[logo] Flora Malesiana Bulletin


Vol. 12 (2) - October 1997

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ABLETT, E. M., J. PLAYFORD & S. MILLS. 1997. The use of rubisco DNA sequences to examine the systematic position of Hernandia albiflora (C.T. White) Kubitzki (Hernandiaceae), and relationships among the Laurales. Austrobaileya 4: 601- 607, illus. - Included in Hernandia; traditional phylogenies supported.

ADAMS, L. G. 1996. Gentianaceae. Fl. Austr. 28: 72 -104, 315, illus. - 1 new comb.

ADEMA, F. 1996. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae). Blumea 41: 463 - 468, illus. - Erythrina 6 spp; key.

ADEMA, F. 1997. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae). 2. The genus Canavalia Adans. Blumea 42: 249 - 253, illus. - Taxa compared; key.

AKHANI, H., P. TRIMBORN & H. ZEIGLER. 1997. Photosynthetic pathways in Chenopodiaceae from Africa, Asia and Europe with their ecological, phytogeographical and taxonomic importance. Pl. Syst. Evol. 206: 187- 221, illus. - Correlation between life form and pathways; also with infrageneric classification in Atriplex and Suaeda.

ALURI, J. S. R. & C. S. REDDI. 1996. Flower colour shifts and pollination in Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae). J. Palynol. 31: 275 - 289, illus. - Only two floral types in India? (see Munir, 1996!); often occurring together flowering simultaneously; pollination by butterflies and thrips, which only visit flowers before they turn red.

ANDERSSON, L. 1996. Circumscription of the tribe Isertieae (Rubiaceae). In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 139 -164, illus. - Raphidiate genera (e. g. Mycetia) to Rubioideae; Mycetia close to Hedyotideae?; Lecananthus near Schradereae; two major clades, one represented by Sabiceeae.

ANDREASEN, K & B. BREMER. 1996. Phylogeny of the subfamily Ixoroideae (Rubiaceae). In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 119 -138, illus. - Vanguerieae to be included; Ixora basal; Coffeeae, Octropideae, Pavetteae with modified delimitation monophyletic; Gardenieae restricted, an advanced tribe.

ARCHER, R. H. & A. E. VAN WYK. 1997. A taxonomic revision of Cassine L. s. str. (Cassinoideae: Celastraceae). S. Afr. J. Bot. 63: 146 -157, illus. - Reduced to 3 spp, endemic to S. Africa; the Malesian spp to Elaeodendron.

ARDITTI, J. & A. D. KRIKORIAN. 1996. Orchid micropropagation: the path from laboratory to commercialization and an account of several unappreciated investigators. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 122: 183 - 241, illus.

ARIFIANI, D. & R. ZAKARIA. 1996. A revision of Endiandra R. Br. (Lauraceae) in Celebes. In: D. Darnaedi (Ed.), The Fifth Regional Training Course … : 64 -73, illus. - 3 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

ASMUSSEN, C. B. & J. J. DOYLE. 1996. The rpl16 intron as potential genetic marker within the palm family (Arecaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 174 (abstract).

ATKINS, S. 1997. Two new species of Callicarpa (Verbenaceae) from Brunei. Kew Bull. 52: 227- 230, illus.

ATLURI, J. B., K. R. DEVI & C. S. REDDI. 1996. Pollen flow in Zizyphus oenoplia Mill. (Rhamnaceae). J. Palynol. 31: 261- 274, illus. - In an inflorescence first 3 flowers bisexual, the others usually male, less bisexual; strong protandry; some plants flower in the morning, others in the afternoon; pollination between these types most successful.

AUSTIN, D. F. & S. DEMISSEW. 1997. Unique fruits and generic status of Stictocardia (Convolvulaceae). Kew Bull. 52: 161-169, illus. - Genus distinct; synopsis of species.

AXELIUS, B. 1992. Testa patterns in some species of Physalis L. and some other genera in the tribe Solaneae (Solanaceae). Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 153: 488 - 502, illus.

BACIGALUPO, N. M. & E. L. CABRAL. 1996. Infrageneric classification of Borreria (Rubiaceae - Spermacoceae) on the basis of American species. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 297Ð 308, illus. - 2 subg, 1 new, 1 new subsect, 2 new series; Diodia p. p., Hemidiodia reduced.

BACKLUND, A. 1996. Phylogeny of the Dipsacales. Compr. Summ. Uppsala Diss. Fac. Sc. Techn. 243: 33 + 16 + 27 + 79 + 13 pp, illus. - Compilation of introduction and 5 papers, part of which are to be published elsewhere as well; cladistic analysis based on morphological, anatomical, phytochemical, palynological, and molecular (rbcL) data; sister to Apiales in Asteridae s. s.; origin c. 70 My in SE Asia (China); consists of Adoxaceae (incl. Sambucus, Viburnum), Bruniaceae, Columelliaceae (incl. Desfontainia), Caprifoliaceae s. s. and 2 unnamed clades, Dipsacaceae, Morinaceae, Valerianaceae (incl. Triplostegioideae, stat. nov, see below).

BACKLUND, A. & S. NILSSON. 1997. Pollen morphology and the systematic position of Triplostegia (Dipsacales). Taxon 46: 21- 31, illus. - Valerianaceae - Triplostegioideae supported.

BACON, C.W. & N. S. HILL. 1996. Symptomless grass endophytes: products of coevolutionary symbioses and their role in the ecological adaptations of grasses. In: S. C. Redlin & L. M. Carris, Endophytic fungi in grasses and woody plants: 155 -178, illus. - Acremonium (aff. Clavicipitaceae) and Gramineae - Pooideae; Festuca is NOT a primitive grass! (See also A. D. Wilson, 1996).

BAHADUR, B., N. P. REDDY & N. RAMASWAMY. 1996. Heterostyly and pollen dimorphism in Reinwardtia indica Dum. (Linaceae). J. Palynol. 32: 67-77, illus.

BAHADUR, B., T. VENKATESHWARLU & N. P. REDDY. 1996. Heterostyly & pollen dimorphism in Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. J. Palynol. 32: 51- 58, illus. - Diheterostylous ('hitherto unknown').

BAKER, W. J., C.B. ASMUSSEN, S. BARROW, J. DRANSFIELD & T. A. HEDDERSON. 1996. A molecular phylogeny of the palm family (Arecaceae) based on chloroplast DNA sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 176 (abstract).

BAKER, W. J., J. DRANSFIELD & T. A. HEDDERSON. 1996. Systematics of calamoid palms. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 176 (abstract).

* BALGOOY, M. M. J. VAN. 1997. Malesian seed plants. Volume 1 Ð Spot-characters. An aid for identification of families and genera. 154 pp, illus. Rijksherbarium / Hortus Botanicus, Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-71236-31-5. NLG 50. - See Reviews.

BALGOOY, M. M. J. VAN, P. H. HOVENKAMP & P. C. VAN WELZEN. 1996. Phytogeography of the Pacific - floristic and historical distribution patterns in plants. In: A. Keast & S. E. Miller, Origin & Evolution of Pacific Islands biotas: 191- 213, illus. - 17 distribution patterns suggesting several floristic provinces, but without hierarchy; W Pacific mainly populated from SE Asia through New Guinea; correlation between endemism and plate tectonics, esp. mountain-building; polypodioids and Sapindaceae show two tracks of island hopping; oldest route from New Caledonia to Fiji.

BANDYOPADHYAY, S. & B. D. SHARMA. 1994. The identity of Phanera nicobarica (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae). J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 91: 160 -161. -
= Phanera stipularis.

BANKS, D. P. & D. I. SMEDLEY. 1997. Dendrobium lawesii F. Muell. - its history and notes on cultivation. Orchadian 12: 152 -155, illus. - Orchidaceae.

BAENZIGER, H. 1989. Lardizabalaceae: new plant family for Thailand 'predicted' by rare moth on Doi Suthep. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 37: 187- 208, illus. - Caterpillar of the fruit-piercing noctuid moth Adris okurai specific to Pavatia brunoniana; "can now be safely prognosticated also for peninsular Malaysia" (p. 205) on Gunung Hidjau.

BAENZIGER, H. 1991. Stench and fragrance: unique pollination lure of Thailand's largest flower, Rafflesia kerrii Meijer. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 39: 19 - 52, illus. - Also in Perak.

BAENZIGER, H. 1995. Ecological, morphological and taxonomic studies on Thailand's fifth species of Rafflesiaceae: Rhizanthes zippelii (Blume) Spach. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 43: 337- 365, illus. - Extensive field studies suggest recognition of a single species.

BAENZIGER, H. 1996. Pollination of a flowering oddity: Rhizanthes zippelii (Blume) Spach (Rafflesiaceae). Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 44: 113 -142, illus. - By female carrion flies.

BARKER, R. M. 1996. Additional species, new combinations and other notes on Acanthaceae of Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 17: 137-152, illus. - Some also Malesian: Thunbergia grandiflora; delimitation Ruellia, keys; Calophanoides = Harnieria; Rhaphidospora platyphylla = Rh. cavernarum.

BARLOW, B. A. 1996. Loranthaceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 20: 75 - 91, illus. - 2 gen, 3 spp.

BARLOW, B. A. 1996. New Malesian species of Viscaceae. Blumea 41: 339 - 345, illus. - Ginalloa flagellaris for G. arnottiana sensu Danser; Viscum exile; V. scurruloideum for Ginalloa falcata, non V. falcatum.

BARLOW, B. A. 1996. Viscaceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 20: 92 - 99. - Korthalsella, 2 spp.

BARNESKY, A. L. & T. G. LAMMERS. 1997. Revision of the endemic Asian genus Peracarpa (Campanulaceae: Campanuloideae) via numerical phenetics. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 38: 49 - 56, illus. - 1 indivisible species.

BARTHOLOMEW, B., D. H. NICOLSON & B. NORDENSTAM. 1997. Author citation of Thunberg's new species in Murray's Systema vegetabilium, ed. 14. Taxon 46: 311-314. - 'Thunb.', or 'Thunb. in Murray', not 'Thunb. ex Murray'.

BASTMEIJER, J. D. & B. E. E. DUYFJES. 1996. Zwei Cryptocorynen aus dem Gunung-Leuser-Nationalpark (Sumatra, Indonesien). 1. Teil. Cryptocoryne minima Ridley. Aqua-Planta 21: 136 -142, illus. (In German). - History, synonymy, description; C. amicorum, C. gasseri, C. zewaldiae reduced (Araceae).

BASTMEIJER, J. D. & B. E. E. DUYFJES. 1997. Zwei Cryptocorynen aus dem Gunung-Leuser-Nationalpark (Sumatra, Indonesien). 2. Teil. Cryptocoryne moehlmannii de Wit. Aqua-Planta 22: 43 - 50, illus. (In German).

BEAN, A. R. 1997. Reinstatement of the genus Babingtonia Lindl. (Myrtaceae, Leptospermoideae). Austrobaileya 4: 627- 645, illus. - Ex Baeckea s. l.; 16 spp, some Malesian, 5 new, 9 new comb; keys to related genera, species; synonymy, descriptions for new taxa only.

BEAN, A. R. 1997. A revision of Rubus subg. Idaeobatus (Focke) Focke (Rosaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 4: 677- 689, illus. - 5 spp, 3 Malesian, R. probus new record for New Guinea, 1 new; key; synonymy, description; curious distribution of R. parvifolius: SE Australia, SE Asia, not Malesian.

BEAVITT, P., E. KURUI & G. THOMPSON. 1996. Confirmation of an early date for the presence of rice in Borneo: preliminary evidence for possible Bidayuh / Asian links. Borneo Res. Bull. 27: 29 - 37, illus. - Date of 2300 B. C. confirmed, oldest record for Malesia, much earlier than the c. 1500 A. D. previously thought.

BEEVY, S. S. & P. KURIACHAN. 1996. Pollen morphology and taxonomy of the genus Trichosanthes (Cucurbitaceae). J. Palynol. 32: 21- 27, illus. - 5 Indian spp; relation pollen size and ploidy; key.

BERGEN, M. A. VAN & W. SNOEIJER. 1996. Catharanthus G. Don - The Madagascar periwinkle and related species. Wageningen Agric. Univ. Papers 96 / 3: 1-120, illus. - Combination of two papers: M. A. van Bergen: Revision of Catharanthus G. Don. Series of revisions of Apocynaceae. XLI (p. 1- 46): 8 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions; W. Snoeijer: Catharanthus roseus, the Madagascar periwinkle, a review of its cultivars (p. 47Ð120).

BERNARD, S. & R. DE KONINCK. 1996. The retreat of the forest in Southeast Asia: a cartographic assessment. Singapore J. Trop. Geogr. 17: 1-14, illus - 2 maps of 1970 and 1990 compared; ëretreatí euphemism for ëdestructioní.

BEWLY, K. S., J. SINGH & S.V. S. CHAUHAN. 1996. Studies on pollen morphology of some Bignoniaceae. J. Palynol. 31: 137-149, illus. - Limited study suggesting disagreement between pollen types and present generic delimitation.

BHASKAR, V. & C. G. KUSHALAPPA. 1992 ('1991'). Stylidium tenellum Swartz (Stylidiaceae) - A new record for South India. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 88: 465 - 466.

BHAT, R. B. 1996. Leaf architecture and its taxonomic significance in the Sterculiaceae. Bot. Jb. 118: 407- 418, illus.

BHATTI, G. R. & M. J. INGROUILLE. 1996. Relationships of subfamily Pogostemonoideae revealed by stamen characters. Lamiales Newsl. 4: 8 -10, illus. - Best restricted to Pogostemon.

BLACKBURN, T. M. & K. J. GASTON. 1996. A sideways look at patterns in species richness, or why there are so few species outside the tropics. Biodiv. Lett. 3: 44 - 53, illus. - No solution; equally valid is the question "Why are there so few species outside of the tropics?"; it is unlikely that a single cause for richness gradients can be identified.

BOCK, I. & M. SPECKMAIER. 1997. Dendrobium rigidum R. Br. 1810. Orchideenkartei, Orchidee 48: 855 - 856, illus. (In German). - Description, variability, cultivation, notes.

BOESEWINKEL, F. D. 1997. Seed structure and phylogenetic relationships of the Geraniales. Bot. Jb. 119: 277- 291, illus. - Restricted to Geraniaceae s. s.

BOGLER, D. J. & B. B. SIMPSON. 1996. Phylogeny of Agavaceae based on its rDNA sequence variation. Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1225 -1235, illus. - Split into three: Dracaenaceae supported.

BOSSER, J. 1997. Identité de Aristolochia acuminata Lam. et de A. tagala Cham. (Aristolochiaceae). Adansonia III, 19: 169 -170 (In French, English summ.). - A. acuminata correct.

BREMER, B. 1996. Combined and separate analyses of morphological and molecular data in the plant family Rubiaceae. Cladistics 12: 21- 40, illus. - Position of Vanguerieae uncertain.

BREMER, B. 1996. Phylogenetic studies within Rubiaceae and relationships to other families based on molecular data. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 33 - 50, illus. - Rubiaceae monophyletic; sister group to rest of Gentianales; 3 main clades corresponding with existing subfamilies, but not Antirheoideae (see also Rova et al., 1996; Young et al., 1996); Hedyotidae reduced to Spermacoceae.

BRIEGER, F. G., R. MAATSCH & K. SENGHAS. 1996. Die Orchideen. Band I / C, 32 Lief., Bogen 124 -128: 1977- 2056, illus. - Notyliinae to Trichopiliinae (Orchidaceae).

BRUMMITT, R. K. 1996. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 44. Taxon 45: 671Ð 681. - Support for rejection of Alyxia glaucescens, Cassia chamaecrista, Hypericum chinense (H. japonicum to be attributed to Thunb., not Thunb. ex Murr., cf. Art. 46.2), Laurus sumatrensis, support for conservation of Ammannia octandra, Oreodoxa regia.

BRUMMITT, R. K. 1997. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 45. Taxon 46: 323 - 328. - Unanimous rejection of a proposed Code of Bionomenclature, with which I heartily concur.

BRUNEAU, A. 1996. Phylogenetic and biogeographical patterns in Erythrina (Leguminosae: Phaseoleae) as inferred from morphological and chloroplast DNA characters. Syst. Bot. 21: 587- 605, illus. - Origin in South America in early Tertiary.

BUDANTSEV, A. L. & T.A. LOBOVA. 1997. Fruit morphology, anatomy and taxonomy of tribe Nepeteae (Labiatae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 183 - 216, illus.

BUDI, A. S. 1996. Taxonomic classification of family Sapotaceae from the Asia-Pacific region. Rec. Adv. Wood Anat.: 11-13, illus. - Wood characters, abstract.

BUOT Jr., I. E., S. OKITSU & N. O. AGUILAR. 1997. An interpretation of the present range of distribution and dispersal of Ochrosia oppositifolia (Lam.) K. Schum. (Apocynaceae) in the Philippine beach forest. Techn. Bull. Fac. Hort., Chiba Univ. 51: 119 -125, illus.

BURTON, C. M. 1996. Hoya mindorensis. Hoyan 18: 19 - 24, illus. - On p. 28 - 29 note and topotype of H. lutea (Asclepiadaceae).

BURTON, C. M. 1996. A tentative alternative arrangement of Hoya sections. Hoyan 18 / 2: 8 -13, illus. - 2 new; in a postscript it is stated that all new sections and combinations are ÔtentativeÕ, i. e., not accepted by the author (Asclepiadaceae).

BURTON, C. M. 1997. Hoya padangensis Schltr. Hoyan 18: 67-70, illus. - (Asclepia-daceae).

BURTT, B. L. 1997. Old World Gesneriaceae. Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 85 - 90. - Epithemateae replaces Klugieae.

BURTT, B. L. 1997. Pseuderanthemum roseum again. Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 253 - 254. - = Streblacanthus roseus (incl. S. amoenus) (Acanthaceae).

CABRAL, E. L. & N. M. BACIGALUPO. 1996. Revision of Borreria section Pseudodiodia (Rubiaceae - Spermacoceae). In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 309 - 327, illus. - 6 spp, 1 Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

CANTRILL, D. J. 1992. Araucarian foliage from the Lower Cretaceous of Southern Victoria, Australia. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 153: 622 - 645, illus. - 6 new spp with affinities to extant sections.

CARLQUIST, S. 1996. Wood and bark anatomy of lianoid Indomalesian and Asiatic species of Gnetum. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 121: 1Ð 24, illus.

CARLQUIST, S. 1996. Wood, bark, and stem anatomy of Gnetales: a summary. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 157, Suppl.: 58 -76, illus.

CARLQUIST, S. 1997. Pentaphragma: a unique wood and its significance. IAWA J. 18: 3 -12, illus. - Pentaphragmataceae supported; vessels and fibre-tracheids primitive; herbaceousness primitive in Campanulales?

CARLQUIST, S. 1997. Wood anatomy of the Buddlejaceae. Aliso 15: 41- 56, illus. - Position in Lamiales supported.

CARLQUIST, S. & C. J. DONALD. 1996. Wood anatomy of Limnanthaceae and Tropaeolaceae in relation to habit and phylogeny. Sida 17: 333 - 342, illus. - Inclusion in Capparales supported.

CARLQUIST, S. & E. L. SCHNEIDER. 1997. Origins and nature of vessels in Monocotyledons. I. Acorus. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 158: 51- 56, illus. - Vessels primitive, compatible with suggestion that Acorus might be sister to the monocots: Acoraceae.

CARLSWARD, B. S., W. L. STERN, W. S. JUDD & T.W. LUCANSKY. 1997. Comparative leaf anatomy and systematics in Dendrobium, sections Aporum and Rhizobium (Orchidaceae). Int. J. Pl. Sc. 158: 332 - 342, illus.

CARTER, R., R. L. MEARS, K. C. BURKS & C.T. BRYSON. 1996. A report of four exotic Cyperus (Cyperaceae) species new to Florida, U. S. A. Sida 17: 275 - 281, illus. - Cyperus alopecuroides, C. distans, C. prolifer, C. sphacelatus.

CELLINESE, N. 1997. A new Sonerila (Melastomataceae) from Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Novon 7: 103 -105, illus.

CHAN, H.T. 1996. A note on the discovery of Rhizophora x amarckii in Peninsular Malaysia. J. Trop. For. Sc. 9: 128 -130, illus. - Rh. apiculata x Rh. stylosa; on Pulau Burung on W coast; compared to parents (Rhizophoraceae).

CHANTARANOTHAI, P. 1996. Pouteria malaccensis (Sapotaceae), new to Thailand. Phytologia 80: 140 -141. - Ranong, Klong Na Ka Wildlife Sanctuary.

CHATURVEDI, S. K. 1996. Floral biology of some asclepiads: an overview. J. Palynol. 31: 239 - 251, illus. - Self-pollination observed in several species of 'advanced' genera.

CHAW, S.-M., H. LONG, W.-L. HSU & G. M.-Y. CHIANG. 1996. Subdivision and intergeneric relationships of the Pinaceae inferred from nuclear 18S ribosomal RNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 182 (abstract).

CHEN, L., H. FISCHER & U. JENSEN. 1997. Accumulation of seed storage proteins and the taxonomy of Poaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 206: 243 - 257, illus. - Type of protein correlated with present taxonomy; Festuca / Lolium / Vulpia aberrant in Festuceae, more like Bromeae / Triticeae; important paper!

CHEN, T. & Z.-Y. CHEN. 1996. The geographical distribution of Styracaceae. Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16: 57- 66, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.).

CHEN, Z. 1996. The morphology and anatomy of Sonneratia Linn. f. in China. J. Trop. & Subtrop. Bot. 4 / 2: 18 - 24, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.).

CHOI, B.-H. & H. OHASHI. 1996. Pollen morphology and taxonomy of Hedysarum and its related genera of the tribe Hedysareae (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae). J.Jap. Bot. 71: 191- 213, illus. - 3 types; 1 new subg.

CHUA, K. S., B. C. SOONG & H.T.W. TAN. 1996. The Bamboos of Singapore. 71 pp, illus. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Regional Office of Asia Pacific and Oceanic, Singapore. ISBN 981-00-8302-5 (Available free from the publisher at ipgri-apo@cgnet.com).

CHUNG, R. C. K. & A. LATIFF. 1996. A new species record of Mastixia (Cornaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia. J. Trop. For. Sc. 9: 271- 275, illus. - Mastixia rostrata subsp. caudatifolia; key.

CLARK, L. G., D. GROSSMAN & J. F. WENDEL. 1996. Phylogenetic utility of indels and partial ndhF gene sequences in the Chloridoideae (Poaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 182 (abstract). - Division between Eragrostidae and Chloridae not supported.

CLARK, L. G. & E. J. JUDZIEWICZ. 1996. The grass subfamilies Anomochlooideae and Pharoideae (Poaceae). Taxon 45: 641- 645. - Pharoideae validated.

CLASSEN-BOCKHOFF, R. 1996. A survey of flower-like inflorescences in the Rubiaceae. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 329 - 367, illus. - Widespread, polyphyletic.

CLEMENTS, M. A. & D. L. JONES. 1996. Conspectus of Cymbidium (Orchidaceae) in Papua New Guinea with the description of a new species. Lasianthera 1: 26 - 31, illus. - Key; synonymy, diagnoses.

CLEMENTS, M. A. & D. L. JONES. 1996. Crepidium myosotis, a new species of Orchidaceae from Papua New Guinea. Lasianthera 1: 32 - 45, illus. - 43 (!) new comb in Crepidium, 6 in Dienia (incl. Gastroglottis) (most formerly in Fingardia, Malaxis and Microstylis).

CLEMENTS, M. A. & D. L. JONES. 1996. New species of Dendrobiinae (Orchidaceae) from Papua New Guinea. Lasianthera 1: 8 - 25, illus. - Dendrobium (1), Dockrillia (6, 7 new comb), Grastidium (1 new comb).

CLEMENTS, M. A. & D. L. JONES. 1996. Paphiopedilum striatum (Orchidaceae), a new species from Papua New Guinea. Lasianthera 1: 2 -7, illus.

CLEMENTS, M. A. & D. L. JONES. 1996. Vanilla hirsuta (Orchidaceae), a new species from Papua New Guinea. Lasianthera 1: 46 - 49, illus.

COCHRANE, V. & M. C. PRESS. 1997. Geographical distribution and aspects of the ecology of the hemiparasitic angiosperm Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze: a herbarium study. J. Trop. Ecol. 13: 371- 380, illus.

COMPTON, S. G., J.T. WIEBES & C. C. BERG. 1996. Introduction: the biology of fig trees and their associated animals. J. Biogeogr. 23: 405 - 407, illus. - Moraceae.

CONN, B. J., E. A. BROWN & C. R. DUNLOP. 1996. Loganiaceae. Fl. Austr. 28: 1-72, 308 - 315, illus. - A number of new taxa and combinations in Mitrasacme and two new genera.

CONNOR, H. E. 1996. Breeding systems in Indomalesian Spinifex (Paniceae: Gramineae). Blumea 41: 445 - 454, illus. - Usually dioecious, sometimes trimonoecious, andromonoecious.

CONRAN, J. G., V.G. JAUDZEMS & N. D. HALLAM. 1997. Droseraceae germination patterns and their taxonomic significance. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 123: 211- 223, illus. - Three patterns; Drosera sect. Drosera heterogeneous, D. indica aberrant.

CONSAUL, L. L. 1996. Preliminary studies on the evolution of genera and species in Polygonum s.l . (Polygonaceae) in North America. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 184 (abstract). - Break-up of genus supported.

* COODE, M. J. E., S. C. HINCHCLIFFE & J. MARSDEN. Checklist of the flowering plants of N. E. Kepala Burung (Vogelkop), Irian Jaya, Indonesia. - (n.v.).

COOTES, J. 1996. Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars - its distribution, colour variation and cultivation. Orchadian 12: 108 -111, illus. - Orchidaceae.

COOTES, J. & D. P. BANKS. 1997. Philippine Dendrochilums. Orchids Aug. 1997: 800 - 807, illus. - Brief descriptions of 18 spp (Orchidaceae) (see also Pedersen, 1997)

COWAN, R. S. 1996. Notes on miscellaneous mimosoid legumes (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) mostly Australian. Nuytsia 11: 11-19. - Lectotypifications, e. g. Albizia retusa, Mimosa pigra.

COWLEY, J. & C. A. FURNESS. 1997. A new species of Amischotolype (Commelinaceae) from Brunei: taxonomy and pollen morphology. Kew Bull. 52: 465 - 469, illus.

CRAMER, L. H. 1996. Notes on Sri Lankan Acanthaceae. Kew Bull. 51: 553 - 556. - Indoneesiella reduced to subg of Andrographis, 1 new comb.

CRAVEN L. A. & B. A. BARLOW. 1997. New taxa and new combinations in Melaleuca (Myrtaceae). Novon 7: 113 -119, illus. - 1 new comb, 1 new subsp of M. cajuputi.

* CRIBB, P. & W. A. WHISTLER. 1996. Orchids of Samoa. viii + 141 pp, illus. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-900347-01-6. - 101 spp; geology, collecting history, morphology; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

DAGOSTINI, G., J. M. VEILLON & J. LAFFRE. 1997. Inventaire et caractérisation de la flore et des groupements végétaux du massif du Tiébaghi. Sciences de la Vie, Bot. 9, ORSTOM, Nouméa. - (n.v.).

DANIEL, T. F. 1996. Sciaphyllum amoenum (Acanthaceae) is a Peruvian Streblacanthus. Novon 6: 147-149, illus.

D'ARCY, W. G. & J. E. AVERETT. 1996. Recognition of tribes Capsiceae and Physaleae, subfamily Solanoideae, Solanaceae. Phytologia 80: 273 - 275

* DARNAEDI, D. (Ed.). 1996. The Fifth Regional Training Course on Plant Taxonomy: methods and approaches on the preparation of the flora of biosphere reserves and other protected areas in South East Asia. Bogor, Indonesia, 11 November - 13 December, 1996. 115 pp, illus.

DAS, S. & K. K. MUKHERJEE. 1997. Morphological and biochemical investigations on Ipomoea seedlings and their species interrelationships. Ann. Bot. 79: 565 - 571, illus. - Morphology and phytochemistry complement each other (Convolvulaceae).

DASSANAYAKE, M. D. & W. D. CLAYTON (Eds.). 1996. A revised handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 10: vii + 427 pp. A. A. Balkema Uitgevers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5410-268-3. NLG 150. - 32 of the smaller families: Araliaceae (D. G. Frodin; 1 nom nov, 1 comb nov), Callitrichaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Capparaceae (D. Philcox), Caricaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Caryophyllaceae (B. M. Wadhwa), Casuarinaceae (B. A. Abeywickrama), Celastraceae (B. M. Wadhwa), Ceratophyllaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Dilleniaceae (B. M. Wadhwa), Elaeagnaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Erythroxylaceae (B. M. Wadhwa & A. Weerasooriya), Fabaceae - Faboideae (L. Pedley, V. E. Rudd; I thought Aphyllodium was a superfluous name for Dicerma?), Flacourtiaceae (B. Verdcourt; 1 new subsp), Hippocrateaceae (B. M. Wadhwa), Icacinaceae (W. Meijer & B. Verdcourt), Loganiaceae (D. Philcox), Monimiaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Nelumbonaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Nymphaeaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Olacaceae (B. Verdcourt), Passifloraceae (B. M. Wadhwa & A. Weerasooriya), Phytolaccaceae (D. Philcox), Plantaginaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Podostemaceae (D. Philcox), Polygalaceae (B. M. Wadhwa), Portulacaceae (B. M. Wadhwa & A. Weerasooriya), Ranunculaceae (M. D. Dassanayake), Rhamnaceae (B. M. Wadhwa), Stemonaceae (B. M. Wadhwa & A. Weerasooriya), Theaceae (B. M. Wadhwa; 1 new sp), Tiliaceae (B. M. Wadhwa & A. Weerasooriya), Violaceae (B. M. Wadhwa & A. Weerasooriya); the lack of an index is an editorial policy much to be regretted.

DASSANAYAKE, M. D. & W. D. CLAYTON (Eds.). 1997. A revised handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. 11. 420 pp, 1 illus. A. A. Balkema Uitgevers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5410-269-1. Hardcover. NLG 150, c. US$ 75. - See Reviews.

DAVIES, S. J. 1996. Life history evolution in early successional trees of Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) in north-west Borneo. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 187 (abstract). - Sect. Pachystemon; myrmecophytism evolved at least twice.

* DAVIS, S. D., V. H. HEYWOOD & A. C. HAMILTON (Eds.). 1995. Centres of plant diversity. A guide and strategy for their conservation. Vol. 2. Asia, Australia and the Pacific. xiv + 578 pp, illus. WWF & IUCN. ISBN 2-8317-0198-8. - Descriptions of sites with notes on geography, vegetation, flora, useful plants, values, economics, threats, conservation, and references; many Malesian sites only briefly mentioned, apparently by lack of data.

DELPRETE, P. G. 1996. Evaluation of the tribes Chiococceae, Condamineeae and Catesbaeeae (Rubiaceae), based on morphological characters. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 165 -192, illus. - Portlandiinae to Catesbaeeae, rest tentatively to Rondeletieae.

DEROIN, T. 1997. Confirmation and origin of the paracarpy in Annonaceae, with comments on some methodological aspects. Candollea 52: 45 - 58, illus.

DERTSCHENY, P. 1995. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der südamerikanischen Arten der Gattung Danthonia (Poaceae). Courier Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg 186: 69 -103, illus. (In German, English summ.). - 15 spp; Rytidosperma not distinct; cleistogamy; distribution; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

DOWNIE, S., D. S. KATZ-DOWNIE & K.-J. CHO. 1997. Relationships in the Caryophyllales as suggested by phylogenetic analyses of partial chloroplast DNA ORF 2280 homolog series. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 253 - 273, illus. - Amaranthaceae not monophyletic; Amaranthus nested in paraphyletic Chenopodiaceae.

DOYLE, J. A. 1996. Seed plant phylogeny and the relationships of Gnetales. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 157, Suppl.: 3 - 39, illus. - Both probably monophyletic.

DOYLE, J. A. & A. LE THOMAS. 1996. Phylogenetic analysis and character evolution in Annonaceae. Adansonia III, 18: 279 - 334, illus. - High level of homoplasy and instability of relationships; rooting and major clades relatively stable.

DOYLE, J. A. & A. LE THOMAS. 1997. Significance of palynology for phylogeny of Annonaceae: experiments with removal of pollen characters. Pl. Syst. Evol. 206: 133 -159, illus.

DOYLE, J. J. & J. L. DOYLE. 1996. The cytosolic glutamine synthetase gene family in Leguminosae: gene phylogeny and evolution of its role in nodulation. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 188 (abstract). - Nodulation evolved at least three times.

DOYLE, J. J. et 5 al. 1997. A phylogeny of the chloroplast gene rbcL in the Leguminosae: taxonomic correlations and insights into the evolution of nodulation. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 541- 554, illus.

DRESSLER, S. 1996. The genus Bridelia (Euphorbiaceae) in Malesia and Indochina - A regional revision. Blumea 41: 263- 331, illus. - 19 spp; morphology, biogeography, phytography; key; synonymy, descriptions; indices to collections, names.

DRESSLER, S. 1996. Bridelia (Euphorbiaceae) in New Guinea with a description of a new species. Kew Bull. 51: 601- 607, illus. - Key to 7 spp.

DURAWALLA, A. R. 1995. Cytological investigations on the Asteraceae-genus Blumea and related genera Laggera and Nanothamnus. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 92: 314 -321, illus.

ENDO, Y. & H. OHASHI. 1996. The pollen morphology of Vicia (Leguminosae). Amer. J. Bot. 83: 955 - 960, illus.

ENDRESS, M. E. 1996. Key characters at the interface of the apocynacs and the asclepiads. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 189 (abstract). - Putative delimiting characters grade into each other; 2 evolutionary lines; Asclepioideae, Periplocoideae, Secamonoideae tribes of Apocynoideae.

ENDRESS, M. E., et 7 al. 1996. A phylogenetic analysis of Apocynaceae s. str. and some related taxa in Gentianales: a multidisciplinary approach. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 59 -102, illus. - Family, Apocynoideae monophyletic; Plumerioideae, Plumerieae paraphyletic; Alstonia sister to rest of family; Alyxieae supported; Plocosperma excluded.

ENDRESS, P. K. 1996.Structure and function of female and bisexual organ complexes in Gnetales. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 157, Suppl.: 113 -125, illus.

ENDRESS, P. K. 1997. Relationships between floral organization, architecture, and pollination mode in Dillenia (Dilleniaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 206: 99 -118, illus.

ERBAR, C. & P. LEINS. 1996. Distribution of the character states 'early sympetaly' and 'late sympetaly' within the 'Sympetalae tetracyclicae' and presumed allied groups. Bot. Acta 109: 427- 440, illus. - Two blocks of orders in Asteridae.

ERBAR, C. & P. LEINS. 1996. The formation of corolla tubes in Rubiaceae and presumably related families. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 102 -112, illus.

ERBAR, C. & P. LEINS. 1997. Studies on the early floral development in Cleomoideae (Capparaceae) with emphasis on the androecial development. Pl. Syst. Evol. 206: 119 -132, illus.

ERIKSEN, B. 1993. Taxonomic studies in the Polygalaceae and Valerianaceae. Thesis, Fac. Nat. Sc., Univ. Göteborg. Introduction (11 pp), compilation of previous papers. - Mainly South American taxa; Triplostegia considered as most plesiomorphic member of Valerianaceae.

ESTELITA, M. E. M. 1993. Remirea Aubl. (Cyperaceae), a new Kranz genus. Revta Brasil. Bot. 16: 137-141, illus.

EVANS, R. C. & T. A. DICKINSON. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships in the Rosaceae:
a total evidence approach
. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 190 (abstract). - Maloideae most derived, monophyletic: 2 clades; closest sister Prunoideae.

EYDE, R. H. 1997. Fossil record and ecology of Nyssa (Cornaceae). Bot. Rev. 63: 97-123. - At least Eocene.

FADEN, R. B. & T. M. EVANS. 1996. Habitat, phylogeny and character distribution in Commelinaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 191 (abstract).

FERGUSON, D. M. 1996. Phylogenetic systematics of Hydrophyllaceae, as inferred from the chloroplast gene ndhF and the nuclear rDNA ITS region. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 192 (abstract). - Monophyletic, 2 clades; Boraginaceae distinct.

FERGUSON, K. & H. BANKS. 1996. Pollen morphology of the tribes Detarieae and Amherstieae (Caesalpinioideae: Leguminosae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 192 (abstract).

FERNANDEZ-GONZALEZ, D. & D. LOREAU-CALLEN. 1996. Le pollen de la tribu des Acalypheae (Acalyphoideae, Euphorbiaceae). Grana 35: 266 - 284, illus. (In French, English summ.). - Two main types.

FERRERO, M. D. 1997. Ptychococcus lepidotus: in from the cold? A promising palm from the Highlands of New Guinea. Palm J. 134: 11-14, illus. - Popular account (Palmae).

FORSTER, P. I. 1996. Apocynaceae. Fl. Austr. 28: 104 -196, illus.

FORSTER, P. I. 1996. Asclepiadaceae. Fl. Austr. 28: 197- 283, 319, illus. - See also sub Nicholas & Forster.

FORSTER, P. I. 1996. A checklist of the Asclepiadaceae of Papuasia. Sc. N. Guinea 22: 15 - 22. - 198 taxa listed, 168 endemic.

FORSTER, P. I. & D. J. LIDDLE. 1996. Hoya, Dischidia. Fl. Austr. 28: 231- 240, illus.

* FORTUNE HOPKINS, H. & J. I. MENZIES. 1995. The Flora of Motupore Island. 212 pp, illus. University of Papua New Guinea Press. ISBN 9980-84-055-2. - Small island (13 ha) in Bootless Bay, Central Province, Papua New Guinea; vegetation types; key; illustrated checklist with brief diagnoses; illustrated glossary; bibliography. See Review in Sc. N. Guinea 22 (1997) 114.

FREID, E. R. H. & T. K. WILSON. 1996. Petiolar anatomy of Coccolobeae Dam. (Polygonaceae) and its phylogenetic significance. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 194 (abstract). - 2 patterns; anatomy, hair type, distribution do not correlate with present taxa.

FREUDENSTEIN, J.V. & F. N. RASMUSSEN. 1996. Progressive specialization and floral evolution in Orchidaceae: evidence from morphological cladistic analysis. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 195 (abstract). - Much homoplasy; subfamilies mainly monophyletic.

FREUDENSTEIN, J.V. & F. N. RASMUSSEN. 1997. Sectile pollinia and relationships in the Orchidaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 205: 125 -146, illus. - 2 types, one for Spiranthoideae, other for Epidendroideae.

FRIEDMAN, W. E. 1996. Introduction to biology and evolution of the Gnetales. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 157, Suppl.: 1- 2, illus.

FRIEDMAN, W. E. & J. S. CARMICHAEL. 1996. Double fertilization in Gnetales: implications for understanding reproductive diversification among seed plants. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 157, Suppl.: 77- 94, illus. - Homologous, derived from common ancestor.

FRIESEN, N. 1996. A taxonomic and chorological revision of the genus Allium l. sect. Schoenoprasum Dumort. Candollea 51: 461- 473, illus. - 9 taxa; key; synonymy, descriptions.

FU, G., Z. GU, R. FENG & S. CHEN. 1996. Pollen morphology in genus Pueraria DC. from China. J. Trop. & Subtrop. Bot. 4 / 2: 25 - 30, illus. (In Chinese, Eng. summ.). - Leguminosae.

FURUKAWA, H. 1997. Geomorphological processes of the coastal wetlands in Indonesian archipelagoes. Tropics 6: 163 -188, illus. (In Japanese, English summ.). - Geomorphological recent history of East coast Sumatra and Borneo.

GARAY, L. A., F. HAMER & E. SIEGERIST. 1996. Inquilina orchidacea II. Lindleyana 11: 224 - 235, illus. - 11 new spp, 1 new comb, 1 new name in e. g. Malesian Bulbophyllum, Cirrhopetalum, Hapalochilus, Paphiopedilum; key to B. grandiflorum
et al. (Orchidaceae).

GASSON, P. 1996. Wood anatomy of the Elaeocarpaceae. Rec. Adv. Wood Anat.: 47-71, illus. - Muntingia excluded.

GENG, B. & Z. WANG (Eds.). 1996. Gramineae (Poaceae) (1) Bambusoideae. Fl. Reipub. Pop. Sin. 9 / 1: 756 pp, illus. (In Chinese). - 36 gen, 619 taxa.

GIES, M. 1995. Untersuchungen zur Taxonomie und Chorologie der Poaceen-Gattung Danthonia in Neuguinea. Courier Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg 186: 45 - 68, illus. (In German, English summ.). - Key, synonymy, diagnoses, anatomy of leaves, roots; Monostachya to be reduced.

GOLDBLATT, P. & M. TAKEI. 1997. Chromosome cytology of Iridaceaee. - Patterns of variation, determination of ancestral base numbers, and modes of karyotype change. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, Suppl.: 285 - 304, illus.

GOLDMAN, D. H., et 5 al. 1996. Circumscription and phylogeny of the tribe Arethiseae as inferred from matK sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 197 (abstract). - Tribes and subtribes polyphyletic (Orchidaceae).

GOMEZ-MARTINEZ, R. & A. CULHAM. 1996. Systematics of the grass genus Axonopus (Panicoideae, Setariinae): evidence from trnL-trnF data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 198 (abstract). - Monophyletic; Paspalum sister.

GONZALEZ, F. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships of the subfamily Aristolochioideae (Aristolochiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 198 (abstract). - Subfamily monophyletic; present infrageneric taxa of Aristolochia not supported (see Kelly, 1996).

GONZALEZ-ELIZONDO, M. S. & P. M. PETERSON. 1997. A classification of and key to the supraspecific taxa in Eleocharis (Cyperaceae). Taxon 46: 433 - 449. - 2 new
series, 1 new comb; key; checklist, index to species.

GOVAERTS, R. 1996. World checklist of seed plants. 2 / 1. 492 pp. - Letter B; great number of new combinations, e. g. by reducing Commicarpus to Boerhavia, Kalanchoe to Bryophyllum, Borreria to Spermacoce; 3 new Bulbophyllum names; how much actual, not bibliographic research is the base for this?

GRAHAM, S.W. & S. C. H. BARRETT. The local position of Pontederiaceae in the monocotyledons and the location of its root. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 199 (abstract). - Commelinaceae & Haemodoraceae sister group.

GREEN, T. 1997. Hoya lauterbachii K. Schumann. Fraterna 10 / 2: 7-10, illus. - Trans-lation of original description; notes (Asclepiadaceae).

GRUBBEN, G. & H. P. ANGGORO. 1996. New Capsicum species found in Indonesia. PROSEA Newsl. 17: 1. - Capsicum pubescens from Latin America cultivated in Java (Solanaceae).

GRUSS, O. 1997. Paphiopedilum haynaldianum (Reichenbach f.) Stein 1892. Orchidee 48, Orchideenkartei 3: 853 - 854, illus. (In German). - Description, cultivation, hy-brids, notes (Orchidaceae).

GRUSS, O. 1997. Paphiopedilum lowii (Lindley) Stein 1892. Orchidee 48, Orchideenkartei 3: 847- 848, illus. (In German). - Habitat, description, notes, cultivation, hybrids (Orchidaceae).

GRUSS, O. & J. ROETH. 1997. Eine neue Varietät von Paphiopedilum lowii (Lindl.) Stein. Orchidee 48: 71-72, illus. (In German). - Reduction of P. lynniae (Orchidaceae).

GULERIA, J. S., M. B. BANDE & N. AWASTHI. 1996. Fossil records and antiquity of some common plants in India. Rheedea 6: 13 - 27, illus. - Artocarpus, Cocos, Emblica, Musa, Pandanus, Sonneratia, Syzygium at least since Cretaceous, Cinnamomum Eocene, Mangifera Oligocene, Dipterocarpus mid-Miocene; see also Kar, 1996.

HALFORD, D. A. 1997. Notes on Tiliaceae in Australia, 3: A revision of Triumfetta L. Austrobaileya 4: 495 - 587, illus. - Revision; 61 spp, several Malesian, 40 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

* HALL, R. & D. J. BLUNDELL (Eds.). 1996. Tectonic evolution of Southeast Asia. Geol. Soc. Sp. Publ. 106: xiii + 566 pp, illus. ISBN 1-897799-52-7. - Collection of papers which can be of great help to understand current and past events that have led to present biogeographic patterns.

HANELT, P.1996. Proposal to conserve the name Allium ampeloprasum against A. porrum (Liliaceae). Taxon 45: 691- 692.

HANSEN, K., S. R. DOWNIE, L. E. GILBERT & R. K. JANSEN. 1996. Phylogenetic implications of the loss of the rpoC1 intron in Passiflora. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 200 (abstract). - x = 6 group monophyletic and derived.

* HANUM, I. F. & L. J. G. VAN DER MAESEN (Eds.). 1997. Auxiliary plants. PROSEA 11, 389 pp, illus. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. ISBN 90-73348-66-8. Hardcover: NLG 215, c. US$ 110; Paperback (in 1999) NLG 140, for developing countries
by end 1997 available from the PROSEA Network Office, Bogor, c. US$ 20. ISBN 979-8316-00-2. - See Reviews.

HAUK, W. D., L. G. LOHMANN & S. S. RENNER. 1996. Indels of the trnL-F intergenic spacer as generic markers in woody tropical lianas (Bignoniaceae tribe Bignonieae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 201 (abstract).

HAY, A., P. C. BOYCE & K. M. WONG. 1997. Alocasia melo. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 14: 82 - 86, t. 315. - New sp from Sabah (Araceae).

HEADS, M. J. 1996. Biogeography, taxonomy and evolution in the Pacific genus Coprosma (Rubiaceae). Candollea 51: 381- 405, illus. - Morphology; Nertera reduced; 2 new sect, 5 informal groups, 14 new comb, 3 new names; relationships, biogeography.

HENG, L. 1996.The ecological phytogeography and origin of the family Araceae. Acta Bot. Yunn. 18: 14 - 42, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.).

HERENDEEN, P. S. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships among caesalpinioid Leguminosae: insights from morphology and anatomy. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 202 (abstract). - As yet insufficient data.

HETTERSCHEID, W. L. A. & C. I. PENG. 1995. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae). 4. Revision of the species of Taiwan. Ann. Rep. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sin., Taipei July 1994 - June 1995: 73. - Abstract; 4 spp.

HEUBL, G. & A. WISTUBA. 1997. A cytological study of the genus Nepenthes L. (Nepenthaceae). Sendtnera 4: 169 -174, illus. - 2n = 80 (x = 5 or 10), very similar to Droseraceae.

HEUSDEN, E. C. H. VAN. 1996. The genus Meiogyne (Annonaceae) in New Caledonia: four new combinations. Adansonia III, 18: 75 - 83.

HEUSDEN, E. C. H. VAN. 1997. Revision of the southeast Asian genus Sageraea (Annonaceae). Nordic J. Bot. 17: 39 - 54, illus. - 9 spp, 2 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; list of collections.

HIDAYAT, R. S. 1996. Penyebaran geografi Sonchus ssp. Bul. Kebun Raya Indon. 8: 115 -122, illus. (In Bahasa Mal.) - Distribution (Compositae).

HILL, K. D. 1996. A taxonomic revision of the genus Cycas (Cycadaceae) in Australia. Telopea 7: 1- 64, illus. - 27 spp, 6 new; some also in New Guinea; all to subsect. Endemicae with 7 series, 5 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

HILLIARD, O. M. & B. L. BURTT. 1997. New names in Epithema (Gesneriaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 111-113.

* HINRICHS, E. 1996. Ananas, die königliche Frucht. 120 pp, illus. Edition Braus, Heidelberg. ISBN 3-89466-179-8. In German. - Coffee table book on the history of the pineapple (Ananas comosus, Bromeliaceae).

HO, T.-N., S.-W. LIU & X.-F. LU. 1996. A phylogenetic analysis of Gentiana (Gentianaceae). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 505 - 530, illus.

HOFF, B. A. 1997. Anacardiaceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 21: 22 -79, illus. (In French).

HOLUB, J. 1996. Five new nomenclatural combinations for taxa from the fifth volume of ÔKvetena CeskŽ republikyÕ. Preslia 68: 285 - 286. - New comb in Sassia, split-off from Oxalis: S. latifola.

HOOGLAND, R. D., J. J. JEREMIE & H. C. F. HOPKINS. 1997. Le genre Cunonia (Cunoniaceae) en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Description de cinq espèces nouvelles. Adansonia III, 19: 3 - 20, illus. (In French, English summ.).

HOOT, S. B., S. MAGALLON-PUEBLA & P. R. CRANE. 1996. Evolutionary relationships of the 'basal' eudicots based on three sequence data sets: qtpB, rbcL, and 18S ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 203 (abstract). - Eudicots monophyletic; Ranunculidae distinct; lower hamamelids paraphyletic; Hamamelidaceae probably not monophyletic. B., S. MAGALLON-PUEBLA & P. R. CRANE. 1996. EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS OF THE 'BASAL' EUDICOTS BASED ON THREE SEQUENCE DATA SETS QTPB, RBCL, AND 18S RIBOSOMAL DNA. AMER. J. BOT. 84, SUPPL. 203 (ABSTRACT). - EUDICOTS MONOPHYLETIC; RANUNCULIDAE DIS

HOPKINS, H. C. F. 1997. A study of drift fruits and seeds in Papua New Guinea. Drifting Seed 3: 36, illus.

HOR, L.Y.-L. 1997. Etude des espèces médicinales de la famille des Apocynaceae du Cambodge et Vietnam. Unpubl. thesis (72 pp), Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (EPHE): copy in P (In French).

HOTTA, M. 1994. Distribution and species diversity in Bornean Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae). In: M. Yasuno & M. M. Watanabe (eds), Biodiversity, its complexity and role: 111-118. Global Environmental Forum, Tokyo. - n.v.

HOWCROFT, N. H. S. 1997. Reproductive biology of Spathoglottis (Orchidaceae). Sc. N. Guinea 21: 159 -175, illus. - Study of 3 New Guinea spp: pollinated by a solitary bee; cleistogamy.

HU, C.-M. & J. E. VIDAL. 1996. Towards a revision of the Myrsinaceae of Indochina. J. Trop. & Subtrop. Bot. 4 / 4: 1-15.

HU, C.-M. & J. E. VIDAL. 1997. Towards a revision of the Myrsinaceae of Indochina (continued). J. Trop. & Subtrop. Bot. 5 / 1: 1-17.

HUANG, L.-Q., B. YANG & C.-X. YUE. 1997. Pollen morphology of Trichosanthes and its taxonomic significance. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 125 -135, illus. - Subgeneric division supported (Cucurbitaceae).

HUANG, S.-F. & T.- C. HUANG. 1996. Notes on the flora of Taiwan (26) - Neptunia gracilis Benth. (Leguminosae). Taiwania 41: 265 - 269, illus.

HUANG, S.-F. & T.- C. HUANG. 1997. Notes on the flora of Taiwan (27) - The genus Argostemma Wall. (Rubiaceae). Taiwania 42: 1-7, illus. - 1 sp, identical with A. solaniflorum from the Philippines.

HUANG, T.- C. 1996. Notes on the flora of Taiwan (25) - The genus Scaevola L. (Good-eniaceae). Taiwania 41: 252 - 258, illus. - 2 spp; key, synonymy, descriptions; pollen depicted, not discussed.

HUFFORD, L. 1996. The morphology and evolution of male reproductive structures of Gnetales. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 157, Suppl.: 95 -112, illus.

HUGHES, C. 1997. Proposal to conserve the name Leucaena (Leguminosae) with a con-served type. Taxon 46: 355 - 356.

HUSSI, K. H., B. A. WAHAB & P.T. CHE. 1996. Comparative leaf anatomical studies of some Mallotus Lour. (Euphorbiaceae) species. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 122: 137-153, illus. - 16 spp; sections little supported.

HUYNH, K.-L. 1996. The genus Freycinetia (Pandanaceae) in New Guinea (part 1). Bot. Jb. 118: 529 - 545, illus. - 5 new spp.

IGERSHEIM, A. & P. K. ENDRESS. 1997. Gynoecium diversity and systematics of the Magnoliales and winteroids. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 124: 213 - 271, illus.

IMKHANITSKAYA, N. N. 1996. Type specimens of Myrsinaceae in the Herbarium of Komarov Botanical Institute (St. Petersburg, LE). Bot. Dzj. 81 / 6: 31- 42 (In Russian, English summ.).

IMKHANITSKAYA, N. N. 1996. Type specimens of Myrsinaceae in the Herbarium of Komarov Botanical Institute (St. Petersburg, LE). Palaeotropical taxa of the genera Badula - Monoporus. Bot. Dzj. 81 / 7: 72 - 82 (In Russian, English summ.).

JAIN, S. K. & V. PRAKASH. 1995. Zingiberaceae in India: phytogeography and endemism. Rheedea 5: 154 -169, ill.

JANSEN, S., E. ROBBRECHT & E. SMETS. 1996. The systematic value of endexine ornamentation in some Psychotrieae pollen (Rubiaceae - Rubioideae). Grana 35: 129 -137, illus. - Importance at generic level.

JEANDROZ, S., A. ROY & J. BOUSQUET. 1997. Phylogeny and phytogeography of
the circumpolar genus Fraxinus (Oleaceae) based on internal transcribed spacer sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA
. Molec. Phylogen. & Evol. 7: 241Ð 251, illus.

JEBB, M. & M. CHEEK. 1997. A skeletal revision of Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae). Blumea 42: 1-106, illus. - 82 spp, 74 Malesian, 7 new, 3 hybrids; regional keys; synonymy, notes; descriptions for new or emended taxa only; indices to collectors, names.

JEFFREY, C. 1997. What is Emilia coccinea (Sims) G. Don (Compositae)? A revision of the large-headed Emilia species of Africa. Kew Bull. 52: 205 - 212. - Correct for the cultivated species; key to 8 spp (1 new); synonymy; description of E. caespitosa, E. coccinea, E. vanmeelii.

JEREMIE, J. J. 1996. Paracryphiaceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 20: 107-111, illus. - Paracryphia, 1 sp.

JEREMIE, J. J. 1997. Deux nouvelles espèces de Sphenostemon (Sphenostemonaceae) de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Adansonia III, 18: 219 - 224, illus. (In French, English summ.).

JEREMIE, J. J. 1997. Sphenostemonaceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 21: 3-21, illus. (In French).

JHIANG, M.Y., H. M. SUNG, H. LONG & S. M. CHAW. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of Taxales and uniovulate Coniferales based on 188 rRNA sequences. Ann. Rep. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sin., Taipei July 1994 - June 1995: 62. - Abstract; uni-ovulate cone derived from a multi-ovulate one.

*JOHNS, R. J. 1997. Background papers for the study of the flora and vegetation of the N. E. Kepala Burung (Vogelkop): 111 pp. - History of botanical exploration, floristics and general notes, ecology and vegetation, physical environment (geography, climate, physiography, geology), conservation, bibliography.

*JOHNS, R. J., P. J. EDWARDS & D. KOWALSKA. 1997. A checklist of the fern allies, ferns and gymnosperms of the N. E. Kepala Burung (Vogelkop), Irian Jaya, Indonesia: 91 pp. - Notes on distribution, habitat, uses, basic literature, typification, specimens.

JONES, D. L. 1997. A taxonomic revision of Cheirostylis (Orchidaceae) in Australia. Muelleria 10: 75 - 83, illus. - 2 spp, 1 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

JONSELL, B. 1997. Cruciferae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 21: 81-117, illus. (In French).

JONSON L. A., J. L. SCHULTZ, D. E. SOLTIS & P. M. SOLTIS. 1996. Monophyly and generic relationships of Polemoniaceae based on matK sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1207-1224, illus. - Monophyletic.

JUSWARA, L. S. & A. RETNOWATI. 1996. A revision of Dimeria R. Br. in Malesia (Poaceae). In: D. Darnaedi (Ed.), The Fifth Regional Training Course É : 28 - 41, illus. - 4 taxa, 1 new (invalidly published); key; descriptions, notes.

KALIMA, T. 1996. Description and key to the identification of some red Shorea species at Sintang forest area, West Kalimantan. Bul. Pen. Hutan 582: 25 - 48, illus. (In Bahasa, English summ.). - Account of 8 spp.

KAMELINA, O. P. & P. H. RAVEN. 1997. Embryological features of the Lowiaceae family. Bot. Dzj. 82 / 3: 1- 6, illus. (In Russian, English summ.). - Place in Zingiberales supported.

KAMPNY, C. M. & N. G. DENGLER. 1997. Evolution of flower shape in Veroniceae (Scrophulariaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 205: 1- 25, illus.

KANATZ, K. E. & S. C. TUCKER. 1996. A phylogenetic analysis of the Caesalpinieae (Leguminosae) using floral development and traditional morphological characters. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 206 (abstract). - Monophyly not supported.

KAR, R. K. 1994. On the Indian origin of Ocimum (Lamiaceae): a palynological approach. Palaeobot. 43: 43 - 50, illus. - Early Eocene.

KAR, R. K. 1996. Antiquity of some angiosperms in India based on palynological investigation. Rheedea 6: 81- 91, illus. - Barringtonia, Ocimum (early Eocene), Dipterocarpus (mid-Miocene).

KAESS, E. & M. WINK. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships in the Papilionoidae (family Leguminosae) based on nucleotide sequences of cpDNA (rbcL) and ncDNA (ITS 1 and 2). Molec. Phylogen. & Evol. 8: 65 - 88, illus.

* KEAST, A. & S. E. MILLER. 1996. Origin & Evolution of Pacific Islands biotas, New Guinea to eastern Polynesia: patterns and processes. viii + 531 pp, illus. SPB Academic Publishing BV. ISBN 90-5103-136-X. - See Reviews.

* KELLER, R. 1996. Identification of tropical woody plants in the absence of flowers and fruits; a field guide. xii + 229 pp, illus. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Boston, Berlin. ISBN 3-7643-5184-5, 0-8176-5184-5. - Translation of the French (1994) version, see Fl. Males. Bull. 11 (1994) 326, and review in Blumea 42 (1997) 255 -256.

KELLOGG, E. A. & N. D. JULIANO. 1997. The structure and function of RuBisCO and their implications for systematic studies. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 413 - 418, illus.

KELLY, L. M. 1996. Floral morphology, homology, and phylogenetic relationships in Aristolochiaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 207 (abstract). - Pararistolochia et al. to be reduced to Aristolochia for monophyly (See also Gonzalez, 1996).

KESSLER, P. J. A. 1995. Subdivisions and relationships of the Asiatic - Australian genera of Annonaceae. Rheedea 5: 97-102.

KHAN, H. A. 1996. Palynological study of some Indian Nymphaeaceae with reference to Silent Valley, Kerala (India). J. Palynol. 31: 151-160, illus. - Dating from Upper Cretaceous in India.

KIDD, S. B. 1997. A note on Piper aduncum in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. Sc. N. Guinea 22: 121-123. - Wide-spread, locally forming 100% stands inhibiting regrowth by other species; used for drainage, erosion control, Þrewood, but also considered as noxious (Piperaceae).

KIEHN, M. 1996. Chromosomes of Rubiaceae occurring in Malesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, and the Pacific. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 249 - 260, illus.

KIM, Y.-D., D. J. CRAWFORD & R. K. JANSEN. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships among the genera of the subtribe Sonchinae (Asteraceae): evidence from ITS sequences. Syst. Bot. 21: 417- 432, illus. - Subtribe paraphyletic

KIM, Y.-D. & R. K. JANSEN. 1997. Phylogenetic implications of rbcL and ITS sequence variation in the Berberidaceae. Syst. Bot. 21: 381- 396, illus.

KIRCHOFF, B. K. 1997. Inflorescence and flower development in the Hedychieae (Zingiberaceae): Hedychium. Canad. J. Bot. 75: 581- 594, illus.

KIRPES, C. C., L. G. CLARK & N. R. LERSTEN. 1996. Systematic significance of pollen arrangement in microsporangia of Poaceae and Cyperaceae: review and observations on representative taxa. Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1609 -1622, illus. - Also of Flagellariaceae, Restionaceae.

KLINRATANA, P. & M. C. POSA. 1996. A revision of the genera Vernicia and Reutealis (Euphorbiaceae). In: D. Darnaedi (Ed.), The Fifth Regional Training Course … : 74 - 87, illus. - Reutealis (1 sp) and Vernicia (2) distinct from Aleurites; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

KLOPPENBURG, D. 1996. Corrections to article 'New Hoya variety' 2nd Quart. 1996 Fraterna. New combinations (revised). Fraterna 3d Quart. 1996: 10. - Two varietal names of Hoya verticillata (Asclepiadaceae) still invalid here (see Veldkamp & Hansen, 1996)

KLOPPENBURG, D. 1996. A primer of the central Hoya parts. Fraterna 3d Quart. 1996: 11-13, illus. - Asclepiadaceae.

KLUCKING, E. P. 1995. Leaf venation patterns. Volume 7. The classification of leaf venation patterns. 96 pp, illus. J. Cramer, Berlin, Stuttgart. ISBN 3-443-50018-8 Hardcover. DM 270. - Final volume of the series; see review Blumea 42 (1997) 258 - 259.

KOCHERT, G., et al. 1996. RFLP and cytogenetic evidence on the origin and evolution of allotetraploid domesticated Peanut, Arachis hypogea (Leguminosae). Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1282 -1291, illus. - Single origin from Arachis duranensis x A. ipaensis.

KOEK-NOORMAN, J., A. K. VAN SETTEN & C. M. VAN ZUILEN. 1997. Studies in Annonaceae. XXVI. Flower and fruit morphology in Annonaceae. Their contribution to patterns in cluster analysis. Bot. Jb. 119: 213 - 230, illus.

KOK, R. P. J. DE & S. ATKINS. 1997. The genus Archboldia E. Beer & H. J. Lam is put into synonymy of Clerodendrum L. (Labiatae). Kew Bull. 52: 503 - 504. - Galled flowers; note placement of genus!

KORES, P. J., K. M. CAMERON, M. MOLVRAY & M.W. CHASE. 1997. The phylogenetic relationships of Orchidoideae and Spiranthoideae (Orchidaceae) as inferred from rbcL plastid sequences. Lindleyana 12: 1-11, illus. - Spiranthoideae polyphyletic, most belong to Orchidoideae; within latter two groups: anthers basitonic versus acrotonic.

KORES, P. J., M. MOLVRAY & M.W. CHASE. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships within the subfamily Orchidoideae as inferred from matK sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 204 (abstract)

KOYAMA, H. 1996. Re-recognition of Rhynchospora wallichiana (Cyperaceae) and its allies in Thailand. Bull. Nat. Sc. Mus., Tokyo B, 22: 87- 92, illus. - Distinct from R. rubra; key; synonymy; specimens under taxa.

KRON, K.A. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of Rhododendroideae (Ericaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84: 973 - 980, illus. - Paraphyletic; Rhododendron possibly, too.

KRON, K. A. & S. L. JOHNSON. 1996. Phylogenetic analysis of the monotropoids and pyroloids (Ericaceae) using nrITS and 18S sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 205 - 206 (abstract). - Monotropoids paraphyletic, loss of chlorophyll occurred at least twice in Ericaceae.

KRON, K. A. & W. S. JUDD. 1996. 'Andromedeae' are paraphyletic based on morphological, rbcL, and matK data (Ericaceae, subfam. Vaccinioideae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 205 (abstract). - Gaultheria paraphyletic with Pernettya nested in it.

KRUIJT, R. Ch. 1996. A taxonomic monograph of Sapium Jacq., Anomostachys (Baill.) Hurus., Duvigneaudia J. Léonard and Sclerocroton Hochst. (Euphorbiaceae tribe Hippomaneae). Bibl. Bot. 146: v + 109 pp, illus. - Sapium (21 sp) restricted to New World; history; Anomostachys (1 sp, new comb), Duvigneaudia (with G. J. Roebers: 2 spp, 1 new comb), Sclerocroton (with GJR: 6 spp, 5 new comb), Shirakia (8, 5 new comb; preliminary revision); keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa and at end; see review in Blumea 42 (1997) 256 - 257.

KUMAR, K. & A. R. P. SINHA. 1994.Rediscovery of two rare endangered and endem-
ic taxa from Andaman Islands.
J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 91: 340 - 341. - Aglaia, Uvaria.

KUMAR, K.& A. R. P. SINHA. 1994.Two new records of Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae) for Bay Island. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 91: 341- 342.

KUNZE, H. 1996. Morphology of the stamen in the Asclepiadaceae and its systematic relevance. Bot. Jb. 118: 547- 579, illus.

KUNZE, H. 1997. Corona and nectar system in Asclepiadinae (Asclepiadaceae). Flora 192: 175 -183, illus. - A functional study.

LAMAN, T. G. 1996. Specialization for canopy position by hemiepiphytic Ficus species in a Bornean rain forest. J. Trop. Ecol. 12: 789 - 803, illus. - Species show preference.

LAKSHMINARASIMHAN, P. & L. N. RAY. 1992 ('1991'). The occurrence of Phalaenopsis cornucervi (Orchidaceae) in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 88: 469 - 470.

LAKSHMINARASIMHAN, P. & L. N. RAY. 1996. Check list of plants of Interview Island (North Andamans). J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 361- 374, illus. - 150 taxa; brief account of island.

LARKUM, A.W. D. 1995. Halophila capricorni (Hydrocharitaceae): a new species of seagrass from the Coral Sea. Aq. Bot. 51: 319 - 328, illus. - Perhaps also in the Philippines

LARSEN, K. 1980. Annotated key to the genera of Zingiberaceae of Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 28: 151-169. - Incl. those of N Malaysia; with brief notes on the 29 genera.

LARSEN, K. 1995. Thysanotus chinensis (Antheridaceae?) in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 23: 40 - 42, illus. - Descriptions of genus, sp; synonymy.

LARSEN, K. 1996. A preliminary checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Thailand. Thai For. Bull. 24: 35 - 49.

LARSEN, K. & S. S. LARSEN. 1995. Additions to the Leguminosae of Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 23: 43 - 49, illus. - New record of Indigofera caudata; emended key to Bauhinia; B. aureifolia, B. ferruginea: synonymy, descriptions.

LAW, Y.-W. 1996. Magnoliaceae, Menispermaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 30: 1- 300, illus. (In Chinese).

LAZARIDES, M. 1997. A revision of Eragrostis (Eragrostideae, Eleusininae, Poaceae) in Australia. Austr. Syst. Bot. 10: 77-187, illus. - 69 spp, 17 new; infrageneric delimitation; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

LES, D. H., D. J. CRAWFORD, E. LANDOLT, R. AAKJAR & E. TEPE. 1996. Systematics of Lemnaceae revisited. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 211 (abstract). - 4 monophyletic genera supported.

LES, D. H., E. LANDOLT & D. J. CRAWFORD. 1997. Systematics of Lemnaceae (duckweeds): inferences from micromolecular and morphological data. Pl. Syst. & Evol. 204: 161-177, illus. - All 4 genera monophyletic.

LES, D. H., E. L. SCHNEIDER & D. J. PADGETT. 1996. Phylogeny of the Nymphales: on the verge of a synthesis. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 210 (abstract).

LEVELINK, J., A. MAWDSLEY & T. RIJNBERG. 1996. Vier wandelroutes Botanische Tuin Bogor. English version (not seen): Four guided walks Bogor Botanic Garden. - Published by PT. Bogorindo Botanicus. ISBN 979-95078-1-2 for the Dutch one. See Fl. Males. Bull. 12 / 1 (1997) 15.

LEWIS, C. E., C. B. ASMUSSEN & J. J. DOYLE. 1996. Phylogenetics of the palm subtribe Oncospermatinae (Palmae: Arecoideae: Areceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 211- 212 (abstract). - Paraphyletic.

LI, B. & Z. LI. 1997. Epidermal feature and venation of the leaves of Chinese Miliusa and Saccopetalum (Annonaceae) in relation to taxonomy. J. S. China Agric. Univ. 18: 41- 44 (In Chinese, English summ.). - Genera distinct; key to Chinese spp.

LI, J., A. L. BOGLE & A. S. KLEIN. 1996. A phylogenetic analysis of the Hamamelidaceae using DNA sequences of nuclear ribosomal ITS and chloroplast maT. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 212, 251 (abstracts). - Altingiaceae supported, sister to H.; Exbucklandioideae polyphyletic; Hamamelioideae with 3 lineages.

LI, J.- Q. 1996. On the phylogeny of the Fagaceae. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 597- 609, illus.(In Chinese, English summ.). - Monophyletic, 6 genera

LI, J.- Q. 1996. The origin and distribution of the family Fagaceae. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 376 - 396, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.). - Nothofagus excluded.

LI, N., L.-G. FU & Z.-D. ZHU. 1996. Studies on systematics of the family Pinaceae (I). Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16: 32 - 45, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.). -
3 subfam; phylogeny.

LI, Z.-Y. 1996. The geographical distribution of the subfamily Cyrtandroideae Endl. emend. Burtt. (Gesneriaceae). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 341- 360, illus. (In Chinese, English summ).

LI, Z.-Y. & C.-F. HSIEH. 1996. New materials of the genus Myriophyllum L. (Haloragaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 41: 322 - 328, illus. - 4 spp; key; synonymy, descrip-tion.

LIANG, H. & K.W. HILU. 1996. Phylogenetic reconstruction of the grass family (Poaceae) using the matK gene sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 212 (abstract).

LIANG, Y. X., Z. M. WU & B.T. LI. 1996. A preliminary study on taxonomy of Clusiaceae in South China. J. S. China Agric. Univ. 17 / 3: 52 - 58, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.). - 4 genera, 16 spp (1 new); keys.

LIEDE, S. 1996. Fruits and seeds of Asclepiadoideae (Apocynaceae): are they systematically irrelevant? Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 213 (abstract). - Certainly not!

LIEDE, S. 1996. Sarcostemma (Asclepiadaceae) - a controversial generic circumscription reconsidered: morphological evidence. Syst. Bot. 21: 31- 44, illus. - Split up over several genera to attain monophyly; 4 new comb.

LIEDE, S. 1997. Subtribes and genera of the tribe Asclepiadeae (Apocynaceae, Asclepioideae) - a synopsis. Taxon 46: 233 - 247. - Gonolobeae reduced to new subtribe; accepted names, synonyms, index.

LING, Y.-R. 1996. The phylogeny of Lauraceae, Melastomataceae and Compositae, and the tropical relationship of the floristic geography for 3 families in Guangdong and Hainan. Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 16: 250 - 272, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.). - Spermatophyta, Gymnospermae, Angiospermae, Monocotyledones, Dicotyledones all polyphyletic.

LIRA, R., J. CABALLERO & P. DÁVILA. 1997. A contribution to the generic delimitation of Sechium (Cucurbitaceae, Sicynae). Taxon 46: 269 - 282, illus. - Quite distinct, 11 spp; sectional division not supported.

LOC, P. K. 1996. Callerya (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae - Millettieae) in the flora of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. Bot. Dzj. 81 / 10: 95 -103. - 9 spp, 3 new comb; keys; synonymy, notes.

LORD, J., et 6 al. 1997. Larger seeds in tropical floras: consistent patterns independent of growth form and dispersal mode. J. Biogeogr. 24: 205 - 211, illus. - Possibly due to higher metabolic costs of seedling production

* LOURENCO, W. R. (Ed.). 1996. Biogéographie de Madagascar. x + 588 pp, illus. ORSTOM. ISSN 0767-2896, ISBN 2-7099-1324-0. - Proceedings of an International Symposium on the biogeography of Madagascar, September 1995; general botanical papers by H. Straka (vegetation history), D. Burney (climate and Þre),
J.-F. Leroy (biogeography), G. E. Schatz (phytogeographic connections with Malesia), C. Rajeriarison (bibliography), many others dealing with Malagasy taxa, and many zoological ones; most in French.

LOWRIE, A. 1996. New species in Drosera section Lasiocephala (Droseraceae) from tropical northern Australia. Nuytsia 11: 55 - 69, illus. - Key to section (1 sp New Guinea).

LOWRY, P. P. 1997. Diversity, endemism, and extinction in the flora of New Caledonia. - http://cissus.mobot.org/mobot/research/newcaledonia/

LOWRY, T. K., C. QUINN, R. TAYLOR & J. DE NARDI. 1996. Intergeneric relationships of Tetramolopium (Asteraceae) and Australian Astereae based on morphology, anatomy and ITS sequences of nrDNA. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 214 (abstract). - New Guinea spp nest in Vittadinia.

LU, L.-T. 1996. The evolution and distribution of subfam. Spiraeoideae (Rosaceae) of China, with special reference to distribution of the subfamily in the world. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 361- 375, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.).

LUCKOW, M. 1996. Generic relationships in the Dichristachys group (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae): evidence from chloroplast DNA restriction sites and morphology. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 214 (abstract). - Position Neptunia uncertain.

LUCKOW, M.& J. GRIMES. 1997. A survey of anther glands in the mimosoid legume tribes Parkieae and Mimoseae. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 285 - 297, illus. - Four types (Leguminosae).

LUGHADHA, E. N. & C. PROENCA. 1996. A survey of the reproductive biology of the Myrtoideae (Myrtaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 83: 480 - 503, illus.

* MABBERLEY, D. J. 1996. The plant-book, ed. 2. xiv + 858 pp. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-41421-0. Price c. £ 35. - (Actually 4th edition!, see p. xiv) Much updated with 2500 new entries (and 152 extra pp), and a change of system (Kubitzki's modification of Cronquist). An essential manual to have within armÕs reach!

MABBERLEY, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167-172. - 3 spp, 4 hybrid groups.

MACDADE, L. A. & M. L. MOODY. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships among Acanthaceae: evidence from nuclear and chloroplast genomes. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 214 (abstract). - Mendoncioideae, Thunbergioideae sister group to Acanthaceae s. s.

* MACKINNON, K., G. HATTA, H. HALIM & A. MANGALIK. 1996. The ecology of Kalimantan. The ecology of Indonesia series 3: xxiv + 802 pp, illus. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. ISBN 0-945971-73-7. UK £ 50. - See Reviews

* MADULID, D. A. 1995. A pictorial cyclopedia of Philippine ornamental plants. xi + 388 pp, illus. Book Mark Inc., Manila. ISBN 971-569-143-9. - Very nicely executed with brief descriptions, vernacular names, and origin.

MANEN, J.-F. & A. NATALI. 1996. The chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer in Rubiaceae. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 51- 57, illus. - Hamelieae excluded from Rubioideae; Ophiorrhiza sister group of Rubioideae.

MANOS, P. S. 1996. Phylogenetic studies of Quercus based on chloroplast DNA restriction sites and ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 215 (abstract). - 8 clades

* MARSDEN, J. Gazetteer of place names in the N. E. Kepala Burung (Vogelkop), Irian Jaya, Indonesia. - (n.v.).

MARTINEZ, S., S. BOTTA & M. E. MULGURA. 1996. Morfología de las inflorescencias en Verbenaceae -Verbenoideae. I: Tribu Verbeneae. Darwiniana 34: 1Ð17, illus. (In Spanish, English summ.).

MARTYNYUK, O. O. 1997. Comparative pollen morphology of the genera Achyranthes L. and Cyathula Blume (Amaranthaceae). Ukrain. Bot. J. 53: 682 - 687, illus. (In Ukrainian, Russian, English summ.). - No clear differences.

MASCHWITZ, U., B. FIALA, S. J. DAVIES & K. E. LINSENMAIR. 1996. A south-east Asian myrmecophyte with two alternative inhabitants: Camponotus or Crematogaster as partners of Macaranga lamellata. Ecotropica 2: 29 - 40, illus. - Euphorbiaceae.

MATHEW, S. P. & S. ABRAHAM. 1994. A note on the rediscovery of Jasminum andamanicum Balakr. and N. G. Nair. - An endangered endemic species. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 91: 162 -163.

MATHEW, S. P. & S. ABRAHAM. 1996. Thrixspermum merguense (Hook.f .) Kze. (Orchidaceae). A new record for the Andaman Islands and Indian flora. Mal. Nat. J. 50: 89 - 91, illus.

MATHEWS, S., R. C. TSAI & E. A. KELLOGG. 1996. The advantage of sampling single phytochrome loci versus multiple loci for inference of phylogeny: an example from the grasses. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 216 (abstract). - Based on phytochrome locus PHYB; supports analyses of multiple loci; Gramineae.

MATSUKA, H. 1996. Foodplant for Birdwing butterfly. Aristolochiae: 31 pp, illus. - Illustrations and colour photographs of many species Aristolochia and Tottea and enumeration of caterpillars feeding on them; apparently part of a series, this number 1996 -10.

MATURBONGS, R. A. & H. RUSTIAMI. 1996. Morphological similarities on four species of Daemorops section Piptospatha in Sumatra and Borneo. In: D. Darnaedi (Ed.), The Fifth Regional Training Course … : 107-115, illus. - 4 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes

MEIJER, W. 1996.Rafflesia gadutensis, eine in Sumatra endemische Art der tropisch-subtropischen Parasitenfamilie Rafflesiaceae. Palmengarten 60 / 2: 38 - 41, illus. (In German, English summ.).

MEIJER, W. & S. ELLIOTT. 1990. Taxonomy, ecology and conservation of Rafflesia kerrii Meijer in southern Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 38: 117-133, illus.

MEKANAWAKUL, M. 1996. Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult. (Amaranthaceae) a new record to Thailand.Thai For. Bull. 24: 62 - 64, illus.

MENDUM, M. & P. J. B. WOODS. 1997. Aeschynanthus flavidus (Gesneriaceae), a new species from Sarawak. Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 254 - 257, illus.

MERZOUKI, A., M. C. PORCEL & J. M. MESA. 1996. Etude morphologique des akene de quelques 'espèces' du genre Cannabis: approche taxonomique. Arch. Geobot. 2: 65 -72, illus. (In French, English summ.). - Cannabis monotypic; so-called species cultigens.

MESZAROS, S., J. DE LAET & E. SMETS. 1996. Phylogeny of temperate Gentianaceae: a morphological approach. Syst. Bot. 21: 153 -168, illus.

MIDDLETON, D. J. 1996. A revision of Aganosma (Blume) G. Don (Apocynaceae). Kew Bull. 51: 455 - 482, illus. - 9 taxa; key; synonymy, descriptions.

MIDDLETON, D. J. 1997. Proposal to reject the name Apocynum vincifolium so as to maintain Parsonsia alboflavescens (Apocynaceae). Taxon 46: 121-122.

MIDDLETON, D. J. 1997. A revision of Parsonsia R. Br. (Apocynaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 42: 191- 248, illus. - 33 taxa, 15 new, 3 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collectors, names.

MILLAR, A. J. & J. WEN. 1996. The taxonomic history of the sumac genus (Rhus, Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 217 (abstract).

MIN, A. A. & S.T. TAN. 1996. Genetic polymorphisms and relationships among Asian slipper orchids of the genus Paphiopedilum. J. Biosc. 7: 177-187, illus. - 11 spp analyzed with RAPD; present taxonomy supported (Orchidaceae).

MING, T.-L. & W.-J. ZHANG. 1996. The evolution and distribution of the genus Camellia. Acta Bot. Yunn. 18: 1-13, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.). - 2 subg, 14 sect, 125 spp (Theaceae).

MOHAMAD, A. 1995. Bamboo in Malaysia: conservation status, biodiversity base and its strategic programme. FRIM Rep. 67: 1- 6, illus. - Gramineae.

MOHAMAD, A. 1995. Rattan in Malaysia: conservation status, biodiversity base and its strategic programme. FRIM Rep. 67: 7-11, illus. - Palmae.

MOHANRAJ, P., T.V. R. S. SHARMA, M. K.V. RAO & K.V. KUMARI. 1994. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae) from Neil Island - A new adventive to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 91: 161-162

MOLVRAY, M., P. J. KORES & M.W. CHASE. 1996. Phylogeny of Korthalsella (Viscaceae) based on nuclear ITS and chloroplast trnL sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 217 (abstract).

MOLVRAY, M., P. J. KORES & M.W. CHASE. 1996. Phylogeny of and character evolution of Gastrodieae (Orchidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 217Ð 218 (abstract). - Polyphyletic.

* MONK, K. A., Y. DE FRETES & G. REKSODIHARJO-LILLEY. 1997. The Ecology of Nusa Tenggara and Maluku. The ecology of Indonesia Series 5: 966 pp, illus. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. ISBN 962-593-076-0. - (n.v.).

MORTON, C. M., M.W. CHASE, K. A. KRON & S. M. SWENSEN. 1996. A molecular evaluation of the monophyly of the order Ebenales based upon rbcL sequence data. Syst. Bot. 21: 567- 586. illus. - Order fragmented: Sapotaceae sister to Symplocaceae, Ebenaceae to Primulales, Styracaceae polyphyletic: partly with Diapensiaceae to Polemoniaceae; etc.

MORTON, C. M., S. A. MORI, G.T. PRANCE, K. G. KAROL & M.W. CHASE. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of Lecythidaceae: a cladistic analysis using rbcL sequence and morphological data. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 530 - 540, illus. - Family paraphyletic; relationships to Sapotaceae suggested.

MOSYAKIN, S. L. & S. E. CLEMANTS. 1997. New infrageneric taxa and combinations in Chenopodium L. (Chenopodiaceae). Novon 6: 398 - 403.

MUELLER, I. H. 1996. Celastraceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 20: 3 -74, illus. - 7 gen, 20 spp; 6 new taxa, 4 comb.

MUELLER-DOBLIES, D. & U. MUELLER-DOBLIES. 1996.Tribes and subtribes and some species combinations in Amaryllidaceae J. St.-Hil. emend. R. Dahlgren & al. 1985. Feddes Repert. 10 7 /5 - 6: Short comm. 1- 9. - Why this strange pagination is used is a mystery; the paper follows after p. 556.

MUNIR, A. A. 1996. A taxonomic review of Lantana camara L. and L. montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 17: 1- 27, illus. - Affinities; key; synonymy; descriptions.

MURTHY, G.V. S. 1996. Pollen morphology of Barringtoniaceae. J. Palynol. 32: 79 -83, illus. - 1 type, compared to Lecythidaceae s. s.

MURTHY, G.V. S. 1996. Pollen morphology of Leea Van Royen ex L. from India. J. Palynol. 31: 129 -136, illus. - Ridsdale's revision supported.

MURTHY, G.V. S. 1996. Pollen studies of Indian Dilleniaceae. J. Palynol. 32: 105 -111, illus. - Two subfam supported.

MURTHY, G.V. S. & B. BAHADUR. 1996. Pollen morphology of Caprifoliaceae (s. l.) from India. J. Palynol. 31: 79 -128, illus. - Sambucaceae supported; keys.

MURTHY, H. N. 1996. Cytogenetics of Guizotia species and origin of Niger, a review. Proc. Ind. Nat. Acad. Sc. B 62: 221- 226. - Compositae

NATALI, A., J.- F. MANEN, M. KLEIN & F. EHRENDORFER. 1996. Tribal, generic and specific relationships in the Rubioideae - Rubieae (Rubiaceae) based on sequence data of a cpDNA intergene region. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 193 - 203, illus. - Rubieae monophyletic; Galium polyphyletic.

NEPOKROEFF, M., B. BREMER & K. J. SYTSMA. 1996. Reorganization of the genus Psychotria (Rubiaceae) inferred from ITS and rbcL sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 219 (abstract). - Paraphyletic; to be reduced to subg Psychotria, Tetramerae and some Hydnophytinae.

NEWMAN, M. F. 1997.Elettariopsis unifolia (Gagnep.) M. F. Newman, comb. nov. (Zingiberaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 110 -111. - Amomum and Elettariopsis distinct by polythetic sets of characters, only.

NEWMAN, S.W. H. & B. K. KIRCHOFF. 1992. Ovary structure in the Costaceae (Zingiberales). Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 153: 471- 487, illus.

NEYLAND, R. & L. E. URBATSCH. 1996. Phylogeny of subfamily Epidendroideae (Orchidaceae) inferred from ndhF chloroplast gene sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1195 -1206, illus. - Monophyletic, Listera sister group.

NG, F. S. P. 1991. Manual of forest fruits, seeds and seedlings CD-ROM-version: CIFOR No. 1 (1996). Address: POB 6596, JKPWB, Jakarta 10065.

NGUYEN, Q. D. & R. C. C. KONG. 1996. A revision of the Malesian Manihot Mill. (Euphorbiaceae). IIn: D. Darnaedi (Ed.), The Fifth Regional Training Course … : 56 - 63, illus. - 2 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

NGUYEN, T. H. & J. E. VIDAL. 1996. Gymnospermae. Fl. Camb., Laos & Vietnam 28: 1-166, illus. - 8 fam, 21 gen, 51 spp.

NICHOLAS, A. & P. I. FORSTER. 1996. Gomphocarpus cancellatus. Fl. Austr. 28: 319. - The combination is attributed to Bruyns (1995) on p. 216 and 329 with a different basionym citation (Asclepiadaceae).

NOLTIE, H. J. 1997. Proposal to conserve the name Carex filicina against Cyperus caricinus (Cyperaceae). Taxon 46: 551- 552.

* NUDDS, J. R. & C.W. PETTITT. 1997. The value and valuation of natural science collections. Proceedings of the International Conference, Manchester, 1995. xii + 276 pp. Geological Society, London. ISBN 1-897799-76-4. - A good compilation of papers to fall back on when you have to defend your institute when another Þnancial / personal cut-down is threatened; general discussion at end is educational and amusing.

OGANESOVA, G. G. 1997. The seeds structure of some Iridaceae in connection with their systematics, geography and phylogeny. II. Subfamily Ixioideae. Bot. Dzj. 82: 7- 22, illus. (In Russian, English summ.).

OKADA, H. 1996. New genus and new species of the Annonaceae from the Malesian wet tropics. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 47: 1- 9, illus. - Alphonsea (1), Cleistopetalum (gen + 2 sp nov), Haplostichanthus (1), Oncodostigma (1)

OKADA, H., S. KUBO & Y. MORI. 1996. Pollination system of Neuwiedia veratrifolia Blume (Orchidaceae, Apostasioideae) in the Malesian wet tropics. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 47: 173 -181, illus. - Mostly selfing, outbreeding through two spp of stingless bees.

OMLOR, R. 1996. Notes on Marsdenieae (Asclepiadaceae) - a new, unusual species of Hoya from Northern Borneo. Novon 6: 288 - 294, illus.

ORCHARD, A. E. (Ed.) 1996. Gentianales. Fl. Austr. 28: xiii, 1- 335, illus.

OSKOLSKI, A. A. 1996. A survey of the wood anatomy of the Araliaceae. Rec. Adv. Wood Anat.: 99 -119, illus. - 12 groups, not consistent with present classification.

PANDA, S. & A. P. DAS. 1992 ('1991'). Distribution of Glochidion hirsutum (Roxb.) Voigt in India. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 88: 468 - 469, illus. - Compared to G. zey-lanicum; description (Euphorbiaceae).

PASCARELLA, J. B. 1997. Breeding systems of Ardisia Sw. (Myrsinaceae). Brittonia 49: 45 - 53, illus. - 5 spp of 3 subg studied.

PATEL, A. 1996. Strangler fig-host associations in roadside and deciduous forest sites, South India. J. Biogeogr. 23: 409 - 414, illus. - Valid for Malesia as well? (Moraceae).

PATON, A. 1997. Classification and species of Platostoma and its relationship with Haumaniastrum (Labiatae). Kew Bull. 52: 257- 292, illus. - Reduction of e. g. Acrocephalus, Ceratanthus, Mesona, Nosema to Platostoma as sections; key; many new comb.

PATON, A. & E. PUTIEVSKY. 1996. Taxonomic problems and cytotaxonomic relationships between and within varieties of Ocimum basilicum and related species (Labiatae). Kew Bull. 51: 509 - 524, illus.

PEDERSEN, H. Æ. 1997. The genus Dendrochilum (Orchidaceae) in the Philippines - a taxonomic revision Op. Bot. 131: 205 pp, illus. - 89 spp; morphology, some anatomy, cytology, chemistry, reproductive biology; biogeographic analysis; map of the Philippines with alphabetical index to subdivisions; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes. (See also Cootes & Banks, 1997, note the colour differences in identical pictures! Some upside down here!)

PENG, C. I., H. TOBE & M. TAKAHASHI. 1995. Reproductive morphology and relationships of Triplostegia (Dipsacales). Ann. Rep. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sin., Taipei July 1994 - June 1995: 73. - Abstract; Triplostegia sister group to Dipsacaceae and Morina; Triplostegiaceae supported.

PERSSON, C. 1996 Phylogeny of the Gardenieae (Rubiaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 121: 91-109, illus.

PHENGKLAI, C. 1995. Studies in Thai flora. Sterculiaceae in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 23: 62 -108. - Keys to genera and spp; generic diagnoses; new comb in Helicteres (1), Pterospermum (1), Sterculia (2); indices to names, collectors

PIPOLY III, J. J. 1996. Contributions towards a new flora of the Philippines: I. A synopsis of the genus Myrsine (Myrsinaceae). Sida 17: 115 -162, illus. - Reduction
of Rapanea; 14 spp, 7 new records, 10 comb nov, 2 nom nov.; key; synonymy, descriptions; list of collections.

PLUNKETT, G. M., D. E. SOLTIS & P. S. SOLTIS. 1997. Clarification of the relationship between Apiaceae and Araliaceae based on matK en rbcL sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 565 - 580, illus. - Indications that there are two well-defined families derived from pro-araliads that may have some extant taxa.

PLUNKETT, G. M., D. E. SOLTIS & P. S. SOLTIS. 1996. Evolutionary patterns in Apiaceae: inferences based on matK sequence data. Syst. Bot. 21: 477- 495, illus. - Support for tribal system of Drude, but not his subfamilies; carpology prone to paral-lel evolution.

POOMA, R. & P. M. NGUYEN. 1996. The genus Luffa P. Miller (Cucurbitaceae) in Malesia. In: D. Darnaedi (Ed.), The Fifth Regional Training Course … : 101-106. - 3 taxa; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

PORTER, J. M. 1997. Phylogeny of Polemoniaceae based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer DNA sequences. Aliso 15: 57-77, illus.

POSER, G. L. VON, M. E. TOFFOLI, M. SOBRAL & A.T. HENRIQUES. 1997. Iridoid glucosides substitution patterns in Verbenaceae and their taxonomic implication. Pl. Syst. Evol. 205: 265 - 287, illus. - Sound distinction between Verbenoideae and the rest which is more related to Labiatae.

POWELL, J. M., D. A. MORRISON, P. A. GADEK, D. M. CRAYN & C. J. QUINN. 1997. Relationships and generic concepts within Styphelieae (Epacridaceae). Austr. Syst. Bot. 10: 15 - 29, illus. - Mainly on Australian taxa, some Malesian.

PRADEEP, A. K. 1995. Eleutherine bulbosa (Miller) Urban (Iridaceae -Tigridieae): a little understood exotic in India. Rheedea 5: 180 -183, illus. - Synonymy, description; the E. palmifolia of Fl. Males. I, 8: 82, name change not explained.

PRADEEP, A. K. & K. M. JAYARAM. 1992 ('1991'). Occurrence of Clerodendron wallichii Merr. (Verbenaceae) in South India. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 88: 467, illus.

PRAMANIK, S. & S. S. RAYCHAUDHURI. 1997. DNA content, chromosome composition, and isozyme patterns in Plantago L. Bot. Rev. 63: 124 -139, illus. - Plantaginaceae.

PRICE, R. A. 1996. Systematics of the Gnetales: a review of morphological and molecular evidence. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 157, Suppl.: 40 - 49, illus. - Gnetales monophyletic; Ephedra, Gnetum sister groups.

PRINCE, L. M. & C. R. PARKS. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships of the Theoideae (Theaceae) based on two chloroplast DNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 225 (abstract). - Gordonia paraphyletic

PRUSKI, J. F. 1996. Compositae of the Guayana highland -XI. Tuberculocarpus gen. nov. and some other Ecliptinae (Heliantheae). Novon 6: 404 - 418. - Wedelia chinensis and W. trilobata to Sphagneticola (Compositae).

PUDJOARINTO, A. & HASANUDDIN. 1996. Taxonomy of Duku, Kokosan, and Pisitan: based on pollen morphological approach. Biologi 2: 1-10, illus. (In Bahasa, English summ.). - Pollen distinct; spp belong to Lansium, not Aglaia (Meliaceae).

PUFF, C., E. ROBBRECHT, R. BUCHNER & P. DE BLOCK. 1996. A survey of secondary pollen presentation in the Rubiaceae. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 369 - 402, illus.

PUSPITANINGTYAS, D. M. 1997. Phalaenopsis javanica. Explorasi 3 / 2: 5, illus. - His-tory, description, notes (Orchidaceae).

QIN, X.-K. 1996. The use of peroxidases in the systematics of Oleaceae. Acta Bot. Yunn. 18: 159 -166, illus.(In Chinese, English summ.). - Jasminoideae, Syringeae not upheld.

RADCLIFFE-SMITH, A.& R. GOVAERTS. 1997. New names and combinations in the Crotonoideae. Kew Bull. 52: 183 -189. - Some Malesian.

RADCLIFFE-SMITH, A. & R. GOVAERTS. 1997. New names and new combinations in the Euphorbiaceae-Acalyphoïdeae. Kew Bull. 52: 477- 481. - Possibly some Malesian, but distributions for the 24 taxa not given.

RAJU, C. P. & R.V. RAJU. 1996 Some rare and interesting asteraceous taxa from the forests of Andhra Pradesh, India. J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 261- 265, illus. - Spilanthes, 3 spp, key, diagnoses (Compositae).

RAMU, J., S. L. HATCH, M. A. HUSSEY & E. C. BASHAW. 1996. Morphology of Pen-nisetum orientale (Poaceae: Paniceae). Sida 17: 163 -171, illus. - Study of diversity in USDA accessions.

RAO, P. S. N. 1996. Phytogeography of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Mal. Nat. J. 50: 57-79, illus. - 2500 vascular plant spp, c. 14% endemic; Andaman flora similar to Burma, Nicobar to Malesia, but in the tables no differentiation between the island groups is made.

RAO, P. S. N. & B. K. SINHA. 1996. Kaempferia siphonantha King ex Baker (Zingiberaceae) in the Andaman Islands. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 93: 121-122, illus.

RAY, L. N., P.V. SREEKUMAR & P. M. PADHYE. 1996. Two new records of orchids for the Andaman Islands. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 93: 123 -125. - Acriopsis indica, Kingidium deliciosum (Orchidaceae).

REDDI, C. S. & J. S. R. ALURI. 1996. Thermogenesis and pollination in some flowering plants. J. Palynol. 31: 229 - 237. - Overview from literature, no personal data; flowers producing heat for evaporation of insect-attracting odours, e. g. in Annonaceae, Araceae ('not pronounced'!), Aristolochiaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Palmae; Rafflesiaceae not mentioned

REDDI, C. S., J. S. R. ALURI & B. BAHADUR. 1996. Temporal dioecism and pollination in two petro-plant species. J. Palynol. 31: 291- 300, illus. - Euphorbia antiquorum, E. tortilis (Euphorbiaceae).

REDDI, C. S., J. S. R. ALURI & S. N. REDDY. 1996. Pollination ecology of Avicennia officinalis L. (Avicenniaceae). J. Palynol. 31: 253 - 260, illus. - The flowers Þrst adapted to outcrossing, later to selfing.

REEVES, G., et 7 al. 1996. Molecular systematics of Iridaceae: a combined analysis of three plastid DNA sequence matrices. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 225 (abstract). - Most tribes monophyletic

REGALADO Jr., J. C. & D. D. SOEJARTO. 1997. The genus Microrphium (Gentianaceae) in the Philippines. Novon 7: 77- 80, illus.

RENNER, S. S., K. UEDA, L. LOHMANN & A. E. SCHWARZBACH. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships of monimiaceous genera within core Laurales based on rbcL sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 225 (abstract).

REVEAL, J. L. 1996. Aridae, a new subclass of Liliopsida. Phytologia 81: 142 -143.

REVEAL, J. L. 1997. Early suprageneric names in Asteraceae. Comp. Newsl. 30: 29 -45.

* RICHARDS, P.W. 1996. The tropical rain forest: an ecological study, ed. 2. xxiii, 575 pp, illus. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-42054-7, US$ 110 (hardback), ISBN 0-521-42194-2, US$ 49.95 (paperback). - With contributions by R. P. D. Walsh (climate, hydrology), I. C. Baillie (soils) & P. Greig-Smith (numerical methods) (n.v., see brief review Taxon 46, 1997, 210).

RICHARDSON, J. E., M. F. FAY, Q. C. B. CRONK, D. BOWMAN & M.W. CHASE. 1996. A molecular analysis of Rhamnaceae using rbcL and trnL-F plastid DNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 226 (abstract). - Family monophyletic, 3 major clades, but these not supported by morphological characters; 14 tribes.

RIDDER-NUMAN, J.W. A. 1996. Historical biogeography of the Southeast Asian genus Spatholobus (Legum.-Papilionoideae) and its allies. Blumea Suppl. 10: 1-144, illus.

RIDDER-NUMAN, J.W. A. & R.W. J. M. VAN DER HAM. 1997. Pollen morphology of Butea, Kunstleria, Meizotropis and Spatholobus (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae), with notes on their position in the tribes Millettieae and Phaseoleae. Rev. Palaeobot. & Palynol. 96: 255 - 280, illus.

RIDSDALE, C. E. 1996. New taxa and combinations for the Rubiaceae of Sri Lanka. Blumea 41: 455 - 462. - 4 new taxa in Hedyotis, 3 in Lasianthus; 10 new comb, e. g. in Knoxia, Lasianthus, Metabolus, Oldenlandia, Ophiorrhiza, Pavetta, Psydrax.

RIEDL, H. 1996. New taxa in the genus Tournefortia (Boraginaceae) from the Malesian region. Blumea 41: 443 - 444.

ROBBRECHT, E., C. PUFF & E. SMETS (Eds.). 1996. Second International Rubiaceae Conference Proceedings. Opera Bot. Belg. 7: 432 pp, illus

ROBINSON, D. F. 1996. A symbolic framework for the description of tree architecture models. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 121: 243 - 261, illus. - Modification of Hallé - Oldeman system.

ROBSON, N. K. B. 1996. Studies in the genus Hypericum L. (Guttiferae) 6. Sections 20. Myriandra to 28. Elodes. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London (Bot.) 26: 75 - 217, illus. - Section 26. Humifusoideum in Malesia.

RODMAN, J. E., K. G. KAROL, R. A. PRICE & K. J. SYTSMA. 1997. Molecules, morphology, and Dahlgren's expanded order Capparales. Syst. Bot. 21: 289 - 307, illus. - Molecular research supports Dahlgren.

ROHWER, J. G. 1997. The fruits of Nyctanthes aculeata (Oleaceae). Bot. Jb. 119: 293 -299, illus. - Taxonomic position remains undecided.

RONSE DECRAENE, L. P. & E. F. SMETS. 1995. The distribution and systematic relevance of the androecial oligomery. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 118: 193 - 247, illus.

RONSE DECRAENE, L. P. & E. F. SMETS. 1997. A floral ontogenetic study of some species of Capparis and Boscia, with special emphasis on the androecium. Bot. Jb. 119: 231- 255, illus. - Also compared to Papaverales (Capparaceae).

ROETH, J.& O. GRUSS. 1997. Paphiopedilum javanicum (Reinw. ex Lindl.) Pfitz. var. nymphenburgianum Roeth et Gruss. Orchidee 48: 8 -10, illus. (In German). - An apochromatic form (Orchidaceae).

ROVA, J. H. E., L. ANDERSSON, P. G. DELPRETE & V. A. ALBERT. 1996. Macrophylogeny of the Rubiaceae from trnL-F sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 227-228 (abstract). - 3 subfam, all including Antirheoid taxa (see also Bremer, 1996; Young et al., 1996); Rondeletia paraphyletic.

RUA, G. H. & M. C. GROTTOLA. 1997. Growth form models within the genus Paspalum L. (Poaceae, Paniceae). Flora 192: 65 - 80, illus. - 19 types; comparative morphology; evolutionary trends.

RYSY, W. 1997. Beitrag zur Orchideenflora von Bali (Teil 1). Orchidee 48: 10 -15, illus. (In German, English summ.). - Popular account (Orchidaceae).

RYSY, W. 1997. Beitrag zur Orchideenflora von Bali (Teil 2). Orchidee 48: 42 - 46 (In German).

RYSY, W. 1997. Beitrag zur Orchideenflora von Bali (Teil 3). Orchidee 48: 97-103, illus. (In German). - Popular account; checklist.

SAMPSON, F. B. 1996. Pollen morphology and ultrastructure of Laurelia, Laureliopsis and Dryadodaphne (Atherospermataceae [Monimiaceae]). Grana 35: 257- 265, illus. - Atherospermataceae palynologically distinct from Monimiaceae s. s.; could be subfam.

SAUNDERS, R. M. K. 1996. The occurrence and taxonomic relationships of Burmannia wallichii (Burmanniaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 41: 333 - 337, illus. - First confirmed record (Singapore); key to Malesian saprophytic species; synonymy, description

SAUNDERS, R. M. K. 1997. Kadsura acsmithii (Schisandraceae): a new species from Borneo. Blumea 42: 107-110, illus. - Key to Bornean species.

SAVOLAINEN, V., R. SPICHIGER & J.- F. MANEN. 1997. Polyphyletism of Celastrales from a chloroplast noncoding DNA region. Molec. Phylogen. & Evol. 7: 145 -157, illus. - Celastrales restricted to Celastraceae, incl. Hippocrateaceae, Brexia; Aquifoliaceae, incl. Helwingia, to Asteridae.

* SCHAIK, C. P. VAN & J. SUPRIATNA. 1996. Leuser, a Sumatran sanctuary. iv + 348 pp, illus. Yayasan Bina Sains Hayati Indonesia, POB 103, Depok 16401, Indonesia. ISBN 979-95099-0-4. US$ 25 (incl. shipping, handling). - Conservation, geology, climate, vegetation and flora, animal checklists and life, economy.

SCHEEL, R., J.-P. YBERT & O. M. BARTH. 1996. Pollen morphology of the Boraginaceae from Santa Catarina State (southern Brazil), with comments on the taxonomy of the family. Grana 35: 138 -153, illus. - Pollen types generally agree with present classification; Heliotropium heterogeneous.

SCHLAUER, J. 1996. A dichotomous key to the genus Drosera L. (Droseraceae). Carniv. Pl. Newsl. 25: 67- 88. - Phylogenetic (!) key; 135 spp; 7 new subg, 1 sect, 12 new comb; essentially indented key in block-shape with an 'unusual type of numbering'. Indeed.

SCHUITEMAN, A. 1996. Notes on Goodyerinae (Orchidaceae). I. Blumea 41: 397-406, illus. - New comb in Anoectochilus, Moerenhoutia; Tubilabium and 2 spp of Cheirostylis = Myrmechis (4 new comb); Papuaea; Pristiglottis.

SENNBLAD, B. & B. BREMER. 1996. The familial and subfamilial relationships of Apocynaceae and Asclepiadaceae evaluated with rbcL data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 202: 153 -175, illus. - Asclepiadaceae nested in Apocynaceae; Apocynoideae, Plumerioideae, and many tribes paraphyletic; discussion of characters.

SENNIKOV, A. N. 1996. The type specimens of the family Rubiaceae kept in the Herbarium of Komarov Botanical Institute (Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersbourg). Subfamily Ixoroideae. Bot. Dzj. 81 / 9: 37- 49 (In Russian and Latin).

SEUBERT, E. 1997. Root anatomy of palms. Flora 192: 81-103, illus. - Generic delimitations supported, so important tool in taxonomy and phylogeny.

SEUBERT, E. 1997. The sclereids of Araceae. Flora 192: 31- 37, illus. - Restricted to Spathiphylleae, Monstereae, and Pothoideae; within tribes not of much use; Monstera is moved to Pothoideae, so obviously the use of 'Monsteroideae' and 'Monstereae' for the remaining group is erroneous and confusing.

SHAMROV, I. I. 1996. Ovule development and significance of its features for Gentianaceae systematics. In: E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 113 -118, illus.

SHANG, C. B. 1997. Espèces nouvelles d'Araliaceae asiatiques. Adansonia III, 19: 77-83, illus. (In French, English summ.)

SHEAHAN, M. C. & M.W. CHASE. 1996. A phylogenetic analysis of Zygophyllaceae R. Br. based on morphological anatomical and rbcL DNA sequence data. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 122: 279 - 300, illus. - Peganaceae, Nitrariaceae supported.

SHEELY, D. L. & T. R. MEAGHER. 1996. Genetic diversity in Micronesian island populations of the tropical tree Campnosperma brevipetiolata (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1571-1579, illus. - Hardly different.

SHIMIZU, T., S. TAKAO, N. UTAMI & A. TAKAO. 1996. Anatomy of floral organs and its taxonomic significance in the genus Impatiens (Balsaminaceae), with special reference to subgen. Acaulimpatiens. Phytomorph. 46: 253 - 266, illus.

SHIMIZU, T. & N. UTAMI. 1997. Three new species of Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) added to Flora Malesiana. Kew Bull. 52: 435 - 442, illus.

SHIRLEY, P. 1996. Sulawesi Tengah 1994. Fraterna 3d Quart. 1996: 4 -10, illus. - Account of a Þeldtrip to study Asclepiadaceae, Orchidaceae in the neigbourhood of Lake Poso.

SIEBERT, S. F. 1997. Economically important rattans of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Principes 41: 42 - 46, illus.

SINHA, N. R. & E. A. KELLOGG. 1996. Parallelism and diversity in multiple origins of C4 photosynthesis in the grass family. Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1458 -1470, illus. - At least 4 times.

SIRIRUGSA, P. 1992. A revision of the genus Boesenbergia Kuntze (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 40: 67- 90, illus. - 13 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions.

SIVARAJAN, V.V. & C. N. SUNIL. 1995. Cleome spinosa Jacq. (Capparaceae), a new record for Peninsular India. Rheedea 5: 184 -186, illus. - Jacobs [Fl. Males. I, 6 (1960) 102] has warned that this might be C. houtteana.

SMITH, J. F. 1996. Tribal relationships within Gesneriaceae: a cladistic analysis of mor-phological data. Syst. Bot. 21: 497- 513, illus. - Cyrtandroideae paraphyletic, Ges-nerioideae monophyletic; current tribal classifications largely supported.

SMITH, J. F., K. D. BROWN, C. L. CARROLL & D. S. DENTON. 1997. Familial placement of Cyrtandromoea, Titanotrichum and Sanango, three problematic genera of the Lamiales. Taxon 46: 65 -74, illus. - Molecular data suggest Gesneriaceae.

SMITH, J. F., J. C. WOLFRAM, K. D. BROWN, C. L. CARROLL & D. S. DENTON. 1997. Tribal relationships in the Gesneriaceae: evidence from DNA sequences of the chloroplast gene ndhF. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 50 - 66, illus. - Monophyly of most groups supported; Paulownia closest sister.

SNOW, N. 1996. The phylogenetic utility of lemmatal micromorphology in Leptochloa s. l. and related genera in subtribe Eleusininae (Poaceae, Chloridoideae, Eragrostideae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 83: 504 - 529, illus. - Characters vary little within a genus; Diplachne reduced to Leptochloa

* SOEPADMO, E., K. M. WONG & L. G. SAW (Eds.). 1996. Tree flora of Sabah and Sarawak 2: x + 1- 443, illus. ISBN 983-9592-56-4. - See Reviews.

SOLTIS, D. E. & P. S. SOLTIS. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships in Saxifragaceae sensu lato: a comparison of topologies based on 18S rDNA and rbcL sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 504 - 522, illus. - Saxifragaceae s. s. restricted to c. 30 herbaceous genera; some traditional subfamilies in same clade ('Saxifragales') with Crassulaceae and Haloragaceae (Rosidae), Paeoniaceae (Dilleniidae), Cercidiphyllaceae, Daphniphyllaceae, and Hamamelidaceae (Hamamelidae), other related to rosids, Celastraceae, asterids.

SOLTIS, E. S., et 15 al. 1997. 1997. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S ribosomal DNA sequences. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 1- 49, illus. - Topologies highly concordant with those of rbcL; woody magnoliids Þrst branching, followed by Nymphaeaceae, Piperales and other Magnoliidae, Monocots (excl. Acorus) monophyletic with Ceratophyllum as sister; large eudicot clade with Rosidae and Asteridae s. l.; Dilleniidae, Hamamelidae highly polyphyletic.

SOOKCHALOEM, D. 1995. Typhonium (Araceae) in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 23: 18 - 39, illus. - 14 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

SOUZA-CHIES, T.T. et 5 al. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of Iridaceae with parsimony and distance methods using the plastid gene rps4. Pl. Syst. Evol. 204: 109 -123, illus. - Monophyletic.

SPANGLER, R. E. & R. G. OLMSTEAD. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships of the Bignoniaceae based on cpDNA sequences of rbcL and ndhF. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 234 (abstract). - Tecomeae not monophyletic.

SPENCE, P. 1996. Notes on Dendrobium alexandrae Schltr. Orchadian 12: 1922, illus. - Description, history, cultivation (Orchidaceae).

SREEKUMAR, P.V. & P. S. N. RAO. 1996. Notes on the genus Typhonium Schott (Araceae) in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Mal. Nat. J. 50: 93 - 95, illus. - 2 spp, key.

SREEKUMAR, P.V., K. VEENAKUMARI & P. M. PADHYE. 1996. Mangifera griffithii (Anacardiaceae) - an addition to the Indian mangoes, from the Andaman Islands, India. Mal. Nat. J. 50: 85 - 87, illus.

STACE, H. M. 1997. Cytoevolution, phylogeny and taxonomy in Epacridaceae. Ann. Bot. 79: 283 - 290, illus. - Original karyotype here and in Ericaceae x = 12, perhaps 13; chromosome numbers 'good' generic characters.

STACE, H. M. & S. H. JAMES. 1996. Another perspective on cytoevolution in Lobelioideae (Campanulaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 83: 1356 -1364, illus. - x = 21 seems orig-inal state; 3 groups in Lobelia; Pratia apparently distinct.

STAFLEU, F. A. & E. A. MENNEGA. 1997. Taxonomic literature. Supplement IV: Ce-Cz. Regn. Veg. 134: vi + 614 pp. Koeltz Scientific Books, Germany. ISSN 0080-0694. DM 280

STAPLES, G.W. 1996. The identity of Ipomoea staphylina (Convolvulaceae) in Asia. Taiwania 41: 185 -196, illus. - Mixed up with I. sumatrana, Meremmia boisiana; key; synonymy.

STAPLETON, C. M. A. & N. H. XIA. 1997. A new combination in Bambusa (Gramineae-Bambusoideae). Kew Bull. 52: 235 - 238, illus. - For Dendrocalamus membranaceus.

STARR, J. R. & R. J. BAYER. 1996. A tribal phylogeny of the Asteraceae based on two non-coding chloroplast sequences, the trnL intron and the trnL / trnF intergenic spacer. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 235 (abstract). - Cichorioideae, Inuleae paraphyletic.

STARR, J. R., B. A. FORD, R. J. BAYER. 1996. Testing phylogenetic hypotheses in Carex (Cyperaceae) using sequences from the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nrDNA. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 235 (abstract). - All subg except Vignea artificial; Asian spp of Indocarex most basal suggesting origin of genus; sections monophyletic.

STERN, W. L. 1997. Vegetative anatomy of subtribe Orchidinae (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 124: 121-136, illus.

STEVENS, P. F. 1997. How to interpret botanical classifications - suggestions from history. Bioscience 47: 243 - 250, illus. - Discussions on the philosophy behind the 'natural systems' of De Jussieu and Bentham.

STOCKEY, R. A., G. L. HOFFMAN & G.W. ROTHWELL. 1997. The fossil monocot Limnobiophyllum scutatum: resolving the phylogeny of Lemnaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 355 - 368, illus. - Lemnaceae + Pistia monophyletic within Araceae.

STOCKEY, R. A., H. KO & P. WOLTZ. 1992.Cuticle micromorphology of Falcatifolium De Laubenfels (Podocarpaceae). Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 153: 589 - 601, illus.

STRONG, M.T. & W. L. WAGNER. 1997. New and noteworthy Cyperaceae from the Hawaiian islands. Bishop Mus. Occ. Pap. 48: 37- 50. - Carex, Cyperus, Eleocharis, Fimbristylis, Rhynchospora, Schoenoplectus, Schoenus.

STRUWE, L., P. WHITE, A. S.-R. PEPPER & V. A. ALBERT. 1996. Relationships and basal groupings within Gentianaceae from morphological and trnL nucleotide sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 236 (abstract). - 3 monophyletic groups. S.-R. PEPPER & V. A. ALBERT. 1996. RELATIONSHIPS AND BASAL GROUPINGS WITHIN GENTIANACEAE FROM MORPHOLOGICAL AND TRNL NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE DATA. AMER. J. BOT. 84, SUPPL. 236 (ABSTRACT). - 3 MONOPHYLETIC GROUPS.

SUGIYAMA, M. 1997. Floral anatomy of Camellia japonica (Theaceae). J. Pl. Res. 110: 45 - 54, illus. - Multistaminate androecium derived from obdiplostemonous one, hence not primitive with consequences for evolutionary thoughts in Dilleniidae.

SUHENDANG, E., C. KUSMANA, ISTOMO & L. SYAUFINA (Eds.). 1996. Ekologi, ekologisme dan pengelolaan sumberdaya hutan (gagasan, pemikiran & karya Prof. Dr. Ishemat Soerianegara). Jurusan Management Hutan Fakultas Kehutanan IPB. (In Indonesian). - See Reviews.

SULAIMAN, A. & J. R. BARNETT. 1996. Wood anatomical evidence for the taxonomic reclassification of two genera of Sapotaceae. Rec. Adv. Wood Anat.: 143 -149, illus. - Ganua, Madhuca congeneric

SUNARNO, B. & H. OHASHI. 196. Dalbergia (Leguminosae) of Sulawesi, Indonesia. J. Jap. Bot. 71: 241- 248, illus. - 7 spp, 1 new; key; synonymy; exx sub taxa.

SUSILA R., S. R. M. & N. P. BALAKRISHNAN. 1995. A revision of the genus Claoxylon Adr. Jussieu (Euphorbiacee) in India. Rheedea 5: 113 -141, illus. - Incl. Micro-cocca; 5 sect (1 new), 13 taxa; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

SUZUKI, E. & P. S. ASHTON. 1996.Sepal and nut size ratio of Asian Dipterocarpaceae and its implications for dispersal. J. Trop. Ecol. 12: 853 - 870, illus.

SWENSEN, S. M. & C. M. WALSH. 1996. A molecular phylogeny of Cucurbitaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 236 (abstract). - Closest to Coriariaceae: 2 subfamilies and 7 tribes supported.

TAN, H.T.W. (Ed.). 1997. A guide to the carnivorous plants of Singapore. 176 pp, illus. Singapore Sci. Centre, Singapore. ISBN 981-00-8629-6. S$ 5.15. - (n.v.).

TAN, W. K. & C. L. WONG. 1996. Aerial pitchers of Nepenthes ampullaria. Nat. Mal. 21: 12 -14, illus. - Induced by electric Þeld of high-tension wire? (Nepenthaceae).

TAN, W. K., C. L. WONG & C. K. FRAZIER. 1996. Nepenthes x (rafflesiana and gracilis)? Nat. Mal. 21: 82 - 85, illus.

TANAKA, S. & I. BERNARD. 1995. Wood anatomy and identification of legume timbers (Leguminosae) in Sabah. For. Res. Centre Res. Papers 1: 1-102, illus. - Keys, list of more or less unique features, descriptions.

TANDYEKKAL, D. & P. MATHEW. 1995. Desmodium scorpiurus (Swartz) Desvaux (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae): a new record for India. Rheedea 5: 177-179, illus. - Description.

TANG, C.-L. (Ed.). 1996. Aizoaceae, Basellaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Portulacaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 26: 1- 501, illus. (In Chinese).

TANG, Y.-C. & L.-Q. LI. 1996. On historical elements and tertiary precursors of eastern Asiatic angiospermous flora - Based on phytogeography of Staphyleaceae, Morinaceae and Caprifoliaceae. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 453 - 478, illus. (In Chinese, En-glish summ.).

TANGE, C. 1997. Studies in SE Asiatic Rondeletieae I: The West Malaysian endemic genus Aleisanthia (Rubiaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 16: 563 - 570, illus. - 2 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions; notes.

TANGE, C. 1997. Studies in SE Asiatic Rondeletieae II: Aleisanthiopsis (Rubiaceae). Nord. J. Bot. 16: 571- 578, illus. - New genus, 2 spp, 1 new; key; synonymy, descriptions; notes.

* TEWARI, D. N. 1991 (? no date given; last ref. 1990). Monograph on bamboo. x + 498 pp, illus. International Book Distributors, 9 / 3 Rajpur Rd., Dehra Dun 248001, In-dia. ISBN 81-7089-176-0. Rs 695, US$ 69.95. - Compilation of information on uses, cultivation, management, mainly aimed at India, descriptions of taxa; no keys

THE, K. & P.Y. LADIGES. 1996. A cladistic analysis of Banksia (Proteaceae). Austr. Syst. Bot. 9: 661-733, illus. - 2 subg, 12 series, 11 subseries, 4 comb nov.

THORNTON, I.W. B., S. G. COMPTON & C. N. WILSON. 1996. The role of animals in the colonization of the Krakatau islands by fig trees (Ficus species). J. Biogeogr. 23: 577- 592, illus. - Moraceae.

TIREL, C. 1996. Tiliaceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 20: 112 -140, illus. - 4 gen, 7 spp.

TIREL, C. 1996. Rétablissement de Periomphale Baill. (Alseuosmiaceae), genre endémique de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Adansonia III, 18: 155 -160, illus. (In French, English summ.).

TIREL, C. & J. J. JEREMIE. 1996. Alseuosmiaceae. Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 20: 100 -106, illus. - Periomphale, 1 sp.

TIREL, C., J. J. JEREMIE & D. LOBREAU-CALLEN. 1996. Corchorus neocaledonicus (Tiliaceae), véritable identité de l'énigmatique Oceanopapaver. Adansonia III, 18: 35 - 43, illus. (In French, English summ.).

TIREL, C. & J. M. VEILLON. 1997. Deux nouvelles espèces de Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae) de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Adansonia III, 19: 39 - 43, illus. (In French, English summ.).

TITOVA, G. E. & T. B. BATYGINA. 1996. Is the embryo of Nymhaealean plants (Nymphaeales s.l .) a dicotyledonous? Phytomorphology 46: 171-190, illus. - No, mono-cotyledonous, with two lobes. .) a dicotyledonous? Phytomorphology 46 171-190, illus. - No, mono-cotyledonous, with two lobes.

TJITROSOEDIRDJO, S. S. 1995. Notes on Scleria bancana Miq., Scleria ciliaris Nees and Scleria levis Retz. (Cyperaceae. Rheedea 5: 103 -112, illus - 1 new var; key; synonymy, descriptions, specimens under taxa.

TJITROSOEDIRDJO, S. S. 1996. Variation and identification of the genus Scleria (Cyper-aceae) in rubber plantations in West Java. BIOTROP Sp. Publ. 58: 15 - 20. - 5 spp, key, description.

TOBE, H. & T. TAKASO. 1996. Trichome micromorphology in Celtidaceae and Ulmaceae (Urticales). Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 47: 153 -168, illus. - Celtidaceae more similar to other Urticales than to Ulmaceae; Ulmaceae in line distinct from all other Urticales.

TOMLINSON, P. B. 1992. Aspects of cone morphology and development in Podocarpaceae (Coniferales). Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 153: 572 - 588, illus.

TRIONO, T. & H. SUYATMO. 1996. Revision of Payena A. de Candolle in Java. In: D. Darnaedi (Ed.), The Fifth Regional Training Course … : 88 -100, illus. - 5 taxa; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

TSENG, Y.- C. (Ed.). Compositae-Mutisieae. Fl. Reipub. Pop. Sin. 79: 1-108, illus. (In Chinese). - 5 gen, 83 spp.

TSOU, C.-H. 1996. The early floral development of the Camellioideae, Theaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 237 (abstract). - 2 major lineages

TSOU, C.-H. 1997. Embryology of the Theaceae - anther and ovule development of Camellia, Franklinia, and Schima. Amer. J. Bot. 84: 369 - 381, illus.

TSOU, C. H. & R. F. LIN. 1995. Ovule and anther development of Camellia, Gordonia and Pyrenaria. Ann. Rep. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sin., Taipei July 1994 - June 1995: 70 -71. - Abstract; Gordonia closer to Camellia than to Schima; Pyrenaria least special-ized.

TUCKER, S. 1996. Evolutionary loss of sepals or petals in flowers of the caesalpinioid tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 238 (abstract).

TURLAND, N. J. & C. E. JARVIS (eds.). 1997. Typification of Linnaean specific and varietal names in the Leguminosae (Fabaceae). Taxon 46: 457- 485.

TURNER, H. & R.W. J. M. VAN DER HAM. 1996. A taxonomic and pollen morphological revision of the genus Gongrodiscus (Sapindaceae). Adansonia III, 18: 339 -349, illus.

TURNER, I. M. 1996. Malu-malu- the Malaysian Mimosas. Nat. Mal. 21: 108 -111, illus. - Popular account; Mimosa quadrivalvis var. leptocarpa new record (Kedah, Penang) (= Schrankia quadrivalvis, regarded as excluded by Nielsen, Fl. Males. I, 11 (1992) 205); key, including Leucaena leucocephala, 2 Neptunia spp (Leguminosae).

TURNER, I. M. 1996. Malaysian Morning glories. Nat. Mal. 21: 20 - 25, illus. - 16 spp of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae); synonymy.

TURNER, I. M. 1997 ('1995'). A catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya. 1.. Gard. Bull. Singapore 47: 1- 346. - Accepted names; synonymy, habit, habitat, occurrence, distributional status; up to Moraceae.

TURNER, I. M. 1997. ('1995'). A catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya. 2. Gardens' Bulletin, Singapore 47: 347-757. - (n.v.).

TURNER, I. M. 1997. A tropical flora summarized - A statistical analysis of the vascular plant diversity of Malaya. Flora 192: 157-163, illus. - Curiously enough Flora of Java is mentioned, but its data are not included in the calculations.

TYAS, K. N., Eviyarni & F. J. M. Gaerlan. 1996. A revision of Melanolepis Reich. f. & Zoll. (Euphorbiaceae). In: D. Darnaedi (Ed.), The Fifth Regional Training Course … : 42 - 48, illus. - 1 sp; synonymy, description, notes.

UEDA, K., et 6 al. 1997. Molecular phylogenetic position of Podostemaceae, a marvelous aquatic flowering plant family. J. Pl. Res. 110: 87- 92, illus. - Crassulaceae sister group.

VALKENBURG, J. L. C. H. VAN. 1997. Non-timber forest products of East Kalimantan. Potentials for sustainable forest use. Tropenbos Ser. 16: 202 pp. - Inventory, distribution and abundance of species, effects of logging, guidelines for sustainable management

* VEBLEN, T.T., R. S. HILL & J. READ (Eds.). 1996. The ecology and biogeography of Nothofagus forests: 403 pp. Yale University Press (not seen: reviews in S. Connections Bull. 11, and Austr. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsl. 91: 32). - "A one stop shopping place for scholars of Nothofagus and southern forests."

VELAYUDHAN, K. C., V. A. AMALRAJ & V. K. MURALIDHARAN. 1996. The conspectus of the genus Curcuma in India. J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 375 - 382. - Key to 31 spp, 5 new; 2 subg, 3 new sect (Zingiberaceae).

VELDKAMP. J. F. 1996. Brachiaria, Urochloa (Gramineae - Paniceae) in Malesia. Blumea 41: 413 - 437. - Brachiaria reduced to 3 spp; 3 new comb in Urochloa; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

VELDKAMP. J. F. 1996. Name changes in Agrostis, Arundinella, Deyeuxia, Helictotrichon, Tripogon (Gramineae). Blumea 41: 407Ð 411.

VELDKAMP, J. F. & B. HANSEN. 1996. New combinations under Hoya verticillata (Vahl) G. Don (Asclepiadaceae) and a bibliographical note on Sperlingia Vahl. Blumea 41: 439 - 442.

VERDCOURT, B. 1997. Proposal to conserve the gender of Sapindus (Sapindaceae) as masculine. Taxon 46: 360.

VERDCOURT, B. 1997. Proposals to conserve the names Phaseolus helvolus with a conserved type and spelling, and Strophostyles against Phasellus (Leguminosae). Taxon 46: 357- 359. - If rejected, Macroptylium lathyroides threatened.

VERDCOURT, B. & R. POLHILL. 1997. Proposals to conserve the names Myrica and Gale (Myricaceae) with conserved types. Taxon 46: 347- 348.

VERMEULEN, J. J. 1996. New species of the genus Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) from Sumatra, Borneo, and Papua New Guinea. Blumea 41: 347- 374, illus.

VERMEULEN, J. J. 1996. Some taxonomic corrections in the subtribe Bulbophyllinae (Orchidaceae). Nordic J. Bot. 16: 379 - 381. - Notes on synonymy of Bulbophyllum, B. salaccense, 1 new comb.

VYSHENSKAYA, T. D. 1996. Seed structure of the order Myrtales: comparative analysis of characters, their evolution, taxonomic relationship. Bot. Dzj. 81 / 5: 1-14 (In Russian, English summ.).

WANG, C.-M. & C.-S. WU. 1997. Coccinia grandis (Cucurbitaceae), a newly naturalized weed in Taiwan. Bull. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sc. 9: 117-121, illus. - Description; key to Taiwan genera of tribe Sicyoeae.

WANG, G. & T. KUSANAGI. 1996. Cytotaxonomic analyses of the genus Monochoria in Asia. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 47: 105 -111, illus. (In Japanese, English summ.).

WANG, X.-Q, Y. HAN, Z.-R. DENG & D.-Y. HONG. 1997. Phylogeny of the Pinaceae evidenced by molecular biology. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 97-106, illus. (In Chinese, Engl.summ.) - 3 subfamilies not supported

WATSON, L. E., T.M. EVANS & M. K. DIMASI. 1996. Molecular phylogeny of tribe Anthemideae (Asteraceae), ITS sequences and ndhF sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 243 (abstract).

WAYCOTT, M. & J. F. SAMPSON. 1997. The mating system of an hydrophilous angiosperm Posidonia australis (Posidoniaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 84: 621- 625, illus.

WEBER, A. 1995. Spectacular gingers. The puzzle of the genus Costus. Nat. Mal. 20: 60 - 63, illus. - Diagnoses, key to Malayan taxa (Zingiberaceae).

WEBER, A. 1995. Etlingera (Zingiberaceae) gingers of Peninsular Malaysia. Nat. Mal. 20: 80 - 89, illus. - Diagnoses, key, synonymy.

WEBER, A. 1995. The Malayan species of Globba (Zingiberaceae): floral and vegetative architecture. Nat. Mal. 20: 114 -121, illus. - Diagnoses, key.

WEBSTER, G. I., M. J. DEL-ARCO-AGUILAR & B. A. SMITH. 1996. Systematic distribution of foliar trichome types in Croton (Euphorbiaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 121: 41- 57, illus. - Redefinition of terms, 120 spp examined.

WEILLER, C. M. 1996. Reassessment of Cyathodes (Epacridaceae). Austr. Syst. Bot. 9: 491- 507, illus. - Restricted to 3 spp; place of Styphelia brassii not given.

WHITE, Jr, J. F. & G. MORGAN-JONES. 1996. Morphological and physiological adaptations of Balansieae and trends in the evolution of grass endophytes. In: S. C. Redlin & L. M. Carris, Endophytic fungi in grasses and woody plants: 133 -154, illus. - Co-evolution (tentatively) proposed; endophytes are the cause of the seasonal toxicity reported for some grasses; also functions as insecticide, stress tolerance; see also Bacon & Hill (1996) (Clavicipitaceae / Gramineae).

* WHITTEN, T., R. E. SOERIAATMADJA & S. A. AFIFF. 1996. The ecology of Java and Bali. Ecology of Indonesia Series 2: xxiv + 969 pp, illus. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. ISBN 962-593-072-8. UK £ 50. - See Reviews.

WHITTEN, W. M., N. H. WILLIAMS & M.W. CHASE. 1996. Subtribal relationships in the tribe Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) based on combined molecular data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 244 (abstract).

WILDE, W. J. J. O. DE. 1996. Additional notes on species of the Asian genera Endocomia, Horsfieldia, and Knema (Myristicaceae). Blumea 41: 375 - 394, illus. - 7 new taxa, notes on others.

WILDE, W. J. J. O. DE. 1997. Notes on Southeast Asian and Malesian Myristica and description of new taxa (Myristicaceae). With keys arranged per geographical area (New Guinea excepted). Blumea 42: 111-190, illus. - General and regional keys West of New Guinea; 26 new taxa; with synonymy, descriptions, notes; index to names.

WILLIAMS, J. B. 1996. Mandevilla, Parsonsia. Fl. Austr. 28: 144 -145, 154 -189, 316 -319, illus. - 15 new Parsonsia spp

WILSON, A. D. 1996. Resources and testing of endophyte-infected germplasm in national grass repository collections. In: S. C. Redlin & L. M. Carris, Endophytic fungi in grasses and woody plants: 179 -195, illus. - If these groups indeed co-evolved more research on the endophytes might give clues to the historical taxonomy of both Clavicipitaceae and Gramineae.

WIMMER, C. A. 1992. Citrus-Literatur in der Gartenbaubücherei. Zandera 7: 2 - 9, illus. (In German, English summ.). - Horticultural literature 1543 -1869.

WINK, M. & M. KAUFMANN. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships between some members of the subfamily Lamioideae (family Labiatae) inferred from nucleotide sequences of the rbcL gene. Bot. Acta 109: 139 -148, illus.

WISTUBA, A. & H. RISCHER. 1996. Nepenthes lavicola, a new species of Nepenthaceae from the Aceh Province in the North of Sumatra. Carniv. Pl. Newsl. 25: 106 -111, illus.

WITTE, J. DE. 1996. Nepenthes of Gunung Murud. Carniv. Pl. Newsl. 25: 41- 45, illus. - Popular account; N. muluensis (Nepenthaceae).

WONG, K. M. & J. B. SUGAU. 1996. A revision of Fagraea (Loganiaceae) in Borneo, with notes on related Malesian species and 21 new species. Sandakania 8: 1Ð 93, illus. - 42 spp, 24 endemic; with keys, notes, descriptions, etc.; specimens under taxa.

WU, C.-C. & L.-L. KUO-HUANG. 1997. Calcium crystals in the leaves of some species of Moraceae. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 38: 97-104, illus. - Ca-oxalate and / or Ca-carbonate in 9 Taiwan spp.; place, types.

WU, Z.-Y. & P. H. RAVEN. 1996. Flora of China. 15. Myrsinaceae through Loganiaceae. x + 383 pp, no illus. - English version: also Ebenaceae, Oleaceae, Primulaceae, Plumbaginaceae, Sapotaceae, Styracaceae, Symplocaceae.

WUNNACHIT, W., C. F. JENNER & M. SEDGLEY. 1992. Floral and extra-floral nectar production in Anacardium occidentale L. (Anacardiaceae): an andromonoecious species. Intern. J. Pl. Sc. 153: 413 - 420, illus.

XU, T.-Z.1996. A new system of the genus Acer. Acta Bot. Yunn. 18: 277- 292, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.). - 4 subg (key), 23 sect, 33 series, 200 spp.

YANG, S.-L. & A.W. MEEROW. 1996. The Cycas pectinata (Cycadaceae) complex: genetic structure and gene flow. Int. J. Pl. Sc. 157: 468 - 483, illus.

YEN, A. C. & R. G. OLMSTEAD. 1996. Molecular systematics of Cyperaceae tribe Cariceae: preliminary results based on DNA sequences from three chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 246 (abstract). - Monophyletic.

YONEKURA, K. & H. OHASHI. 1997. New combinations of East Asian species of Polygonum s. l. J. Jap. Bot. 72: 154 -161, illus. - 18 new comb; survey of checkered taxonomic history in the past century (Polygonaceae)

YOUNG, M. C. M., et 5 al. 1996. Chemosystematic markers in Rubiaceae. E. Robbrecht, C. Puff & E. Smets (Eds.), Proc. Intern. Rubiaceae Conf.: 205 - 212, illus. - 3 subfam largely supported, Antirheoideae not (see also Bremer, 1996; Rova et al., 1996); Ixoroideae ancestral, related to Corniflorae?

YOUNG, N. D., K. E. STEINER & C.W. DEPAMPHILIS. 1996. A revolutionary view of the parasitic Scrophulariaceae / Orobanchaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 247 (abstract). - Genera represent multiple lineages each derived from green hemiparasites; Orobanchaceae monophyletic.

ZHANG, W. 1996. The phylogeny of the grass family (Poaceae) from rpl16 intron sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 247 (abstract).

ZHANG, Z.Y. & J. WEN. 1996. The seed morphology in Hamamelidaceae and its systematic evaluation. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 538 - 546, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.).

ZHU, G.-L. 1996. Origin, differentiation, and geographic distribution of the Chenopodiaceae. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 486 - 504, illus. (In Chinese, English summ.). - North shore of Tethys Sea in early Cretaceous; supposed migration path through Malesia very unlikely.

ZIEMAN, S., V. TRIFONOVA & K. SYTNIK. 1996. Overview of the genus Anemone L. and subtribe Anemoninae Spach. Ukrainian Bot. J. 53 / 1-2: 7-17. - Ranunculaceae.

ZONA, S. 1996. Intergeneric relationships in the subtribe Ptychospermatinae (Arecaceae: Arecoideae). Amer. J. Bot. 84, Suppl.: 247 (abstract). - Adonidia supported; Ptychosperma polyphyletic.

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Last modified October 31, 1997 by P. Hovenkamp.