illus. — 3 gen, 5 spp.

Haynes, R.R. 2001. Aponogetonaceae . Fl. Thail. 7: 359–360, illus. — 1 gen, 2 spp.

Haynes, R.R. 2001. Cymodoceaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 361–364, illus. — 2 gen, 2 spp.

Haynes, R.R. 2001. Hydrocharitaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 365–382, illus. — 8 gen, 17 taxa.

Haynes, R.R. 2001. Limnocharitaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 383–386, illus. — 2 gen, 2 spp.

Haynes, R.R. 2001. Potamogetonaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 387–390, illus. — 1 gen, 3 spp.

Herber, B.E. 2002. Pollen morphology of the Thymelaeaceae in relation to its taxonomy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 232: 107–121, illus. — Palynology widely correlates with wood anatomy and flower morphology; Aquilarioideae not monophyletic; Gonystylaceae to be included as subfam.

Hickey, M. & C. King. 2000. The Cambridge illustrated glossary of botanical terms. xii, 208 pp, illus. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom. ISBN 0-521-79401-3 (pbk), 0-521-79080-8 (hbk). — Very nice assistance in teaching phytography, although I disagree with some de?nitions and clearness of illustrations.

Hilliard, O.M. & B.L. Burtt. 2002. The genus Agalmyla (Gesneriaceae–Cyrtandroideae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 59: 1–210, illus. — 97 spp, 62 new, in 3 sect (2 new), incl. Dichrotrichum, Tetradema; history, phytogeography (Wallace’s Line!), taxonomy; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Hilliard, O.M. & B.L. Burtt. 2002. A new species of Agalmyla (Gesneriaceae) from Sulawesi. Edinburgh J. Bot. 59: 323–324.

Hind, D.J.N. & C. Jeffrey. 2001. A checklist of the Compositae of vol. iv of Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth’s Nova genera et species plantarum. Comp. Newsl. 37: 1–84. — Useful for identities, typi?cation, pagination of the two editions.

Hogarth, P.J. 1999. The biology of mangroves. ix, 228 pp, illus. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-850223-0 (hbk), 0-19-850222-2 (pbk).

Howcroft, N.H.S. 2001. A new species of Saccoglossum (Orchidaceae) from the Hans Meyer Range, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea. Sida 19: 519–521, illus.

Hsu, T.-W., J.-J. Peng & H.-Y. Liu. 2001. Melothria pendula L. (Cucurbitaceae), a newly naturalized plant in Taiwan. Taiwania 46: 193–198, illus. — Key to Taiwanese Melothrieae.

Huang, Y., X. Qiu, S. Shi, C. Lan & J. Wen. 1999. The molecular phylogeny of Rhizophoraceae in China. Acta. Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 38: 39–42. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Family monophyletic; Carallia polyphyletic.

Huang, Y.-L. & S.-H. Shi. 2002. Phylogenetics of Lythraceae sensu lato: a preliminar analysis based on chloroplast rbcL gene, psaA-ycf3 spacer, and nuclear rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 163: 215–225, illus. — Monophyletic incl. Duabangaceae, Punicaceae, Sonneratiaceae, Trapaceae.

Hufford, L. 2001. Ontogeny and morphology of the fertile flowers of Hydrangea and allied genera of tribe Hydrangeeae (Hydrangeaceae). J. Linn. Soc. 137: 139–187, illus. — Hydrangea paraphyletic.

Hunziker, A.T. 2001. Genera solanacearum. The genera of Solanaceae illustrated, arranged according to a new system. xvi, 500 pp, illus. ISBN 3-904144-77-4. Koeltz Scienti?c Books, Königstein. — 92 gen; introductions; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; a must-have for any student of the family.

Huynh, K.-L. 2001. The genus Freycinetia (Pandanaceae) in New Guinea (part 5). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 123: 321–340, illus. — 13 new spp, 1 re-described.

Imaichi, R., S. Inokuchi & M. Kato. 2001. Developmental morphology of one-leaf plant Monophyllaea singularis (Gesneriaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 229: 171–185, illus. — Leaf is cotyledon with petiole (‘petiolode’); inflorescences are formed from groups of cells in the (sub-)dermal layers of petiolode and leaf midrib.

Imchanitzkaja, N. 1998. De plantis familiae Melastomataceae in expeditione rossicae circa orbem terrarum (1815–1818) a Cl. A. Chamiso et J.F. Eschscholtz collectis in herbario instituti botanici nomine V.L. Komarovii (Sanct-Petersburg) conservatis. Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 31: 127–136. (In Russian). — Some Malesian.

Indira, K. & R.R.V. Raju. 2001. Two new additions to the Sedges, family Cyperaceae, of Andhra Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 98: 497–499, illus. — Kyllingia hyalina, Mariscus sumatrensis.

Ingrouille, M.J., et 5 al. 2002. Systematics of Vitaceae from the viewpoint of plastid rbcL DNA sequence data. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 138: 421–432, illus. — Incl. Leea, basal to sample.

Jacobs, S.W.L. 2001. Review of leaf anatomy and ultrastructure in the Chenopodiaceae (Caryophyllales). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 128: 236–253, illus.

Jansen, S., et 5 al. 2001. Contributions to the wood anatomy of the Rubioideae (Rubiaceae). J. Pl. Res. 114: 269–289, illus.

Jin, H., S. Shi, H. Pan, Y. Huang & H. Zhang. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships between Michelia (Magnoliaceae) and its related genera on the matK gene sequence. Acta. Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 38: 93–97, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Johns, R.J. 2001. A comparison of floristic aspects of Mount Kinabalu and Mount Jaya. Sabah Parks Nat. J. 4: 95–112, illus. — History of exploration of Mt Jaya; similarity mainly at level above species.

Johnson, M. 2001. The genus Clematis. xiv, 896 pp, illus. Magnus Johnsons Plantskola & Bengt Sundström, Bränningestrandsvägen 61, 151 39, Södertälje, Sweden. ISBN 91-631-1030-X. — English edition of the monumentous Släktet Klematis (1996); history, cultivation, etc., etc.; keys; new names and combinations! new taxa invalid; syn-onymy, descriptions of various length; index; p. 505 C. crutwellii from ‘baron’ N.E.G. Crutwell: Father C would have loved this!

Jones, D.L. 2002. Four new species of Habenaria Willd. (Orchidaceae) from Australia and a new combination for a species from New Guinea. Orchadian 13: 516–525, illus.

Jones, D.L., et 5 al. 2002. Nomenclatural notes arising from studies into the tribe Diurideae (Orchidaceae). Orchadian 13: 436–468, illus. — 1 new subfam, 5 new subtribes, 11 new gen, causing numerous new combinations; for Malesia: recognition of Stigmatodactylis (1 new comb), key to related genera; Calcearia (64 new comb! for previously Corybas, Corysanthes spp.); Corybas reduced to 12 spp; Corysanthes to 11 Australian spp; new gen: Gastrosiphon (17 new comb); Phoringopsis (2 new comb), key to related genera.

Jong, K. & G. Argent. 2001. Cytology of two new species of Musa (Musaceae) and their sectional relationship. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 185–189, illus.

Kajita, T., H. Ohashi, Y. Tateishi, C.D. Bailey & J.J. Doyle. 2001. RbcL and legume phylogeny, with particular reference to Phaseoleae, Millettieae, and allies. Syst. Bot. 26: 515–536, illus. — Leguminosae, Mimosoideae, Papilionoideae monophyletic; Caesalpinioideae paraphyletic; Phaseoleae, Millettieae polyphyletic, though with all taxa except Wisteria and allied Millettieae belonging to a single well-supported clade including e.g. Desmodieae, Psoraleeae.

Kalima, T., T. Setyawati & Anggana. 2001. Taxonomy and potency of lesser known rattan species at Berau Forest in East Kalimantan. Stenciled report of the Berau Forest Management Project. 54 pp, unpaged appendix. — Keys to 5 gen, 33 spp; descriptions, notes (Palmae).

Kårehed, J. 2001. Multiple origin of the tropical forest tree family Icacinaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2259–2274, illus. — To four different alliances: Icacinaceae s.s. (Names after Van Steenis, Checklist (1987): Apodytes, Iodes, Nothapodytes, Merrilliodendron, Miquelia, Phytocrene, ?Platea, Polyporandra, Pyrenacantha, Rhyticaryum, Sarcostigma; Garryales), Cardiopteridaceae (Cardiopteris, Citronella, Gonocaryum, ?Pseudobotrys; Aquifoliales), Stemonuraceae (Cantleya, Codiocarpus, Gomphandra, Hartleya, Medusanthera, Stemonurus; Aquifoliales), Pennantiaceae (Apiales).

Kato, M. & G.G. Hambali. 2001. Cladopus javanicus (Podostemaceae), a new species from Java. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 52: 97–102, illus.

Kelch, D.G. 2002. Phylogenetic assessment of the monotypic genera Sundacarpus and Manoao (Coniferales: Podocarpaceae) utilising evidence from 18S rDNA sequences. Austr. Syst. Bot. 15: 29–35, illus. — Sundacarpus a section of Prumnopitys (as it is in Fl. Males. I, 10: 385), Manoao seems best placed in Lagarostrobos.

Keßler, P.J.A. 2000. A field guide to the important tree species of the Berau region. x, 195 pp. illus. ISBN 979-96381-0-0. Berau Forest Management Project, Jakarta. — Simultaneous with Pedoman lapangan mengenal jenis-jenis pohon penting daerah Berau ISBN 979-96381-1-9. — Keys, descriptions, full page plates; very well-executed and useful.

Keßler, P.J.A. & G. Rathert. 2001. Berau Herbarium. Berau Forest Management Project. 26 pp, illus. — New edition of P.J.A. Keßler & G. Rathert, Herbarium Berau (2000).

Khaw, S.H. 2001. The genus Etlingera (Zingiberaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia including a new species. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 191–239, illus. — 12 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Kiew, R. 2001. The limestone Begonias of Sabah, Borneo – Flagship species for conservation. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 241–286, illus. — 18 spp, 12 new; key; descriptions for new species; notes; specimens under taxa.

Kiew, R. 2001. Begonia conipila Irmsch. ex Kiew (Begoniaceae) from the Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 287–289.

Kim, C., H. Shin & H.-K. Choi. 2001. Taxonomic examination of Typha angustifolia L. in Korea. Kor. J. Pl. Tax. 31: 359–373, illus. (In Korean, Engl. summ.). — Might be used to discover whether this is indeed the single species of Malesia, too (Typhaceae).

Kim, S., H.P. Nooteboom, C.-W. Park & Y. Suh. 2002. Taxonomic revision of Magnolia section Maingola (Magnoliaceae). Blumea 47: 319–339, illus. — Incl. sect. Alcimandra; 12 taxa, 6 Malesian; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections and names.

Kimoto, Y. & H. Tobe. 2001. Embryology of Laurales: a review and perspectives. J. Pl. Res. 114: 247–267, illus. — Monophyly supported; Calycanthaceae appear to be most basal.

Klackenberg, J. 2001. Revision of the genus Cryptostegia R.Br. (Apocynaceae, Periplocoideae). Adansonia III, 23: 205–218, illus. — 2 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Kleijn, D. & R. van Donkelaar. 2001. Notes on the taxonomy and ecology of the genus Hoya (Asclepiadaceae) in central Sulawesi. Blumea 46: 457–483, illus. — 13 spp observed, 8 described, 3 new; associations with ants; very useful illustrated nomenclature of the complex floral parts.

Kloppenburg, D. 2001. Hoya gildingii Kloppenburg. Fraterna 14, 4: 1–5, illus. — From Sabah; invalid, as location of type is not given; validated in Fraterna 15 (2002) 10; ?gure top left is a different species (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 2002. A new Hoya species from Palawan, Philippine Islands. Fraterna 15,1: 1–6, illus. — (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 2002. No title. Fraterna 15,1: 7–10, illus. — Description of a new Hoya from Samoa (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 2002. Correction. Fraterna 15, 2: 15. — Validation of Hoya juanngoiana (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. & E.-K. Wiberg. 2002. Hoya nabawanensis Kloppenburg & Wiberg. A new species from Borneo. Fraterna 15: 2–6, illus. — (Asclepiadaceae).

Köbele, C.P. & H.J. Tillich. 2001. Die Infloreszenzen der Juncaceae. Sendtnera 7: 137–161, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.).

Kocyan, A. & P.K. Endress. 2001. Floral structure and development and systematics aspects of some ‘lower’ Asparagales. Pl. Syst. Evol. 229: 187–216, illus. — E.g. in Asteliaceae, Hypoxidaceae; uncertainty over polarity of inferior/superior ovary; apparently many reversals, but which is the plesiomorphic state?; septal nectaries plesiomorphic, but absence (and regain?) also highly homoplastic.

Kong, H.-Z., Z.-D. Chen & A.-M. Lu. 2002. Phylogeny of Chloranthus (Chloranthaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal ITS and plastid trnL-F sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 940–946, illus. — Monophyletic with two major subclades corresponding with sections; division on growth habit not supported.

Kores, P.J., et 6 al. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Diurideae (Orchidaceae) based on plastid DNA sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1903–1914, illus. — Not monophyletic, unless Chloraeinae and Pterostylidinae are removed; then with 2 major clades; Codonorchis sister to Orchideae.

Kosenko, V.N. 2001. Palynological data on the systematics of the superorder Lilianae. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86, 8: 1–17, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.).

Koyama, H. 2001. Taxonomic studies in the Compositae of Thailand 13. Tribe Lactuceae. Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus. (Tokyo) B, 27: 133–148, illus. — 8 gen, 15 spp, 1 new,
2 new comb; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes. Lactuca distinct from Cicerbita, Ixeris, Paraixeris; Pterocypsela not mentioned.

Koyama, T. 2001. Some new or noteworthy species of Smilax (Smilacaceae) from the Malesia region. Makinoa n.s. 1: 75–80, illus. — 3 spp, 1 new.

Kravtsova, T.I. 2001. Pericarp structure in the representatives of the tribe Boehmerieae (Urticaceae). Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86/6: 18–39, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.).

Kravtsova, T.I. 2001. Pericarp structure in the tribe Urticeae (Urticaceae) in relation to its systematics. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86/11: 49–72, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.).

Kress, W.J., L.M. Prince, W.J. Hahn & E.A. Zimmer. 2001. Unraveling the evolutionary radiation of the families of the Zingiberales using morphological and molecular evidence. Syst. Biol. 50: 926–944, illus.

Kumar, E.S.S., A.E.S. Khan, S. Binu & P. Pushpangadan. 2000. A note on the occurrence and identity of Biophytum umbraculum Sch. (Oxalidaceae) in Kerala. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 746–748, illus. — Correct name for B. petersianum.

Kumar, S., et 5 al. (Eds.). 2000. Cymbopogon. The aromatic grass monograph. 380 pp, illus. ISBN 81-86943-60-9. USD 145.00. Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, Lucknow. — Multi-discipline study of mainly the Indian spp that are oil-producing; revision of 21 Indian taxa by S.P. Jain, Z. Abraham & H.S. Puri: keys; synonyms, but no literature, types; descriptions, notes.

Kumar, V.S. & B.D. Sharma. 2000 (‘1995’). Eurysolen Prain (Lamiaceae) – a new generic record for India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37: 120–123, illus. — Synonymy, description, notes.

Lakshminarasimhan, P. & P.V. Sreekumar. 2000 (‘1995’). Bibliography of the flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37: 38–69.

Landolt, E. 2001. Lemnaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 394–399, illus. — 4 gen, 4 spp.

Lantz, H., K. Andreasen & B. Bremer. 2002. Nuclear rDNA ITS sequence data used to construct the first phylogeny of Vanguerieae (Rubiaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 230: 173–187, illus. — 41 spp representing 19 gen studied; Canthium polyphyletic; several genera need redescriptions.

Larsen, K. 2001. Ctenolophonaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 391–393, illus. — 1 gen, 1 sp.

Larsen, K., H. Ibrahim, S.H. Khaw & L.G. Saw. 1999. Gingers of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. 135 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Nhd., Kota Kinabalu. ISBN 983-812-025-1. — Keys to genera, many species depicted in colour; beautiful! (Zingiberaceae).

Latiff, A. & I.M. Turner. 2002. Quarterly botanical notes: new taxa and records of Malaysian vascular plants. Fol. Malays. 3: 67–68.

Lee, J. & T. Hymowitz. 2001. A molecular phylogenetic study of the subtribe Glycininae (Leguminosae) derived from the chloroplast DNA rps16 intron sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2064–2073, illus. — Monophyletic when Calopogonium, Pachyrhizus are included; 3 main clades; Pueraria to be split in 4.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & F.J.H. van Dilst. 2001. Series of revisions of Apocynaceae. XLIX. Carissa L. Wageningen Univ. Pap. 2001-1: 3–109, illus. — 7 spp, 1 new comb; keys; synonymy, descriptions; specimens under taxa and at end; indices.

Leins, P., A. Walter & C. Erbar. 2001. Eine morphologische Interpretation der Caryo-phyllaceen-Kronblätter. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 123: 355–367, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — Petals are actually staminodes.

Leitch, I.J., L. Hanson, M. Winfield, J. Parker & M.D. Benett. 2001. Nuclear DNA C-values complete familial representation in Gymnosperms. Ann. Bot. 88: 843–849, illus. — Gymnosperm monophyletic; C-values higher than in angiosperms but with less variation.

Lemay, A.-M. 2001. DNA comes to Hoyas. Fraterna 14, 4: 11–13.

Lemay, A.-M. 2002. Let’s hear from Hoyas about their story! Fraterna 15, 2: 7–9, illus. — Molecular phylogeny on 26 spp.

Les, D.H., D.J. Crawford, E. Landolt, J.D. Gabel & R.T. Kimball. 2002. Phylogeny and systematics of Lemnaceae, the Duckweed family. Syst. Bot. 27: 221–240, illus. — Wolf?oideae monophyletic, Lemnoideae paraphyletic.

Li, Y.-L., H. Zhu & J.-B. Yang. 2002. Systematic position of the genus Mastixia: evidence from rbcL gene sequences. Acta. Bot. Yunn. 24: 352–358, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Mastixiaceae supported; closest seem Diplopanax and Nyssaceae s.l.

Liebenberg, E.J.L. & A. Fossey. 2001. Comparative cytogenetic investigation of the two subspecies of the grass Alloteropsis semialata (Poaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 243–248, illus. — Taxa with either C3 or C4 anatomy; populations mixture of both; C3 in diploids, C4 in polyploids; very strange.

Liede, S. 2001. Subtribe Astephaninae (Apocynaceae–Asclepiadoideae) reconsidered: new evidence based on cpDNA spacers. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 657–668, illus. — Restricted to 3 S African genera; others to Tylophorinae; loss of corona occurred at least twice; one invalid new comb in Tylophora; Tylophorinae new; Australian Vincetoxicum carnosum mentioned for Borneo, genus not in Merrill, Masamune, Van Steenis’ Checklist; species in same terminal clade as other Vincetoxicum spp.

Lim, C.K. 2001. Unraveling Pinanga Blume (Palmae) in Peninsular Malaysia. Fol. Malays. 2: 219–276, illus. — 30 taxa, 4 new, 2 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Lim, C.K. 2002. A new endemic species of Zingiber Boehm. from Johor, Malaysia. Fol. Malays. 3: 25–30, illus. — (Zingiberaceae).

Lim, C.K. & H.T. Chan. 2002. Peninsular Malaysian palms under IUCN listings. Fol. Malays. 3: 17–24, illus. — (Palmae).

Lindstrom, A.J. & K.D. Hill. 2002. Notes on the species of Cycas (Cycadaceae) from Sri Lanka and islands of the Andaman Sea. Novon 12: 237–240. — 2 spp, 1 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Liu, Y.-H. 2000. Studies on the phylogeny of Magnoliaceae. In: Y.-H. Liu et al. (Eds.), Proceedings: 3–13, illus. — Proponent of 16 genera; historical biogeography, dispersal.

Liu, Y.-H., H.-M. Fan, Z.-Y. Chen, Q.-G. Wu & Q.-W. Zeng (Eds.). 2000. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the family Magnoliaceae. May 18–22, 1998. Guangzhou, China. Science Press. Beijing. xi, 321 pp, illus.

Lledó, D., P.O. Karis, M.B. Crespo, M.F. Fay & M.W. Chase. 2001. Phylogenetic position and taxonomic status of the genus Aegialitis and subfamilies Staticoideae and Plumbaginoideae (Plumbaginaceae): evidence from plastid DNA sequences and morphology. Pl. Syst. Evol. 229: 107–124, illus. — Two subfamilies well-supported; Aegialitis sister of Staticoideae, as distinct tribe.

Lundberg, J. 2001. The asteralean affinity of the Mauritian Roussea (Rousseaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 267–276, illus. — Incl. Carpodetoideae comb. nov. as distinct subfam.

Ma, J.S. 2001. A revision of Euonymus (Celastraceae). Thaiszia 11: 1–264, illus. —
2 subgen, 5 sect, 129 spp; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa and at end.

Mabberley, D.J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) united. Telopea 9: 793–801, illus. — Well-known problem whether important names in commerce and general use should be united or not; 10 new comb, e.g. for the commercial Strawberry, Potentilla 'ananassa'.

Mahata, A.N., A. Mukherjee & M.S. Mondal. 2001 (‘1998’). North East Indian species of Pandanaceae. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 40: 82–90, illus. — 4 spp of Pandanus, 2 Malesian; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Maina, V., L. Vijayan & P.V. Sreekumar. 2001. A new species of Zeuxine Lindl. (Orchidaceae) from Andaman Islands, India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 25: 21–23, illus.

Manos, P.S., R.E. Miller & P. Wilkin. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of Ipomoea, Argyreia, Stictocardia, and Turbina suggests a generalized model of morphological evolution in Morning glories. Syst. Bot. 26: 585–602, illus. — Ipomoea paraphyletic;
2 major clades, one with segregate genera and Ipomoea p.p., the other with Ipomoea s.s. and Astripomoea; Turbina polyphyletic; Rivea nested in Argyreia (Convolvulaceae).

Manos, P.S. & A.M. Stanford. 2001. The historical biogeography of Fagaceae: tracking the Tertiary history of temperate and subtropical forests of the northern hemisphere. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 162, Suppl.: 77–93, illus.

Manos, P.S., Z.-K. Zhou & C.H. Cannon. 2001. Systematics of Fagaceae: phylogenetic tests of reproductive trait evolution. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 162: 1361–1379, illus. — Two clades, Trigonobalanus s.l. and Quercus et al.; wind pollination evolved at least thrice, hypogeal cotyledons once; cupule may have single origin.

Margonska, H.B. 2002. A new species of Crepidium (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae) from Sabah, Borneo. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39: 63–66, illus. — Also 15 new comb.

Martin, H.E. 2002. History of the family Malpighiaceae in Australia and its biogeographic implications: evidence from pollen. Austr. J. Bot. 50: 171–182, illus. — Only 3 pollen types from Tertiary: not much evidence for long history.

Mathew, P.J. & P.M. Mathew. 2001. Pollen morphology of some members of Piperaceae and its bearing on the systematics and phylogeny of the family. Rheedea 11: 65–78, illus. — Two main types; Piperaceae related to Saururaceae; Peperomiaceae supported.

Mathew, S.P. & S. Abraham. 2001. On Helfer’s collection of Piper ribesioides Wall., from the Bay Islands, India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 98: 491–492. — Occurrence in S Andamans con?rmed (Piperaceae).

Maumont, S., A. Bousquet-Mélou & M. Fougère-Danezan. 2002. Phylogénie et histoire biogéographique des palétuviers. Bois For. Trop. 273, 3: 23–30, illus. (In French, Engl. summ.). — Origin of mangroves polytopic in Asia (Rhizophora) and Atlantic (Avicennia).

McDonald, M.W. & B.R. Maslin. 2002. Acacia peregrinalis, a new name for A. peregrina (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Nuytsia 14: 455.

Meerow, A.W. & D.A. Snijman. 2001. Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae tribe Amaryllideae based on nrDNA ITS sequences and morphology. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2321–2330, illus. — Crinum to subtribe Crininae.

Méndez Santos, I.E. & S. Cafferty. 2002 (‘2001’). Typification of Linnaean names of taxa of Verbenaceae s.str. described from the Greater Antilles. Taxon 50: 1137–1141. — Some also Malesian.

Mendum, M. 2001. Three new Gesneriaceae from Palawan, Philippines. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 435–441, illus. — Aeschynanthus, Henckelia, 1 new comb.

Meng, S.-W., Z.-D. Chen & D.-Z. Li. 2002. Phylogeny of Saururaceae based on mitochondrial matR gene sequence data. J. Pl. Res. 115: 71–76, illus.

Merbach, M.A., et 5 al. 2002. Mass march of termites into the deadly trap. Nature 415/6867 (3 Jan.): 36–37, illus. — The white hairs around the rim of the beakers of Nepenthes albomarginata (Nepenthaceae) lure termites.

Meve, U. 2001. Hoya heuschkeliana, a neo-endemic of Mt. Buluson (Philippines, Luzon), and remarks on the urceolate flower type in Asclepiadoideae. Asklepios 82, reprinted in Fraterna 14, 4: 6–1, illus. — History, description, cultivation.

Mill, R.R. 2001. A new sectional combination in Nageia Gaertn. (Podocarpaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 499–501. — Sect Dammaroideae.

Mill, R.R. 2001. Proposal to conserve the name Podocarpus rotundus de Laub. (recent Podocarpaceae) over Podocarpus rotundus Bocharn. (fossil Podocarpaceae). Taxon 51: 185–186.

Millar, A. 1999. Orchids of Papua New Guinea. x, 118 pp, illus. — Very nice introduction to the wealth of forms and colour (Orchidaceae).

Miller, A.J., D.A. Young & J. Wen. 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography of Rhus (Anacardiaceae) based on ITS sequence data. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 162: 1401–1407, illus. — Rhus s.s. monophyletic; Toxicodendron distinct; Melanococca not studied; subgenera not supported.

Mitra, S., S. Bandyopadhyay & V. Mugdal. 2000 (‘1995’). Spermacoce mauritiana Osea Gideon (Rubiaceae) – from West Bengal. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37: 130–132, illus.

Mogea, J.P., D. Gandawidjaja, H. Wiriadinata, R.E. Nasution & Irawati. 2001. Tumbuhan langka Indonesia. xiv, 86 pp, illus. LIPI-Puslitbang Biologi, ISBN 979-579-036-6. (In Indonesian). — Nicely executed booklet on rare and not so rare plants; descriptions, notes.

Mood, J. & I. Theilade. 2001. Two new species of Zingiber (Zingiberaceae) from the Philippines. Nord. J. Bot. 21: 129–133, illus.

Moog, U., B. Fiala, W. Federle & U. Maschwitz. 2002. Thrips pollination of the dioecious ant plant Macaranga hullettii (Euphorbiaceae) in Southeast Asia. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 50–59, illus.

Muasya, A.M., D.A. Simpson & M. Chase. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in Cyperus L. s.l. (Cyperaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 138: 145–153, illus. — Cyperus s.s. not monophyletic; divided into two clades, one with Cyperus C3 spp, the other with Cyperus C4 spp, each with several other cyperoid genera.

Mukherjee, S.K. & A.K. Sarkar. 2001 (‘1998’). Comparative morpho-anatomical study of cypselas in some species of the tribe Heliantheae (Asteraceae). Bull. Bot. Surv. India 40: 34–46, illus.

Mulyaningsih, T. & C.E. Ridsdale. 2002. The Bornean genus Hypobathrum (Rubiaceae): an investigation of its characters and taxonomic status. Reinwardtia 12: 95–116, illus. — 24 spp, 12 new, 4 new comb, 1 new name; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; index to 140 collections.

Mummenhoff, K., H. Brüggemann & J.L. Bowman. 2001. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and biogeography of Lepidium (Brassicaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2051–2063, illus. — 3 main lineages; Australian and New Guinea taxa suggested most related to New World taxa.

Munir, A.A. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the genus Verbena L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 18: 21–103, illus. — 7 spp, several Malesian; 2 new taxa, 2 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; selected specimens under taxa.

Murthy, K.S.R., S.S. Rani & T. Pullaiah. 2001. Alysicarpus ovalifolius (Schumach.) J. Leon (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae) – a new record for the Eastern Ghats. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 98: 488–490, illus.

Nair, G.S., S.P. Mathew & A. Mohandas. 2001. Pinanga andamensis – a vanishing endemic palm of the Andaman Islands. Palms 45: 200–203, illus.

Nais, J. 2001. Rafflesia of the world. xvi, 243 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo). ISBN 983-812-042-1. — Beautifully illustrated guide to the 18 spp of Rafflesia; introduction, morphology, history, life cycle, host, distribution, conservation, taxonomy; key, description, further notes; ‘world’ is a bit exaggerated, as it occurs only in S Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Mindanao (Rafflesiaceae).

Nasution, R.E. & I. Yamada. 2001. Pisang-pisang liar di Indonesia. xv, 48 pp, illus. LIPI-Puslitbang Biologi. ISBN 979-579-040-4. (In Indonesian). — Review of Indonesian Musa spp; key, but not to 15 var. of M. acuminata, apparently not validly published (Musaceae).

Nesom, G.L. 2001. Taxonomic notes on Keysseria and Pytinicarpa (Asteraceae: Astereae, Lageniferinae). Sida 19: 513–518. — 1 new sect; key to genera of subtribe; note that Lagenophora is conserved over Lagenifera.

Neyland, R. 2002. A phylogeny inferred from large-subunit (26S) ribosomal DNA sequences suggests that Burmanniales are polyphyletic. Austr. Syst. Bot. 15: 19–28, illus. — Thismia sister of Burmannia, Corsia better placed in Liliales. Cf. Caddick et al. (2002).

Ng, F.S.P. 2001. New species, varieties and reductions in Diospyros (Ebenaceae) in Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia including Peninsular Thailand. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 291–313, illus. —7 new spp, 6 var; specimens under taxa; list of reduced names.

Ng, F.S.P. 2002. Maingaya malayana Oliv. (Hamamelidaceae) & the Whitmore connection. Fol. Malays. 3: 44–46, illus. — Species resurrected from 2 seedlings (+ 1 made into a herbarium specimen!).

Ng, T.P. & S. Ibrahim. 2001. Common trees in peat swamp forests of Peninsular Malaysia. For. Res. Inst. Malaysia Res. Pamphl. 124: 97 pp, illus. — Nice booklet briefly describing 56 tree species; in some cases it would have been nice if it had been indicated which was depicted; aimed at ‘harvesting’ (read ‘destruction’) of this precious community.

Nilova, M.V. 2001. The history of taxonomic studies of the family Caprifoliaceae. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86, 7: 65–74. (In Russian, Engl. summ.).

Nilsson, S., M. Hellblom & W. Smolenski. 2002. A reappraisal of the significance of pollen in classifications of the Gentianaceae. Grana 41: 90–106, illus. — Compared to molecular system; incl. Loganiaceae–Fagraeeae.

Nishida, S. 2001. Notes on Beilschmiedia (Lauraceae) of Southeast Asia 1: checklist of the Bornean species with the description of a new species. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 52: 102–113, illus.

Nooteboom, H.P. 2000. Different looks at the classification of the Magnoliaceae. In: Y.-H. Liu et al. (Eds.), Proceedings: 26–37, illus. — 3 gen with 2 subgen, 22 sect, 7 subsect in Magnolia.

Nowack, R. & J.F. Veldkamp. 2002. Notes on Lepturus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 47: 386–389. — 3 taxa, 1 new; key; synonym, descriptions, notes.

Olson, M.E. 2002. Combining data from DNA sequences and morphology for a phylogeny of Moringaceae (Brassicales). Syst. Bot. 27: 55–73, illus.

Olson, M.E. 2002. Intergeneric relationships within the Caricaceae–Moringaceae clade (Brassicales) and potential morphological synapomorphies of the clade and its families. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 163: 51–65, illus.

Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson (Eds.). 2001. Flora of Australia 11a. Mimosaceae, Acacia part 1. xx, 673 pp, illus. ABRS/CSIRO Publishing: sales@publish.csiro.au. — Introductionary chapters; keys; 436 of 955 spp (none new); synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to scienti?c and vernacular names.

Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson (Eds.). 2001. Flora of Australia 11b. Mimosaceae, Acacia part 2. xvi, 536 pp, illus. — Second part of preceding, q.v.; some new taxa, comb, typi?cations: p. 488–493.

Padmini, S. & S.R.S. Rao. 2001. Structure, distribution, classification and taxonomic importance of trichomes in some Indian Amaranthaceae. Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 72: 199–214, illus. — 32 taxa, 14 trichome types, some restricted to certain taxa.

Parnell, J. 2001. A revision of Orobanchaceae in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 29: 72–80, illus. — 2 gen, 3 spp, 2 Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Parrish, T. 2002. Krakatau: genetic consequences of island colonization. Thesis, Utrecht. ISBN 90-6464-952-9.

Pearson, J. & H.D.V. Prendergast. 2001. Daemonorops, Dracaena, and other Dragon’s blood. Econ. Bot. 55: 474–477, illus. — History of the fabulous Dragon’s blood from Pliny (AD 61–113) to the present; originally probably Dracaena (Convallariaceae), later also from Croton (Euphorbiaceae) and Daemonorops (Palmae).

Pedersen, H.Æ. 2001. One new and one rediscovered species of Dendrochilum (Orchidaceae) from the Philippines. Lindeyana 16: 231–234, illus. — D. pangasinanense from Luzon, now 2nd collection from Cebu, ampli?ed description.

Pedersen, L.B. 2001. Four new species of Orchidantha (Lowiaceae) from Sabah. Nord. J. Bot. 21: 121–128, illus.

Pedley, L. 2001. Alysicarpus (Leguminosae: Desmodieae) in Australia: a taxonomic revision. Austrobaileya 6: 107–116, illus. — 9 spp, 3 new, 5 Malesian; key; synonym, description, notes; selected specimens under taxa.

Pelser, P.B., B. Gravendeel & R. van der Meijden. 2002. Tackling speciose genera: species composition and phylogenetic position of Senecio sect. Jacobaea (Asteraceae) based on plastid and nrDNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 929–939, illus. — With consequences for the more general generic position and delimitation within the Senecioninae, e.g. Arrhenechthites, Crassocephalum, Emilia, Erechtites, Gynura in Malesia; Senecio polyphyletic.

Pendry, C.A. 2001. Polygalaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 498–538, illus. — 5 gen, 36 spp.

Pensiero, J.F. & A.C. Vegetti. 2001. Inflorescence typology in Setaria P. Beauv. (Poaceae, Paniceae). Feddes Repert. 112: 371–385, illus.

Pfeil, B.E., C.L. Brubaker, L.A. Craven & M.D. Crisp. 2002. Phylogeny of Hibiscus and the tribe Hibisceae (Malvaceae) using chloroplast DNA sequences of ndhF and the rpl16 intron. Syst. Bot. 27: 333–350, illus. — E Gondwana center of origin; Decaschistieae, Malvavisceae and other Hibisceae nest within Hibiscus

Phan, K.L. & J.E. Vidal. 2001. Leguminosae–Papilionoideae–Millettieae. Fl. Camb., Laos & Vietnam 30: 188 pp, illus.

Phengklai, C. 2001. Hamamelidaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 400–411, illus. — 5 gen, 6 spp (incl. Altingia).

Phengklai, C. 2001. Sterculiaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 539–654, illus. — 21 gen, 64 taxa.

Poole, I. 2002. Systematics of Cretaceous and tertiary Nothofagoxylon: implications for southern hemisphere biogeography and evolution of the Nothofagaceae. Austr. Syst. Bot. 15: 247–276, illus. — Center of origin in the Antarctic peninsula/S American region during Campanian.

Pooma, R. & M. Newman. 2001. Checklist of Dipterocarpaceae in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 29: 110–187, illus. — 8 gen, 65 taxa; keys; synonymy, notes; specimens under taxa.

Potgieter, K. & V.A. Albert. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within Apocynaceae s.l. based on trnL intron and trnL-F spacer sequences and propagule characters. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 523–549, illus.

Potter, D., F. Gao, P.E. Bortiri, S.-H. Oh & S. Baggett. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in Rosaceae inferred from chloroplast matK and trnL-trnF nucleotide sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 231: 77–89, illus. — Three main early lineages: Rosoideae s.s. / actinorhizal Rosaceae / remainder; Gillenia sister to Maloideae s.l. with New World origin; Amygdaloideae polyphyletic.

Powell, E.A. & K.A. Kron. 2001. An analysis of the phylogenetic relationships in the Wintergreen group (Diplycosia, Gaultheria, Pernettya, Tepuia; Ericaceae). Syst. Bot. 26: 808–817, illus. — Gaultheria seems paraphyletic, Diplycosia, pernettya derived from it; Diplycosia monophyletic; Tepuia unresolved.

Prance, G.T. 2001. A new species of Kostermanthus (Chrysobalanaceae) from Sarawak, Malaysia. Novon 11: 451–453, illus. — Key to the spp.

Pratt, P.D. & R.W. Pemberton. 2001. Geographic expansion of the invasive weeds Paederia foetida in tropical South Florida. Brittonia 53: 307. — (Rubiaceae).

Prince, L.M. & C.R. Parks. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Theaceae inferred from chloroplast DNA sequence data. J. Bot. 88: 2309–2320, illus. — 3 strongly sup-ported lineages: Theeae, Stewartieae, Gordonieae; Gordonia, Laplacea in different tribes; statistical support for Ternstroemiaceae, incl. Adinandra (Cleyera), Eurya.

Radhakrishnaiah, M. & A. Shanta. 2001. Taxonomic significance of flavonoid data in Cucurbitaceae. Rheedea 11: 79–86, illus.

Rajendran, A. & P. Daniel. 2001 (‘1996’). Clerodendrum andamanense (Mold.) Rajendran & Daniel stat. & comb. nov. (Verbenaceae) – a rare species from the Andamans. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 38: 133–135, illus.

Raju, V.S., V.J. Nair, L.L. Narayana & B.S.M. Dutt. 2002. Proposal to conserve the name Hydrocera against Tytonia (Balsaminaceae). Taxon 51: 383–384.

Reeves, G., et 7 al. 2001. Molecular systematics of Iridaceae: evidence from four plastid DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2074–2087, illus. — Existing subdivisions generally supported.

Rejmánek, M. & S.W. Brewer. 2001. Vegetative identification of tropical woody plants: state of the art and annotated bibliography. Biotropica 33: 214–228. — 258 references, 74 to Malaysia, including seedlings: there should be something for you there!

Renner, S.S., G. Clausing, N. Cellinese & K. Meyer. 2001. Melastomataceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 412–497, illus. — 15 gen, 70 spp; Dalenia, Diplectria, Macrolenes, Omphalopus to Dissochaeta (4 new comb); Tylanthera to Phyllagatis; 1 new Sonerila.

Renner, S.S. & K. Meyer. 2001. Melastomeae come full circle: biogeographic reconstruction and molecular clock dating. Evolution 55: 1315–1324. — Divergence between 53–23 Mya in Eurasia, moved to New World before 22 Mya, dispersal to Africa 12–11 Mya, back in E Asia 1 Mya (Melastomataceae).

Reynolds, S.T. & R.J.F. Henderson. 2001. Vanguerieae A. Rich. ex Dum. (Rubiaceae) in Australia, 2. Cyclophyllum Hook.f. Austrobaileya 6: 41–66, illus. — 9 spp, 5 new, 1 Malesian, 2 new comb; Canthium excluded from Australia; key; synonymy, description, notes, (representative) specimens under taxa.

Reznicek, A.A. 2001. Sectional names in Carex (Cyperaceae) for the Flora of North America. Novon 11: 454–459. — 10, 4 new.

Riswan, S. & F.M. Setyowati. 2000. The genus Michelia L. (Magnoliaceae) in Java, Indonesia: its origin, distribution and uses. In: Y.-H. Liu et al. (Eds.), Proceedings: 75–82. — 4 spp, 2 introduced.

Ronse Decraene, L.P. & E.F. Smets. 2001. Floral developmental evidence for the systematic relationships of Tropaeolum (Tropaeolaceae). Ann. Bot. 88: 879–892, illus. — Relation to Akaniaceae, Bretschneideraceae supported.

Röser, M., G. Winterfeld, B. Grebenstein & V. Hemeleben. 2001. Molecular diversity and physical mapping of 5S rDNA in wild and cultivated oat grasses (Poaceae: Aveneae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 21: 198–217, illus. — In fact study of 31 taxa of Helictotrichon, only 2 Avena, 1 Lagurus, Pseudarrhenatherum, Trisetum; subgen Tricholemma basal to two major clades corresponding with subgenera; Avena, Lagurus, Pseudarrhenatherum, Trisetum nested in subgen Helictotrichon; subgen Pubavenastrum basal to Pratavenastrum.

Rova, J.H.E., P.G. Delprete, L. Andersson & V.A. Albert. 2002. A trnL-F cpDNA sequence study of the Condamineeae–Rondeletieae–Sipaneeae complex with implications on the phylogeny of the Rubiaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 145–159, illus. — Guettardeae, Sipaneeae to Ixoroideae; Rondeletieae s.l. not supported, s.s. restricted to Caribbean; Naucleeae emended.

Rudall, P.J. & A. Eastman. 2002. The questionable affinities of Corsia (Corsiaceae): evidence from floral anatomy and pollen morphology. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 138: 315–324, illus. — Apparently closest to Campynemataceae, perhaps also Thismia.

Rusea, G., M.D. Bibian & A. Julaihi. 2001. Orchids from Bau conserved at Semenggoh, Sarawak. Fol. Malays. 2: 277–282, illus. — 36 spp ex situ conserved (Orchidaceae).

Rydin, C., M. Källersjö & E.M. Friis. 2002. Seed plant relationships and the systematic position of Gnetales based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA: conflicting data, rooting problems, and the monophyly of Conifers. Internat. J. Pl. Sci. 163: 197–214, illus. — Conifers monophyletic, Pinaceae not close to Gnetales; relationship to angiosperms unclear; "molecular data can de?nitely be misleading, and by ignoring that, science will not progress" (p. 210).

Sagun, V.G. & P.C. van Welzen. 2002. Revision of the Malesian species of Micrococca (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea 47: 149–155, illus. — 3 spp; key, synonymy, descriptions, notes; index to collections.

Sahai, K. 2001. Anatomical variability in seed coat of some Cassia L. (Caesalpinioideae) species with taxonomic significance. Taiwania 46: 158–166, illus.

Salamain, N., T.R. Hodkinson & V. Savolainen. 2002. Building supertrees: an emperical assessment using the grass family (Poaceae). Syst. Biol. 51: 136–150, illus. — Based on 403 taxa, 55 published phylogenies using matrix representation with parsimony (MRP).

Salma, I. 2001. Corrigenda: The significance of pollen morphology in the taxonomy of the genus Durio (Bombacaceae). Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 357. — Replaces GBS 52 (2000) 269.

Saunders, R.M.K. 2002. The genus Goniothalamus (Annonaceae) in Sumatra. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 139: 225–254, illus. — 14 spp, 6 new; morphology; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa and at end.

Schuiteman, A. & E.[F.] de Vogel. 2001. Zwei neue Dendrobium Arten aus Sulawesi und Papua Neuguinea. J. Orch.-Fr. 8: 307–312, illus. (In German). — Partly reprinted and translated into English by Banks (2002).

Schuiteman, A. & E.[F.] de Vogel. 2002. Drei neue Bulbophyllum-Arten aus Papua Neuguinea. J. Orch.-Fr. 9: 214–223, illus. (In German).

Schwarzbach, A.E. & L.A. McDade. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of the mangrove family Avicenniaceae based on chloroplast and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 27: 84–98, illus. — Part of Acanthaceae s.l., not Pedaliaceae or Verbenaceae; apparently close (sister?) to Thunbergioideae.

Senghas, K. (Ed.). 2001. Die Orchideen, Band 1/C, Lief. 41: 2565–2628, illus. (In German). — Triceratostris to Barbosella p.p.

Senghas, K. (Ed.). 2001. Die Orchideen, Band 1/C, Lief. 42/43: 2629–2756, illus. (In German). — Barbosella p.p. to Nachträge: Aeridinae.

Senghas, K. (Ed.). 2001. Die Orchideen, Band 1/C, Lief. 44/45: 2757–2898, illus. (In German). — Nachträge to Index.

Sennblad, B. & B. Bremer. 2002. Classification of Apocynaceae s.l. according to a new approach combining Linnaean and phylogenetic taxonomy. Syst. Biol. 51: 389–409, illus. — Linnaean nomenclature combined with variant of de?nitions from Phylocode based on analyses of rbcL and ndhF data; summary of infra-family taxa.

Shahanan, M., R.D. Harrison, R. Yamuna, W. Boen & I.W.B. Thornton. 2001. Colonization of an island volcano, Long Island, Papua New Guinea, and an emergent island, Motmot, in its caldera lake. V. Colonization by figs (Ficus spp.), their dispersers and pollinators. J. Biogeogr. 28: 1365–1377, illus. — See also Thornton (2001), Thornton et al. (2001), and Harrison et al. (2001) (Moraceae).

Shamrov, I.I., G.M. Anisimova, T.B. Batygina & G.L. Sita. 2001. The types and morphological evolution of the ovule in the order Santalales. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86, 7: 1–14, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.).

Shi, S., Y. Huang, Q. Zhang, L. Qu & H. Zhang. 1999. The phylogenetic relationships between Mytilarioideae and the other subfamilies of Hamamelidaceae inferred from the ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Acta. Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 38: 34–38, illus. — Monophyletic; Liquidambar basal within family.

Shi, S., et 6 al. 2001. Phylogeny of the Altingiaceae based on cpDNA matK, PY-IGS and nrDNA ITS sequences. Pl. Syst. Evol. 230: 13–24, illus. — Liquidambar paraphyletic with Altingia and Semiliquidambar nested within; W Asia, N American Liquidambar spp sister to rest.

Shi, S.-H., et 6 al. 2000. Preliminary study on the phylogeny of Magnoliaceae inferred from sequences of the matK gene of chloroplast DNA. In: Y.-H. Liu et al. (Eds.), Proceedings: 215–218, illus. — Many unresolved branches.

Sidiyasa, K., Arbainsyah & P.J.A. Keßler. 1999. List of collections stored at the Wanariset Herbarium, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. 252 pp. International MOFEC-Tropenbos Kalimantan Project. No ISBN. — 11,000 collections representing 888 gen, 1911 spp, brought together in c. 10 years time.

Sim, C.H. 2002. Cryptocoryne purpurea Ridl. von Tasek Bera (Malaysia). Aqua-Planta 2002, 2: 51–58, illus. (In German). — (Araceae).

Simpson, D.A., A.M. Muasya & S. Cafferty. 2001. Typification of Scirpus fluitans and Scirpus setaceus (Cyperaceae). Kew Bull. 56: 1011–1012.

Sinha, B.K. & S.K. Srivastava. 2000 (‘1995’). A note on the first report of Dioscorea nummularia Lamk. in India from Andaman islands. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37: 129.

Sinha, B.K. & S.K. Srivastava. 2001 (‘1996’). Genus Dracaena Vandelli ex L. in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 38: 14–18, illus. — 8 spp, 5 Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Slik, J.W.F. & P.C. van Welzen. 2001. A phylogeny of Mallotus (Euphorbiaceae) based on morphology: indications for a pioneer origin of Macaranga. Syst. Bot. 26: 786–796, illus. — Mallotus possibly polyphyletic; sect Hancea, Oliganthae to be excluded; Macaranga nested in Mallotus s.s.

Slik, J.W.F., R.W. Verburg & P.J.A. Keßler. 2002. Effects of fire and selective logging on the tree species composition of lowland dipterocarp forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiv. & Conserv. 11: 85–98, illus. — Signi?cant reduction of trees and species directly after disturbance; ?re affected dominant species, selective logging not; in burnt forest after 15 years only number of trees reached pre-disturbance levels, number of species remained constant, Fisher’s-a (estimate of evenness of distribution of individuals among species) index decreased; in selective logged forest number of trees, tree species, and the Fisher’s-a index returned to pre-disturbance levels; Macaranga species as indicators.

Soepadmo, E. (Ed.). 1998. The encyclopedia of Malaysia. Plants. 144 pp, illus. Archipelago Press. ISBN 981-3018-40-2. — Popular account, but a very ?ne introduction to various aspects of the Malaysian (and Malesian) vegetation and flora; lavishly illustrated.

Soepadmo, E. 2002. Rhododendrons and their allies in Peninsular Malaysia. Fol. Malays. 3: 1–16, illus. — Survey; 17 taxa illustrated (Ericaceae).

Soepadmo, E., L.G. Saw & R.C.K. Chung. 2002. Tree flora of Sabah and Sarawak. 4. xii, 388 pp, illus. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. ISBN 983-2181-27-5. USD 100,00. — 24 gen, 321 spp (45 new); Aquifoliaceae (S. Andrews), Ebenaceae (F.S.P. Ng), Lecythidaceae (M.A. Pinard), Oleaceae (R. Kiew, 8 new spp), Proteaceae (R.C.K. Chung), Sapotaceae (P.P.K. Chai & P.C. Yii, 1 new comb by W. Vink); dedication to T.C. Whitmore, portr.; indices to scienti?c and vern. names.

Sogo, A., H. Seroguchi, J. Noguchi, T. Jaffré & H. Tobe. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of Casuarinaceae based on rbcL and matK gene sequences. J. Pl. Res. 114: 459–464, illus. — Monophyletic; 4 gen; Gymnostoma sister of rest; Ceutostoma sister to Allocasuarina–Casuarina.

Soltis, D.E., et 7 al. 2001. Elucidating deep-level phylogenetic relationships in Saxifragaceae using sequences for six chloroplastic nuclear DNA regions. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 669–693, illus. — Family s.s.; two major clades: Saxifraga against the remainder.

Specht, C.D., W.J. Kress, D.W. Stevenson & R. DeSalle. 2001. A molecular phylogeny of Costaceae (Zingiberales). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 21: 333–345, illus. — Costus not monophyletic.

Stace, C.A. 2001. Proposal to conserve Terminalia nom. cons. (Combretaceae) against an additional name, Bucida. Taxon 51: 193.

Stern, W.L. & W.S. Judd. 2002. Systematic and comparative anatomy of Cymbidieae (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 139: 1–27, illus. — Anatomy of limited value in assessing af?nities here.

Su, Y.C.F. & R.M.K. Saunders. 2001. New nomenclatural combinations in Pseuduvaria (Annonaceae). Blumea 46: 589–593, illus. — Compared to Mitrephora, Orophea; notes, diagnoses; 3 new comb.

Su, Y.C.F. & R.M.K. Saunders. 2002. Proposals to reject the names Meiogyne macrocarpa and Mitrephora trimera (Annonaceae). Taxon 51: 189.

Suárez-Cervera, M., et 5 al. 2001. Taxonomic significance of sporoderm structure in pollen of Euphorbiaceae: tribes Plukenetieae and Euphorbieae. Grana 40: 78–104, illus.

Sugawara, T., et 5 al. 2001. A cytological analysis of 24 taxa in Aristolochia subgenera Siphisia and Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae). Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 52: 149–158, illus. — Siphisia all spp 2n = 32; in Aristolochia 2n = 12 (e.g. A. tagala), 14 (e.g. A. goliathiana), or 16.

Sunarno, B. 2002. New species of Labisia (Myrsinaceae) from Sumatra. Reinwardtia 12: 121–124, illus. — 3 spp.

Sunarno, B. & H. Ohashi. 2002. A new species of Dalbergia (Leguminosae) from Malay Peninsula. Reinwardtia 12: 117–119, illus.

Sunita, S. & B.R.P. Rao. 2001. Fimbristylis littoralis Gaudich. (Cyperaceae) – a new record to Andhra Pradesh. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 25: 24–26, illus. — Description.

Sur, P.R. 2001. Taxonomic review of the genus Eulaliopsis Honda (Poaceae) in India.
J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 25: 374–378, illus. — 3 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Sur, P.R. 2001. A revision of the genus Ischaemum Linn. (Poaceae) in India. J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 25: 407–438, illus. — Partial generic revision: 51 taxa, but 13 described since 1983 not treated; 1 new comb; synonymy, description, notes; I. indicum is to be called I. ciliare.

Swenson, U., R.S. Hill & S. McLoughlin. 2000. Ancestral area analysis of Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae) and its congruence with the fossil record. Austral. Syst. Bot. 13: 469–478, illus. — Still not fully resolved: most likely S of S America, perhaps New Zealand.

Swenson, U., R.S. Hill & S. McLoughlin. 2002 (‘2001’). Biogeography of Nothofagus supports the sequence of Gondwana break-up. Taxon 50: 1025–1041, illus. — Remarkable that the authors do not cite Van Steenis’ paper (Blumea 19 (1971) 65–98) where he came to similar conclusions.

Takano, A. & H. Okada. 2001. A new variety of Globba atrosanguinea (Zingiberaceae) from Sumatra, Indonesia. Nord. J. Bot. 21: 161–164, illus.

Takano, A. & H. Okada. 2002. Multiple occurrences of triploid formation in Globba (Zingiberaceae) from molecular evidence. Pl. Syst. Evol. 230: 143–159, illus. — Triploids scattered over several clades suggest multiple origin, may be one of the most important factors in speciation.

Takeuchi, W. 2001. A distinctive new Rhysotoechia (Sapindaceae) from Papua New Guinea. Blumea 46: 569–573, illus.

Takeuchi, W. 2001. An unusual new species of Steganthera (Monimiaceae) from Papua New Guinea. Kew Bull. 56: 995–998, illus.

Takeuchi, W. 2002. Notes and new species in Papuasian Syzygium (Myrtaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 59: 259–272, illus. — 4 new spp, notes on S. megistophyllum.

Takeuchi, W. & M. Golman. 2001. Floristic documentation imperatives: some conclusions from contemporary surveys in Papua New Guinea. Sida 19: 445–468, illus.

Tanaka, N. 2001. Taxonomic revision of the family Cannaceae in the New World and Asia. Makinoa n.s. 1: 1–74, illus. — Canna with 26 taxa, 3 new comb; key; synonymy.

Tardelli, M., L. Settesoldi & M. Raffaelli. 2001. The types of the tropical herbarium of Florence. Volume I: Monocotyledons. Erb. Trop. Firenze Publ. 92: 71 pp. — Important list of types and their present identity.

Teo, L.L., R. Kiew, O. Set, K. Lee & Y.Y. Gan. 2002. Hybrid status of kuwini, Mangifera odorata Griff. (Anacardiaceae) verified by amplified fragment length polymorphism. Molec. Ecol. 11: 1465–1469 (n.v.).

Terrell, E.E. 2001. Taxonomic review of Houstonia acerosa and H. palmeri, with notes on Hedyotis and Oldenlandia (Rubiaceae). Sida 19: 913–922, illus. — Summary of generic delimitations; Hedyotis to be broken up.

Thomas, S., A. Schuiteman (& E.F. de Vogel). 2002. Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary catalogue. Lindleyana 17: 1–72. — 35 new comb; third author accidentally omitted (Orchidaceae).

Thornton, I.W.B. 2001. Colonization of an island volcano, Long Island, Papua New Guinea, and an emergent island, Motmot, in its caldera lake. I. General introduction. J. Biogeogr. 28: 1299–1310, illus. — See also Harrison et al. (2001), Shahanan et al. (2001), and Thornton et al. (2001).

Thornton, I.W.B., et 7 al. 2001. Colonization of an island volcano, Long Island, Papua New Guinea, and an emergent island, Motmot, in its caldera lake. VII. Overview and discussion. J. Biogeogr. 28: 1389–1408, illus. — See also Harrison et al. (2001).

Tirel, C. & J.-M. Veillon. 2002. Pittosporaceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 24: 178, illus. — 46 spp.

Tjitrosoedirdjo, S.S. 2002. Four new taxa of Asteraceae in Sumatra. Reinwardtia 12: 125–128, illus. — Emilia, Prenanthes (2), Senecio.

Trift, I., M. Källersjö & A.A. Anderberg. 2002. The monophyly of Primula (Primulaceae) evaluated by analysis of sequences from the chloroplast gene rbcL. Syst. Bot. 27: 396–407, illus. — Support for Maesaceae, extension of Theophrastaceae, Lysimachia et al. to Myrsinaceae; Primula polyphyletic.

Tsuchiya, M. & T. Tsuchiya. 2000. Tropical plants in the Philippines. ISBN 4-89620-070-5. — 30 flowering plant spp depicted, many in colour, and described in Japanese.

Turner, H. & J.F. Veldkamp. 2001. Parnassia (Parnassiaceae) in North Sumatra. Blumea 46: 599–603, illus.

Turner, I.M. 2001. New combinations in Malesian Myricaceae. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 323–325. — Two new comb in Morella.

Turner, I.M. 2001. The ecology of trees in tropical rain forest. xiv, 298 pp, illus. Cambridge University Press, UK, ISBN 0-521-80183-4 (hbk).

Ueda, K., J. Yamashita & M.N. Tamura. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of the Magnoliaceae. In: Y.-H. Liu et al. (Eds.), Proceedings: 205–209, illus. — Present (infra)generic classi?cation partly supported.

Umamaheswari, P., S.A. Muthukumar & P. Daniel. 2000 (‘1995’). Spigelia anthelmia L. (Spigeliaceae) – new to the flora of Peninsular India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 37: 133–137, illus.

Utami, N. & H. Wiriadinata. 2002. A new species of Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) from Central Sulawesi. Blumea 47: 391–393, illus.

Utteridge, T.M.A. 2001. Two new species of Maesa (Maesaceae) from New Guinea. Kew Bull. 56: 677–683, illus.

Utteridge, T.M.A. 2002. New species of Coprosma (Rubiaceae) from New Guinea. Contributions to the flora of Mt Jaya VII. Kew Bull. 57: 195–203, illus. — 2 new spp.

Valiejo-Roman, C.M., E.I. Terentieva, T.H. Samigullin & M.G. Pimenov. 2002. Relationships among genera in Saniculoideae and selected Apioideae (Umbelliferae) inferred from nrITS sequences. Taxon 51: 91–101, illus. — Largely agreeing with previous results; Eryngium paraphyletic.

Van den Berg, C., A. Ryan, P.J. Cribb & M.W. Chase. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of Cymbidium (Orchidaceae: Maxillarieae): sequence data from internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid matK. Lindleyana 17: 102–111, illus. — Little support for sections; origin in SE Asia.

Van der Bank, M., M.F. Fay & M.W. Chase. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of Thymelaeaceae with particular reference to African and Australian genera. Taxon 51: 329–339, illus. — 4 distinct subfam; Lethodon to Gonystyloideae; Pimelea nested in part of Gnidia; part of Gnidia related to Drapetes.

Van der Cingel, N.A. 2001. An atlas of orchid pollination. America, Africa, Asia and Australia. xii, 296 pp. Balkema. Rotterdam, Brook?eld. ISBN 90-5410-486-4. — Beautifully illustrated book on a fascinating subject (Orchidaceae).

Van der Ham, R. & B.J. van Heuven. 2002. Evolutionary trends in Winteraceae pollen. Grana 41: 4–9, illus.

Van der Ham, R., Y.-M. Zimmerman, S. Nilsson & A. Igersheim. 2001. Pollen morphology and phylogeny of the Alyxieae (Apocynaceae). Grana 40: 169–191, illus. — Support for chloroplast data.

Van der Vossen, H.A.M. & B.E. Umali (Eds.). 2001. Vegetable oils and fats. Prosea 14: 229 pp, illus. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. ISBN 90-5782-095-1 (hbk). — Introduction (62 pp!); extensive treatments of 16 species or species groups, short ones on another 34; taxa yielding vegetable oils but with other primary uses listed; references; glossary; indices.

Van Nieuwstadt, M.G.L. 2002. Trial by fire. Postfire development of a tropical dipterocarp forest. 143 pp, illus. Private publ. ISBN 90-393-3002-6. — Study in Sungai Wain near Balikpapan.

Van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. & N. Bunyapraphatsara. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Prosea 12, 2: 776 pp, illus. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. ISBN 90-5782-099-4 (hbk). — Introduction; alphabetical treatment of genera, species, groups; references; glossary; indices.

Van Welzen, P.C. 2001. Two new species of Sauropus (Euphorbiaceae) from Thailand, and a new combination. Blumea 46: 499–504, illus. — One perhaps in the Malaysian Peninsula.

Van Welzen, P.C., H. Turner & M.C. Roos. 2001. New Guinea: a correlation between accreting areas and dispersing Sapindaceae. Cladistics 17: 242–247, illus. — Reasonably well correspondence.

Veldkamp, J.F. 2002. Revision of Eragrostis (Gramineae, Chloridoideae) in Malesia. Blumea 47: 157–204. — 25 taxa, 1 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to names, collections.

Venter, H.J.T. & R.L. Verhoeven. 2001. Diversity and relationships within the Periplocoideae (Apocynaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 550–568, illus. — Based on floral morphology; resolution not very high; generic conspectus, key; 12 new comb, e.g. in Finlaysonia (incl. Gongylosperma), Phyllanthera (incl. Pentanura, Streptomanes), Streptocaulon.

Verhoeven, R.L. & H.J.T. Venter. 2001. Pollen morphology of the Periplocoideae, Secamonoideae, and Asclepiadoideae (Apocynaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 569–582, illus.

Verstappen, H.T. 2000. Outline of the geomorphology of Indonesia. 212 pp, illus. ITC Publication 79, ISBN 90-6164-182-9. — Fascinating subject with many aerial and satellite photos.

Vink, W. 2002. Some Malesian species of Pouteria (Sapotaceae). Blumea 47: 95–147, illus. — Emended descriptions, 7 new spp; 1 new comb.

Vinnersten, A. & K. Bremer. 2001. Age and biogeography of major clades in Liliales. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1695–1703, illus. — Origin c. 82 Mya; major splits c. 65 Mya at Late Cretaceous/Early Tertiary.

Von Balthazar, M., P.K. Endress & Y.-L. Qui. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in Buxaceae based on nuclear internal transcribed spacers and plastid ndhF sequences. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 161: 785–792, illus. — Two major clades with 5 monophyletic genera.

Wagner, W.L. & H. Robinson. 2001. Lipochaeta and Melanthera (Asteraceae: Heliantheae subtribe Ecliptinae): establishing their natural limits and a synopsis. Brittonia 53: 539–561, illus. — Wedelia biflora and W. prostrata to Melanthera.

Wagstaff, S.J., M.J. Bayly, P.J. Garnock-Jones & D.C. Albach. 2002. Classification, origin, and diversification of the New Zealand hebes (Scrophulariaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 89: 38–63, illus. — Hebe nests in paraphyletic Veronica; Parahebe s.s. (also in New Guinea by long distance dispersal from New Zealand!) polyphyletic.

Wagstaff, S.J. & I. Breitwieser. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of New Zealand Asteraceae inferred from ITS sequences. Pl. Syst. Evol. 231: 203–224, illus. — Centipeda near Heliantheae; position Abrotanella unclear.

Wallnöfer, B. 2001. The biology and systematics of Ebenaceae: a review. An. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 103-B: 485–512, illus. — Key to genera; infra-generic taxa of Diospyros listed.

Walsh, B.M. & S.B. Hoot. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Capsicum (Solanaceae) using DNA sequences from two noncoding regions: the chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer region and nuclear waxy introns. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 162: 1409–1418, illus. — Monophyletic; waxy useful in species delimitation; informal classi?cation proposed.

Walsh, N.G. 2001. A revision of Centipeda (Asteraceae). Muelleria 15: 33–64, illus. — 12 taxa, 7 new; 1 Malesian; key; synonymy, description, specimens under taxa.

Wang, B.-S., W.-B. Liao & R.-H. Miao. 2001. Revision of Mikania from China and key to four relative species. Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 40, 5: 72–75, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — 4 spp, also Malesian.

Wang, R.-J. & Z.-Y. Chen. 2002. Systematics and biogeography study on the family Sonneratiaceae. Guihaia 22: 214–219, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — 2 sections rede?ned; origin in Tethyan in early Eocene; key.

Wang, R.-J. & N.-X. Zhao. 2001. The origin and distribution on genus Hedyotis L.
J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 9: 219–228, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Incl. subgen Houstonia, Oldenlandia; origin in Jura, even early Trias in NE Gondwana (Rubiaceae).

Weerasooriya, A.D. & R.M.K. Saunders. 2001. Mitrephora simeuluensis (Annonaceae): a new species from Simeuluë, Indonesia. Blumea 46: 595–598, illus.

Weerasooriya, A.D. & R.M.K. Saunders. 2002. Proposals to reject the names Mitrephora teysmannii and Orophea macrocarpa (Annonaceae). Taxon 51: 191–192.

Wei, Z.-X., H.-S. Kiu & L.-H. Zhou. 2002. Pollen morphology of Phyllanthus (Euphorbiaceae). Acta Bot. Yunn. 24: 253–259, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — 13 spp studied: 5 types more or less corresponding to sections.

Wen, J. 2001. Aralia frodiniana (Araliaceae), a new species from Indonesia. Novon 11: 498–500, illus. — Celebes.

Whitmore, T.C. & S.J. Davies. 2001. Studies in Macaranga XIII: a novelty from northern Borneo. Harvard Pap. Bot. 6: 367–370, illus.

Widjaja, E.A. 2001. Identikit jenis-jenis bambu di Jawa. xvi, 101 pp, illus. LIPI-Puslitbang Biologi. ISBN 979-579-035-8. (In Indonesian). — Introduction to 60 spp of Bambusoideae–Gramineae from Java; introduction, keys, synonyms, description, notes, index; very nicely executed, too bad it is not in English!

Widjaja, E.A. 2001. Identikit jenis-jenis bambu di Kepulauan Sunda Kecil. xvi, 101 pp, illus. LIPI-Puslitbang Biologi. ISBN 979-579-035-8. (In Indonesian). — Introduction to 14 spp of Bambusoideae–Gramineae from the Lesser Sunda Islands; same format as preceding.

Wilhalm, T. & K. Pagitz. 2001. Bromus diandrus Roth in Österreich. Linzer Biol. Beitr. 33: 955–965, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — Name B. rigidus does not occur in Austria; summary of differences.

Wilson, P.G., M.M. O’Brien, P.A. Gadek & C.J. Quinn. 2001. Myrtaceae revisited: a reassessment of infrafamilial groups. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2013–2025, illus. — 11 robust clades; Leptospermum, Metrosideros polyphyletic.

Wolfe, A.D., S.L. Datwyler & C.P. Randle. 2002. A phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of Cheloneae (Scrophulariaceae) based on ITS and matK sequence data. Syst. Bot. 27: 138–148, illus. — Brookea not available.

Wollenberg, E. 2001. Incentives for collecting gaharu (fungal-infected wood of Aquilaria spp.; Thymelaeaceae) in East Kalimantan. Econ. Bot. 55: 444–456, illus.

Wong, C., et 6 al. 2001. Sectional placement of three Bornean species of Musa (Musaceae) based on amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 327–341, illus. — Sections Australimusa and Callimusa to be united.

Wong, C., et 7 al. 2001. Genetic diversity of the wild banana Musa acuminata Colla in Malaysia as evidenced by AFLP. Ann. Bot. 88: 1017–1025, illus. — 3 subspp, 1 new comb.

Wong, M. 2002. Rafflesias of Malaysia. Malays. Natural. 55, 3: 20–27, illus. — Popular account with colour pictures of 8 spp.

Wong, M. & A. Latiff. 2001. A fragrant Rafflesia cantleyi discovered! Fol. Malays. 2: 211–218, illus. — Sweet, orchid-like smell ‘like Aerides odorata’; key to the 3 Malaysian Peninsular spp; description, further notes (Rafflesiaceae).

Wood, J.J. 1997. Orchids of Borneo. Vol. 3. Dendrobium, Dendrochilum and others. 299 pp, illus. Sabah Society, Kota Kinabalu & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 967-99947-5-9. — Keys to sections of Dendrobium, Dendrochilum; key to species of Dendrochilum sect Acoridium, Eurybrachium, Platiclinis; 100 usually 2-page descriptions with analytic drawings and colour photographs; beautiful! (Orchidaceae).

Wright, S.D., C.G. Yong, S.R. Wichman, J.W. Dawson & R.C. Gardner. 2001. Stepping stones to Hawaii: a trans-equatorial dispersal pathway for Metrosideros (Myrtaceae) inferred from nrDNA (ITS + ETS). J. Biogeogr. 28: 769–774, illus. — Dispersal originated in New Zealand to Marquesas, then, against the wind, to Hawaii; equator and accompanying wind systems have shifted latitude over time; what one can do others can, too.

Wu, Z. & P.H. Raven (Eds.). 2000. Flora of China. 18. Illustrations. Scrophulariaceae through Gesneriaceae. x, 325 pp, illus. Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. ISBN 0-915279-84-3.

Wu, Z. & P.H. Raven (Eds.). 2001. Flora of China. 4. Illustrations. Cycadaceae through Fagaceae. xii, 415 pp. ISBN 7-03-007573-0/Q.888 (hbk), ISBN 0-915279-70-3 (hbk).

Wu, Z., P.H. Raven & D. Hong (Eds.). 2001. Flora of China. Caryophyllaceae through Lardizabalaceae. xii, 507 pp. Science Press, Beijing (ISBN 7-03-009816-1/Q.1105), Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis (ISBN 1-930723-05-9).

Xu, F. & N. Sun. 2001. Comparative analysis of phylogenetic relationships of Grain amaranths and their wild relatives (Amaranthus: Amaranthaceae) using internal transcribed spacer, amplified fragment length polymorphism, and double-primer fluorescent intersimple sequence repeat markers. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 21: 372–387, illus.

Xue, C.-Y., T.-N. He & D.-Z. Li. 2002. Floral nectaries in Swertia: anatomy and morphology. Acta. Bot. Yunn. 24: 359–369, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Swertia s.l. supported (Gentianaceae).

Yang, S.-X. 2000. Systematics, diversification and geographical distribution of Pyrenaria sensu lato (Theaceae). Thesis, Kunming, PRC. iii, 201 pp. illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). No ISBN. — Monophyletic, incl. e.g. Sinopyrenaria; Dubardella in sect Pyrenaria; 31 taxa, 1 new, 6 new comb, in 5 sect, all new; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; index of collectors.

Yang, S.-Z. 2001. A new record and invasive species in Taiwan – Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don. Taiwania 46: 232–237, illus. — Key to Taiwan Melastomataceae; description.

Yang, Y.-P., S.-C. Fong & H.-Y. Liu. 2002. Taxonomy and distribution of seagrasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 47: 54–61. — 7 spp: 2 Halodule (Cymodoceaceae), 3 Halophila,
1 Thalassia (Hydrocharitaceae), 1 Zostera (Zosteraceae), but others are expected; key, descriptions, notes.

Yap, K.F. 2002. Hoya lasiantha Korthals ex Miquel (1856). Fraterna 15: 12–13, illus. — (Asclepiadaceae).

Yashodara, K., S.R.S. Rao & J.V.S. Rao. 2001. Structure, distribution and taxonomic importance of trichomes in the tribe Verbeneae (Verbenaceae). Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 72: 265–285, illus. — Some exclusive to certain taxa; key.

Yatskievych, G. & J.A. Raveill. 2001. Notes on the increasing proportion of non-native angiosperms in the Missouri flora, with reports of three new genera for the state. Sida 19: 701–709. — Fatoua villosa, Oenanthe javanica, Ottelia alsimoides.

Yii, P.C. & P.P.K. Chai. 2001. New combinations, new names and new species of Madhuca (Sapotaceae) from Sabah and Sarawak, Borneo. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53: 343–356, illus. — 5 spp, 2 new names, 2 new comb.

Yonemori, K., C. Honsho, S. Kanzaki, W. Eiadthong & A. Sugiura. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of Mangifera species revealed by ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA and a possibility of their hybrid origin. Pl. Syst. Evol. 231: 59–75, illus. — 14 Thai spp studied; M. indica close to M. laurina, M. oblongifolia, M. sylvatica; M. foetida and M. odorata, of different subgenus, also close.

Yu, D., D. Wang & Z.-Q. Li. 2001. Two species of the genus Myriophyllum L. (Haloragaceae) newly recorded in China. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 39: 575–578, illus. — E.g. M. tuberculatum.

Yukawa, T. & W.L. Stern. 2002. Comparative vegetative anatomy and systematics of Cymbidium (Cymbidieae: Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 138: 383–419, illus.

Zeng, Q.-W., T. Wang, J.-M. Zhu, Y.-J. Su & Y.-H. Liu. 2000. RAPD analysis on phylogeny of subtribe Micheliinae. In: Y.-H. Liu et al. (Eds.), Proceedings: 228–234, illus. — Michelia (incl. Tsoongiodendron) and Paramichelia distinct (Magnoliaceae).

Zhang, B. 2001. Floral analysis of Magnoliaceae. Guihaia 21: 315–320, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Analyses of floras, not flowers suggests origin of family in China.

Zhang, M.-Y., et 5 al. 2002. A preliminary analysis of phylogenetic relationships in Cymbidium (Orchidaceae) based on nrITS sequence data. Acta Bot. Sin. 44: 588–592, illus. — Disagreement with current circumscription of subgenera; sectional delimitations unclear.

Zhang, Q., S. Shi, Y. Huang, F. Tan & H. Zhang. 1999. Phylogeny of Hamamelidoideae based on the ITS sequences. Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 38: 107–110, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Monophyletic; Distylieae, Fothergilleae, Hamamelideae polyphyletic.

Zhang, Y.-W., et 5 al. 2002. Sequence variation of rbcL gene and evolution of Saccharum and related species. Acta Bot. Yunn. 24: 29–36, illus. — Not a good marker; S. arundinaceum perhaps generically distinct.

Zhu, H. 2001. Two new subspecies of Lasianthus inodorus (Rubiaceae) from Kinabalu, Borneo, and their biogeographical implications. Blumea 46: 447–455, illus. — Species otherwise known from SE Asia, Sumatra, Java, undescribed form in S Yunnan.