[logo] Flora Malesiana Bulletin


Vol. 11 (6) - Fall 1995 (Number 50)

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Bala, S. & D.K. Jain. 1994. Leaf architecture in Indian species of Bauhinia L. and their taxonomic significance. Acta Bot. Ind. 22: 257-265, ill. 18 spp; key (Leguminosae).

Baldini, R.M. 1995. Revision of the genus Phalaris L. (Gramineae). Webbia 49: 265-329, ill. 22 spp, 1 new; key; synonymy, diagnoses, notes.

Bandisch, W.H. 1994. Edelsteine des Urwaldes: Dendrobium cuthbertsonii F. von Mueller. Orchidee 45: 186-193, ill. (In German). Report on a field trip in Papua New Guinea (Orchidaceae).

Banks, D.P. 1995. Some notes on Liparis condylobulbon Reichb. f. Orchadian 11: 372-374, ill. Morphology, cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Barlow, B.A. 1995. New and noteworthy Malesian species of Loranthaceae. Blumea 40: 15-31, ill. New records, taxonomic notes, 3 new sp, 1 new hybrid, 1 new comb.

Bean, T. 1994. A range extension for Alphitonia incana (Roxb.) Kurz (Rhamnaceae). Austr. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsl. 80: 4-5. Behnke, H.-D. 1995. P-type sieve-element plastids and the systematics of the Arales (sensu Cronquist 1988) - with SD-type plastids in Pistia. Pl.Syst. Evol. 195: 87-119, ill. Acoraceae and Lemnaceae distinct.

Bergen, M.A. van, R.W.J.M. van der Ham & H. Turner. 1995. Morphology and evolution of Arytera pollen (Sapindaceae-Cupanieae). Blumea 40: 195-209, ill.

Berhaman, A. 1994. Notes on the genus Alangium (Alangiaceae) in Sabah and Sarawak. Sandakania 4: 31-39. 9 spp, 3 var, 2 new comb; keys.

Bhat, R.B. 1994. Leaf architecture and its dynamics in the Bombacaceae. Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 68: 169-179, ill. Distinct from Malvaceae.

Blicher-Mathiesen, U. 1994. Borneo illipe, a fat product from different Shorea spp. (Dipterocarpaceae). Econ. Bot. 48: 231-242, ill. Distribution maps S. macrophylla, S. palembanica, S. pinanga, S. splendida, S. stenoptera.

Bogler, D.J. & B.B. Simpson. 1995. A chloroplast DNA study of the Agavaceae. Syst. Bot. 20: 191-205, ill. Cladistic analysis; 'family' heterogeneous; Dahlgren et al. (1985) system supported.

Bogner, J. & P.C. Boyce. 1994. Scindapsus lucens (Araceae: Monsteroideae), a new species related to Scindapsus pictus. Kew Bull. 49: 789-792, ill. Only known from cultivation, origin unknown, perhaps Malesian.

Bolick, M. & S. Keeley. 1994. Pollen morphology and classification of the Vernonieae. Acta Bot. Gall. 141: 279-284, ill. Within Vernonia useful down to series, but not in related genera (Compositae).

Borre, A. van den & L. Watson. 1994. The infrageneric classification of Eragrostis (Poaceae). Taxon 43: 383-422, ill. 2 subgen, 1 new; important overview of genus.

Bouman, F. & W. Meijer. 1994. Comparative structure of ovules and seeds in Rafflesiaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 193: 187-212, ill. Subfamilial classification supported.

Boyce, P.C. 1994. New species of Araceae from Brunei. Kew Bull. 49: 793-801, ill. 1 Homalonema, 2 Schismatoglottis.

Boyce, P. 1995. Amydrium zippelianum, Araceae. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 85-89, ill. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 85-89, ill. History, cultivation, synonym, description.

Boyce, P.C. & A.D. Poulsen. 1994. Notes on Pothos insignis (Araceae: Pothoideae). Kew Bull. 49: 523-528, ill. Pothos insignis; stem architecture sect.

Allopothos. Breteler, F.J. 1994. A revision of Leucomphalos including Baphiastrum and Bowringia (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae). Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 94-4: 1-41, ill. 6 spp, 1 new, 4 new comb; generic delimitation in Baphia group; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Breteler, F.J. 1995. The boundary between Amherstieae and Detarieae (Caesalpinioideae). In Crisp & Doyle: 53-61, ill. 1 new tribe.

Browning, J. & K.D. Gordon-Gray. 1995. Studies on Cyperaceae in southern Africa 26: Glume epidermal silica deposits as a character in generic delimitation of Costularia and Cyathocoma as distinct from Tetraria and other allies. S. Afr. J. Bot. 61: 66-71, ill. Position of C. pilisepala, T. borneensis not resolved.

Browning, J. & I. Guthrie. 1994. Studies in Cyperaceae in southern Africa 22: spikelet structure in African species of Carpha R. Br. S. Afr. J. Bot. 60: 148-151, ill.

Bruhl, J.J. 1995. Sedge genera of the world: relationships and a new classification of the Cyperaceae. Austr. Syst. Bot. 8: 125-305, ill. Analyses with DELTA and PAUP; annotated character list (374), extensively illustrated; unfortunately no index nor printed key, the latter could have been generated from DELTA; interactive identification through programs on disks, at the time of writing also available on Internet at: http://www.cis.csiro.au/cis/journals/asb/index.html under accessory publications.

Bruneau, A., J.J. Doyle & J.L. Doyle. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships in Phaseoleae: evidence from chloroplast DNA restriction site characters. In Crisp & Doyle: 309-330, ill. Not monophyletic, in fact rather a mess (Leguminosae).

* Burkill, H.M. 1994. Useful plants of West Tropical Africa 2, Families E-I. xii, 636 pp, Royal Botanic gardens, Kew, ISBN 0-947643-56-7. Price unknown. Treatment of 900 spp, incl. Euphorbiaceae, Gramineae; because of many wide=spread species also of use for SE Asia.

Burton, C.M. 1994. Philippine Hoya species. Hoyan 16/1/2: 4-8, ill. Hoya angustisepala (Asclepiadaceae).

Carlquist, S. 1994. Wood and bark anatomy of Gnetum gnemon L. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 116: 203-221, ill. Vessels unlike those of Angiosperms (Gnetaceae).

Carlquist, S. 1995. Wood anatomy of Caryophyllaceae: ecological, habital, systematic, and phylogenetic implications. Aliso 14: 1-17, ill.

Carlquist, S., K. Dauer & S.Y. Nishimura. 1995. Wood and stem anatomy of Saururaceae with reference to ecology, phylogeny, and origin of the monocotyledons. IAWA Bull. 16: 133-150, ill.

Catal n, P., Y. Shi, L. Armstrong, J. Draper & C.A. Stace. 1995. Molecular phylogeny of the grass genus Brachypodium P. Beauv. based on RFLP and RAPD analysis. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 117: 263-280, ill. Distinct tribe supported, earliest tribe to diverge from Bromeae, Poeae, Triticeae (Gramineae).

Chaffey, N.J. Structure and function of the membranous grass ligule: a comparative study. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 116: 53-69, ill. In some species with very active metabolism (Gramineae).

Chakrabarty, T. & M. Gangopadhyay. 1993. A new Phyllanthus L. (Euphorbiaceae) from North Andaman Island. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 90: 69-70, ill.

Chan, C.L. 1994. A new species of Dendrobium (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae: Dendrobieae) from Mount Kinabalu, Sabah. Sandakania 5: 67-77, ill.

* Chan, C.L., A. Lamb, P.S. Shim & J.J. Wood. 1994. Orchids of Borneo, vol. 1. xvii + 402 pp., ill. The Sabah Society, Kota Kinabalu, in association with the Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 967-99947-3. œ 30.00. (See Reviews).

Chappill, J.A. 1995. Cladistic analysis of the Leguminosae: the development of an explicit phylogenetic hypothesis. In Crisp & Doyle: 1-9. Leguminosae monophyletic, Caesalpinioideae paraphyletic.

Chappill, J.A. & B.R. Maslin. 1995. A phylogenetic assessment of tribe Acacieae. In Crisp & Doyle: 77-99, ill. Not monophyletic; Acacieae, Ingeae to be united (Leguminosae).

Chayamarit, K. 1994. Preliminary checklist of the family Anacardiaceae in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 22: 1-25. Key to genera; synonymy, distribution, habitat, notes.

Cheek, M. & I. Turner. 1995. The correct name for Grewia hirsuta (Tiliaceae). Kew Bull. 50: 129-130. Microcos hirsutus.

Chen, H. & Y. Chen. 1994. The origin, differentiation and geography of the Chloranthaceae. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 2/4: 31-44, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Chen, S.-J. & T.-C. Huang. 1993. Pollen morphology of the tribe Desmodieae (Leguminosae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 38: 67-89, ill.

Chen, S.-L. & M.G. Gilbert. 1994. Verbenaceae, in Z.-Y. Wu & P.H. Raven, Flora of China 17: 1-49.

Christenson, E.A. 1994. Sarcanthine genera. 14: Pomatocalpa. Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 63: 1144-1147, ill. 4 cultivated species briefly discussed (Orchidaceae).

Christensen, E.A. 1994. Sarcantine genera. 15: Papilionanthe. Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 63: 1374-1377, ill. Correct generic name for Singapore's 'Vanda Miss Joaquim'; 1 new comb; (Orchidaceae).

Christenson, E.A. 1994. Sarcanthine genera. 16: Rhynchostylis. Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 64: 152-159, ill. History, some cultivated species and hybrids discussed (Orchidaceae).

Christenson, E.A. 1994. Significant collections of Orchidaceae conserved in Herbarium Hamburgense (HBG). Brittonia 46: 344-354. Lists of types available, also in newly rediscovered Kraenzlin herbarium.

Chueiri-Chiaretto, I.A. & N.L. de Menezes. 1980. Considerations on morphological and phylogenetic characteristics of the corm of Trimezia (Iridaceae). Bol. Bot. Univ. S. Paulo 8: 1-6, ill.

Chung, R.C.K., A.L. Lim, E. Soepadmo & M.Y. Musa. 1994. Light and electron microscopic studies of Averrhoa (Oxalidaceae) pollen. Sandakania 5: 25-37, ill.

Conn, B.J. 1994. Documentation of the flora of New Guinea. In C.-I. Peng & C.-C. Chou (Eds.). Biodiversity and terrestrial ecosystems: 123-156, ill. Data on local herbaria; published accounts; handbooks; indigenous and western perceptions of the natural world; conservation; recommendations.

Conran, J.G. 1994. The Geitonoplesiaceae Dahlgren ex Conran (Liliiflorae: Asparagales): a new family of monocotyledons. Telopea 6: 39-41.

Coode, M.J.E. 1995. Elaeocarpus in the Flora Malesiana area - E. kraengensis and ten new species from Sulawesi. Kew Bull. 50: 267-294, ill. History; key to the 'polystachyus group' s.l. (Elaeocarpaceae).

* Cooper, W. & W.T. Cooper. 1994. Fruits of the rain forest. A guide to fruits in Australian tropical rain forests. 327 pp, ill. GEO Productions Pty Ltd., POB 1390, Chatswood NSW - 2057, Australia. ISBN 0-646-19803-3. Beautifully executed coffee table book depicting in colour 626 of the 2000+ spp (listed in App. 1), many also Malesian; arranged alphabetically by Latin name; data: local name, family, diagnose of fruit, seeds, edibility, season, leaf (also as line-drawing in margin), distribution, habitat; list of vouchers (a very commendable practice, very rarely seen); glossary, bibliography, index.

Cowley, J. & I. Theilade. 1995. Zingiber sulphureum. Zingiberaceae. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 73-77, ill. New species described.

Cribb, P. 1995. Paphiopedilum schoseri. Orchidaceae. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 62-66, ill. History, description.

* Crisp, M.D. & J.J. Doyle (Eds.). 1995. Advances in legume systematics. Part 7. Phylogeny. x, 370 pp. ISBN 0-947643-79-6. Price unknown. Part of the proceedings of the Third International Legume Conference, Kew, 1992 (Leguminosae).

Crisp, M.D. & P.H. Weston. 1995. Mirbelieae. In Crisp & Doyle: 245-282, ill. New cladistic analysis more or less confirms previous one (Leguminosae).

Darwin, S.P. 1994. Systematics of Timonius subgenus Abbottia (Rubiaceae - Guettardeae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 42: 1-86, ill. 29 spp (8 new), 11 var (4), 1 new comb; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; collector's index under taxa and at end.

Dawn, J. Rafflesia in Temenggor. Mal. Nat. 47/3&4: 26-27, ill. Perhaps R. hasseltii (Rafflesiaceae) pollinated by the fly Chrysomia megacephala.

Deb, D.B. & R.C. Rout. 1993. The Indian genus Pubistylus (Rubiaceae). An investigation into the characteristics and taxonomic position. Opera Bot. Belg. 6: 93-100, ill. To Octotropideae.

Debnath, H.S. & P.V. Sreekumar. 1993. Chisocheton longistipitatus (F.M. Bailey) L.S. Smith (Meliaceae) - A new record for Indian flora. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 90: 123. Actually from Great Nicobar.

Devi, D.R. & L.L. Narayana. 1994. Floral anatomy of Tropaeolaceae. Feddes Repert. 105: 437-443, ill.

DeVore, M.L. & T.F. Stuessy. 1995. The place and time of origin of the Asteraceae, with additional comments on the Calyceraceae and Goodeniaceae. In Hind, D.J.N., C. Jeffrey & G.V. Pope (Eds.). Advances in Compositae systematics: 23-40. Late Eocene in Gondwana (S. America, Antarctica, Australia); Calyceraceae closest, then Goodeniaceae, the latter less related to Campanulaceae s.l.

Dial, R. & S.C. Tobin. 1994. Description of arborist methods for forest canopy access and movement. Selbyana 15: 24-37, ill. Explication of techniques on how to climb trees and move about; list of equipment, literature, costs; very useful.

Ditsch, F., H. Patha & W. Barthlott. 1994. Micromorphology of epicuticular waxes in Fabales s.l. and its systematic significance. Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 68: 297-310, ill. Platelet type very uniform, also found in Connaraceae.

Doust, A.N. & B.J. Conn. 1994. Xyris L. section Xyris (Xyridaceae) in Australia. Austr. Syst. Bot. 7: 455-484, ill. 7 spp, 1 new; keys; synonymy, descriptions, distribution.

Doyle, J.A. & A. le Thomas. 1994. Cladistic analysis and pollen evolution in Annonaceae. Acta Bot. Gall. 141: 149-170, ill. Two major lines; Polyathia polyphyletic.

Doyle, J.J. 1994. Phylogeny of the legume family: An approach to understanding the origins of nodulation. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 25: 325-349, ill.

Doyle, J.J. 1995. DNA data and legume phylogeny: a progress report. In Crisp & Doyle: 11-30, ill. Results support paraphyly of e.g. Caesalpinioideae, Sophoreae, Millettieae, polyphyly of Phaseoleae (Leguminosae).

Dransfield, S. & E.A. Widjaja (Eds.). 1995. Bamboos. PROSEA 7: 184 pp, ill. ISBN 90-73348-35-8 (hc). Hfl. 100.00, US$ c. 64.00. (Pbk: ISBN 979-8316-21-5, c. US$ 10.00 for developing countries, for elsewhere also after 1997). Account of 45 commonly grown spp, brief remarks on minor species, list of all SE Asian spp; important manual for bamboos in general: taxonomy, history, morphology, uses, propagation, harvesting, etc.; major spp: synonymy, vernacular names, origin and distribution, uses, trade statistics, description, habitat, propagation and planting, husbandry, pests, harvesting and handling, genetics, notes, literature; minor spp: various notes; general bibliography; no keys.

Dring, J.V., G.C. Kite, R.J. Nash & T. Reynolds. 1995. Chemicals in aroids: a survey, including new results for polyhydroxy alkaloids and alkylresorcinols. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 117: 1-12, ill. (Araceae).

Duke, N.C. 1994. A mangrove hybrid, Sonneratia X urama (Sonneratiaceae) from northern Australia and southern New Guinea. Austr. Syst. Bot. 7: 521-1-526, ill. Key to Australasian spp.

Dunlop, C.R., G.J. Leach & I.D. Cowie (Eds.). 1995. Flora of the Darwin region 2. N. Terr. Bot. Bull. 20: vi, 261 pp, ill. First of a series of 4 according to Cronquist: 440 spp, some yet undescribed; Mimosaceae to Euphorbiaceae; keys, descriptions, notes; glossary, references, index.

Edeoga, H.O. & B.E. Okoli. 1995. Histochemical studies in the leaves of some Dioscorea L. (Dioscoreaceae) and the taxonomic importance. Feddes repert. 106: 113-120, ill.

Eguiarte, L., M.R. Duvall, G.H. Learn & M.T. Clegg. The systematic status of the Agavaceae and Nolinaceae and related Asparagales in the Monocotyledons: an analysis based on the rbcL gene sequence. Bol. Soc. Bot. M‚xico 54: 35-56, ill. Not monophyletic.

Ella, A.B. & R.P. Escobin. 1993. Taxonomy and wood anatomy of the Manggasinoro species (Shorea spp.): Dipterocarpaceae. Philip. J. Sc. 122: 205-232, ill. 4 spp studied + 1 partly; keys; descriptions.

Endress, P.K. 1994. Floral structure and evolution of primitive angiosperms: recent advances. Pl. Syst. Evol. 192: 79-97, ill. Isolated position of Ceratophyllum supported; Cabomba in Nymphaeales; Lactoris in Aristolochiales; Saruma close to Asarum.

Essig, F.B. 1995. A new species of Gronophyllum from the Bismarck Archipelago. Principes 39: 100-101, ill. (Palmae).

Etman, B. 1994. A taxonomic and phylogenetic analysis of Rhysotoechia (Sapindaceae). Blumea 39: 41-71, ill. 15 spp (+ 3 insufficiently known), 5 new; cladistic analysis, probably monophyletic; key; synonymy, descriptions; index to collectors.

Evans, C.S., A.J. Shah, M.A. Adlard & M. L.C. Arce. 1994. Evolutionary trends within the genus Acacia based on the accumulation of non-protein amino acids in seeds. Advances in legume systematics 5: 83-87, ill. Cladistic analysis (Leguminosae).

Ferguson, I.K. & H. Banks. 1994. Tetrad pollen in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae (Leguminosae) and its significance. Rev. Palaeobot. & Palynol. 83: 31-42, ill. Parallel developments.

Ferguson, I.K. & B.D. Schrire. 1994. A cladistic analysis of the pollen morphology of the tribe Swartzieae (Leguminosae). Acta Bot. Gall. 141: 207-215, ill. Polyphyletic. Ferguson, I.K., B.D. Schrire & R.

Shepperson. 1994. Pollen morphology of the tribe Sophoreae and relationships between subfamilies Caesalpinioideae and Papilionoideae. Advances in legume systematics 6: 53-96, ill. (Leguminosae).

* Ferguson, I.K. & S.C. Tucker (Eds.). 1994. Advances in legume systematics. Part 6. Structural botany. xii, 257 pp, ill. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 0-947643-78-8. œ 15.00. (Leguminosae).

Fernandez, A. & A. Krapovickas. 1994. Cromosomas y evolucion en Arachis (Leguminosae). Bonplandia 8: 187-220, ill. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.).

Fernando, E.S. 1994. New species of Pinanga (Palmae: Arecoideae) from Luzon Island, Philippines. Kew Bull. 49: 775-784, ill.

Fernando, E.S., P.A. Gadek & C.J. Quinn. 1995. Simaroubaceae, an artificial construct: evidence from rbcL sequence variation. Amer. J. Bot. 82: 92-1003, ill. Polyphyletic with 5 lineages; monophyletic for Simaruboideae + Leitneriaceae - Harrisonia; Harrisonia close to Cneorum, Rutaceae; Irvingiaceae, Kirkiaceae supported.

Fernando, E.S. & C.J. Quinn. 1995. Picramniaceae, a new family, and a recircumscription of Simaroubaceae. Taxon 44: 177-181. Simaroubaceae reduced to Simarouboideae, excl. Harrisonia, incl. Leitneria.

Forman, L.L., R.W.J.M. van der Ham, M.M. Harley & T.J. Lawrence. 1994. Rosselia, a new genus of Burseraceae from the Louisiade Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Kew Bull. 49: 601-621, ill.

Forster, P.I. 1994. Omalanthus nutans (Euphorbiaceae), the correct name for the 'Native bleeding hart' or 'Native poplar' of Australia. Telopea 6: 169-171. Name misapplied to Malesian taxa: key.

Forster, P.I. 1994. A taxonomic review of Tylophora (Asclepiadaceae: Marsdenieae) in Papuasia. Austr. Syst. Bot. 7: 485-505, ill. 7 spp, 3 new; key; synonymy, descriptions; collectors.

Forster, P.I. 1994. A taxonomic revision of Acalypha L. (Euphorbiaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 4: 209-226, ill. 8 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Forster, P.I. 1994. Revision of Euphorbia plumerioides Teijsm. ex Hassk. (Euphorbiaceae) and allies. Austrobaileya 4: 245-264, ill. 8 spp, 2 new, 1 new name; key; synonymy, descriptions, specimens under taxa.

Forster, P.I. 1994. Wetria australis sp. nov. (Euphorbiaceae), a new generic record for Australia. Austrobaileya 4: 139-143, ill.

Forster, P.I. & D.J. Liddle. 1994. Type collections of Asclepiadaceae at Herbarium Bogoriense (BO). Austr. Syst. Bot. 7: 507-519.

Franceschi, D. de. 1993. Phylog‚nie des Eb‚nales. Publ. D‚pt. Ecol., Inst. Fran‡. Pondichery 33: 1-153, xxi (61), ill. ISSN 0971-3107. (In French, Engl. summ.). Order polyphyletic; Sapotaceae close to Olacaceae; Ebenaceae, Sapotaceae close to Malvales and Euphorbiales, origin Indian taxa Indo-malesian; Symplocaceae close to Cornales.

Francis, C.M. 1994. Vertical stratification of fruit bats (Pteropodidae) in lowland dipterocarp rainforest in Malaysia. J. Trop. Ecol. 10: 523-530, ill. Role in pollination and seed dispersal may be greater then suspected.

Fujii, T., P. Baas, P. Gasson, J.W.A. Ridder-Numan. 1994. Wood anatomy of the Sophora group (Leguminosae). Advances in legume systematics 6: 205-249, ill. Sophora, Cladrastis poly- or paraphyletic; infrageneric classification of Sophora; key.

Furness, C.A. 1995. A pollen morphological study of Dyschoriste Nees and Chaetacanthus Nees (Acanthaceae: Ruellieae). Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 84: 331-345, ill. Genera to be united.

Garay, L.A., F. Hamer & E.S. Siegerist. 1994. The genus Cirrhopetalum and the genera of the Bulbophyllum alliance. Nord. J. Bot. 14: 609-646, ill. Keys; discussion of generic concepts, 5 new gen, 1 sp nov, 18 comb nov; Bulbophyllum: 2 new sect; enumeration of specific names; 22 new comb, 1 new sp; key to sections of Bulbophyllum, 5 new, 2 sp nov, 3 nom nov; 6 additional comb nov; postscript with another 2 comb nov (Orchidaceae).

Gasson, P.E. 1994. Wood anatomy of the tribe Sophoreae and related Caesalpinioideae and Papilionoideae. Advances in legume systematics 6: 165-203, ill. Data as yet insufficient for phylogenetic conclusions (Leguminosae).

Gilbert, M.G.,W.D. Stevens & P.-T. Li. 1995. Notes on the Asclepiadaceae of China. Novon 5: 1-16. Jasminanthes resurrected; Marsdenia tinctoria.

Gillespie, L.J. & J.W. Nowicke. 1994. Systematic implications of pollen morphology in Gnetum. Acta Bot. Gall. 141: 131-139, ill. Two types, present 2 sections not supported (Gnetaceae).

Giri, G.S., S.K. Das & M.P. Nayar. 1993. Additions to the myrsinaceous flora of Burma. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 90: 310-311. E.g. Labisia pumila.

Gordon-Gray & J. Browning. 1994. Fimbristylis complanata. Fl. Pl. Afr. 53: 54-58, ill. Description, synonymy.

Gottlieb, O.R., M.A.C. Kaplan, A.M.M.S. Dan, D.H.T. Zocher & M.R.M.B. Borin. 1994. Micromolecular clues for evolution of the Leguminosae. Advances in legume systematics 5: 107-128, ill. Possibly derived from Sapindales; ancestors of Caesalpiniaceae, Mimosaceae, most Papilionaceae chemically independent; Swartzieae primitive base of complex including Sophoreae and Tephrosieae.

Goulet, I., D. Barab‚ & L. Brouillet. 1994. Analyse structurale et architecture de l'inflorescence des Begoniaceae. Canad. J. Bot. 72: 897-914, ill. (In French, Engl. summ.).

Green, P.S. in A.E. Orchard & A.J.G. Wilson (Eds.). 1993. Flora of Australia 50. Oceanic Islands 1. Austr. Gov. Publ. Serv. Canberra. xxiii + 681 pp., ill. ISBN 0-664-29385-3, -23984-5 (pbk), Au$ 64.95 and 54.95, resp. See Reviews, for part 2, see 9/4: 302; 2 new taxa.

Green, T. 1994. Hoya imbricata, the shingled Hoya. Fraterna 1st Quart. 1994: 10-11, ill. Common in Palawan (Asclepiadaceae).

Green, T. 1994. H. loyceandrewsiana Green. Fraterna 4th Quarter 1994: 3-5, ill. New Hoya, origin uncertain, perhaps Malesian (Asclepiadaceae).

Green, T. 1995. Hoya meliflua Merrill ssp. fraterna Green, ssp. nova. Fraterna 1st Quarter 1995: 1, plate on cover. Apparently a new combination, based on H. fraterna Bl., but here invalidly published (Asclepiadaceae).

Gregory, M. 1994. Bibliography of systematic wood anatomy of Dicotyledones. IAWA J., Suppl. 1: 265 pp.

Greissl, R., A. Horn & A. Vogelei. 1995. A modified thermal convection drying technique for herbarium preservation. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 117: 29-38, ill. With short-wave infra red light: low cost, easy to use, takes little space, so can easily be taken along as long as there is electricity.

Grimes, J. 1995. Generic relationships of Mimosoideae tribe Ingeae, with emphasis on the New World Pithecellobium-complex. In Crisp & Doyle: 101-121, ill. No satisfactory resolution as yet (Leguminosae).

Grosso, B., M. Saint-Martin & J. Vassal. 1995. Stomatal types of the genus Acacia (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae): an appraisal of diversity and taxonomic interest. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 116: 325-341, ill.

Grosso, N.R., A. Krapovickas, J.R. Pietrarelli & C.A. Guzman. 1994. Las proteinas seminales del mani (Arachis hypogaea, Leguminosae) y su relacion con las categorias infraespecificas. Bonplandia 8: 221-223, ill. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.). 2 spp, 6 var.

Gruá, O. 1995. Paphiopedilum adductum Asher 1983. Orchidee 46, Orchideenkartei 795-796, ill. (In German). Description, cultivation, notes (Orchidaceae).

Gruá, O. 1995. Paphiopedilum supardii Braem & Loeb 1985. Die Orchidee 46, Orchideenkartei: 787-788, ill. (In German). Description, cultivation, notes.

Gruá, O. 1995. Phalaenopsis fimbriata J.J. Sm. 1921. Orchidee 46, Orchideenkartei: 803-804, ill. (In German). Description, cultivation, hybrids (Orchidaceae).

Gruá, O. & L. R”llke. 1994. Kingidium hookerianum Gruss & R”llke. Orchidee 45: 229-233, ill. (In German). 1 new sp (Orchidaceae).

Gruá, O. & L. R”llke. 1995. Kingidium philippinense (Ames) Gruss & R”llke comb. nov. (Teil 11). Orchidee 46: 115-119, ill. (In German).

Gunter, L.E., G. Kochert & D.E. Giannasi. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships of the Juglandaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 192: 11-29, ill. Cladistic analysis of rbcL; more related to Betulaceae, Casuarinaceae, Fagaceae, Urticaceae than to Anacardiaceae; Hamamelidae probably polyphyletic.

Gustafsson, M.H.G. & K. Bremer. 1995. Morphology and phylogenetic interrelationships of the Asteraceae, Calyceraceae, Campanulaceae,, Goodeniaceae, and related families (Asterales). Am. J. Bot. 82: 250-265, ill. Monophyletic group of 14 families.

Ham, R.W.J.M. van der. 1994. Pollen morphology of the Stemonaceae and Pentastemonaceae. Acta Bot. Gall. 141: 285-293, ill. Families probably not related, position Pentastemonaceae uncertain.

Hamed, K.A. & M.M. Mourad. 1994. Seed exomorphic and anatomical characters of some species of Convolvulaceae. Egypt. J. Bot. 34: 1-16, ill. Great value for taxonomic relationships; Cuscuta in Convolvulaceae.

Haridasan, V.K. & P.K. Mukherjee. 1993. Seed surface features in Indian Lobeliaceae. Phytomorph. 43: 287-294, ill. Species specific, support sectional classification; union of Lobelia and Pratia not supported; different from Campanulaceae.

Harriman, N.A. (Ed.): Gramineae, in M.D. Dassanayake, F.R. Fosberg & W.D. Clayton (Eds.). 1994. A revised handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8. v, 458 pp, not ill. Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi (for India, Sri Lanka), and Balkema, Rotterdam/Brookfield (world), ISBN 90-6191-552-X. Hfl. 120.00. See Reviews.

* Harris, J.G. & M. Woolf Harris. 1994. Plant identification terminology. An illustrated glossary. Spring Lake Publishing, Spring Lake, Utah, U.S.A. ISBN 0-9640221-5-X. A well-executed manual that should be present at any course in descriptive angiosperm taxonomy; 2 parts, first illustrated glossary; second specific terminology for parts of the plant, illustrated and with keys to various forms.

Harris, S.A., C.E. Hughes, R. Ingram & R.J. Abbott. 1994. A phylogenetic analysis of Leucaena (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 191: 1-26, ill. Analysis of chloroplast DNA.

Hartley, T.G. 1994. The genus Melicope (Rutaceae) in Borneo. Sandakania 4: 47-74. 13 or 14 spp, 12 new binomials; key; synonymy, descriptions.

Hay, A., J. Bogner & P.C. Boyce. 1994. Nephthytis Schott (Araceae) in Borneo: a new species and new generic record for Malesia. Novon 4: 365-368, ill.

Hay, A. et 5 al. 1995. Checklist & botanical bibliography of the aroids of Malesia, Australia, and the tropical west Pacific. Blumea Suppl. 8: 1-210.

Hebda, R.J. & C.C. Chinnappa. 1994. Studies on pollen morphology of Rosaceae. Acta Bot. Gall. 141: 183-193, ill. Rosoideae too heterogeneous to be maintained.

Hedberg, O. 1995. Cladistics in taxonomic botany - master or servant? Taxon 44: 3-11, ill. Summary of some weaknesses of the foundations of cladistics.

Hedr‚n, M., M.W. Chase & R.G. Olmstead. 1995. Relationships in the Acanthaceae and related families as suggested by cladistical analysis of rbcL nucleotide sequences. Pl. Syst. & Evol. 194: 93-109, ill. Nelsonioideae sister group of rest of Acanthaceae, followed by Thunbergioideae; families in Bignoniales not strongly supported.

Hellmayr, E.M., M. Kiehn & A. Weber. 1994. Chromosome numbers of Malayan rain-forest Angiosperms. Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 68: 51-71, ill. 28 counts for Annonaceae, Aralidiaceae, Aristolochiaceae, Balanophoraceae, Balsaminaceae, Melastomataceae, Myrsinaceae, Pentaphragmataceae, Rubiaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Urticaceae, Vitaceae, Zingiberaceae, many for the first time!

Hennig, S., W. Bartlott, I. Meusel & I. Theisen. 1994. Mikromorphologie der Epicuticularwachse und die Systematik der Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae und Hamamelididae. Trop. & Subtrop. Pfl.-W. 90: 1-60, ill. (In German, Engl. summ.).

Heo, K. & K. Oginuma. 1994. Karyomorphology of Eusideroxylon zwageri (Lauraceae). Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 45: 127-130, ill. Unique in family with 2n = 30

Heo, K. & H. Tobe. 1994. Embryology and relationships of Suriana maritima L. (Surianaceae). J. Pl. Res. 107: 29-37, ill. Surianaceae in Rutales s.l. tentatively supported.

Herendeen, P.S. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Swartzieae. In Crisp & Doyle: 123-132, ill. Also of Sophoreae and some Caesalpinieae; Swartzieae polyphyletic, not basal to Papilionoideae (Leguminosae).

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. 1994. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) - 2. New species from tropical Asia. Blumea 39: 237-281, ill. 33 new spp, some with A. Dearden, S. Ittenbach, A.L. Lamb, H. Li, and A. Vogel.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & C.I. Peng. 1995. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) IV. Revision of the species of Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 101-112, ill. 4 spp; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A., S.R. Yadav & K.S. Pantil. 1994. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) - 5. Amorphophallus konkanensis, a new species from India, and taxonomic reflections on Amorphophallus section Rhaphiophallus. Blumea 39: 289-294, ill. Section accepted.

Heusden, E.C.H. van 1994. Revision of Haplostichanthus (Annonaceae). Blumea 39: 215-234, ill. Papualthia reduced; 6 spp, 1 new, 4 new comb; cladistic analysis; keys; synonymy, descriptions; index to collectors.

Hill, K.D. 1994. The Cycas media group (Cycadaceae) in New Guinea. Austr. Syst. Bot. 7: 527-541, ill. 1 new series, 3 spp, 1 new; key; synonymy; descriptions, notes.

Hill, K.D. 1994. The Cycas rumphii complex (Cycadaceae) in New Guinea and the western Pacific. Austr. Syst. Bot. 7: 543-567, ill. 6 spp, 3 new in new subsect; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Hill, K.D. 1995. The genus Cycas (Cycadaceae) in the Indian region, with notes on the application and typification of the name Cycas circinalis. Taxon 44: 23-31, ill. Diagnostic features, key; C. circinalis Indian endemic, 2 var.

Hill, R.S. & L.J. Scriven. 1995. The angiosperm-dominated woody vegetation of Antarctica: a review. Rev. Palaeobot & Palynol. 86: 175-198, ill. Important for the origin of the Malesian flora.

* Hind, D.J.N., C. Jeffrey & G.V. Pope (Eds.). 1995. Advances in Compositae systematics. 469 pp, ill. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 0-947643-73-3. œ 24.00. Proceedings of the 1994 international conference 'Compositae: systematics biology utilization'; a necessity for all synantherologists!

Ho, T.-N., S.-W. Liu, Y.-Z. Xi & J.-C. Ning. 1994. Pollen morphology and phylogenetic analysis of Gentiana. Cathaya 6: 93-114, ill.

Ho, T.-N., C.-Y. Xue & W. Wang. 1994. The origin, dispersal and formation of the distribution pattern of Swertia L. (Gentianaceae). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32: 525-537, ill (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Holmes, W.C. 1995. A review preparatory to an infrageneric classification of Mikania (tribe: Eupatorieae). In Hind, D.J.N., C. Jeffrey & G.V. Pope (Eds.). Advances in Compositae systematics: 239-254, ill. No classification has been generally accepted.

Hotta, M. & S. Kuroki. 1994. Taxonomical notes on plants of southern Japan. I. Proposal of Zoysia pacifica stat. nov. (Poaceae). Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 45: 67-74, ill. (In Japanese, Engl. summ.).

Howard, R.A. 1994. The role of botanists during World War II in the Pacific Theatre. Bot. Rev. 60: 197-257. Interesting account, with histories of Singapore, Bogor.

Hsiao, C., N.J. Chatterton, K.H. Asay & K.B. Jensen. 1995. Molecular phylogeny of the Pooideae (Poaceae) based on nuclear rDNA (ITS) sequences. Theor. & Appl. Gen. 90: 389-398. 25 spp, 19 gen of 7 tribes compared to Oryza sativa; cladistics; Stipeae, Meliceae, Brachypodieae (small chromosomes, x > 7) diverged in succession; Poeae, Aveneae, Bromeae, Triticeae (large chromosomes, x = 7) monophyletic clade; Poeae, Aveneae sister group of Bromeae, Triticeae; Brachypodieae distantly related to Triticeae, Bromeae, differing from phylogenies based on restriction-site variation of cpDNA, morphological characters; phylogenetic relationships inferred from ITS sequences concordant with cytogenetic evidence that reduction in chromosome number and increase in chromosome size evolved once in pooids, pre-dating divergence of Poeae, Aveneae, Bromeae, Triticeae.

Hsieh, T.-H. & T.-C. Huang. 1995. Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (22) - The genus Ajuga L. (Lamiaceae). Taiwania 40: 157-172, ill. 4 spp, 1 Malesian; palynology, cytology; key; references, descriptions.

Hsing, Y.I.C., K.L. Hsieh, Y.C. Huang & J.S. Hsieh. 1995. The relationships of cultivated soybeans and their wild relatives collected from Taiwan: revealed by seed proteins. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 65-72, ill. Glycine spp; taxonomic relationships of G. max and G. soja confirmed (Leguminosae).

Hu, C.-H., F.-G. Yu & L. Cheng. 1994. The embryonic types of the bamboo fruits and their systematic classification. Acta Bot. Yunn. 16: 367-372, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). (Gramineae).

Hu, Q. 1994. On the geographical distribution of the Primulaceae. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 2/4: 1-14, ill (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Huang, T.-C. (Ed.). 1994. Flora of Taiwan, ed., 2, 1 (Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae): xi, 648, ill. Department of Botany, National Taiwan University, Ta'an, Taipei, Taiwan 106. ISBN 957-9019-52-5. Introductionary chapters on geology, history, floristics, vegetation, etc.; 1 new comb in Pronephrium.

Huang, T.-C. & T.-H. Hsieh. 1994. Notes on the flora of Taiwan (18) - Tribulus L. (Zygophyllaceae). Taiwania 39: 61-71, ill. 1 new sp; key; synonymy, descriptions.

Huang, T.-C., S.-F. Huang & T.-H. Hsieh. 1994. The flora of Tungshatao (Pratas Island). Taiwania 39: 27-53, ill. Spermonde Arch; 111 taxa.

Huang, T.-C., S.-F. Huang & K.-C. Yang. 1994. The flora of Taipingtao (Aba Itu Island). Taiwania 39: 1-26, ill. Spermonde Arch; 110 taxa.

Huysmans, S., E. Robbrecht & E. Smets. 1994. Are the genera Hallea and Mitragyna (Rubiaceae - Coptosapelteae) pollen morphologically distinct? Blumea 39: 321-340, ill. No, yet distinct.

Igersheim, A., C. Puff, P. Leins & C. Erbar. 1994. Gynoecial development of Gaertnera Lam. and of presumably allied taxa of the Psychotrieae (Rubiaceae): secondarily 'superior' vs. inferior ovaries. Bot. Jb. 116: 401-414, ill. Placement in Rubiaceae (and Psychotrieae) not contradicted.

Igersheim, A. & A. Robbrecht. 1993. The character states and relationships of the Prismatomerideae (Rubiaceae - Rubioideae). Comparisons with Morinda and comments on the circumscription of the Morindeae s. str. Opera Bot. Belg. 6: 61-79, ill. Imchanitzkaja, N.N. 1993. Systema generica Talauma A.L. Juss. (Magnoliaceae). Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 29: 71-76 (In Russian).

Jacques-F‚lix, H. 1995. Histoire des Melastomataceae d'Afrique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. IV, 16, B, Adansonia: 235-311, ill. (In French, Engl. summ.). Although primarily on African taxa, of interest for the whole family; discussions on the usefulness of certain characters; 12 new comb; origin and centers of development.

Jaffr‚, T., P. Morat & J.-M. Veillon. 1993. Etude floristique et phytog‚ographique de la forˆt scl‚rophylle de Nouvelle-Cal‚donie. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris, IV, B, Adansonia 15: 107-146, ill. (In French, Engl. summ.).

Jaffr‚, T., P. Morat & J.-M. Veillon. 1994. Dossier Nouvelle-Cal‚donie - New Caledonia special. La flore, charact‚ristiques et composition floristique des principales formations v‚g‚tales. Bois & For. Trop. 242: 7-30, ill. (In French, Engl. summ.). Important survey of flora and vegetation.

Jarvie, J. & P. van Welzen. 1994. What are tropical floras for in S.E. Asia? Taxon 43: 444-448. Outline of problems and possible solutions.

Jeeja, G. & R. Ansari. 1994. Taxonomic significance of seed surface morphology in Orchidaceae. Rheedea 4: 48-59, ill. 82 Indian spp studied, eight groups; key.

Jeffrey, C. 1995. Compositae systematics 1975-1993, developments and desiderata. In Hind, D.J.N., C. Jeffrey & G.V. Pope (Eds.). Advances in Compositae systematics: 3-21. Survey of past and future developments.

Jenny, R. 1994. Coelogyne asperata Lindl. 1849. Orchideenkartei 767-768, ill. (In German). Description, cultivation, notes (Orchidaceae).

Johns, T. 1994. Defense of nitrogen-rich seeds constrains selection for reduced toxicity during the domestication of the grain legumes. Advances in legume systematics 5: 151-167, ill. Domestication mutualism between humans and plants enabled by technology (cooking) (Leguminosae).

Johns, R.J. 1995. Endemism in the Malesian flora. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 95-110, ill. 3 fam, 222 gen.

Johns, R.J. 1995. Malesia - an introduction. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 52-62, ill. Definition, phytogeography, geological history, collecting density.

Johns, R.J. 1995. Papuacedrus papuana var. papuana. Cupressaceae. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 66-72, ill. Generic relationships, description, key to var, 1 comb nov.

Johns, R.J. & G. Argent. 1995. Rhododendron culminicolum var. angiense. Ericaceae. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 77-85, ill. Key to vars, synonymy, descriptions, 1 unnamed var.

Joshi, S.K., et al. (Eds.). 1992. The wealth of India (Rev. Ed.) 3, Ca-Ci: i-l, 1-683, 1-119 (indices), ill. ISBN 81-85038-97-X. Again, this provides a wealth of data on Indian taxa, of great significance also beyond the geographical borders and should be regularly consulted by all students of the S.E. Asian flora and fauna.

Kadereit, J.W., F.R. Blattner, K.B. York & A. Schwarzbach. 1994. Phylogenetic analysis of the Papaveraceae s.l. (incl. Fumariaceae, Hypecoaceae, and Pteridophyllum) based on morphological characters. Bot. Jb. 116: 361-390, ill.

Kajita, T. & H. Ohashi. 1994. Chloroplast DNA variation in Desmodium subgenus Podocarpium (Leguminosae): infrageneric phylogeny and infraspecific classification. J. Pl. Res. 107: 349-354, ill. Subgenera supported, classification with D. podocarpum not.

Kamilya, P. & N. Paria. 1994. Seedling morphology of some Indian species of Jatropha and its implications in taxonomy. Acta Bot. Ind. 22: 251-256, ill. 5 spp; key (Euphorbiaceae).

Kantz, K.E. & S.C. Tucker. 1994. Developmental basis of floral characters in the Caesalpinieae. Advances in legume systematics 6: 33-40, ill. Cladistics in Caesalpinia (Leguminosae).

Karis, P.O. 1995. Cladistics of the subtribe Ambrosiinae (Asteraceae: Heliantheae). Syst. Bot. 20: 40-54, ill. Ambrosia paraphyletic.

K„ss, E. & M. Wink. 1995. Molecular phylogeny of the Papilionoideae (family Leguminosae): rbcL gene sequences versus chemical taxonomy. Bot. Acta 108: 149-162, ill. Mainly concerned with Genisteae.

Keller, R. 1994. Neglected vegetative characters in field identification at the supraspecific level in woody plants: phyllotaxy, serial buds, syllepsis and architecture. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 116: 33-51, ill. 'syllepsis': lateral branches develop simultaneously with main shoot, if there is a resting stage: 'prolepsis'.

Keáler, K. Sidiyasa, Amriansyah & A. Zainal. 1995. Checklist of secondary forest trees in East and South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Tropenbos Doc. 8: 1-84.

Khanam, M., A. Culham, S.Z. Husain & S.S. Tahir. 1994. Numerical analysis of the genus Pogostemon Desf. (Lamiaceae). Pakistan J. Bot. 26: 57-62, ill. Bentham's sections upheld.

Kiew, R. 1993. Asystasia in Peninsular Malaysia. MAPPS Newsl. 17/3: 29, reprinted in Weedwatcher 25 (1994) 2. 1 native, 2 introduced taxa; correct nomenclature; key (Acanthaceae).

Kiew, R. 1994. Checklist of Jasminum species (Oleaceae) in Malesia. Sandakania 4: 1-14, ill. 99 names for 52 spp; typification, synonymy, distribution.

Kiew, R. 1994. Six new species of Jasminum (Oleaceae) from Malesia. Sandakania 4: 75-81.

Kiew, R. 1995. Didymocarpus miniatus (Gesneriaceae), a new species from Peninsular Malaysia. Novon 5: 40-41.

Kirkbride, J.H., Jr. 1992. Database of Native distributions for Cucumis. Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative 15: 45-47, + 5.25" 1.2 MB diskette. This and the next regarded as invalid publications by the author; validation took place on 1 April 1993 (Kirkbride in litt.) (see issue 11/4, p. 327) (Cucurbitaceae).

Kirkbride, J.H., Jr. 1992. Interactive microcomputer database for identification of Cucumis. Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative 15: 48-50 + 5.25", 1.2 MB diskette. (Cucurbitaceae).

Kirkbride Jr., J.H., C.R. Gunn & C.A. Ritchie. 1994. Seed and fruit phylogenies of Caesalpinioideae and Mimosoideae (Fabaceae) and their tribes. Advances in legume systematics 6: 117-140, ill. Poor resolution of trees, lack of congruence with accepted classification due to large size of data set, variability of fruit and seed, overwhelming use of floral characters in Leguminosae taxonomy.

Kite, G.C. & G.P. Lewis. 1994. Chemotaxonomy of seed non-protein amino acids in Caesalpinia s.l. Advances in legume systematics 5: 101-1005, ill. (Leguminosae).

Klein, B. 1995. Die Gattung Thunia (Thu.) und ihre Kultur. Orchidee 46: 82-83, ill. (In German). (Orchidaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 1994. Hoya sections. Fraterna 1st Quart. 1994: i-vii. Original descriptions, translations (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 1994. IV. Sections of Hoya R.Br. originally published as such. Fraterna 2nd Quarter 1994: viii-xxiv. Some invalid names; key to sections; accepted sections, 2 new, 1 new comb. (Asclepiadaceae).

Knapp, U. 1994. Skulptur der Samenschale und Gliederung der Crassulaceae. Bot. Jb. 116: 157-187, ill. (In German, Engl. summ.). 4 main groups, many genera their own pattern; key.

Kochummen, K.M. 1994. New species of Burseraceae from Sabah and Sarawak. Sandakania 5: 73-91, ill. Canarium (2), Haplolobus (5), Santiria (5).

Kochummen, K.M. 1994. Taxonomic notes on the Celastraceae of Sabah and Sarawak. Sandakania 5: 51-66, ill. Novelties: Kokoona: 2 spp, 2 var; Microtropis: 6 spp, 1 var.

K”hler, E. 1994. Parallel evolution of pollen characters in the genus Buxus L. (Buxaceae). Acta Bot. Gall. 141: 223-232, ill.

Kostermans, A.J.G.H. 1994. Four new Asiatic Lauraceae and a new species of Durio (Bombacaceae). Rheedea 4: 13-16. For Malesia in Cryptocarya, Endiandra.

Kotyama, H. 1995. A revision of the genus Salomonia (Polygalaceae). Bull. Nat. Sc. Mus. Tokyo B, 21: 1-12, ill. 8 taxa, 4 new.

Krapovickas, A. & W.C. Gregory. 1994. Taxonomia del genero Arachis (Leguminosae). Bonplandia 8: 1-186, ill. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.). 9 sect, 2 series, 69 spp, most new; keys; synonymy, descriptions, distribution, notes; collectors under spp and at end.

Kulshresththa, K. & K.J. Ahmad. 1992. Cuticular ornamentations in some genera of Euphorbiaceae. Feddes Repert. 103: 317-326, ill. Perhaps diagnostic at higher levels.

Kurmann, M.H. 1994. Pollen morphology and ultrastructure in the Cupressaceae. Acta Bot. Gall. 141: 141-147, ill. Uniform; family monophyletic.

Kurzweil, H., H.P. Linder, W.L. Stern & A.M. Pridgeon. 1995. Comparative vegetative anatomy and classification of Diseae (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 117: 171-220, ill. Anatomical characters basically agree with morphological ones; Disinae has a rather diverse anatomy.

Ladd, P.G. 1994. Pollen presenters in the flowering plants - form and function. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 115: 165-195, ill. Specific floral structures other than anthers from which pollen is distributed occur in 5 families of monocots, 20 of dicots, e.g. all Compositae; most associated with gynoecium (hairs, outgrowths); most taxa out-breeding, protandrous.

Lakshminarasimhan, P., S.P. Mathew & L.N. Ray. ('1991') 1994. A Nephelium new to India from the Nicobar Islands. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 33: 317-318, ill. N. uncinatum (Sapindaceae).

Lakshminarasimhan, P., S.P. Mathew & L.N. Ray. ('1991') 1994. New and interesting plant records from Andaman-Nicobar Islands, India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 33: 281-287, ill. Carex speciosa, Ixora thwaitesii, I. undulata, Jasminum angustifolium, Mischocarpus pentapetalus, Piper pedicellosum, Sageretia parviflora, Trivalvaria argentea.

Lal, S. 1994. A contribution to the floral anatomy of Cedreleae (Meliaceae). Feddes Repert. 105: 449-455, ill. Tribe monotypic, Flindersiaceae for Chloroxylon and Flindersia supported.

Landolt, E. 1994. Taxonomy and ecology of the section Wolffia of the genus Wolffia (Lemnaceae). Ber. Geobot. Inst. ETH, Stiftung Rbel, Zrich 60: 137-151, ill. 7 spp (1 new), 2 Malesian; key; descriptions.

Landry, P. 1994. A revised synopsis of the pines 5: the subgenera of Pinus, and their morphology and behavior. Phytologia 76: 73-79, ill. 7 subgen, 2 new; keys.

L„nger, R., I. Pein & B. Kopp. 1995. Glandular hairs in the genus Drosera (Droseraceae). Pl. Syst. & Evol. 194: 163-172, ill. 14 types, correspond with current classification.

Large, M.F. & D.J. Mabberley. 1994. The pollen of Dysoxylum (Meliaceae): the demise of Pseudocarapa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 116: 1-12, ill.

Larsen, K. & S.S. Larsen. 1993. Maniltoa Scheffer (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae). A genus new to Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 20: 91-95, ill. M. polyandra.

Larsen, S.S. 1994. A new species of Bauhinia (Fabaceae - Caesalpinioideae) from Brunei. Nord. J. Bot. 14: 289-292, ill.

Latiff, A. 1994. On the seeds of fossil and modern taxa of Vitaceae. Mal. Appl. Biol. 22: 87-99.

Latiff, A. 1994. Species and habitat diversity of Langkawi Archipelago, Malaysia. In C.-I. Peng & C.-C. Chou (Eds.). Biodiversity and terrestrial ecosystems: 111-122, ill.

Latiff, A. & M.I. Said. 1993. Legislative framework in conservation of biological diversity and exploitation of organisms for natural products. In I.M. Said et al. (Eds.). 10th Annual Meeting & UNESCO Regional Workshop on Natural products, UKM Bangi, Malaysia: 1-12, ill.

Lavin, M. 1995. Tribe Robinieae and allies: model groups for assessing early tertiary Northern latitude diversification of tropical legumes. In Crisp & Doyle: 1412-160, ill. Incl. Sesbania, sister-group to tribe; sister group of entire tribe in Millettia s.l. (Leguminosae).

Lazarides, M. 1995. The genus Eriachne (Eriachneae, Poaceae). Austr. Syst. Bot. 8: 355-452, ill. 51 taxa, 10 new, 6 Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; collections under taxa.

Leach, G.J. & C.R. Dunlop. 1994. The vegetation and floristics of Kali Kuning River, Wetar Island, Indonesia. (See p. 356).

Lee, S.W. (Ed.). 1994. Belum Expedition progress report, May 1993 - March 1994. Mal. Nat. 47/3&4: 5-19, ill. Forest types, checklist of tree species, short accounts of other groups.

Leela, M. & S.S. Rao. 1994. Phenolic compounds in the taxonomy of Ipomoea L. (Convolvulaceae). Feddes Repert. 105: 445-448, ill. Each species its own mixture.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. 1994. Taxa of the Apocynaceae above the genus level. Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 94/3: 47-60. Survey of 2 subfam, 12 tribes (3 new), 27 subtribes (11), position of genera, number of species, rough distribution.

Lersten, N.R. & J.D. Curtis. 1995. Two foliar idioblasts of taxonomic significance in Cercidium and Parkinsonia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae). Am. J. Bot. 82: 565-570, ill. Genera distinct.

Lewis, G.P. & B.D. Schrire. 1995. A reappraisal of the Caesalpinia group (Caesalpinioideae: Caesalpinieae) using phylogenetic analysis. In Crisp & Doyle: 41-52, ill. Polyphyletic, but not enough spp studied to suggest new classification (Leguminosae).

Li, B. 1994. Three new species of Hoya (Asclepiadaceae) from Myanmar. J. S. China Agric. Univ. 15/2: 73-76. Key to Burmese spp.

Li, D.-Z. 1994. On some problems of methodology of bamboo classification with special reference to the circumscription of Dendrocalamus. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32: 283-289, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). Patellocalamus, Sellulocalamus reduced.

Li, H.-W. & I.C. Hedge. 1994. Lamiaceae, in Z.-Y. Wu & P.H. Raven, Flora of China 17: 50-299.

Li, N. 1995. Studies on the geographic distribution, origin and dispersal of the family Pinaceae Lindl. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33: 105-130, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Li, P. (Ed.) 1994. Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthoideae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 44/1: viii, 212 pp, ill.

Li, P. 1994. Six new names and a new combination in Euphorbiaceae. Guihaia 14: 130-132. New name for a Malesian Croton.

Liang, H.-X. & S.C. Tucker. 1995. Floral ontogeny of Zippelia begoniaefolia and its familial affinity: Saururaceae or Piperaceae? Am. J. Bot. 82: 681-689, ill. Piperaceae.

* Liao, J.-C. 1995. A study on the taxonomy and morphology of Angiospermae from Taiwan (1). Flacourtiaceae, Samydaceae, Lecythidaceae, Combretaceae, Guttiferae, Tiliaceae, Eucommiaceae, Myricaceae, Corylaceae, Ulmaceae and Juglandaceae. xvi, 162 pp, ill. Dept. Forestry, College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Keys to genera, species; synonymy; descriptions.

Liao, J.-C. 1995. The taxonomic revisions of the family Lauraceae in Taiwan (Ed. II). 203 pp, ill. Dept. of Forestry, College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, Taipei. Keys; synonymy, descriptions.

Linder, H.P. & H. Kurzweil. 1994. The phylogeny and classification of the Diseae (Orchidoideae: Orchidaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 81: 687-713, ill. 5 subtribes (1 new); generic key.

Londo¤o, X. & M. Kobayashi. 1991. Estudio comparativo entre los cuerpos siliceos de Bambusa y Guadua. Caldasia 16: 407-418, ill. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.). Distinguished by size and distribution of silica bodies rather than form.

Lourteig, A. 1994. Oxalis L. subgenero Thamnoxys (Endl.) Reiche emend. Lourt. Bradea 7: 1-199, ill. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.). Revision; 9 sect., 92 taxa, 24 new, 1 nom nov, 9 new comb (Oxalidaceae).

* Lovelock, C. 1993. Field guide to the mangroves of Queensland. 72 pp, ill. Australian Institute of Marine Science. ISBN 0-642-18502-6. Small pocketbook, easy to carry into the field, succinctly giving diagnostic morphological and ecological characteristics; very nicely executed.

Luckow, M. 1995. A phylogenetic analysis of the Dichrostachys group (Mimosoideae: Mimoseae). In Crisp & Doyle: 63-76, ill. Incl. Neptunia; 1 new comb (Leguminosae).

Maas-van de Kamer, H. & J.P.M. Maas. 1994. Triuridopsis, a new monotypic genus in Triuridaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 192: 257-262, ill. Generic key to family.

Mabberley, D.J., C.M. Pannell & A.M. Sing. 1995. Meliaceae. Fl. Mal. I, 12/1: 1-407, ill. Madulid, D.A. 1994. Plant diversity in the Philippines. In C.-I. Peng & C.-C. Chou (Eds.). Biodiversity and terrestrial ecosystems: 105-109, ill. Brief survey.

Manchester, S.R. 1987. The fossil history of the Juglandaceae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. 21: 1-137, ill. Origin in N. hemisphere (N. America / Europe).

Mangen, J.-M. 1994. Ecology and vegetation of Mt. Trikora, New Guinea (Irian Jaya / Indonesia). Trav. Sc. Mus. Hist. Nat. Luxembourg 21: 216 pp, ill. English elaboration of thesis (1986).

Manning, J.C. & C.H. Stirton. 1994. Endothecal thickenings and phylogeny of the Leguminosae. Advances in legume systematics 6: 141-163, ill. Sapindaceae may be ancestral.

Maschwitz, U., B. Fiala & K.E. Linsenmair. 1994. Clerodendrum fistulosum (Verbenaceae), an unspecific myrmecophyte from Borneo with spontaneously opening domatia. Blumea 39: 143-150, ill. Nesting space in hollow internodes; D. deflexum possibly also myrmecophytic.

Maschwitz, U., B. Fiala, L.G. Saw, N.-R. Yusoff & A.H. Idris. 1994. Ficus obscura var. borneensis (Moraceae), a new non-specific antplant from Malesia. Mal. Nat. J. 47: 409-416, ill. Nesting space in hollow internodes.

Mathew, S.P. & S. Abraham. 1994. The vanishing palms of the Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Principes 38: 100-104, ill. Checklist (Palmae).

Matthew, S.P. & P. Lakshminarasimhan. ('1991') 1994. Notes on two endemic euphorbiaceous taxa from Andaman-Nicobar Islands, India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 33: 311-314, ill. Glochidion andamanicum, Sphyranthera lutescens (Euphorbiaceae).

Mat-Salleh, K. bin. 1993. Revision of the genus Goniothalamus (Annonaceae) of Borneo. Thesis. 266 pp, ill. Ineffective publication, copies in Michigan State University, L; 30 spp, 10 new, 1 new comb; introductory chapters; key; synonymy, descriptions, specimens under taxa and at end, notes.

Matthews, P.J. 1995. Aroids and the Austronesians. tropics 4: 105-126, ill. Aroid domestication and dispersal in Asia and the Pacific (Araceae).

McDonald, J.A. 1995. Two new species from Borneo: Anisophyllea ismailii (Rhizophoraceae) and Sonerila verticillata (Melastomataceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 6: 123-128, ill.

McKee, H. 1994. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultiv‚es en Nouvelle-Cal‚donie. Fl. Nouv. Cal., sp. vol.: 155 pp (In French, Engl. summ.). Second edition of the 1985 issue.

McKey, D. 1994. Legumes and nitrogen: the evolutionary ecology of a nitrogen-demanding lifestyle. Advances in legume systematics 5: 211-228, ill. Summary of uniqueness of Leguminosae; origin in N-rich environment, adopted N-rich lifestyle maintained by nodulation; N-rich leaves enable high-rate photosynthesis, also attract herbivores against which complex defense system was developed.

Menon, P.K.B. 1993. Structure and identification of Malayan woods. Mal. For. Rec. 25: xii, 1-123, ill. Revised edition by A. Sulaiman & S.C. Lim.

Meurer-Grimes, B. 1995. New evidence for the systematic significance of acylated spermidines and flavonoids in pollen of Higher Hamamelidae. Brittonia 47: 130-142, ill. Support present generic concepts and relationships with Rosidae.

Miana de F., S. & J.I. Sprent. 1994. Legume nodule development: an evolutionary hypothesis. Advances in legume systematics 5: 33-39, ill. Nodule shape, occurrence and evolution (Leguminosae).

Miao, B., B. Turner, B. Simpson & T. Mabry. 1995. Chloroplast DNA study of the genera Ambrosia s.l. and Hymenoclea (Asteraceae): systematic implications. Pl. Syst. & Evol. 194: 241-255, ill.

Michael, P.W. 1994. Materials towards an early history of Oxalis corniculata L. Austr. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsl. 80: 5-8, ill. (Oxalidaceae).

Middleton, D.J. 1994. A revision of Ichnocarpus (Apocynaceae). Blumea 39: 73-94, ill. 12 spp, 1 new, 3 new comb, 1 in Anodendron; Micrechites, Lamechites reduced; key; synonymy, descriptions; nom. nuda, sp. excl; indices to collectors and names.

Middleton, D.J. 1994. A revision of Urceola (Apocynaceae) in Thailand. Kew Bull. 49: 757-767. Reduction of Chavannesia, Ecdysanthera, Parabarium; 6 spp, 3 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, specimens under taxa.

Middleton, D.J. & M.G. Gilbert. 1994. Proposal to reject the name Alyxia glaucescens Wall. (Apocynaceae). Taxon 43: 477-478.

Milne, R. 1994. New species of, and notes on, Bornean Trigonostemon, Cleistanthus & Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae). Kew Bull. 49: 445-454, ill.

Milne, R. 1995. Notes on Bornean and other West Malesian Trigonostemon (Euphorbiaceae). Kew Bull. 50: 25-49, ill. 1 new ssp, 3 var; keys.

Milne, R. 1995. Trigonostemon magnificum (Euphorbiaceae), a new species from Sumatra. Kew Bull. 50: 51-53, ill. Mitra, D. & P. Chakraborty. ('1991') 1994. Miliusa mukerjeeana D. Mitra & Chakrab. (Annonaceae). - A new species from Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 33: 326-328, ill.

Molino, J.F. 1993. R‚vision du genre Clausena Burm.f. (Rutaceae). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris, IV, B, Adansonia 16: 105-191, ill. (In French, Engl. summ.). 4 sect, 15 spp (1 new), 6 var, 6 new names, 1 new comb; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes, indices to collectors, names.

Montaldo, A., et 5 al. 1993. Bibliografia venezolana de Yuca (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Rev. Fac. Agron. Univ. Central Venezuela 42: iv, 240 pp. (In Spanish). (Euphorbiaceae).

Morat, P. 1993. Our knowledge of the flora of New Caledonia: endemism and diversity in relation to vegetation types and substrates. Biodiv. Letters 1: 72-81, ill.

Morat, P. 1993. The terrestrial biota of New Caledonia. Biodiv. Letters 1: 69-71, ill.

Morat, P., T. Deroin & H. Couderc. 1994. Pr‚sence en Nouvelle-Cal‚donie d'une espŠce end‚mique du genre Oryza L. (Gramineae). Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., Paris, IV, B, Adansonia 16: 3-10, ill. (In French, Engl. summ.). Also anatomy, cytogenetics.

Morat, P. T. Jaffr‚ & J.M. Veillon. 1994. Richesse et affinit‚s floristiques de la Nouvelle-Cal‚donie: consequences directes de son histoire g‚ologique. M‚m. Soc. Biog‚ogr. III, 4: 111-123, ill. (In French, Engl. summ.). Analysis of floristic composition of forests; affinities, origin explained by geographical history.

Moreira, F.M.S. & A.A. Franco. 1994. Rhizobia - host interactions in tropical ecosystems in Brazil. Advances in legume systematics 5: 63-74, ill. Phylogenetic implications in Leguminosae.

Morgan, D.R., D.E. Soltis & K.R. Robertson. 1994. Systematic and evolutionary implications of rbcL sequence variation in Rosaceae. Am. J. Bot. 81: 890-903, ill. Three groups roughly corresponding with subfam; Spiraeoideae polyphyletic.

Munir, A.A. 1995. A taxonomic revision of the genus Duranta L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 16: 1-16, ill. Extensive treatment of D. erecta L.: history, typification, description, material seen (some Malesian!).

Murata, J. 1995. A revision of infrageneric classification of Lobelia (Campanulaceae-Lobelioideae) with special reference to seed coat morphology. J. Fac. Sc. Univ. Tokyo III, 15: 349-371, ill. 6 new sect; key; survey of spp. Murata, J., T. Kawahara & D.

Darnaedi. 1994. Allozyme differentiation in Arisaema (Araceae). (2) Section Fimbriata. J. Phytogeogr. & Tax. 42: 17-20, ill. Section genetically less differentiated then expected.

Nadot, S., R. Bajon & B. Lejeune. 1994. The chloroplast gene rps 4 as a tool for the study of Poaceae phylogeny. Pl. Syst. Evol. 191: 27-38, ill. Useful at subfamily and tribe level, not below.

Nayar, M.P., K. Thothathri & M. Sanjappa (Eds.). 1990. Fascicles of flora of India. 20: 1-194. Treatments of Barclayaceae, Cabombaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Nymphaeaceae (R.L. Mitra), Rhamnaceae (M.M. Bhandari & A.K. Bhansal), Sabiaceae (M.P. Nayar & S.C. Majumdar), Symplocaceae (D.K. Hore), Zygophyllaceae (P. Singh & V. Singh).

Nerz, J. & A. Wistuba. 1994. Five new taxa of Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) from North and West Sumatra. Carniv. Pl. Newsl. 23: 101-114, ill.

Nesom, G.L. 1994. Peripleura (Asteraceae: Astereae): a new, Australian genus segregated from Vittadinia. Phytologia 76: 125-135. Related to Tetramolopium; key to Australasian gen of the Vittadinia group.

Nesom, G.L. 1994. Subtribal classification of the Astereae (Asteraceae). Phytologia 76: 193-274, ill. 14 subtribes, 7 new; notes on many genera; biogeography.

Newman, M. 1994. A proposal to reject the name Laurus sumatrensis J.F. Gmel. (Lauraceae). Taxon 43: 480.

* Newman, M.F., P.F. Burgess, T.C. Whitmore. 1995. Manuals of Dipterocarps for Foresters - Singapore. ix, 93 pp, ill, 1 MS/DOS diskette. ISBN 1-872291-31-7. See reviews.

Nguyˆn, N.T. 1994. A new inventory of the Palms of Vietnam. Proc. Nat. Center Nat. Sc. Technol. Vietnam 6: 67-73. List of 3 subfam, 36 gen, 93 spp.

Nguyˆn, T.H. 1994. The taxa of family Moraceae in the flora of Vietnam. Tap Chi Sinh Hoc (J. Biol.) 16/4: 55-66 (in Vietnamese). List of 11 gen, 118 spp and infrasp taxa, nomenclature, vernacular names, distribution, uses.

Nicholas, A. & H. Baijnath. 1994. A consensus classification for the order Gentianales with additional details on the suborder Apocynineae. Bot. Rev. 30: 440-482, ill.

Nilsson, S., M.E. Endress & E. Grafstr”m. 1993. On the relationship of the Apocynaceae and Periplocaceae. Grana, Suppl. 2: 3-20, ill. Palynology.

Niyomdham, C. 1994. Key to the genera of Thai papilionaceous plants. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 22: 26-88, ill.

Noltie, H.J. 1994. Notes relating to the flora of Bhutan: XXVIII. Eriocaulaceae (Eriocaulon), Musaceae (Musa), Cyperaceae (Actinoscirpus). Edinburgh J. Bot. 51: 169-174, ill. 1 comb nov in Actinoscirpus grossus.

Nowack, R. 194. Revision of Leptochloa Beauv. (incl. Diplachne Beauv.) (Poaceae) in Malesia. Rheedea 4: 79-92. 8 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; collections under taxa.

* O'Byrne, P. 1994. Lowland Orchids of Papua New Guinea. 584 pp, ill. National Parks Board, Singapore. ISBN 981-00-6082-3. 55 gen, 269 spp described, depicted, 130 in colour; cultivation (Orchidaceae) (See Reviews).

Okada, H. 1995. Karyological studies of four genera of the Chloranthaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 195: 177-185, ill. Similar in Ascarina, Chloranthus; Hedyosmum, Sarcandra with unique characteristics; Piperales distantly related.

Okamoto, M. 1994. A list of Ficus specimens collected in the expedition to Ceram Island (Moluccas, Indonesia) in 1984-85, with ecological and taxonomic notes. Shizenshi-kenkyu 2: 143-152, ill. 19 spp, none new; Ficus adenosperma a rheophyte.

Olmstead, R.G. & J.A. Sweere. 1994. Combining data in phylogenetic systematics: an empirical approach using three molecular data sets in the Solanaceae. Syst. Biol. 43: 467-481, ill.

Oskolski, A.A. 1995. Wood anatomy of Schefflera and related taxa (Araliaceae). IAWA Bull. 16: 159-190, ill. 7 groups of spp. (no Malesian ones studied).

Panda, S. & J.J.F.E. de Wilde. 1995. Diversity and taxonomic analysis of stigmatic surfaces in Begoniaceae: SEM analysis. Acta Bot. Neerl. 44: 139-150, ill. 65 spp world-wide show at least 16 types, which could be classified into 5 groups, but in general not suitable for sectional delimitation.

Pannell, C.M. 1995. A monograph of Aglaia (Meliaceae) - a second correction. Kew Bull. 50: 348. Renaming of A. aspera.

Pearce, K.G. 1994. The palms of Kubah National Park, Kuching Division, Sarawak. Mal. Nat. J. 48: 1-36, ill. 95 taxa, 3 yet undescribed; conservation aspects; uses.

Pedersen, H.A. 1995. Anthecological observations on Dendrochilum longibracteatum - a species pollinated by facultatively anthophilous insects. Lindleyana 10: 19-28, ill. (Orchidaceae).

Pe¤a, R.C., L. Iturriaga, A.M. Mujica & G. Montenegro. 1993. Analisis micromorfologico de polen de Sophora (Papilionaceae). Hipotesis filogenetica sobre el origen de la seccion Edwardsia. Gayana Bot. 50: 57-65, ill. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.).

Peng, C.-I., H. Tobe & M. Takahashi. 1992. Reproductive morphology and relationships of Triplostegia (Dipsacales). Bot. Jb. 116: 505-526, ill. Triplostegiaceae in Dipsacales next to Dipsacaceae.

Pereira, J.T. 1994. A new species and a new variety of Turpinia (Staphylaeaceae) from Borneo. Sandakania 5: 15-23. Keys to Bornean taxa.

Phan, K.L. & V.T. Nguyen. 1994. The genus Aganope Miq. (Fabaceae) in the flora of Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea. Tap Chi Sinh Hoc 16/3: 11-15, ill. (In Vietnamese, Engl. summ.). keys, 1 new comb.

* Pichi Sermoli, R.E.G. 1994. Odoardo Beccari: vita, esplorazioni, raccolte e scritti del grande naturalista fiorentino: 70 pp, ill. Fratelli Alinari, 15 Florence, Italy. No ISBN. Biography, bibliography, letters.

Plunkett, G.M., D.E. Soltis, P.M. Soltis & R.E. Brooks. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships between Juncaceae and Cyperaceae: insights from rbcL sequence data. Am. J. Bot. 82: 530-525, ill. Paraphyletic, Cyperaceae derived from within Juncaceae.

Prakasah, N. & A.L. Lim. 1995. The systematic position of Aegialites, the enigmatic mangrove. Wallaceana 74: 11-15, ill. Does not fit well in Plumbaginaceae.

Promdej, C. 1994. Tetramelaceae. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 22: 95-100, ill. Synonymy, description of T. nudiflora.

Puff, C. & A. Igersheim. 1994. The character states and taxonomic position of Metabolos Bl. (syn. Allaeophania Thw.) (Rubiaceae). Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 63: 241-262, ill. Disjunct: Sri Lanka - Java; 1 (2?) sp; close to Lasianthus.

Puff, C. & A. Igersheim. 1994. Intra-ovarian trichomes in Jackiopsis ornata (Wallich) Ridsdale (Rubiaceae-Jackieae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 115: 29-33, ill. First record for family; no obvious function.

Puff, C. & U. Rohrhofer. 1993. The character states and taxonomic position of the monotypic mangrove genus Scyphiphora (Rubiaceae). Opera Bot. Belg. 6: 143-172, ill. To Gardenieae.

Puttock, C.F. 1994. The morphology and generic position of Australian Kailarsenia (Rubiaceae: Gardenieae). Nord. J. Bot. 14: 515-526, ill. Larsenaikia rejected.

Putz, F.E. 1994. Figs and fire. Biotropica 26: 468-469. Hemi-epiphytic figs may develop new root connections after the old ones have been burned (Moraceae).

* Radanachaless, T. & J.F. Maxwell. 1994. Weeds of soybean fields in Thailand. iii, 408, ill. Multiple Cropping Center, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand. No ISBN, price unknown. 177 taxa; illustrated key; some synonymy, vernacular names, some most curious; extensive descriptions, beautiful, full page analytic drawings; although written for N. Thailand, of use for Malesia, too, because of the many shared taxa.

Randell, B.R. 1955. Taxonomy and evolution of Senna obtusifolia and S. tora. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 16: 55-58. (Leguminosae).

Rao, J.V.S. & S.R.S. Rao. 1992. LM and SEM studies in seed morphology in some Tephrosia Pers. (Leguminosae). Feddes Repert. 103: 339-343, ill. Key to 12 taxa.

Rao, M.K.V. 1994. Hydnocarpus sharmae (Flacourtiaceae) is Siphonodon celastrineus (Celastraceae). Nord. J. Bot. 14: 303-305.

Rao, P.S.N. ('1991') 1994. Embelia macrocarpa King & Gamble (Myrsinaceae) - A new record for India from Andaman Islands. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 33: 323-325, ill.

Rao, S.R.S. & M. Leela. 1992. Chemotaxonomy of some Ipomoea L. (Convolvulaceae). Feddes Repert. 103: 351-355, ill. Heterogeneous; Quamoclit reduced to Ipomoea.

Rao, S.R.S. & V. Sharma. 1992. Morphology of 20-armed trichomes in relation to taxonomy: Malpighiales. Feddes Repert. 103: 559-565, ill. Ordinal rank supported, excl. Polygalaceae.

Regalado, J.C. Jr. 1995. Revision of Philippine Medinilla (Melastomataceae). Blumea 40: 113-193, ill. 80 spp in 12 groups, incl. Carionia, Cephalomedinilla, Hypenanthe; 1 new sp, 3 new comb; keys, synonymy, descriptions; indices to specimens, names.

Renner, S.S. & R.E. Ricklefs. 1995. Dioecy and its correlations in the flowering plants. Am. J. Bot. 82: 596-606, ill. Associated with abiotic pollination, climbing growth; bat, bird, insect pollination under-represented; derived from monoecy; concentrated in less-advanced superorders of Thorne and subclasses of Cronquist.

Reveal, J.L. 1994. New supraordinal names and recognition of five classes in Magnoliophyta. Phytologia 76: 1-7. Flowering plants divided in 5 groups, not 2.

Ricklefs, R.E. & S.S. Renner. 1994. Species richness within families of flowering plants. Evolution 48: 1619-1636, ill. Seems related to varied dispersal mode, growth form, climate zone, not to pollination and dispersal by animals.

Ridder-Numan, J. 1995. Phylogeny and biogeography of Spatholobus, Butea, Meizotropis and Kunstleria (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae). In Crisp & Doyle: 133-139, ill.

Robbrecht, E. (Ed.). 1993. Advances in Rubiaceae macrosystematics. Opera Bot. Belg. 6: 1-200.

Robbrecht, E. 1993. On the delimitation of the Rubiaceae. Opera Bot. Belg. 6: 19-30.

Roberts, J.A., C.R. Beale, J.C. Benseler, H.N. McGough & D.C. Zappi. 1995. CITES orchid checklist volume 1: 1-133. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 0-947643-87-7. Cattleya, Cypripedium, Laelia, Paphiopedilum, Phalaenopsis, Phragmopedilum, Pleione, Sophronitis, with accounts of Constantia, Paraphalaenopsis, Sophronitella; synonymy; names in current use; country checklist; IUCN Red List categories (Orchidaceae).

Rohwer, J.G. 1994. Seed characters in Jasminum (Oleaceae): unexpected support for De Candolle's sections. Bot. Jb. 116: 299-319, ill.

Romeo, J.T. & T.C. Morton. 1994. Nonprotein amino acids of the Ingeae: taxonomic and ecological considerations. Advances in legume systematics 5: 89-99, ill. (Leguminosae).

Rothwell, G.W. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships among ferns and gymnosperms: an overview. J. Pl. Res. 107: 411-416, ill. Unnatural groups.

Roy, B. & D.C. Pal. 1993. Notes on the distribution of some grasses. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 90: 547-548. New records for the Andaman and Nicobar Isl.

Rudall, P.J., G. Myers & C.P. Lewis. 1994. Floral secretory structures in Caesalpinia sensu lato and related genera. Advances in legume systematics 6: 41-52, ill. Systematic and ecological significance.

Rugayah. 1994. Status taksonomi jahe putih dan jahe merah. Floribunda 1: 53-55. (In Indonesian, Engl. summ). Taxonomic status of the white and red varieties of Zingiber officinale; key (Zingiberaceae).

Ryding, O. 1994. Pericarp structure in the tribe Prasieae (Lamiaceae-Lamioideae) and its systematic implications. Bot. Jb. 116: 391-399, ill. Tribe unnatural.

Sales, F. 1994. Evolutionary tendencies in some annual species of Bromus (Bromus L. sect. Genea Dum. (Poaceae)). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 115: 197-210, ill. 8 taxa; biology, inflorescence structure, evaluation of character states.

* Sandbukt, O. & H. Wiriadinata. 1994. Rain forest and resource management. Proceedings of the NORINDRA Seminar, Jakarta, 25-26 May, 1993. ISBN 979-579-002-1. xxiii, 233 pp. Various reports on the land use, hydrology, erosion, vegetation and plant utilization, fauna and habitat change, ichthiology, ethnozoology, indigenous communities (traditional adaptations and socioeconomic change), transmigration (agroecology, sustainability, local participation), forestry (sustainability, economic rent, institutions), intersectoral perspectives (modeling, conflicts, coordination) of Bukit Tigapuluh area and Seberida, Sumatra.

Sanjappa, M. 1994. Crudia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae), a new generic record for India with a new species of the genus. Kew Bull. 49: 565-568, ill. On Great Nicobar Isl.

Sanjappa, M., K. Thothathri & A.R. Das. ('1991') 1994. Roxburgh's Flora Indica drawings at Calcutta. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 33: 1-232. Complement to the plates in K (Sealy, Kew Bull. 1956, 297-399).

* Sato, T. 1991. Flowers and plants of Mt. Kinabalu. 127 pp, ill (colour). Matoba 195, Mizuhashi, Toyama-shi, Toyama 939-005, Japan.  3000. Lavishly illustrated, text in Japanese and English, a book to have.

Saunders, R.M.K. 1995. Systematics of the genus Illicium L. (Illiciaceae) in Malesia. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 117: 333-352, ill. Statistical analysis; 7 spp; key; synonym, diagnoses.

Schlauer, J. & J. Nerz. 1994. Notes on Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) I. Contributions to the flora of Sumatra. Blumea 39: 139-142. Nepenthes pectinata a mixtum; 1 new sp.

Schmid-Hollinger, R. 1994. More knowledge about Nepenthes rhombicaulis. Carniv. Pl. Newsl. 23: 62-63, ill. (Nepenthaceae).

Schot, A.M. 1994. A revision of Callerya Endl. (including Padbruggea and Whitfordiodendron) (Papilionaceae: Millettieae). Blumea 39: 1-40, ill. Also incl.

Milletta sect. 'Austromillettia', 'Eurybotryae'; 19 spp, 1 new sp, 17 new comb; key; synonymy, description, notes; index to collectors.

Schrire, B.D. 1995. Evolution of the tribe Indigofereae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae). In Crisp & Doyle: 161-244, ill. Cladistic analysis of c. 600 taxa; Indigofera polyphyletic; revised infrageneric classification of Indigofera proposed; 6 new sect and subsect; key to genera.

Schuiteman, A. 1994. New combinations in Cadetia and Pantlingia (Orchidaceae). Blumea 39: 235-236. 8 new comb for spp formerly in Acianthus and Dendrobium; Stigmatodactylis later synonym for Pantlingia.

Schuiteman, A. & A. Vogel. 1994. Een expeditie naar Papua Nieuw Guinea. Deel 4 (slot): het middelgebergte. Orchidee‰n 5/94: 20-22, ill. (In Dutch). Expedition by two L staff members in search for orchids.

* Schtt, P., H.J. Schuck, G. Aas & U.M. Lang. 1994. Enzyklop„die der Holzgew„chse. Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie. Ecomed Verlag, Rudolf Diesel Strasse 3, 86899 Landsberg. ISBN 3-609.72030-1. DM 198.00. An ambitious work, for which the authors will probably need 400 years to finish, issued in fascicles, to be a collected in a ring binder, which makes a reference difficult; text seems a compilation of secondary sources, and the Flora Malesiana appears to be unknown to the authors.

Schweinfurth, U. 1978. Geo”kologische Beziehungen zwischen der temperierten Zone der Sdhalbkugel und den Tropengebirgen im Australasiatischen Sektor. Erdwissensch. Forschung 11: 29-48, ill. (In German, Engl. summ.).

Scotland, R.W., J.A. Sweere, P.A. Reeves & R.G. Olmstead. 1995. Higher-level systematics of Acanthaceae determined by chloroplast DNA sequences. Am. J. Bot. 82: 266-275, ill. Elytraria, Thunbergia sister groups of Acanthaceae with retinacula and explosive fruits (but only 15 spp studied!); second division in taxa with and without cystoliths; in the first three groups again.

Seidenfaden, G. 1995. Contributions to the orchid flora of Thailand. XII. Op. Bot. 124: 6-90, ill. Various notes and additions; 16 new spp, 16 new records; key to Paphiopedilum (Orchidaceae).

Seine, R. & W. Bartlott. 1994. Some proposals on the infrageneric classification of Drosera L. Taxon 43: 583-589. 3 subgen (1 new), 11 sect; diagnoses, key (Droseraceae).

Semple, J.C. 1995. A review of hypotheses on ancestral chromosomal base-numbers in the Astereae and the genus Aster. In Hind, D.J.N., C. Jeffrey & G.V. Pope (Eds.). Advances in Compositae systematics: 153-165, ill. x = 9 most likely.

* Sharma, B.D., N.P. Balakrishnan, R.R. Rao & P.K. Hajra (Eds.). 1993. Flora of India 1. xxvi + 467 pp, ill. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. No ISBN. First of projected 32 volumes dealing with Ranunculaceae to Barclayaceae in Bentham & Hooker's system. Volumes 2 (Papaveraceae to Caryophyllaceae) and 3 (Portulacaceae to Ixonanthaceae) have also appeared. It is to be hoped that the following volumes will appear in quick succession, for a new survey of the Indian flora is badly needed after about a century of Hooker's monumental work. May this be as good!

Sharma, V., S.R.S. Rao & C.H. Beena. 1992. Leaf architecture in relation to taxonomy: Meliaceae. Feddes Repert. 103: 535-542 ill. Key to 11 spp.

Sheehan, T. & M. Sheehan. 1995. Orchid genera illustrated. 164. Tuberolabium. Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 64: 506-507, ill. Description, cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Shi, S.-H., L.-H. Qu, B.-Q. Xi & H.-T. Chang. 1994. Sequencing and comparative analyses of the large-subunit ribosomal RNA 5'terminal region for four species of gymnosperms and their phylogenetic significance. Cathaya 6: 35-42, ill. Gnetales special group of seed plant; conifers, angiosperms both monophyletic.

Shih, B.-L., Y.-P. Yang, H.-Y. Liu & S.-Y. Lu. 1995. Notes on Urticaceae of Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 155-168, ill. 4 new taxa; keys, synonymy, descriptions, specimens, notes.

Shinwari, Z.K., H. Kato, R. Terauchi & S. Kawano. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships among genera in the Liliaceae-Asparagoideae-Polygonatae s.l. inferred from rbcL gene sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 192: 263-277, ill. Polyphyletic, at least 3 groups.

* Short, P.S. (Ed.). 1990. History of systematic botany in Australasia. v, 326 pp, ill. Australian Systematic Botany Society Inc., c/o National herbarium of Victoria, Birdwood Ave., South Yarra (Vict.) 3141, Australia. ISBN 0-7316-8463-X. Partial Proceedings of the A.S.B.S. Symposium 25-27 May 1988, Ormond College, University of Melbourne; history of Australian herbaria; notes on Australian and New Zealand botany and botanists, with notes on Domin and Danes stay in Malesia; New Guinea botany: Frodin on explorers, institutions and outside influence: botany North of Thursday; Conn on Mary Clemens; type specimens of mosses in Australian herbaria; history of mycology in Australia; Australian plants cultivated in Europe; botanical art; bibliography. * Note: Danes must have an inverted ^ on the s.

Simpson, R.B. 1995. Nepenthes and conservation. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 12: 111-118, ill. (Nepenthaceae).

Singh, H.B. & V.P. Dube. 1993. Taxonomic significance of leaf epidermis in Corchorus Linn. (Tiliaceae). Phytomorph. 43: 185-194, ill. Not well-correlated with accepted taxonomy.

Sinha, A.R.P. & K. Kumar. 1993. Porana volubilis Burm.f. (Convolvulaceae) - a new record for Andaman flora. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 90: 542-543.

Sinha, B.K. & P.S..N. Rao. 1994. New record of Pycnarrhena longifolia (Menispermaceae) from the Andaman Islands: an addition to the Indian flora. Mal. Nat. J. 48: 39-40, ill.

Sivarajan, V.V. & A.K. Pradeep. 1994. Taxonomy of the Sida rhombifolia (Malvaceae) complex in India. Sida 16: 63-78, ill. 4 taxa; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Sivarajan, V.V., A.K. Pradeep & A.K. Pandey. 1994. On the taxonomy and infraspecific classification of Abelmoschus angulosus Wall. ex Wt. & Arn. (Malvaceae). Rheedea 4: 1-12, ill. 3 vars; key; synonymy, descriptions.

Smedley, D. 1995. Cultivation of some miniature New Guinea species. Orchadian 11: 378-380, ill. Nice plates of Cadetia, Dendrobium spp, Mediocalcar spp (Orchidaceae).

Soj…k, J. 1994. Notes on Potentilla (Rosaceae). XII. Key to the taxa of P. sect. Pentaphylloides (Anserina). Bot. Jb. 116: 54-70, ill. Incl. Malesian spp.

Soj…k, J. 1994. Notes on Potentilla (Rosaceae). Notes on Potentilla I. IX. Additions and corrections. Bot. Jb. 116: 70-81. In a postscript (p. 81) P. archboldiana is considered as a distinct species without closer relatives; P. sumatrana is related to P. peduncularis, not to P. borneensis; P. philippinensis Merr. is the correct name for P. foersteriana sensu Kalkman.

Soltis, D.E., Q.-Y. Xiang & L. Hufford. 1995. Relationships and evolution of Hydrangeaceae based on rbcL sequence data. Am. J. Bot. 82: 504-514, ill. Monophyletic, close to Loasaceae; Hydrangea not monophyletic.

Songkhla, B.N. & C. Khunwasi. 1993. The study of ten genera of Convolvulaceae in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 20: 1-92, ill. Keys; synonymy, descriptions, distribution, habitat, notes; list of collectors.

Speranza, M. 1995. Morphology and phenology of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Gramineae) in Italy. Webbia 49: 225-237, ill. Temperate and seleucidus races not really supported.

Sprent, J.I. 1994. Nitrogen acquisition systems in the Leguminosae. Advances in legume systematics 5: 1-16, ill. Nodulation may have evolved on more than one occasion. * Sprent, J.I. & D. McKey (Eds.). 1994. Advances in legume systematics. Part 5. The nitrogen factor. x, 241 pp, ill. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 0-947643-77-X. œ 12.00.

Sriboonma, D., J. Murata & K. Iwatsuki. 1994. A revision of Typhonium (Araceae). J. Fac. Sc. Univ. Tokyo III, 15: 255-313, ill. 5 sections, 4 new, 37 spp, 1 new, 1 new name; cladistics; key; synonymy, descriptions, specimens under taxa.

Srivastava, S.K. & R. Kumar. 1993. Newly recorded taxa from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 90: 139-140. E.g. Thallasoa hemprichii.

* Stafleu, F.A. & E.A. Mennega. 1995. Taxonomic literature, Supplement III: Br-Ca. Regn. Veg. 132: 1-550. Koeltz Scientific Books, D-61453 K”nigstein, Germany. ISBN 3-87429-376-9. ISSN 0080-0694. DM 250.00. Another installment of this required handbook for nomenclaturists.

Stapleton, C.M.A. 1994. The bamboos of Nepal and Bhutan. Part II: Arundinaria, Thamnoclalamus, Borinda, and Yushania (Gramineae: Poaceae, Bambusoideae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 51: 275-295, ill. 1 new genus, 2 new spp, 2 new sspp, 2 new var, 6 new comb; delimitation of Yushania.

Stapleton, C.M.A. 1994. The bamboos of Nepal and Bhutan. Part III: Drepanostachyum, Himalayacalamus, Ampelocalamus, Neomicrocalamus and Chimonobambusa (Gramineae: Poaceae, Bambusoideae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 51: 301-330, ill. 1 new subtribe, Racemobambosinae; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Stone, B.C. 1994. New and noteworthy Malesian Myrsinaceae, VIII. Sida 16: 263-272, ill. Ardisia, Fittingia, Tapeinosperma.

Struwe, L., V.A. Albert & B. Bremer. 1994. Cladistics and family level classification of the Gentianales. Cladistics 10: 175-206, ill. Loganiaceae paraphyletic, divided over 5 families (2 new, Strychnaceae resurrected); Buddleja and some others not gentianalian.

Sugau, J.B. 1994. Two new species of Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae) from Borneo. Sandakania 4: 41-45. Keys to Bornean taxa.

* Suhirman et 5 al. 1994. Strategies for flora conservation in Asia. The Kebun Raya Conference Proceedings. xx, 362 pp, ill. Kebun Raya Indonesia. ISBN 979-8594-00-2.

Sutherland, J.M., S.G. McInroy, E.K. James & T. Naisbitt. 1994. Nodule structure with special reference to the tribes Sophoreae, Genisteae and Thermopsideae. Advances in legume systematics 5: 41-55, ill. (Leguminosae).

Sutter, D. & P.K. Endress. 1995. Aspects of gynoecium structure and macrosystematics in Euphorbiaceae. Bot. Jb. 116: 517-536, ill.

Swenson, U. 1994. The genus Ischnea (Asteraceae, Senecioneae) in New Guinea. Pl. Syst. Evol. 191: 247-263, ill. 4 spp, 1 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, collectors under taxa.

Swenson, U. & K. Bremer. 1994. The genus Lagenocypsela (Asteraceae, Astereae) in New Guinea. Austr. Syst. Bot. 7: 265-273, ill. New genus for Ischnaea latifolia and Rhamphogyne papuana.

Tang, Y. 1994. Embryology of Plagiopteron suaveolens Griffith (Plagiopteraceae) and its systematic implications. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 116: 145-157, ill. Closest to Celastraceae, close to Elaeocarpaceae, Rhizophoraceae, and some Geraniales.

Tang, Y.-C. & L.-Q. Li. 1994. The phytogeography of Caprifoliaceae s.str. with its implications for understanding Eastern Asiatic flora. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32: 197-218, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Tange, C. 1994. Neomussaenda (Rubiaceae), a new genus from Borneo. Nord. J. Bot. 14: 495-500, ill. 2 sp, 1 new, 1 new comb for Greenea xanthophytoides; key; descriptions, notes.

Th‚baud, C. & R.J. Abbott. 1995. Characterization of invasive Conyza species (Asteraceae) in Europe: quantitative trait and isozyme analysis. Am. J. Bot. 82: 360-368, ill. 5 spp, e.g. C. sumatrensis.

Thompson, P.N. & R.J. Gornall. 1995. Breeding systems in Coriaria (Coriariaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 117: 293-304, ill.

Tokuoka, T. & H. Tobe. 1995. Embryology and systematics of Euphorbiaceae sens. lat.: a review and perspective. J. Pl. Res. 108: 97-106, ill. Monophyly not supported; only 5 characters useful.

Tsi, Z.-H. & S.-C. Chen. 1995. Taxonomic notes on Chinese Flickingeria (Orchidaceae). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33: 198-205, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). 10 taxa (5 new).

Tsou, C.-H. 1995. Embryology of Theaceae - anther and ovule development of Adinandra, Cleyera and Eurya. J. Pl. Res. 108: 77-86, ill. Ternstroemioideae distantly related to Camellioideae.

Tucker, S.C. & A.W. Douglas. 1994. Ontogenetic evidence and phylogenetic relationships among basal taxa of legumes. In Advances in legume systematics 6: 11-32, ill. Leguminosae monophyletic, the subfam not, nor Caesalpinieae and Cassieae.

Turner, B.L. 1994. Taxonomic study of the genus Synedrella (Asteraceae, Heliantheae). Phytologia 76: 39-51, ill. Monotypic.

Turner, H. 1995. Cladistic and biogeographic analyses of Arytera Blume and Mischarytera gen. nov. (Sapindaceae). With notes on methodology and a full taxonomic revision. Thesis, Leiden & Blumea, Suppl. 9: (4), 230 pp, ill. ISSN 0006-5196, ISBN 90-71236-27-7. Taxonomic history, species concept; morphology, anatomy, palynology; extensive phylogenetic, biogeographic analyses, discussion of many methods; full revision, keys, etc.; Arytera: 2 sect, 3 new subsect, 25 spp, 1 new, 1 new comb; Mischarytera: 3 spp, 3 new comb; index to collections, names; especially recommended for its theoretical part.

Uji, T. 1994. Murraya exotica dan M. paniculata di Jawa. Floribunda 1: 55 (In Indonesian). Distinct; key (Rutaceae).

Veldkamp, J.F. 1994. Miscellaneous notes on Southeast Asian Gramineae. IX. Setaria and Paspalidium. Blumea 39: 373-384. Paspalidium reduced; key to 14 Malesian spp, 1 new, 6 new comb; Setaria pallide-fusca reduced to S. parviflora; synonymy of basionyms.

Verdcourt, B. 1994. Proposal to conserve Ammannia octandra (Lythraceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 43: 471.

* Vidal, J.E, H. Falaise, K.T. Phan & T.K. Nguyˆn. 1994. Bibliographie botanique indochinoise de 1986 … 1993, Laboratoire de Phan‚rogamie, Paris, ii, 105 pp. Association de Botanique tropicale, 16, rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris; Fax (33) 1 4079 3342. ISBN 2-85654-200-X. FF 60.00 Intro, alphabetic list of authors with 900 references, index to subjects, taxonomy, journals, series. Bibliographie botanique indochinoise de 1970 … 1985 by J.E. Vidal, Y. Vidal & H.H. Pham (1988) available at same address: FF 80.00.

Vink, W. 1995. Revision of Magodendron (Sapotaceae) with observations on floral development and morphology. Blumea 40: 91-107, ill. 1 new sp, revision, key, synonymy, descriptions.

Watanabe, M. M. Ito & S. Kurita. 1994. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny of Asian bamboos (Bambusoideae, Poaceae) and its systematic implication. J. Pl. Res. 107: 253-261, ill. 16 Asian genera; cladistics show two lineages, more or less phylogenetic; Arundinarieae monophyletic, Dendrocalameae not.

* Wee, Y.C. & P.K.L. Ng. 1994. A first look at biodiversity in Singapore. 123 pp, ill. National council on the environment, Environment building, 40 Scotts Rd, Singapore 0922. No ISBN. Inventory listing flora and fauna of selected subjects and groups: I.M. Turner: Primary and secondary forests; inventory of Singapore's biodiversity; Ng: Freshwater habitats; L.M. Chou: Coastal and marine habitats; Turner & H.T.W. Tan: list of plants; Ng, Wee & Turner: list of references on the plants and animals of Singapore.

Wei, P.-H., W.-P. Chen & R.-Y. Chen. 1994. Study on the karyotype analysis of Nymphaeaceae and its taxonomic position. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32: 293-300, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). Nelumbonales with Nelumbo, Nymphaeales with Cabombaceae and Nymphaeaceae.

Wei, Z. (Ed.). 1994. Leguminosae (2). Papilionoideae 1. Sophoreae - Indigofereae. Fl. Reipubl. Sin. 40: xiii, 357 pp, ill. Wei, Z.-X. & D.-Z. Li. 1994. Pollen morphology of Crypteroniaceae. Acta Bot. Yunn. 16: 268-272, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). Distinct, monotypic family.

Weiss, M.R. 1995. Floral color change: a widespread functional convergence. Amer. J. Bot. 82: 167-185, ill. Derived character, related to pollinator, usually due to appearance of anthocyanins; list of taxa, very few Malesian, where it must be wide-spread, too.

Welzen, P.C. van 1994. Taxonomy, phylogeny, and geography of Neoscortechinia Hook.f. ex Pax (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea 39: 301-318, ill. 6 spp, 2 new comb. Cheilosa distinct; cladistic analysis; key; synonymy, descriptions; index of collectors.

Wen, J. 1994. New taxa and nomenclatural changes in Aralia (Araliaceae). Novon 4: 400-403. E.g. 1 from Borneo, and from Mindanao.

Werth, C.R., K.W. Hilu & C.A. Langner. 1994. Isozymes of Eleusine (Gramineae) and the origin of Finger millet. Amer. J. Bot. 81: 1186-1197, ill. One parent is E. indica, the other remains still unknown.

Weston, P.H. & M.D. Crisp. 1994. Cladistic biogeography of the waratahs (Proteaceae: Embothrieae) and their allies across the Pacific. Austr. Syst. Bot. 7: 225-249, ill. Also Lomatia; history of vicariance events caused by continental break-up and climatic change.

Westphalen, G. & J.G. Conran. 1994. Chromosome numbers in the Arthropodium-Dichopogon complex (Asparagales: Anthericaceae). Taxon 43: 377-381, ill. x = 11 supports congenericity.

Whitmore, T.C. 1993. Changing scientific perceptions of the Eastern tropical rain forests: a personal view. Global Ecol. & Biogeogr. Letters 3: 115-121.

Widjaja, E.A. 1994. Schizostachyum terminale also in Kalimantan and Sumatra. Floribunda 1: 55-56. Description.

Wiegrefe, S.J., K.J. Sytsma & R.P. Guries. 1994. Phylogeny of Elms (Ulmus, Ulmaceae): molecular evidence for a sectional classification. Syst. Bot. 19: 590-612, ill. 2 subgenera recognized, each with 3 sections.

Wilde, W.J.J.O. de. 1994. Paramyristica, a new genus of Myristicaceae. Blumea 39: 341-350, ill. Keys to Asian genera; monotypic.

Wikomirski, B. & A. Batako. 1994. Presence of flavonoids and infrafamilial classification of the Compositae. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 62: 47-51, ill. Takhtadjan's classification supported.

Williams, S.E., V.A. Albert & M.W. Chase. 1994. Relationships of Droseraceae: a cladistic analysis of rbcL sequence and morphological data. Am. J. Bot. 81: 1027-1037, ill.

Wiriadinata, H., Irawati, R.E. Nasution, A.T. Sunarto, Roemantyo. 1992. Plants and flowers of Baliem Valley, Jayawijaya. iv, 60 pp. ISBN 979-579-000-5. Nice booklet with coloured illustrations of selected native and introduced species.

Woltz, P., M.L. Rouane & M. Gondran. 1993. Apport des cotyledons dans l'‚volution des Podocarpineae. Gaussenia 8: 6-15, ill. (In French, Engl. summ.). Morphology, anatomy seedlings: 8 types; heterocotyly correlated with latitude.

Wong, M. & A. Latiff. 1994. Rafflesias of Peninsular Malaysia. Nat. Mal. 19: 84-88.

Wood, J. 1994. New orchid records from Borneo. Part 1: geography and history of the island's orchids. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 63: 1010-1015, ill. (Orchidaceae).

Wood, J.J. & J.B. Comber. 1995. Six new species of Dendrochilum from Sumatra. Lindleyana 10: 57-67, ill. (Orchidaceae).

* Wood, J.J. & P.J. Cribb. 1994. A checklist of the orchids of Borneo. x, 409 pp, ill. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 0-947643-59-1. œ 30.00. Introduction, history, classification; keys to genera; 24 new taxa, 12 comb, 2 names; genera described, lower taxa nomenclature, habitat, distribution; indices.

Wood, J. & T. Lamb. 1994. New orchid records from Borneo. Part 2. New generic records in subfamilies Spiranthoideae, Orchidoideae and Epidendroideae. Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 63: 1138-1143, ill. Survey of recent findings, no novelties (Orchidaceae).

Wood, J. & T. Lamb. 1994. New orchid records from Borneo. Part 3. New species records in subfamilies Apostasioideae, Cypripedioideae, Spiranthoideae, Orchidoideae and Epidendroideae. Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 63: 1264-1271, ill. As above (Orchidaceae).

Wood, J.R.I. 1994. Notes relating to the flora of Bhutan: XXIX. Acanthaceae, with special reference to Strobilanthus. Edinburgh J. Bot. 51: 175-273, ill. Bremekamp's division rejected; keys; 1 new genus, 18 new spp, new comb.

Woodroffe, C.D. 1994. Ecology and geomorphology of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Res. Bull. 399-414. D.G. Williams on vegetation and flora.

Wu, T. 1994. Phytogeography of the Zingiberaceae. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 2: 1-14, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ).

Wu, T., Z. Chen & X. Huang. 1994. A study of Chinese Pueraria. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 2/3: 12-21, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ). Several species Malesian; synonymy; descriptions; chromosome numbers (Leguminosae).

Wijk, B.-E. van & A.L. Schutte. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships in the tribes Podalyrieae, Liparieae and Crotalarieae. In Crisp & Doyle: 283-308, ill. Calpurnia to Podalyrieae; keys to tribes and genera (Leguminosae).

Xia, N. 1993. Studies on the genus Schizostachyum and other bamboos from China. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 1: 1-10, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). 10 spp; 1 new subgen, 2 names, 4 comb; keys.

Ya, T. & K.-Y. Pan. 1994. Gametophytic development of Melhania hamiltoniana Wall. (Sterculiaceae) and its systematic implications. Cathaya 6: 67-74, ill. Genus in Sterculiaceae, not Malvaceae.

* Yam, T.W. 1995. Orchids of the Singapore Botanic Gardens. 152 pp, ill. National Parks Board, Singapore. No ISBN? 150 colour plates and descriptions of species and hybrids (Orchidaceae) (n.v.).

Yamazaki, T. 1994. A new species of Brookea (Scrophulariaceae) from Borneo. J. Jap. Bot. 69: 282-284, ill.

Yashodara, K. & S.R.S. Rao. 1994. Epidermis in relation to taxonomy: Symphoremataceae Van Tiegh. Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 68: 157-167, ill. Distinct from Verbenaceae.

* Yasman, I. 1995. Dipterocarpaceae: tree-mycorrhizae-seedling connections. 193 pp, ill. Thesis, Wageningen. ISBN 90-5485-413-8. Natural regeneration; best growth nearest to rootlets of mother tree; transport of sugar from mother to seedlings through ectomycorrhizal connections; mast flowering related to appearance of sporocarps.

Yukawa, T. & H. Ohba. 1995. Typification of Schlechter's East Asian Orchidaceae held at the Herbarium, University of Tokyo. Lindleyana 10: 29-32.

Zhang, D. 1994. Leaf venation of Cercideae (Leguminosae). J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 2/4: 45-57, ill. Venation characters support genera and infra-generic groups in Bauhinia.

Zhang, S.-R., S.-Y. Liang & L.-K. Dai. 1995. A study on the geographic distribution of the genus Kobresia Willd. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33: 144-160, ill. 4 sect, 64 spp, 5 vars; from Himalayas, SW China (Cyperaceae).

Zhang, Z.-Y., S.-M. Lu & W.G. d'Arcy. 1994. Solanaceae, in Z.-Y. Wu & P.H. Raven, Flora of China 17: 300-332.

Zhu, H. 1994. Floristic relationships between dipterocarp forest of Xishuangbanna and forests of tropical Asia and S. China. Acta Bot. Yunn. 16: 97-106, ill. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

* Zhu, S., N. Ma & M. Fu (Eds.). 1994. A compendium of Chinese bamboo. China Forestry Publishing House. ISBN 981-00-3435-0. 242 pp, ill. 400 beautiful colour pictures of c. 200 spp, notes on 500; descriptions; synoptic key (Gramineae).

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