[logo] Flora Malesiana Bulletin


Vol. 13(1) - Januari 2002

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Adema, F. 2000. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae). 6. The rare genus Burkilliodendron. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 5–10, illus. — Monotypic; compared to Fordia; synonymy, description, notes.

Adema, F. 2000. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae). 7. The genus Millettia. Blumea 45: 403–425, illus. — 15 spp, 2 new, 1 new name; key; synonymy, notes; indices to collections, names.

Adema, F. 2000. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae. XX. Derris in Thailand and Malesia. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 28: 2–16, illus. — Also enumeration of Aganope (incl. Xeroderris), Paraderris; Brachypterum reduced to Derris; Ostryocarpus distinct.

Adema, F. 2001. Millettia and Pongamia (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae) in Malesia. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 41–50, illus. — Reduction of Pongamia to sect. Fragiliflorae, the only well-supported group in the genus, confirmed.

Albach, D.C., P.S. Soltis & D.E. Soltis. 2001. Patterns of embryological and biochemical evolution in the asterids. Syst. Bot. 26: 242–262, illus. — 4 major clades: Cornales, Ericales, Asterids I and II (Asterids s.s.).

Albach, D.C., P.S. Soltis, D.E. Soltis & R.G. Olmstead. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of asterids on sequences of four genes. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 163–212, illus. — 4 major clades; Cornales basal with Ericales sister to euasterids I and II; Dipsacales (incl. Sambucus, Viburnum) monophyletic sister of Apiales.

Anderson, C.L., J.H.E. Rova & L. Andersson. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of the tribe Anthospermeae (Rubiaceae): systematic and biogeographic implications. Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 231–244, illus. — Dubiously monophyletic when incl. Carpacoce; no support for subtribal subdivision; Normandia deeply nested in Coprosma; subgenera of Coprosma artificial; origin in Africa followed by long-distance dispersal.

Andersson, L. 2001. Margaritopsis (Rubiaceae, Psychotrieae) is a pantropical genus. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 71: 73–85, illus. — C. 50 spp, not clear whether any Malesian; 3 new comb.

Andersson, L. & S. Andersson. 2000. A molecular phylogeny of Tropaeolaceae and its systematic implications. Taxon 49: 721–736, illus. — Monotypic; 2 sect; 2 new comb.

Andersson, L. & M.W. Chase. 2001. Phylogeny and classification of Marantaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135: 275–287, illus. — No support for traditional subdivisions; basal Donax-group paraphyletic; Calathea id.; Maranta-, Phrynium-groups polyphyletic; Africa most likely ancestral area.

Andreasen, K. & B. Bremer. 2000. Combined phylogenetic analysis in the Rubiaceae–Ixoroideae: morphology, nuclear and chloroplast DNA data. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1731–1748, illus. — Higher resolution compared to separate analyses suggest better delimitation of tribes and placement of several genera; Alberteae, Vanguerieae to be included; Cremasporeae, Ixoreae supported.

Applequist, W.L. & R.S. Wallace. 2001. Phylogeny of the portulaceous cohort based on ndhF sequence data. Syst. Bot. 26: 406–419, illus. — Two major clades: A with Anacampseros, Portulaca, Talinella, Cactaceae, Talinum p.p.; B, weakly supported, with rest + Talinum p.p. + Basellaceae + Didiereaceae; present infra-familial classification of Portulacaceae not supported.

Araki, S. 2000. Isozyme differentiation between two infraspecies taxa of Utricularia australis R.Br. (Lentibulariaceae) in Japan. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 51: 31–36, illus.

Argent, G. 2000. Two interesting wild Musa species (Musaceae) from Sabah, Malaysia. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 203–210, illus.

Arifiani, D. 2001. Taxonomic revision of Endiandra (Lauraceae) in Borneo. Blumea 46: 99–124, illus. — 8 (9?) spp, 3 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; index to collections.

Ashton, P. 2001. Ecology and conservation of Malesian flora. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 253–258. — Conservation planning mainly based on (large) mammals, insufficient for plants.

Ashton, P. 2001. Patterns of species variation in West and East Malaysia. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 181–186. — Broad against narrow species concepts.

Asmussen, C.B. & M.W. Chase. 2001. Coding and noncoding plastid DNA in palm systematics. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1103–1117, illus. — Calamoideae sister to rest of palms with less than 50% bootstrap support; Phytelephantoideae seems related to Ceroxyleae and Cyclospatheae of the Ceroxyloideae.

Atkins, H., J. Preston & Q.C.B. Cronk. 2001. A molecular test of Huxley’s line: Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in Borneo and the Philippines. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 72: 143–159, illus. — Huxley’s Line: zoogeographic boundary uniting Borneo and Palawan; Palawan has mixture of taxa due to an apparently ancient (? Pliocene) vicariance event with the Philippines and taxa with a more recent (? Pleistocene) dispersal from Borneo.

Baas, P. 2001. Cornelis (Kees) Kalkman (1928–1998) remembered. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 1–3, portr.

Baas, P. & E.A. Wheeler. 2001. A survey of the wood anatomy of the PROSEA timbers. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 51–60, illus.

Baas, P., E.[A.] Wheeler & M.[W.] Chase. 2000. Dicotyledonous wood anatomy and the APG system of angiosperm classification. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 3–17, illus. — Anatomy is supportive.

Baburaj, D.S., S. Rajan & S.J. Britto. 2000. Three hitherto undescribed aliens of Nilgiri District, Tamil Nadu. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 270–275, illus. — E.g. Mirabilis longiflora, Voacanga grandiflora.

Bachulkar, M.P. & S.R. Yadav. 2000. New plant records for Maharashtra. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 295–296. — Dopatrium nudicaule, Stemodia verticillata; synonymy, descriptions.

Baker, W.J., A.P. Keim & C.D. Heatubun. 2000. Orania regalis rediscovered. Palms 44: 166–169, illus. — In Papua Barat (Palmae).

Baker, W.J., R.A. Maturbongs, J. Wanggai & G.G. Hambali. 2000. Siphokentia. Palms 44: 175–181, illus. — Revision; 2 spp, 1 new (Palmae).

Banks, D.P. 2001. The genus Dockrillia, and its use in hybrids. Orchadian 13: 347–356, illus. — 29 taxa listed; registered names and parentage (Orchidaceae).

Banks, H. & P. Gasson. 2000. Pollen morphology and wood anatomy of the Crudia group (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae, Detarieae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 19–59, illus. — Group not monophyletic.

Bänziger, H. & B. Hansen. 2000. A new taxonomic revision of a deceptive flower, Rhizanthes Dumortier (Rafflesiaceae). Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 48: 117–143, illus. — 4 spp, perhaps 5, 2 new, 1 inadequately known; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Barfod, A.S. 2000. A new species of Licuala from New Guinea. Palms 44: 198–201, illus. — (Palmae).

Barfod, A.S., R. Banka & J.L. Dowe. 2001. Field guide to the palms in Papua New Guinea. Aarhus Univ. Rep. 40. Aarhus University Press, Langelandsgade 177, DK-8000 Aarhus N, Denmark. USD 15.00. — (n.v.; Palmae).

Barker, N.P., C.M. Morton & H.P. Linder. 2000. The Danthonieae: generic composition and relationships. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 221–230, illus. — Arundinoideae with 3 tribes; Danthonieae with 19 gen in 7 groups; Cortaderia paraphyletic; morphological data very homoplasious; Rytidosperma group paraphyletic.

Barker, N.P., et 11 al. 2000. A phylogeny of the grass family (Poaceae) as inferred from eight character sets. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 3–7, illus. — Strong support for the major clades: early diverging (‘primitive’) lineages, BOP (Bambusoideae, Oryzoideae, Pooideae), and PACC (Panicoideae, Arundinoideae, Centothecoideae, Chloridoideae).

Barnes, R.W., R.S. Hill & J.C. Bradford. 2001. The history of Cunoniaceae in Australia from macrofossil evidence. Austral. J. Bot. 49: 301–320, illus.

Beaman, J.H., C. Anderson & R.S. Beaman (Eds.). 2001. The plants of Mount Kinabalu. 4. Dicotyledon families Acanthaceae to Lythraceae. xiv, 570 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Nhd. & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 983-812-051-0. — Biographical sketch of Mary Strong and Joseph Clemens (p. 5–36); 7 new Begonia (M.J.S. Sands), 1 Goniothalamus (K. Mat-Salleh).

Beaman, T.E., J.J. Wood, R.S. Beaman & J.H. Beaman. 2001. Notes on the orchids of Sarawak. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 61–74, illus. — 1017 taxa (in 120 gen), 14.3% endemic; many more expected; conservation: IUCN Red List with 5 spp inadequate, as 306 have been collected only once; Lupar River a biogeographic border between East and West.

Beaman, T.E., J.J. Wood, R.S. Beaman & J.H. Beaman. 2001. Orchids of Sarawak. xvi, 584 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Nhd. & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 983-812-045-6. — Introductory chapters; Annotated checklist of 120 gen, 1019 taxa, 1 new Dendrochilum, 4 new comb; key to gen, not to lower taxa; index to numbered collections; beautiful colour plates (Orchidaceae).

Bean, A.R. 2000. A revision of Stylidium subg. Andersonia (R.Br. ex G. Don) Mildbr. (Stylidiaceae). Austrobaileya 5: 589–649, illus. — 5 sect (2 new) for 37 spp (8), some Malesian; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa so useless for herbarium maintenance; no index to names either.

Beekman, E.M. 1999. The Amboinese curiosity cabinet. 672 pp. ISBN 0-300-07534-O (hbk). Yale University Press, New Haven, USD 45.00. — (n.v.), see also R. Schmid, 2000. Taxon 49: 357–358 for review of this classical work (1704) by G.E. Rumphius, now translated for the first time into English.

Berg, C.C. 2000. Ficus corneriana, a new species of Ficus subg. Sycidium sect. Palaeomorphe (Moraceae) from the Solomon Islands. Blumea 45: 397–398.

Blattner, F.R., K. Weising, G. Bänfer, U. Maschwitz & B. Fiala. 2001. Molecular analysis of phylogenetic relationships among myrmecophytic Macaranga species (Euphorbiaceae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 19: 331–344, illus. — Macaranga nested in Mallotus; myrmecophytism originated possibly at least 4 times, was lost once, and once became ant species independent again.

Boer, E. & A.B. Ella (Eds.). 2000. Plants producing exudates. Prosea 18: 189 pp, illus. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. ISBN 90-5782-072-2.

Bogner, J. & A. Hay. 2000. Schismatoglottideae (Araceae) in Malesia. II. Aridarum, Bucephalandra, Phymatarum and Piptospatha. Telopea 9: 179–222. — Keys to genera and species; Aridarum (incl. Heteroaridarum) 9 spp (1 new, 1 new comb), Bucephalandra 2, Phymatarum 1, Piptospatha (incl. Hottarum) 11 (1, 4 new comb); synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa, so useless for organizing the collection; index to names.

Bollendorff, S.M., P.C. van Welzen & J.W.F. Slik. 2000. A taxonomic revision of Mallotus section Polyadenii (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea 45: 319–340, illus. — 8 spp, 1 new; incl. Coccoceras; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Boyce, P.C. 2000. The genus Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae–Monsteroideae–Monstereae) in the southern and western Indonesian Archipelago. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 101–183, illus. — 24 spp (5 new) in 8 informal groups; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; index to collections.

Boyce, P.C. 2001. The genus Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae–Monsteroideae–Monstereae) in the Philippines. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 213–256, illus. — 11 spp (1 new, 1 new name); key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to specimens and names.

Boyce, P.C. & J. Bogner. 2000. An account of neotenic species of Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae–Monsteroideae–Monstereae) in New Guinea and Australia. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 89–100, illus. — 3 spp, 2 new; key; descriptions, notes; index to collections.

Bradford, J.C. & R.W. Barnes. 2001. Phylogenetics and classification of Cunoniaceae (Oxalidales) using chloroplast DNA sequences and morphology. Syst. Bot. 26: 354–385, illus. — Incl. Bauera, Davidsonia, Eucryphia; Acsmithia, Spiraeanthemum sister to rest of Cunoniaceae; 6 tribes, 2 new, but 6 poorly resolved not placeable; Tremandraceae nested in Elaeocarpaceae.

Braem, G.J. 2001. Etude critique des additions et des changements intervenus récemment dans le genre Paphiopedilum – 1. Richardiana 1: 4–19, illus. (In French, Engl. summ.). — 7 out of 25 spp recently described acceptable; descriptions, discussions (Orchidaceae).

Braem, G.J. 2001. Etude critique des additions et des changements intervenus récemment dans le genre Paphiopedilum – 2. Richardiana 1: 50–60, illus. (In French). — (Orchidaceae).

Bremer, B. & J.-F. Manen. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of the subfamily Rubioideae–Rubiaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 225: 43–72, illus. — 16 tribes (2 new) of which 12 more or less correspond with previous circumscriptions; Coussareeae and Ophiorrhizeae with very different circumscriptions.

Brouat, C. & D. McKey. 2000. Origin of caulinary ant domatia and timing of their onset in plant ontogeny: evolution of a key trait in horizontally transmitted ant-plant symbioses. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 801–819, illus.

Brown, G.K., F. Udovicic & P.Y. Ladiges. 2001. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Melaleuca, Callistemon and related genera (Myrtaceae). Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 565–585, illus. — Melaleuca polyphyletic.

Brummitt, R.K. (Ed.). 2000. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 50. Taxon 49: 799–808. — New type for Poa pratensis recommended; rejection of Phyllanthus hamrur id.; conservation of Zizyphus with that spelling and feminine gender, Scirpus miliaceus not recommended.

Brummitt, R.K. (Ed.). 2001. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 51. Taxon 50: 559–568. — Conservation not recommended for Dendrobium teres against Limodorum subulatum; recommended for Phalaenopsis sumatrana; rejection recommended for Pepo indicus.

Buijze, W. 2001. De generale Lant-beschrijvinge van het Ambonse Gouvernement, ofwel De Ambonsche Lant-beschrijvinge door G.E. Rumphius. xlvi, 336 pp, illus. ISBN 90-8045272-6, NUGI 606.641.645.646 (pbk). Privately published by W. Buijze. Price NLG 47.95. Distributed by Boekhandel A. Houtschild, Papestraat 13, 2513 AV Den Haag, The Netherlands. — See Review.

Buitenhuis, A.G. & J.F. Veldkamp. 2001. Revision of Eremochloa (Gramineae–Andropogoneae–Rottboelliinae). Blumea 46: 399–420, illus. — 13 taxa, 2 new, 1 new name; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Bujang, J.S., et 5 al. 2000. Notes on Halodule pinifolia (Miki) Den Hartog from Tunku Abdul Rahman Park, Sabah. Sabah Parks Nat. J. 3: 29–39, illus. — New localities; description, notes (Potamogetonaceae).

Bulalacao, L.J. 1997. Pollen morphology and taxonomy of Philippine Gymnospermae and Angiospermae. Nat. Mus. Pap. 7, 1: 55–64, illus.

Bulalacao, L.J. & V.G. Sagun. 1998. The pollen morphology of some Philippine Acanthaceae. Nat. Mus. Pap. 8, 8: 34–60, illus. — Study of 26 spp, 17 gen.

Burton, C.M. 2001. Hoya palawanica Schltr. ex Kloppenb. Hoyan 22: 60–63, illus. — Confusion over application of name (Asclepiadaceae).

Burton, C.M. 2001. Eriostemma – a new genus? Hoyan 23: 13–15. — No (Asclepiadaceae).

Burton, C.M. 2001. Hoya kloppenburgii Green. Hoyan 23: 16–18, illus. — (Asclepiadaceae).

Buzgo, M. 2001. Flowers structure and development of Araceae compared with alismatids and Acoraceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 136: 393–425, illus. — Similarities between Araceae and Potamogetonaceae, and Acorus with Juncaginaceae.

Caddick, L.R., P.J. Rudall & P. Wilkin. 2000. Floral morphology and development in Dioscoreales. Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 111: 189–230, illus. — Burmanniaceae, Thismiaceae to be included.

Camelbeke, K., G. Zijlstra & P. Goetghebeur. 2001. Nomenclature of genera and subdivisions of genera within Scleria P.J. Bergius (Cyperaceae). Taxon 50: 479–486.

Chakrabarty, T. & M. Gangopadhyay. 2000. The genus Antidesma L. (Euphorbiaceae) in the Indian subcontinent. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 1–55, illus. — 23 spp, 2 new; Hoffmann (1999) not cited.

Chanderbali, A.S., H. van der Werff & S.S. Renner. 2001. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of Lauraceae: evidence from the chloroplast and nuclear genomes. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 104–134, illus. — Basal lineages established in Late Cretaceous; Laurasian ancestry for most extant taxa.

Chase, M.W., M.F. Fay & V. Savolainen. 2000. Higher-level classification in the angiosperms: new insights from the perspective of DNA sequences. Taxon 49: 685–704, illus.

Chase, M.W., et 6 al. 2000. Phylogenetics of Asphodelaceae (Asparagales): an analysis of plastid rbcL and trnL-F DNA sequences. Ann. Bot. 86: 935–951, illus.

Cheaw, H.M. & C.K. Lim. 2001. Perah – beauty of the Belum rainforest. Folia Mal. 2: 69–74, illus. — Elateriospermum tapos (Euphorbiaceae); botanical notes and uses.

Cheek, M. & M. Jebb. 2001. Nepenthaceae. Fl. Males. I, 15: 1–157, illus. — 83 taxa; introductory chapters; regional keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; ISBN 90-71236-49-8; EUR 34.00.

Chen, C.-H. & C.-S. Kuoh. 2000. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in Taiwan: a DELTA database for generating key and descriptions. Taiwania 45: 311–322. — 4 spp, 3 Malesian.

Chen, S.-H. & M.-J. Wu. 2001. Notes on two newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. Taiwania 46: 85–92, illus. — Ipomoea hederifolia, Mecardonia procumbens (incl. Bacopa procumbens).

Chen, S.[-K.] (Ed.). 1999. Aquifoliaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 45/2: ix, 296 pp, illus. — 204 spp of Ilex.

Chen, W.[-C.] (Ed.). 1999. Rubiaceae, Rubioideae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 71/2: xvi, 377 pp, illus. — See also H.[-S.] Lo (1999).

Chew, P.T., H.S. Kiah & J.T.K. Lai. 1998 (‘1997’). New records of plant species from Singapore. Gard. Bull. Sing. 49: 49–54. — 28 spp, e.g. Chonemorpha fragrans, Dipterocarpus elongatus, Gymnanthera oblonga, Ichnocarpus serpyllifolius, Kibatalia maingayi, Mukia maderaspatana, Scaphochlamys tenuis, Shorea ochrophloia.

Choob, V.V. & E.V. Mavdrodiev. 2001. Morphological characters of the leaf series in the Commelinaceae family with special emphasis on the number of prophylls and their homology in monocots. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 86/4: 1–11, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.). — Prophyll single, not product of fusion of two leaves; 2-keeled prophylls result of axis pressure.

Chua, L.S.L. 2000. The pollination biology and breeding system of Nepenthes macfarlanei (Nepenthaceae). J. Trop. Forest Sci. 12: 635–642, illus. — Generalist entomophilous but low frequency of visits; stigma receptivity 30 days.

Chua, L.S.L., S. Kamarudin & S. Damahuri. 2000. A preliminary checklist of seed plants of the Belum Forest Reserve, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Malay. Nat. J. 54: 171–186. — See also A. Latiff et al. (2000).

Chua, L.S.L. & L.G. Saw. 2001. A reassessment of the flora of Gunung Ulu Kali, Genting Highlands, Malaysia – Preliminary findings and trends. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 65–76, illus. — Compared with similar survey c. 20–30 years previously show immense environmental changes.

Clarke, C. 2001. Ecology and conservation of montane Nepenthes in Sumatra. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 259–266, illus. — 25 spp (16 endemic, 14 above 1000 m alt.); threatened by horticultural ‘interest’; (Nepenthaceae).

Clausing, G. 2000. Revision of Pachycentria (Melastomataceae). Blumea 45: 341–375, illus. — Incl. Pogonanthera; 9 taxa, 2 new, 2 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Clausing, G. & S.S. Renner. 2001. Evolution of growth form in epiphytic Dissochaeteae (Melastomataceae). Organisms, Diver. & Evol. 1: 45–60, illus. — Compared with phylogeny based on ndhF, rpl16 intron sequences; scrambling developed once, root climbing several times; Sonerileae (incl. Oxysporeae) nested in Dissochaeteae; Medinilla and relatives closer to Sonerileae; Catanthera and Kendrickia close, because of fruit type in different tribes.

Clausing, G. & S.S. Renner. 2001. Molecular phylogenetics of Melastomataceae and Memecylaceae: implications for character evolution. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 486–498, illus. — Memecylaceae sister to Melastomataceae; Pternandra first branch in latter, then Astronieae; several tribes supported; Sonerileae/Oxysporeae nested in Dissochaeteae; Old World Melastomeae nested in New World representatives; evolution of berries from capsules occurred at least 4 times.

Comber, J.B. 2001. Orchids of Sumatra. x, 1026 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Nhd. & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 983-812-043-X. — 3.5 kg devoted to 139 gen, 1118 spp, only 1 new Dendrobium; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; beautiful colour pictures, an absolute must-have for orchidiots; (Orchidaceae).

Compton, S.G., M.D.F. Ellwood, A.J. Davis & K. Welch. 2000. The flight heights of chalcid wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) in a lowland Bornean rain forest: Fig wasps are the high flyers. Biotropica 32: 515–552, illus. — Fly above the canopy, especially at night.

Coode, M.J.E. 2001. Elaeocarpus in New Guinea – new taxa in the Debruynii subgroup of the Monocera group. Contributions to the flora of Mt Jaya, V. Kew Bull. 56: 449–460, illus. — Key.

Coode, M.J.E. 2001. Elaeocarpus for Flora Malesiana – the Fissipetalum group in central Malesia. Kew Bull. 56: 461–463. — E. arnhemicus in Java, Sumba, Flores, Timor, Celebes; E. polydactylus in Timor.

Cootes, J. 2001. The orchids of the Philippines. 232 pp, illus. Times Editions, ISBN 981-232-100-4, SGD 55.00. — Over 300 spp; some history, descriptions, habit, distribution, notes; checklist to the c. 141 gen, 1100 spp; beautiful work (Orchidaceae).

Cope, A.T. 2000. Chorology of grasses – a review. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 325–330. — C. 93% of the 1054 spp of Australia + New Zealand are endemic, 71% to Australia, 6% to West Australia, 2.6% to its SW part.

Cowley, J. 2000. Three new gingers from Borneo. Kew Bull. 55: 669–678, illus. — Amomum botryoideum, Boesenberia armeniaca (apricot-coloured, not from Armenia!), B. hosensis.

Craven, L.A. 2001. Unraveling knots or plaiting rope: what are the major taxonomic strands in Syzygium sens. lat. (Myrtaceae) and what should be done with them? In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 75–85, illus. — Either many (polythetic?) small genera or a single large one; at present the latter option advocated.

Czapik, R. 2000. Apomixis in Monocotyledons. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 316–321, illus. — Especially in Gramineae (62 out of 110 gen).

Dai, L.-K. & S.-Y. Liang (Eds.). 2000. Cyperaceae (2) Caricoideae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 12: xxii, 570 pp, illus. (In Chinese). — 59 spp Kobresia, 488 Carex.

Daniel, T.F. 2000. Chromosome numbers of some Acanthaceae from Papua New Guinea. Austrobaileya 5: 651–659, illus. — 9 spp; taxonomic consequences.

d’Arcy, W.G., R.C. Keating, Z.-Y. Zhang & C.-I Peng. 2001. The genus Tubocapsicum (Solanaceae). Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 42: 67–84, illus. — 2 spp, 1 Malesian; phenology, relationships; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Das, A.B., A.K. Mukherjee & P. Das. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of Heritiera Aiton (Sterculiaceae), a tree mangrove: variations in RAPD markers and nuclear content. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 136: 221–229, illus.

Davis, A.P., D. Bridson, C. Jarvis & R. Govaerts. 2001. The typification and characterization of the genus Psychotria L. (Rubiaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135: 35–42, illus. — P. asiatica lectotypified, redescribed, from SE China, filed under P. rubra, but not that.

De Kok, R. 2001. The systematics and pollination biology of Oxera Labill., Faradaya F. Muell. and Hosea Ridl. (Labiatae). In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 87–91, illus. — Most species groups by birds (and introduced honey bees), O. macrocalyx group by butterflies, Hosea probably also; however, at present state of knowledge impossible to assess place and number of any possible pollination shifts.

De Wilde, W.J.J.O. & B.E.E. Duyfjes. 2001. Taxonomy of Hodgsonia (Cucurbitaceae), with a note on the ovules and seeds. Blumea 46: 169–179, illus. — ‘Seeds’ are pyrenes, unique in the family; 2 (1 more in China?) spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; index to collections.

Deng, Y.-F. 2000. Notes on Sabia Colebr. (Sabiaceae) from China. J. Trop. & Subtrop. Bot. 9: 45–48. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Reduction of some names.

Dessein, S., A. Scheltens, S. Huysmans, E. Robbrecht & E. Smets. 2000. Pollen morphological survey of Pentas (Rubiaceae–Rubioideae) and its closest allies. Rev. Palaeobot. Palyn. 112: 189–205, illus. — Relationships confirmed, character states agree with most of present taxonomy.

Dixon, D.J. 2001. A chequered history: the taxonomy of Ficus platypoda and F. leucotricha (Moraceae: Urostigma sect. Malvanthera) unraveled. Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 535–563, illus. — 4 spp, 2 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; all endemic, ref-erences to F. platypoda in Malesia belong to something else (but what?).

Doorenbos, J. 2000. Begonia siccacaudata (Begoniaceae), a new species from Sulawesi. Blumea 45: 399–402, illus.

Dowe, J.L. & M.D. Ferrero. 2000. Gronophyllum cariosum, an ornamental new species from Papua New Guinea. Palms 44: 161–165, illus. — (Palmae).

Dowe, J.L. & M.D. Ferrero. 2000. A new species of rheophytic palms from New Guinea. Palms 44: 194–197, illus. — Hydriastele (Palmae).

Dowe, J.L. & M.D. Ferrero. 2001. Revision of Calyptrocalyx and the New Guinea species of Linospadix (Linospadicinae: Arecoidae: Arecaceae). Blumea 46: 207–251, illus. — Calyptrocalyx (incl. Paralinospadix) 26 spp, 3 new, 11 new comb; Linospadix 2; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices of collections, names.

Downie, S.R., et 10 al. 2001. Tribes and clades within Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae: the contribution of molecular data. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 301–330, illus. — 10 monophyletic tribes and 3 subtribes recognized, but several taxa remain unplaced.

Dransfield, J. 2000. Calamus mogeae (Arecaceae), a bizarre new species from Sumatra. Kew Bull. 55: 717–719, illus.

Dransfield, J. 2001. Flora Malesiana – Local and regional accounts and can they be reconciled? Examples from palms. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 93–99.

Dransfield, J., W.J. Baker, C.D. Heatubun & J. Witono. The palms of Mount Jaya. Palms 44: 202–208, illus. — Popular account (Palmae).

Dransfield, J., G.G. Hambali, R.A. Maturbongs & C.D. Heatubun. 2000. Caryota zebrina. Palms 44: 170–174, illus. — New species of Palmae from Jayapura Province.

Duyfjes, B.E.E. & W.J.J.O. de Wilde. 2001. Revision of Alsomitra Spach. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 101–105. — Key to Zanoniinae; Alsomitra monotypic, descriptions of genus and species; notes.

Edwards, K.J. & P.A. Gadek. 2001. Evolution and biogeography of Alectryon (Sapindaceae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 20: 14–26, illus. — Two main lineages supporting existing infrageneric division.

Erfkamp, J. 2000. Dendrobium amethystoglossum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron.: 109, 1872. Orchidee 51: 710, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Erfkamp, J. 2000. Dendrobium cyanocentrum Schltr., K. Schum. & Laut.: Nachtr: 160, 1905. Orchidee 51: 716, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Erfkamp, J. 2000. Dendrobium dichaeoides Schltr., Fedde Rep. Beih.: 507, 1914. Orchidee 51: 718, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Erfkamp, J. 2000. Dendrobium sanderae Rolfe., Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 14: 3374, 1909. Orchidee 51: 718, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Erfkamp, J. 2000. Dendrobium lawesii F. Mueller, Melb. Chemist June 1884. Orchidee 51: 719, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Erfkamp, J. 2000. Dendrobium obtusipetalum J.J. Smith. Orchidee 51: 722, illus. (In German). — Cultivation; incorrectly called D. obtusisepalum (Orchidaceae).

Erfkamp, J. 2000. Dendrobium smilliae F. Muell., Fragm. Phyt. Australiae 6: 94, 1867. Orchidee 51: 724, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Erfkamp, J. & O. Gruß. 2000. Dendrobium cuthbertsonii F. Mueller, Trans. and proc. Roy. Soc. Vict. 24: 175, 1888. Orchidee 51: 712–715, illus. (In German). — Pictures of a number of beautiful cultivars (Orchidaceae).

Esser, H.-J. & S. Cafferty. 2001. Proposal to reject the name Euphorbia pilulifera L. (Euphorbiaceae). Taxon 50: 915–917. — As E. hypericifolia in Fl. Java.

Evans, T.D., K. Sengdala, O.V. Viengkham & B. Thammavong. 2001. Rattans of Lao PDR. 97 pp, illus. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-009-9. — Actually covers all of Indochina; 6 gen, 51 spp, 31 with lengthy accounts and plates, the others with brief diagnoses, some Malesian, 4 without names yet; field keys; descriptions extensively depicted (in colour) and easy to use for a layman; exemplary approach to a difficult, but economically important group; (Palmae).

Evans, T.M., R.B. Faden, M.G. Simpson & K.J. Sytsma. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the Commelinaceae: I. A cladistic analysis of morphological data. Syst. Bot. 25: 668–691, illus. — High degree of convergence in floral parts give results disagreeing with recent classification.

Fernandez, D.G. 1997. Fruits of the Philippines. xi, 178 pp, illus. Bookmark, 264-A Pablo Ocampo Sr. Ave., Makati City, The Philippines, ISBN 971-569-259-1 (hbk), 971-569-261-3 (pbk), price unknown. — 45 spp; morphology, uses, folklore, recipes (!!); reviewed by R. Schmid, Taxon 49 (2000) 840.

Forster, P.I. 2000. Rediscovery of Dischidia torricellensis (Schltr.) P.I. Forst., an unusual epiphytic asclepiad from New Guinea. Austrobaileya 5: 725–728, illus. — Emended description (Asclepiadaceae).

Forster, P.I. 2000. Cryptolepis papillata P.I. Forst. & Sarcolobus porcatus P.I. Forst. (Asclepiadaceae), newly recorded from West Papua. Austrobaileya 5: 729.

Fritsch, P.W. 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography of the flowering plant genus Styrax (Styracaceae) based on chloroplast DNA restriction sites and DNA sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 19: 387–408, illus. — Four series monophyletic; Eurasian origin.

Frodin, D.G. 2001. Big plant genera: quality of quantity? In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 19–21.

Fryxell, P.A. 2001. Proposal to conserve the name Hibiscus sabdariffa (Malvaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 50: 929–931.

Fryxell, P.A. 2001. Talipariti (Malvaceae), a segregate from Hibiscus. Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 225–270, illus. — For H. sect Azanzae; 23 comb nov, 1 new sp.

Funakoshi, H. & H. Ohashi. 2000. Vanoverbergia sasakiana H. Funak. & H. Ohashi (Zingiberaceae), a new species and a new generic record for the flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 45: 270–275, illus., frontisp. — Two spp, the other in the Philippines,

Given, D.R. 2001. Conserving landscapes and species in Sarawak, Malaysia. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 103–115.

Go, R. & A. Latiff. 2001. Taxonomic significance of trichome morphology in Teijsmanniodendron Koord. (Verbenaceae). In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 123–130, illus. — 41 spp, all but 2 in Borneo, 25 endemic there; 18 trichome types; (sub)tribal place of genus uncertain, probably in Caryopteridoideae.

Goldblatt, P. & D.E. Johnson (Eds.). 2000. Index to plant chromosome numbers 1996–1997. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 81: xi, 188 pp.

Golding, J.S. & P.P. Smith. 2001. A 13-point flora strategy to meet conservation challenges. Taxon 50: 475–477. — 13 points that should be considered to help nature conservation and Red Data Lists when writing treatises and curating specimens; possibly difficult to carry out in Malesia, as so many species are known from a few collections only over so many years due to under-collecting, and giving data difficult to assess due to extinction by whole-sale destruction of the habitats.

Gómez-Martínez, R. & A. Culham. 2000. Phylogeny of the subfamily Panicoideae with emphasis on the tribe Paniceae: evidence from the trnL-F cpDNA region. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 136–140, illus. — Centothecoideae sister; monophyletic; Andropogoneae monophyletic, Paniceae possibly not; Panicum polyphyletic; P. maximum sister of Brachiaria (i.e. Urochloa now).

Gong, Y., T. Borromeo & B.-R. Lu. 2000. A biosystematic study of the Oryza meyeriana complex (Poaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 224: 139–151, illus. — Oryza granulata hybridizes easily with O. meyeriana and should be reduced to the latter without any status (should of course be the other way around); also incl. O. indandamanica.

Graham, S.A. 2001. The problematic typification of Cuphea (Lythraceae). Taxon 50: 487–490, illus. — Cuphea decandra over C. viscosissima.

Graham, S.W. & R.G. Olmstead. 2000. Utility of 17 chloroplast genes for inferring the phylogeny of the basal angiosperms. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1712–1730, illus. — Water lilies and Illicium with relatives seem to represent successively emerging basal lineages close to the base of the flowering plants.

Gravendeel, B. 2000. Reorganising the orchid genus Coelogyne. A phylogenetic classification based on molecules and morphology. Thesis, Leiden. 21 November 2000. 208 pp, illus. ISBN 90-71236-48-X. — Molecular phylogeny based on plastid RFLPs, matK and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences: evidence for polyphyly; total evidence phylogeny of Coelogyne and allied genera; incl. reprints of Blumea 44 (1999) 253–320; 45 (13 December 2000) 253–273, 275–318; Coelogyninae monophyletic, with 3 major clades, one for Pleione, the other two with various Coelogyne sections next to the other genera (Orchidaceae).

Green, T. 2000. The Sabah beauty Hoya – Hoya callistophylla Green. Fraterna 13/4: 2–4, illus. — (Asclepiadaceae).

Green, T. 2001. Absolmsia spartiodes – an update. Fraterna 14/2: 5. — (Asclepiadaceae).

Green, T. 2001. Hoya kloppenburgii Green, sp. nova (Asclepiadaceae). Fraterna 14/2: 11–16, illus. — From Sabah.

Green, T. 2001. Hoya clemensii Green sp. nova. Fraterna 14/3: 12–15, illus. — ‘Named after J. and M.S. Clemens’, hence epithet should be ‘clemensiorum’ (Asclepiadaceae).

Gruß, O. 2000. Doritis pulcherrima Lindl., Gen. Spec. Orch. Pl. 178, 1833. Orchidee 51: 727, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Gruß, O. 2000. Paphiopedilum dayanum (Stone ex Lindley) Stein, Orchideenbuch: 464, 1892. Orchidee 51: 747, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Gruß, O. 2000. Paphiopedilum mastersianum (Rchb.f.) Stein, Stein’s Orchideenbuch: 477, 1897. Orchidee 51: 750, illus. (In German). — Cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Gruß, O. 2001. Paphiopedilum platyphyllum (Orchidaceae) – Eine neue Art von Borneo. Orchidee 52: 84–87, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — From Sarawak.

Gruß, O. & J. Röth. 2000. Paphiopedilum haynaldianum f. album Gruss et Roeth, eine neue Farbvariante. Orchidee 51: 749, illus. (In German). — Green- to white-flowered form from the Philippines (Orchidaceae).

Guha, R. & M.S. Mondal. 2000 (‘1999’). Taxonomy and pollen morphology of the genus Ruppia L. (Ruppiaceae) in India with special reference to systematic position. Geophytol. 29: 17–23, illus. — 2 subsp; distinct family supported.

Hanum, I.F. 2001. A systematic study of the Ormosia group (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae). In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 107–121, illus. — Incl. Haplormosia, Pericopsis; Ormosia 14 spp in Malesia; recognition of genera supported by anatomy, alkaloids, palynology, (micro)morphology.

Hao, G., M.-L. Chye & R.M.K. Saunders. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of the Schisandraceae based on morphology and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135: 401–411, illus. — Kadsura, Schisandra distinct; not all supraspecific taxa monophyletic.

Hao, G. & C.-M. Hu. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships in Lysimachia (Primulaceae): a cladistic analysis. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 9: 93–100, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Based on morphology; paraphyletic.

Harley, R. & A. Paton. 2001. Leonurus japonicus Houtt. (Labiatae): the correct name for a common tropical weed. Kew Bull. 56: 243–244. — In Malesia known as L. sibiricus.

Hartley, T.G. 2001. Morphology and biogeography in Australasian-Malesian Rutaceae. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 197–219. — Key to 32 gen (excl. 23 of Aurantioideae, 17 of Boronieae); enu-meration; distribution, origin, migration.

Hartley, T.G. 2001. On the taxonomy and biogeography of Euodia and Melicope (Rutaceae). Allertonia 8: 1–319, illus. — Euodia reduced to 7 spp (4 new); Melicope (incl. Euodia with 4 sect (1 new), 233 spp (54 new, 66 new comb, 7 new names); Asian/Pacific spp (excl. Hawaii) fully treated, the others to section; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to names and specimens.

Hay, A. & Yuzammi. 2000. Alocasia alba. Araceae. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 17: 216–220, t. 403. — History, synonymy, description.

Hay, A. & Yuzammi. 2000. Schismatoglottideae (Araceae) in Malesia. I. Schismatoglottis. Telopea 9: 1–177, illus. — Informal subgeneric classification of 89 spp (30 new); keys; synonymy, description, notes; specimens under taxa, so useless for organizing the collection; index to names.

Hazebroek, H.P. & A. Kashim b. Abang Morshidi. 2000. National Parks of Sarawak. xi, 502 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Nhd., Kota Kinabalu. ISBN 983-812-032-4. — Descriptions of the Parks aimed at the educated reader with sumptuous illustrations by the first author, a geologist, so there are also a lot of geological data.

Heads, M. 2001. Regional patterns of biodiversity in New Guinea plants. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 136: 67–73, illus. — Patterns correlated with tectonic history.

Heatubun, C.D. 2000. In search of Caryota zebrina – a palm expedition to the Cyclops Mountains. Palms 44: 187–193, illus. — (Palmae).

Hegnauer, R. & M. Hegnauer. 2001. Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen. XI b-2. Leguminosae, Teil 3. xv, 1494 pp, illus. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Boston, Berlin. ISBN 3-7643-5862-9. (In German). — Grand finale of this magnum opus.

Henwood, M.J. & J.M. Hart. 2001. Towards an understanding of the phylogenetic relationships of Australian Hydrocotyloideae (Apiaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 269–289, illus. — Several genera also Malesian; Hydrocotyloideae form grade between paraphyletic Araliaceae and monophyletic Apioideae + Saniculoideae; Hydrocotyleae and subtribes polyphyletic.

Herr Jr., J.M. 2000. On the origin of the ovule: some key events and their impact. Acta Biol. Cracov., Bot. 42/2: 21–30, illus.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & R.W.J.M. van der Ham. 2001. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) – II. New and obsolete species from East Malaysia and continental Southeast Asia. Blumea 46: 253–282, illus. — 16 new spp, some together with second or third authors (T.C. Chapman, A. Hay, J. Mood, V.D. Nguyen, M. Sizemore, Serebryanyi, A. Vogel).

Heywood, V. 2001. Floristics and monography – an uncertain future? Taxon 50: 361–380, illus. — New paradigms for taxonomy; plea for floristic work; Flora Malesiana to be finished in 2050 (excl. Orchidaceae); changing aims of floras, monographs, herbaria (‘herbaria of the future dramatically different’); future of electronic databases and information systems.

Hidayati, S.N., W. Meijer, J.M. Baskin & J.L. Walck. 2000. A contribution to the life history of the rare Indonesian holoparasite Rafflesia patma. Biotropica 32: 408–414, illus. — Phenology, pollination.

Hill, K.D. 2001. Cycads – the effects of taxonomy on biogeography and conservation. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 131–138, illus. — Origin probably in Laurasian in Perm (c. 250 My); many species are aggregates made up of numbers of local endemic, threatened entities.

Hill, R.S. 2001. Biogeography, evolution and palaeoecology of Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae): the contribution of the fossil record. Austral. J. Bot. 49: 321–332, illus.

Hilu, K.W. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in subfamily Chloridoideae (Poaceae) based on matK sequences: a preliminary assessment. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 173–179, illus. — Monophyletic; Chlorideae, Eragrostideae, Zoysieae not, nor Chloris, Eragrostis, Eustachys.

Hilu, K.W. 2000. Contributions of prolamine size diversity and structure to the systematics of the Poaceae. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 241–247, illus. — Bambusoideae, Oryzoideae distinct; Aristideae, Chloridoideae, Panicoideae, Pooideae monophyletic; Arundinoideae, Danthonia paraphyletic; curiously, Setaria next to Coix in panicoid clade with Pennisetum basal.

Hilu, K.W. & L.A. Alice. 2001. A phylogeny of Chloridoideae (Poaceae) based on matK sequences. Syst. Bot. 26: 386–405, illus. — If this is a correct representation of the phylogeny, the subfamily needs a drastic overhaul; Triraphis sister to three strongly supported clades: A with Pappophoreae, Uniolinae, Eragrostiella, Heterachne, some Eragrostis; B with Sporobolinae, Spartina, Zoysia, other Eragrostis spp; C the rest; Eleusininae scattered over the whole diagram; Chloris not monophyletic, Enteropogon nested in part of Chloris, etc.

Hodkinson, T.R., S.A. Renvoize, G.N. Chonghaile, C.M.A. Stapleton & M.W. Chase. 2000. A comparison of ITS nuclear rDNA sequence data and AFLP markers for phylogenetic studies in Phyllostachys (Bambusoideae, Poaceae). J. Pl. Res. 113: 259–269, illus. — Phyllostachys monophyletic, Chimonobambusa nearest; AFLP analysis most sensitive; sect Heteroclada supported with two subclades; sect Phyllostachys also with two, some spp remain unplaced.

Hoffmann, P. 2000. Checklist of the genus Antidesma (Euphorbiaceae) in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 28: 139–156. — Keys; synonymy, distribution, ecology, uses, names.

Hong, Y.-P., Z.-D. Chen & A.-M. Lu. 2001. Phylogeny of the tribe Menispermeae (Menispermaceae). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 39: 97–104, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Monophyletic; Pachygone to Cocculus; Cyclea sister of Stephania, closely related; 2 subgen of Stephania supported.

Hong, Y.-P., K.-Y. Pan, Z.-D. Chen & A.-M. Lu. 2001. Characters of leaf epidermis and their systematic significance in Menispermaceae. Acta Bot. Sin. 43: 615–623, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Useful at tribal level, perhaps also for some genera.

Hopkins, H.C.F. 2001. A new species of Schizomeria (Cunoniaceae) from New Guinea. Blumea 46: 185–187, illus.

Hufford, L., M.L. Moody & D.E. Soltis. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Hydrangeaceae based on sequences of the plastid gene matK and their combination with rbcL and morphological data. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 162: 835–846, illus. — New subfam, Jamesioideae, basal to rest.

Huynh, K.-L. 2001. Contribution to the flower structure of Sararanga (Pandanaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 136: 239–245, illus.

Iinuma, M., N. Matsuura & D. Madulid. 1993. Chemotaxonomic study of Euchresta formosana (Leguminosae) from the Philippines and Formosa. Nat. Mus. Pap. 4: 59–67, illus. — E. formosana reduced to E. horsfieldii.

Jacobs, S.W.L. & J. Everett (Eds.). 2000. Grasses: systematics and evolution. x, 406 pp, illus. CSIRO Publishing, POB 1139, Collingwood VIC 3066, Australia. USD 150.00. — Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Grass Systematics and Evolution, Sydney, September 1998.

Jansen, S. 2001. Comparative wood anatomy of the Rubiaceae and phylogenetic implications of aluminium hyperaccumulation and vestured pits in angiosperms. Thesis, Leuven, Belgium. 347 pp, illus. No ISBN. — Wood anatomy useful in study of re-lationships within Rubiaceae; presence/absence of vestured pits provides strong phylogenetic signal at higher taxonomic levels; Rubioideae characterized by Aluminium hyperaccumulation, absent in Cinchonoideae, very exceptional in Ixoroideae; copy in L.

Jansen, S., P. Baas & E. Smets. 2001. Vestured pits: their occurrence and systematic importance in eudicots. Taxon 50: 135–167, illus. — Relatively widespread at the base of some groups, then lost with reversals; also polytopic in other groups; presence frequently supports results from DNA data.

Jaramillo, M.A. & P.S. Manos. 2001. Phylogeny and patterns of floral diversity in the genus Piper (Piperaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 88: 706–716, illus. — Can roughly be divided into 3 monophyletic groups corresponding with area: Neotropics, SE Asia crossing the Wallace Line up to New Guinea, S Pacific + E Australia, New Guinea; inflorescence types have multiple origins.

Jarvis, C.E., S. Cafferty & L.L. Forrest (Eds.). 2001. Typification of Linnaean plant names in Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Taxon 50: 507–523.

Keating, R.C. 2000. Collenchyma in Araceae: trends and relation to classification. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 203–214, illus.

Kellogg, E.A. 2000. The grasses: a case study in macroevolution. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 31: 217–238, illus.

Kellogg, E.A. 2000. Molecular and morphological evolution in the Andropogoneae. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 149–158, illus. — Arundinelleae and subtribes polyphyletic; ‘sudden burst of morphological evolution’; Arundinella sister; Coix basal (!); Zea associated with Andropogon; notes on ‘subtribes’.

Keßler, P.J.A. (Ed.). 2000. Secondary forest trees of Kalimantan, Indonesia. A manual to 300 selected species. Tropenbos-Kalimantan Ser. 3: 404 pp, illus. ISSN 1556-6522, ISBN 90-5113-044-9. — Various keys, synoptical and bracketed; descriptions, habitat, ecology, distribution, uses; indices to scientific and vernacular names in the middle of the book (p. 199–203!)

Keßler, P.J.A. & G. Rathert. 2000. Herbarium Berau. Berau Forest Management Project. 26 pp, illus. — Account of the set-up of the Berau Herbarium, E Kalimantan, of special importance: also serves as a succinct introduction to herbarium management in easy well-illustrated steps.

Khaw, S.H. 2000. A checklist of the gingers (Zingiberaceae) of the Belum and Temenggor Forest Reserves in Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Malay. Nat. J. 54: 227–232, illus.

Khou, Z.-K., W.L. Crepet & K.C. Nixon. 2001. The earliest fossil evidence of the Hamamelidaceae: Late Cretaceous (Turonian) inflorescences and fruits of Altingioideae. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 753–766, illus. — Found in New Jersey.

Kiehn, M. & A. Weber. 2001. Karyological differentiation and speciation in Malesian Gesneriaceae. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 139–142. — Brief survey.

Kiew, R. 2001. Scale of extinction in the tropics – A case study of Peninsular Malaysian flowering plants. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 23–32, illus. — ‘Only’ 2% extinct at present, but in vulnerable groups, like rain forest herbs, 85% on the verge of in the next 10–20 years.

Kiew, R. 2001. Towards a limestone flora of Sabah. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 77–93, illus. — 811 spp, 404 gen, 125 fam; 4 phytogeographic regions.

Kim, S., C.-W. Park, Y.-D. Kim & Y. Suh. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships in family Magnoliaceae inferred from ndhF sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 717–728, illus. — Several subfam, gen, subgen, sect, subsect appear distinct.

King-Jones, S. 2001. Revision of Pluchea Cass. (Compositae, Plucheeae) in the Old World. Englera 23: 1–136, illus. — 29 spp, 2 Malesian; 1 new comb in Blumea; 5 ten-tative groups; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; except for types no specimens cited.

Kita, Y. & M. Kato. 2001. Infrafamilial phylogeny of the aquatic angiosperm Podostemaceae inferred from the nucleotide sequences of the matK gene. Pl. Biol. 3: 156–163, illus. — 2 major clades; Podostemoideae with 4 clades, perhaps originated in America.

Kloppenburg, D. 2000. Hoya recurvula Kloppenburg. Fraterna 13/4: 9–12, illus. — ‘From Southern Malaysia’ (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 2001. Hoya wibergiae Kloppenburg. Fraterna 14/1: 5–8, illus. — From Palawan (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 2001. New synonyms and combinations. Fraterna 14/1: 11–14, illus. — Hoya angustisepala = H. coriacea; H. padangensis = H. uncinata; H. purpureofusca var. of H. cinnamomifolia; H. el-nidus ssp of H. diversifolia; Eriostemma (Schltr.) Kloppenburg & Gilding, nom. inval., as new genus hidden on p. 14! No specific combinations, not even for type species, Hoya coronaria (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 2001. Change of genus. Fraterna 14/2: 8–10, illus. — Reduction of Absolmsia to Hoya; 1 barely valid new comb (Asclepiadaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. & E. Gilding. 2001.Genus Eriostemma (Schlechter) Kloppenburg & Gilding. Fraterna 14/2: 1–4, illus. — 15 new comb, all invalid (Art. 33.3: basionyms not mentioned, only referred to!; see also Fraterna 14/1 (2001) 14) (Asclepiadaceae).

Koch, M., B. Haubold & T. Mitchell-Olds. 2001. Molecular systematics of the Brassicaceae: evidence from coding plastidic matK and nuclear Chs sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 534–544, illus. — Brassiceae the only monophyletic group among all taxa studied.

Kocyan, A. & P.K. Endress. 2001. Floral structure and development of Apostasia and Neuwiedia (Apostasioideae) and their relationships to other Orchidaceae. Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 162: 847–867, illus.

Kong, H.-Z. 2001. Comparative morphology of leaf epidermis in the Chloranthaceae. Bot. J. Lin. Soc. 136: 279–294, illus. — Chloranthus with two lineages.

Koshy, K.C. & D. Harikumar. 2000. Flowering incidences and breeding system in Bambusa vulgaris. Curr. Sci. 79: 1650–1652, illus. — Functionally male, no seeds known; visited by bees.

Kristiansen, K.A., F.N. Rasmussen & H.N. Rasmussen. 2001. Seedlings of Neuwiedia (Orchidaceae subfamily Apostasioideae) have typical orchidaceous mycotropic protocorms. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 956–959, illus.

Ku, T.[-C.] (Ed.). 1999. Flacourtiaceae, Passifloraceae, Datiscaceae, Ancistrocladaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Stachyuraceae, Caricaceae, Begoniaceae, Cactaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 52/1: xviii, 440 pp, illus.

Kumar, M., S. Sequiera & M. Remesh. 2000. The position of Indian bamboos in bamboo systematics. Rheedea 10: 33–48. — Current general classification; keys.

Kumar, M.S.B., R. Das & R. Vinesh. 2000. Turnera subulata J.E. Sm. (Turneraceae) – a fast naturalising weed in Indian subcontinent. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 300–302, illus. — Synonymy, description.

Kumar, V.S. & P.V. Sreekumar. 2000. Ludwigia peruviana (L.) Hara – a shrub new to Andamans. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 276–278. — Key to Andaman & Nicobar spp; synonymy, description.

Kuo, J. 2001. Chromosome numbers of the Australian Zosteraceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 226: 155–163, illus. — 2n = 24 for Zostera (12 for non-Australian spp), 36 for Heterozostera.

Kurashige, Y., J.-I. Etoh, T. Handa, K. Takayanagi & T. Yukawa. 2001. Sectional relationships in the genus Rhododendron (Ericaceae): evidence from matK and trnK intron sequences. Pl. Syst. Evol. 228: 1–14, illus. — Menziesia nested in Rhododendron; subgen Therorhodion basal lineage of Rhodoreae; subgen Rhododendron monophyletic if subsect Ledum is excluded.

Kurosawa, T. 2001. Taxonomy and distribution of weedy taxa of Chamaesyce S.F. Gray (Euphorbiaceae) in Japan. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 51: 203–229, illus. (In Japanese, Engl. summ.). — 1 new comb for Euphorbia bifida (incl. E. parannaquensis).

Kusumi, J., Y. Tsumura, H. Yoshimaru & H. Tachida. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in Taxodiaceae and Cupressaceae sensu stricto based on matK gene, chlL gene, trnL-trnF IGS region, and trnL intron sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1480–1488, illus.

Lail, M.N.J. 2001. Aberrant flowering of Geostachys (Zingiberaceae) observed. Folia Mal. 2: 129–131, illus.

Lakra, G.S., M. Tigga & P.V. Sreekumar. 2000. A new record of Tropidia Lindl. (Orchidaceae) from Andaman Islands. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 187–189, illus. — T. thwaitesii.

Langenberger, G. 2000. Forest vegetation studies on the foothills of Mt. Pangasugan, Leyte/The Philippines. iii, 56 pp, illus. ISBN 3-933984-67- X. DEM 10.00. — Checklist.

Larsen, K. 2000. Selection of Etlingera corneri J. Mood & H. Ibrahim (Zingiberaceae) as a future correct name. Nordic J. Bot. 20: 475–476. — Selected over E. terengannuensis published on the very same date (!).

Larsen, K. 2001. Progress in the study of Zingiberaceae for Flora Malesiana. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 143–147, illus. — 25 gen, c. 735 spp, notes.

Larsen, K. & S.S. Larsen. 2000. Bauhinia strychnoidea Prain (Leguminosae–Caesalpinioideae), a new record for Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 28: 33–37, illus.

Latiff, A. 2001. Diversity of the Vitaceae in the Malay Archipelago. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 29–42, illus. — Survey and diagnoses of the 14 gen.

Latiff, A. 2001. Priorities and strategies for Malaysian botany: an appraisal of Malaysian contribution to Flora Malesiana. Folia Mal. 2: 1–6. — A historical survey and a view to the future.

Latiff, A. 2001. Priorities and strategies for Malesian botany II: an assessment of recent contributions by taxonomists in Malaysia. Folia Mal. 2: 59–66.

Latiff, A. 2001. Notice of priority of E. terengganuensis C.K. Lim. Folia Mal. 2: 67–68, 131, illus. — This and E. corneri of the same calendar date, but published in different time zones (Malaysia vs. Denmark, 7 hrs difference): this one therefore has priority!

Latiff, A. 2001. Studies in Malesian Vitaceae XII: Taxonomic notes on Cissus, Ampelocissus, Nothocissus and Tetrastigma and other genera. Folia Mal. 2: 179–189, illus. — 1 new Cissus; new sections and subsections in Ampelocissus; 5 new comb in Notho-cissus; 3 new comb in Tetrastigma; new record and nomenclatural note on Cayratia.

Latiff, A., K. Mat-Salleh, I. Faridah-Hanum & A.Z. Ibrahim. 2000. Preliminary annotated checklist of seed plants from Belum Forest reserve, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Malay. Nat. J. 54: 151–170. — See also L.S.L. Chua et al. (2000).

Lavin, M., M. Thulin, J.-N. Labat & R.T. Pennington. 2000. Africa, the Odd Man out: molecular biogeography of Dalbergioid legumes (Fabaceae) suggests otherwise. Syst. Bot. 25: 449–467, illus. — Aeschynomeneae, Dalbergieae.

Lavin, M., et 5 al. 2001. The dalbergioid legumes (Fabaceae): delimitation of a pantropical monophyletic clade. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 503–533, illus. — Incl. Adesmieae, Aeschynomeneae, Bryinae, Dalbergieae p.p.; three subclades not or poorly supported by non-molecular data.

Lawless, G.M. 2001. Paphiopedilum kolopakingii Primär-Hybriden – ein Loblied. Orchidee 52: 81–83, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — Description of some primary hybrids (Orchidaceae).

Lee, D.W. 2001. Leaf colour in tropical plants: some progress and much mystery. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 117–131, illus. — Why are some leaves blue, red, purple, silvery variegated?

Lee, S. & J. Wen. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 150–160, illus. — Subfam with two main groups; broadly defined Prunus supported containing two major groups.

Lens, F., S. Jansen, E. Robbrecht & E. Smets. 2000. Wood anatomy of the Vanguerieae (Ixoroideeae–Rubiaceae), with special emphasis on some geofrutices. IAWA J. 21: 443–455, illus.

Leonardía, A.A.P. & P.J.A. Keßler. 2001. Additions to Orophea subgenus Sphaerocarpon (Annonaceae): revision and transfer of Mezzettiopsis. Blumea 46: 141–163, illus. — 9 spp, 3 new, 1 new comb; key to flowering material; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Lewis, C.E. & J.J. Doyle. 2001. Phylogenetic utility of the nuclear gene malate synthase in the palm family (Arecaceae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 19: 409–420, illus. — Nypa as sister of the family supported.

Li, J. & A.L. Bogle. 2001. A new suprageneric classification system of the Hamamelidoideae based on morphology and sequences of nuclear and chloroplast DNA. Harvard Pap. Bot. 5: 499–515, illus. — Monophyletic; 6 tribes, 2 new.

Liao, G.-I., M.-Y. Chen & C.-S. Kuoh. 2000. Cuscuta L. (Convolvulaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 45: 226–234, illus. — 5 taxa, 3 Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Liao, J.-P. & Q.-G. Wu. 2000. A preliminary study of the seed anatomy of Zingiberaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 287–300, illus.

Liede, S. & A. Täuber. 2000. Sarcostemma R.Br. (Apocynaceae–Asclepioideae) – a controversial generic circumscription reconsidered: evidence from trnL-F spacers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 225: 133–140, illus. — Polyphyly confirmed; New World and Old World with different genera; Cynanchum polyphyletic.

Lim, A.L. 2001. Citrus and citroids: recent biological findings. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 221–229, illus. — Phenology, floral anthesis, pollination, fruit setting, germination, seedlings.

Lim, C.K. 2001. The "Firebird": a resplendent new Zingiber from Peninsular Thailand & Malaysia. Folia Mal. 2: 35–42, illus. — (Zingiberaceae).

Lim, C.K. 2001. The scented Zingiber wrayi Prain ex Ridley: a new variety. Folia Mal. 2: 45–53, illus. — (Zingiberaceae).

Lim, C.K. 2001. Notes on Scaphochlamys kunstleri (Zingiberaceae) and its varieties. Folia Mal. 2: 117–126, illus. — 3 var, 1 new; key; synonymy, notes.

Lim, C.K. 2001. Taxonomic notes on Etlingera Giseke (Zingiberaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia: the ‘Achasma’ taxa, and supplementary notes on the ‘Nicolaia’ taxa. Folia Mal. 2: 141–178, illus. — 2 new spp, 2 var, 5 comb nov; keys; synonymy, notes.

Lim, C.K. 2001. A notice regarding Boesenbergia O. Kuntze and Scaphochlamys Bak. Folia Mal. 2: 206. — Boesenbergia inadvertently (?) reduced by Govaerts in World Checklist of Seed Plants 3: 9 (Zingiberaceae).

Lim, C.K. & T.C. Whitmore. 2001. The endangered Areca palms of Peninsular Malaysia. Folia Mal. 2: 12–24, illus. — Field key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Lim, C.K. & T.C. Whitmore. 2001. A review of Nenga (Palmae) in Malaysia. Folia Mal. 2: 190–202, illus. — 5 taxa; key; synonymy, diagnoses, notes.

Lin, Q. 2000. Taxonomic notes on the genus Schisandra Michx. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38: 532–550. — 10 spp, 2 Malesian; key; synonymy; distribution.

Linder, H.P. 2000. Vicariance, climate change, anatomy and phylogeny of Restionaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 159–177, illus.

Linder, H.P. & N.P. Barker. 2000. Biogeography of the Danthonieae. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 231–238, illus. — Rytidosperma possibly originated from Tasmania, entered New Guinea twice; Cortaderia polyphyletic.

Ling, Y. & X. Ge (Eds.). 1999. Compositae (11). Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 80/2: iv, 82 pp, illus. — Taraxacum, only 70 spp + 7 names of uncertain application.

Lo, H.[-S.] (Ed.). 1999. Rubiaceae (1). Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 71/1: xvii, 432 pp, illus. — Cinchonoideae. See also W.[-C.] Chen (1999).

Loo, A.H.B., H.T.W. Tan, P.P. Kumar & L.G. Saw. 2001. Intraspecific variation in Licuala glabra Griff. (Palmae) in Peninsular Malaysia – a morphometric analysis. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 72: 115–128, illus. — 3 infra-specific groups corresponding with varieties; geographic clustering; clusters based on reproductive characters correlate with mountain ranges.

Lourteig, A. 2000. Oxalis L. subgéneros Monoxalis (Small) Lourt., Oxalis y Trifidus. Bradea 7: 201–629, illus. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.). — Sequel to Lourteig (1994); 279 spp (43 new taxa) in 3 subgen, 29 sect; keys, synonymy, descriptions if not given previously.

Lowry II, P.P., G.M. Plunkett & A.A. Oskolski. 2001. Early lineages in Apiales: insights from morphology, wood anatomy and molecular data. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 207–220, illus. — Aralious tribes Myodocarpeae and Mackinleyeae and several genera of the Hydrocotyloideae are basally branching lineages within Apiales; a number of ancestral features then become apparent.

Lu, B.-R., E.B. Naredo, A.B. Juliano & M.T. Jackson. 2000. Preliminary studies on taxonomy and biosystematics of the AA genome Oryza species (Poaceae). In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 51–58, illus. — Oryza sativa complex.

Lukens, L. & J. Doebley. 2001. Molecular evolution of the teosinte branched gene among maize and related grasses. Molec. Biol. Evol. 18: 627–638, illus. — Monoecious Andropogoneae (‘Maydeae’) polyphyletic; Coix linked to Ischaemum; Chionachne to Coelorachis, these sister to Tripsacum/Zea, both with 100% bootstrap support.

Luo,Y. & Z.-K. Zhou. 2001. Phytogeography of Quercus subg. Cyclobalanopsis. Acta Bot. Yunn. 23: 1–16, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Malesia center of origin, species radiations in N Indochina and S China (Fagaceae).

Mabberley, D.J. 2000. A tropical botanist finally vindicated. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 1–4. — Corner cleared of accusation of having collaborated during the occupation of Singapore.

Mabberley, D.J., C.E. Jarvis & B.E. Juniper. 2001. The name of the apple. Telopea 9: 421–430. — Correct name for the orchard, cultivated apple is Malus pumila, for the European wild apple M. sylvestris (Rosaceae).

Macklin, J. & J. Parnell. 2000. An introduction to the Santalaceae R.Br. of Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 28: 112–122, illus. — Key to 7 gen.

Maeyama, T., K. Maekawa & T. Matsumoto. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of rubiaceous epiphytic myrmecophytes based on atpB-rbcL intergene region of cpDNA. Tropics 10: 509–517, illus. — (Rubiaceae).

Maloney, B.K. 2000. Borassodendron (Palmae) in the Southeast Asian fossil pollen record. Blumea 45: 427–432, illus. — B. machadonis records for Thailand, and Kalimantan (where it does not occur any more).

Mandia, E.H. 2001. The vegetation on the northeastern summit zone of mount Halcon, Mindoro Island, Philippines. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 267–277, illus. — 78 fam, 116 gen, 155 spp (18 new records, 8 endemic); community types close affinity with Mt Kinabalu with remarkable assemblage of Australian types; although ‘vegetation dominated by grasses’, only 2 spp mentioned.

Manos, P.S. & D.E. Stone. 2001. Evolution, phylogeny, and systematics of the Juglandaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 231–269, illus. — 2 major clades corresponding with subfam; Engelhardtia paraphyletic; in Juglandoideae 2 tribes; 2 new subtribes in Juglandeae.

Margonska, H.B. & D.L. Szlachetko. 2000. A new species of Crepidium (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae) from New Guinea. Adansonia III, 22: 265–267, illus.

Margonska, H.B. & D.L. Szlachetko. 2000. Notes on the genus Pseudoliparis (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae), with descriptions of two new species from New Guinea. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 37: 279–283, illus. — Also 2 new comb.

Margonska, H.B. & D.L. Szlachetko. 2001. Alatiliparis (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae), a new orchid genus with two new species from Sumatra. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 38: 77–81, illus.

Margonska, H.B. & D.L. Szlachetko. 2001. Saurolophorkis (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae), a new orchid genus from New Guinea. Polish Bot. J. 46: 7–9, illus.

Margonska, H.B. & D.L. Szlachetko. 2001. More notes on the genus Pseudoliparis (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae). Polish Bot. J. 46: 39–42, illus. — 2 new spp from the Solomons; 2 new comb for Philippine spp of Malaxis.

Margonska, H.B. & D.L. Szlachetko. 2001. Notes on the genus Crepidium (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae). Polish Bot. J. 46: 43–45. — 1 new sp from Java; 7 new comb for species formerly in Microstylis (Malaxis).

Margonska, H.B. & D.L. Szlachetko. 2001. A new Crepidium species (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae) from Sarawak, Borneo. Polish Bot. J. 46: 67–69, illus. — C. mieczyslawi_i_!; 5 new comb for species formerly in Microstylis (Malaxis).

Masson, D., et 5 al. 2001. Non-destructive examination of herbarium material for taxonomic studies using NMR imaging. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 1–14, illus. — When rehydrated a variety of internal anatomical characters can be observed nearly as good as in fresh material.

Mat-Salleh, K. 2001. New and noteworthy species of Bornean Goniothalamus (Annonaceae). Folia Mal. 2: 75–116, illus. — 9 new taxa, 1 new comb; key to Bornean taxa; specimens under taxa.

Mathew, S.P. 2000. A note on helicia excelsa (Roxb.) Bl. (Proteaceae) from the Andaman Islands. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 416–418, illus. — Synonymy, description, notes.

Matthews, M.L., P.K. Endress, J. Schönenberger & E.M. Friis. 2001. A comparison of floral structures of Anisophylleaceae and Cunoniaceae and the problem of their systematic position. Ann. Bot. 88: 439–455, illus. — Ceratopetalum for Cunoniaceae; remarkable suite of similar features not supported by molecular evidence; symplesiomorphy for basal (i.e. Late Cretaceous) rosids?

Mavrodiev, E.V. & D.E. Soltis. 2001. Recurring polyploid formation: an early account from the Russian literature. Taxon 50: 469–474. — Polyploids are apparently often formed several times in several ways; nightmare for cladists; vindication for early work on allopolyploidisation by Maria Rozanova (between 1934–1946).

McCartney, C. 2001. Zeuxine strateumatica, a footnote on this exotic orchid. Orchids 70: 650–651, illus. — Account of its introduction in the Americas and Hawai’i.

McDade, L.A., T.F. Daniel, S.E. Masta & K.M. Riley. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships within the tribe Justicieae (Acanthaceae): evidence from molecular sequences, morphology, and cytology. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 87: 435–458, illus. — Monophyletic; some aspects supported by existing classifications; Justicia with Old and New World parts.

McLoughlin, S. 2001. The breakup history of Gondwana and its impact on pre-Cenozoic floristic provincialism. Austral. J. Bot. 49: 271–300, illus. — Angiosperms of palaeo-equatorial origin; pre-Cretaceous a strong possibility then with low importance in general vegetation.

McNeill, J. 2000. Naming the groups: developing a stable and efficient nomenclature. Taxon 49: 705–720. — Overview for the past 50 years; major changes expected.

Meimberg, H., A. Wistuba, P. Dittrich & G. Heubl. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of Nepenthaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid trnK intron sequence data. Pl. Biol. 3: 164–175, illus. — Origin in N Tethys or Gondwana what now is India; from there migration with speciation and extinction; no evidence for long-distance dispersal.

Mejia-Saulés, T. & F.A. Bisby. 2000. Preliminary views on the tribe Meliceae (Gramineae: Pooideae). In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 83–88, illus. — Monophyletic; delimitation of Melica unclear.

Melikian, A.P. & A.V.F.C. Bobrov. 2000. Morphology of female reproductive structures and an attempt of the construction of phylogenetic system of orders Podocarpales, Cephalotaxales and Taxales. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85, 7: 50–68, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.). — Distinct as a class, Podocarpidopsida, derived from Pteridospermae; 7 orders (3 new); 7 new fam (Bracteocarpaceae, Dacrydiaceae, Dacrycarpaceae, Falcatifoliaceae, Halocarpaceae, Lepidothamnaceae, Prumnopityaceae), 6 new gen [Corneria, Gaussenia, Laubenfelsia, Metadacrydium, Stachypitys, Vantieghemia (‘Van-Tieghemia’)], 28 new comb.

Mendum, M., P. Lassnig, A. Weber & F. Christie. 2001. Testa and seed appendage morphology in Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae): phytogeographical patterns and taxonomic implications. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135: 195–213, illus. — Two major types, both with 3 subgroups generally corresponding with current sections; correlation between type and geography; key.

Meng, S.-W., Z.-D. Chen, D.-Z. Li & H.-X. Liang. 2001. Phylogeny of Saururaceae inferred from matR sequence data. Acta Bot. Sin. 43: 653–656, illus. — Family monophyletic, generic relationships appear novel.

Merbach, M.A., G. Zizka, B. Fiala, U. Maschwitz & W.E. Booth. 2001. Patterns of nectar secretion in five Nepenthes species from Brunei Darussalam, Northwest Borneo, and implications for ant-plant relationships. Flora 196: 153–160, illus. — (Nepenthaceae).

Meyer, K. 2001. Revision of the Southeast Asian genus Melastoma (Melastomataceae). Blumea 46: 351–398, illus. — Incl. Otanthera; 27 taxa, 3 new, 2 new comb; keys to genera of Melastomeae, taxa of Melastoma; indices to specimens, names.

Miller, J.T. & R.J. Bayer. 2001. Molecular phylogenetics of Acacia (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) based on the chloroplast matK coding sequence and flanking trnK intron spacer regions. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 697–705, illus. — Acacieae, Acacia not monophyletic; differential characters at all levels polymorphic, homoplastic.

Ming, H.C. 2001. A new species of Fittingia (Myrsinaceae) from New Guinea. Blumea 46: 189–191, illus.

Mishler, B.D. 2000. Deep phylogenetic relationships between ‘plants’ and their implications for classification. Taxon 49: 661–683, illus. — Historical overview; ‘rank-free’ taxonomy advocated.

Mishra, K.K. 2000. Merremia aegyptia (L.) Urban – a new plant record for Bihar. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 83–84. — Synonymy, description (Convolvulaceae).

Mori, Y. & H. Okada. 2001. Reproductive biology and pollen flow of a rheophytic aroid, Furtadoa sumatrensis (Araceae) in the Malesian wet tropics. Pl. Syst. Evol. 227: 37–47, illus. — Protogynous, autogamous, outcrossing through fly Colocasiomyia sp.

Morley, R.J. 2001. Tertiary history of the Malesian flora: a palynological perspective. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 197–210, illus. — Dipterocarpaceae of African, perhaps even S American origin, first in Burma in Middle Eocene, Malesia in Oligocene, according to typical geochemical marker bicadinane in oil deposits.

Mort, M.E., D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis, J. Francisco-Ortega & A. Santos-Guerra. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships and evolution of Crassulaceae inferred from matK sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 76–91, illus. — Subfamilies not monophyletic; basal split between S African Crassuloideae and the rest; these divided into 6 clades; Sedum very polyphyletic.

Muasya, A.M., D.A. Simpson, M.W. Chase & A. Culham. 2001. A phylogeny of Isolepis (Cyperaceae) inferred using plastid rbcL and trnL-F sequence data. Syst. Bot. 26: 342–353, illus. — Polyphyletic; part to Ficinia, others sister to Ficinia, Desmoschoenus and then with Helmuthia, Scirpoides sister to Cyperus s.l.; Scirpus not monophyletic, 2 groups based on embryo type.

Mukherjee, S.K. & A.K. Sarkar. 2001. Morphology and structure of cypselas in thirteen species of the tribe Astereae (Asteraceae). Phytomorphology 51: 17–26, illus.

Mulyaningsih, T. 2000. The Bornean genus Hypobathrum (Rubiaceae). An investigation of its characters and taxonomic status. Thesis, Graduate School Bogor Institute of Agriculture. xii, 126 pp, illus. Ineffective publication. — 24 spp, 12 new, 4 new comb, 1 new name; introductionary chapters; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; copies in BO, L.

Murata, J., et 6 al. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) inferred from matK sequences. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 52: 75–83, illus. — Subgen Aristolochia, Siphisia; current classification largely supported.

Murthy, K.S.R., S.S. Rani & T. Pullaiah. 2000. Genus Dalbergia L.f. (Leguminosae: Faboideae) in Eastern Ghats. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 133–139, illus. — 7 spp; keys; synonymy, diagnoses, notes.

Nelson, G. & P.Y. Ladiges. 2001. Gondwana, vicariance biogeography and the New York School revisited. Austral. J. Bot. 49: 389–409, illus. — Comparison of various methodologies and results in studies on Nothofagus.

Newman, M. 2001. Nomenclatural notes on Zingiberaceae. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 173–174. — E.g. Amomum dimorphum for A. polycarpum R.M. Sm., non K. Schum.

Neyland, R. 2001. A phylogeny inferred from large ribosomal subunit (26S) rDNA sequences suggests that Cuscuta is a derived member of the Convolvulaceae. Brittonia 53: 108–115, illus.

Ng, F.S.P. 2001. New species, varieties and reductions in Diospyros (Ebenaceae) in Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia including Peninsular Thailand. Gard. Bull. Sing. 53: 291–313, illus. — 7 new spp, 6 new var, 30 taxa reduced.

Nicolson, D.H. & D. Arculus. 2001. Candidates for neotypification of Blanco’s names of Philippine plants: specimens in the U.S. National Herbarium. Taxon 50: 947–954, illus. — Sandoricum ternatum lectotypified.

Nilus, R. & R.C. Ong. 2001. Floristic composition of the perupok swamp forest of the Sugut Forest Reserve, Sabah. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 95–101, illus. — Perupok = Lophopetalum multinervium (Celastraceae), dominant in this forest (43% of all trees).

Nooteboom, H.P. 2001. Species complex or complex species: an example from Symplocos. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 149–152, illus. — S. cochinchinensis with more than 100 synonyms, 4 subsp, 34 var.

Nyffeler, R. & D.A. Baum. 2001. Systematics and character evolution in Durio s. lat. (Malvaceae/Helicteroideae/Durioneae or Bombacaceae–Durioneae). Org. Divers. Evol. 1: 165–178, illus. — 16 spp studied show 2 clades also defined by anther dehiscence (pore/slit, the latter with 2 major clades with phylocode names); vertebral pollination ancestral; some biohistorical speculation on origin and age.

Nyhuus, T. 2001. Absolmsia spartiodes Kuntz. Fraterna 14/2: 6–8, illus. — (Asclepiadaceae).

O’Byrne, P. 2001. A to Z of South East Asian orchid species. 168 pp, illus. Orchid Society of South East Asia, Singapore. ISBN 981-04-4479-6. — Information on c. 400 spp, briefly diagnosed, beautifully illustrated; distribution map; pictograms of habit, flowering period; rainfall, sunshine, temperature month by month; growing media (Orchidaceae).

O’Byrne, P. & J.J. Vermeulen. 2001. Notheria diaphana gen. nov., sp. nov. (Orchidaceae), a gem from Sulawesi. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 285–288, illus.

Oganezova, G.H. 2000. Fruit and seed structure of some Asparagaceae s.l. in connection with the volume and phylogeny of the family. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85, 8: 14–32, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.). — Some split-families better regarded as subfam, e.g. Convallarioideae, Ophiopogonoideae, Ruscoideae, and perhaps Disporoideae; Luzuriagaceae supported.

Oganezova, G.H. 2000. Systematic position of the Trilliaceae, Smilacaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Herreriaceae, Tecophilaeaceae families and the volume and phylogeny of the Asparagales (based on seed structure). Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85, 9: 9–25, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.). — Dioscoreales distinct.

Oginuma, K., K. Horiuchi & T. Fukuhara. 2001. Karyomorphology of two genera in Stemonaceae. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 52: 57–63, illus. — Croomia spp (2n = 12), Stemona (2n = 14).

Ohashi, H. 2000. Petrosavia (Petrosaviaceae) in Taiwan and Hainan. Taiwania 45: 263–269, illus. — 1 sp, also once in N Sumatra.

Ohashi, H. 2000. A new treatment in Sciaphila (Triuridaceae) in Taiwan and Japan. Taiwania 45: 351–354. — Reduction of S. tosaensis, S. megastyla to S. secundiflora; synonymy, description.

Okada, H. 2001. Karyological studies on some rheophytic aroids (Araceae) in the Malesian wet tropics. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 51: 177–186, illus. — 30 out of 31 spp diploid; Aridarum, Bucephalandra, Homalonema, Hottarum, Piptospatha, Rhaphidophora, Schismatoglottis

Okada, H. & Y. Mori. 2000. Three new species of Schismatoglottideae, Araceae, from Borneo. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 51: 1–9, illus. — Aridarum, Bucephalandra, Hottarum.

Okwulehie, I.C. & B.E. Okoli. 1999. Morphological and palynological; studies in some Nigerian species of Corchorus L. (Tiliaceae). New Botanist 26: 87–101, illus. — C. aestuans, C. olitorius vars, C. tridens.

Olmstead, R.G., et 5 al. 2001. Disintegration of the Scrophulariaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 348–361, illus. — 5 distinct monophyletic groups; Scrophulariaceae s.s. to include also Buddlejaceae, Myoporaceae; Veronicaceae also with Callitrichaceae, Globulariaceae, Hippuridaceae, Plantaginaceae; two tribes to Orobanchaceae with the only non-parasitic Lindenbergia as sister; new is Calceolariaceae close to base of Lamiales; position of Mimulus unclear, not in any of the above.

Ortiz-Dias, J.-J. & A. Culham. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Sporobolus (Poaceae: Eragrostideae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 184–188, illus. — Paraphyletic, including species of Eragrostis (but only 2 included, inclusive E. advena, which might well be an odd Sporobolus), Calamovilfa, Crypsis; consensus tree is one large polytomy.

Oskolski, A.A. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within Apiales: evidence from wood anatomy. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 201–206, illus. — There appear to be no intermediate forms linking the two families Araliaceae and Apiaceae.

Paczkowska, G. & A.R. Chapman. 2000. The western Australian Flora, a descriptive catalogue. xvi, 652 pp. Wildflower Society of WA, Nedlands WA, etc. ISBN 0-646-40100-9 (pbk), 0-646-40243-9. — Enumeration of 11,922 taxa; scientific (some yet to be published), vernacular names (but not for all), diagnosis, distribution; glossary; bibliography; indices (but not to vernacular names); beautifully executed.

Pasquet, R.S. 2001. Notes on the genus Vigna (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae). Kew Bull. 56: 223–227. — E.g. Synonyms of Vigna luteola.

Paton, A., O. Ryding & S. Suddee. 2001. Proposal to reject the name Ocimum vaalae (Labiatae). Taxon 50: 283–284. — Older name for Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng.

Pelser, P.B., B. Gravendeel & E.F. de Vogel. 2000. Revision of Coelogyne section Fuliginosae (Orchidaceae). Blumea 45: 253–273, illus. — 2 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Persson, C. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships in Polygalaceae based on plastid DNA sequences from the trnL-F region. Taxon 50: 763–779, illus. — Xanthophyllum sister group; intergeneric relationships poorly resolved; Polygala polyphyletic.

Perumal, B. 2001. Conservation perspectives for Malaysian mountains. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 53–63, illus. — Need for more protection.

Peterson, P.M. 2000. Systematics of the Muhlenbergiinae (Chloridoideae: Eragrostideae). In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 195–212, illus. — 6 monophyletic gen; historical review; biogeography; Muhlenbergia with 3 subgen; list of accepted names.

Piesschaert, F. 2001. Carpology and pollen morphology of the Psychotrieae (Rubiaceae–Rubioideae). Towards a new tribal and generic delimitation. Thesis, Leuven, Belgium. xii, 495 pp, illus. — Impressive study of fruits and pollen, and no doubt of great importance to whomever dares to study this perplexing group. Copy in L.

Piesschaert, F., E. Robbrecht & E. Smets. 2001. Patterns in pyrenes: the systematic significance of pyrene morphology in Chassalia (Rubiaceae–Psychotrieae) and related genera. Flora 196: 121–131, illus. — 4 types; Proscephaleium included; compared to Geophila, Hymenocoleus; relationship confirmed.

Pipoly III, J.J. & J.M. Ricketson. 2000. Discovery of Ardisia subgenus Acrardisia (Myrsinaceae) in Mesoamerica: another boreotropical element? Sida 19: 275–283, illus. — Or another example of amphi-Pacific distribution; Ardisia rarescens.

Pire, S.M. & C.L. Cristóbal. 2001. El polen de Helicteres (Sterculiaceae) y su comparación con géneros vecinos. Bonplandia 11: 207–230, illus. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.). — 9 pollen types supporting infra-generic groupings; Pterospermum very different, not in tribe? (On pp 1–206 revision of American spp by Cristóbal).

Pizzolato, T.D. 2000. A systematic view of the development of vascular systems in culms and inflorescences of grasses. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 8–28, illus. — Attempt to correlate vascular ontogeny in the axis with systematics.

Plimpton, T.P. 2001. Zeuxine strateumatica. Orchids 70: 330–334, illus. — History of its discovery in Florida (Orchidaceae).

Plunkett, G.M. 2001. Relationship of the order Apiales to subclass Asteridae: re-evaluation of morphological characters based on insights from molecular data. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 183–200, illus. — Apiales form monophyletic group together with Pittosporaceae and should be moved from the Rosidae to the Asteridae, close to Asterales and Dipsacales.

Plunkett, G.M. & P.P. Lowry II. 2001. Relationships among "Ancient Araliads" and their significance for the systematics of the Apiales. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 19: 259–276, illus. — Mackinlayeae and Myodocarpeae best treated as families; Pittosporaceae cannot be excluded; Hydrocotyle and Trachymene appear to be Araliaceae s.s.

Plunkett, G.M., P.P. Lowry II & M.K. Burke. 2001. The phylogenetic status of Polyscias (Araliaceae) based on nuclear ITS sequence data. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 88: 213–230, illus. — Highly paraphyletic; members of 9 other genera nested into Polyscias s.l.; ITS data remarkably consistent with geography.

Pokle, D.S. 2000. Synopsis of Alysicarpus Desv. (Fabaceae) in India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 128–132, illus. — Enumeration of 24 taxa.

Porter, E.A., E.N. Lughadha & M.S.J. Simmonds. 2000. Taxonomic significance of polyhydroxyalkaloides in the Myrtaceae. Kew Bull. 55: 615–632, illus.

Prance, G.T. 2001. Discovering the plant world. Taxon 50: 345–359, illus. — Survey of recent world-wide plant collecting; estimation of number of flowering plant species raised at 320,000.

Pridgeon, A.M., P.J. Cribb, M.W. Chase & F.N. Rasmussen. 2001. Genera orchidacearum 2. Orchidoideae (Part 1). xix, 24 + 416 pp, illus. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850710-0. — Keys, extensive descriptions, phylogeny, uses, cultivation, etc.; synonymy, typification; beautifully executed, a must-have for orchidologists.

Puff, C. 2001. The significance of gynoecium and fruit and seed characters for the classification of the Rubiaceae. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 133–146, illus.

Puttock, C.F. 2001. From Everlasting to Aidia Lour. (Rubiaceae: Gardenieae). In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 147–179, illus. — History; distinction of Anomanthodia, Gynopachis, Pelagodendron not supported; 1 new comb, 1 new sp; synonymy; key to 2 Australian spp.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. 2001. Genera euphorbiacearum. x, 455 pp, illus. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-022-6. — No doubt to be the bible for Euphorbiologists; "closely follows the system of Webster"; keys, synonymy, typifications, descriptions, notes; 2 new tribes, subtribes; Hippomaneae, Pachystromateae, Hureae by H.-J. Esser.

Ragone, D. 2001. Chromosome numbers and pollen stainability of three species of Pacific island breadfruit (Artocarpus, Moraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 88: 693–696, illus.

Rao, A.N. 2000. Notes on some new records of orchids from Arunachal Pradesh. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 261–266, illus. — E.g. Oberonia pumilio (Orchidaceae).

Rashid, M.H., K. Jong & M. Mendum. 2001. Cytotaxonomic observations in the genus Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 31–43, illus. — 12 spp, x = 16, 15, 14 (new); correlations with seed morphology.

Reddy, C.S. & V.S. Raju. 2000. On the occurrence of Mazus pumilus (Burm.f.) Steenis (Scrophulariaceae) in Kerala, India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 319. — Synonymy, description.

Reddy, K.N., C.S. Reddy & V.S. Raju. 2000. On the occurrence of Taraxacum javanicum Soest (Asteraceae) in Andhra Pradesh. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 289–290.

Reddy, P.R. & T. Pullaiah. 2000. Mimosaceae in Eastern Ghats. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 141–149. — 45 spp; synonymy, diagnoses.

Regalado Jr., J.C., D.D. Soejarto & D.A. Madulid. 2000. Homalium palawanense, a new species of Flacourtiaceae from Palawan Island (Philippines). Edinburgh J. Bot. 57: 317–321, illus.

Remadevi, S. & M.S.B. Kumar. 2000. Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl – an addition to the flora of mainland of India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 241–242, illus. — Description, notes (Acanthaceae).

Renner, S.S. & A.S. Chanderbali. 2000. What is the relationship among Hernandiaceae, Lauraceae, and Monimiaceae, and why is this question so difficult to answer? Intern. J. Pl. Sci. 161, Suppl.: 109–119, illus. — Morphological analysis not paralleled by molecular.

Renner, S.S., G. Clausing & K. Meyer. 2001. Historical biogeography of Melastomataceae: the roles of Tertiary migration and long-distance dispersal. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1290–1300, illus. — Origin in Laurasia (N America) in Paleocene/Eocene; present distribution due to Neogene long-distance dispersal, not Gondwana fragmentation: Memecylaceae supported.

Roalson, E.H., J.T. Columbus & E.A. Friar. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships in Cariceae (Cyperaceae) based on ITS (nrDNA) and trnT-L-F (cpDNA) region sequences: assessment of subgeneric and sectional relationships in Carex with emphasis on section Acrocystis. Syst. Bot. 26: 318–341, illus. — Cymophyllus, Kobresia, Schoenoxiphium, Uncinia nested in Carex; 3 major clades: Carex subgen Vignea, Carex sect Carex + Indocarex, Carex subgen Primocarex + rest.

Ronse Decraene, L.P., S.-P. Hong & E. Smets. 2000. Systematic significance of fruit morphology and anatomy in tribes Persicarieae and Polygoneae (Polygonaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 301–337, illus.

Röth, J. 2000. Bulbophyllum macranthum Lindl., Botanical Register 30, t. 13, 1844. Orchidee 51: 688, illus. (In German). — Nice picture; cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Röth, J. 2000. Coelogyne mayeriana Rchb.f., Gardener’s Chronicle II: 134, 1877. Orchidee 51: 694, illus. (In German). — Notes, cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Röth, J. 2000. Dendrobium capituliflorum Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inf.: 146, 1901. Orchidee 51: 711, illus. (In German). — Notes, cultivation (Orchidaceae).

Röth, J. & O. Gruß. 2001. Coelogyne usitana, eine neue Art von den Philippinen. Orchidee 52: 211–212, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — (Orchidaceae).

Rudall, P.J., J.G. Conran & M.W. Chase. 2000. Systematics of Ruscaceae/Convallariaceae: a combined morphological and molecular investigation. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 73–92, illus. — Peliosanthes not much related to Liriope, Ophiopogon; sister to nearly all Ruscaceae.

Salma, I. 2001. The significance of pollen morphology in the taxonomy of the genus Durio (Bombacaceae). Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 261–271, illus. — 3 major groups; some specific value.

Salma, I., H. Masrom & I. Yahya. 2000. A survey of edible fruit species in Belum Forest Reserve, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Malay. Nat. J. 54: 223–226, illus.

Sands, M.J.S. 2001. Begoniaceae in the Flora Malesiana region. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 161–168, illus. — C. 1600 spp, 268 (378?) known in Malesia, may rise to 500; high, up to 100% endemism, regional treatments advocated; notes on distribution by area in Malesia, most (64–110) in Borneo.

Sasidharan, N., K.P. Rajesh & J. Augustine. 1999. Zeuxine affinis (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hook.f. (Orchidaceae) – a new record for peninsular India. Rheedea 9: 159–161, illus.

Saw, L.G., L.S.L. Chua & K.C. Khoo (Eds.). 2001. Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity. Proceedings of the Fourth International Flora Malesiana Symposium 1988. 301 pp, illus. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. ISBN 983-2181-16-X (hbk). — The 33 papers are separately included here.

Saw, L.G. & Y.Y. Sam. 2000. Conservation of Dipterocarpaceae in Peninsular Malaysia. J. Trop. Forest Sci. 12: 593–615, illus.

Schenk, H.J. & W.R. Ferren Jr. 2001. On the sectional nomenclature of Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae). Taxon 50: 857–873, illus. — S. maritima to sect Brezia.

Schlauer, J. & C. Nepi. 2000. Notes on Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) II: lectotypification of names based on material in the Herbarium Beccarianum (FI). Webbia 55: 1–5.

Schols, P., C.A. Furness, P. Wilkin, S. Huysmans & E. Smets. 2001. Morphology of pollen and orbicules in some Dioscorea species and its systematic implications. Bot. J. Lin. Soc. 136: 295–311, illus. — Palynology useful as sectional level (Dioscoreaceae).

Scotland, R.W. & K. Vollesen. 2000. Classification of Acanthaceae. Kew Bull. 55: 513–589, illus. — New, based on molecular studies, palynology, corolla aestivation, etc.; 3 subfam (incl. Thunbergioideae), 2 tribes, 4 subtribes, 221 gen; generic synonymy listed.

Senghas, K. 2000. Die Orchideen. Band I/C, Lief. 40, Bogen 157–160: 2501–2564, illus. — Additions: Paphiopedilum p.p. to Spiranthinae.

Serviss, B.E., S.T. McDaniel & C.T. Bryson. 2000. Occurrence, distribution, and ecology of Alocasia, Caladium, Colocasia, and Xanthosoma (Araceae) in the Southeastern United States. Sida 19: 149–174, illus. — Keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Sevilla, S. & P.C. van Welzen. 2001. Revision and phylogeny of Agrostistachys and Chondrostylis. Blumea 46: 71–97, illus. — Resp. 6 spp (1 new), and 2; genera (4) of Agrostistachydeae probably monophyletic; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Shamrov, I.I. 2000. The integument of flowering plants: developmental patterns and evolutionary trends. Acta Biol. Cracov., Bot. 42/2: 9–20, illus.

Sharma, S.N., A.K. Shahi & T.N. Srivastava. 2000. Taxonomic relationship of Cymbopogon species based on volatile leaf oil chemical constituents. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 24: 115–122, illus. — Chemical constituents more important than morphological characters; 9 taxa studied.

Shaw, R.B. 2000. Tropical grasslands and savannas. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 351–355.

Shehata, A.A. & W.K. Taia. 1998. Floral morphology of three leguminous ornamental trees. Egypt. J. Bot. 38: 1–11, illus. — Caesalpinia, Delonix; palynology; genera distinct.

Shi, S., Y. Huang, F. Tan, X. He & D.E. Boufford. 2000. Phylogenetic analysis of the Sonneratiaceae and its relationship to Lythraceae based on ITS sequences of nrDNA. J. Pl. Res. 113: 253–258, illus. — Sonneratiaceae nested in Lythraceae; Lagerstroemia, Duabanga sisters; both sister to monophyletic Sonneratia; the latter with two clades not corresponding with existing sections.

Sidiyasa, K. 2001. Coelostegia montana, a new species of Bombacaceae from Borneo. Blumea 46: 165–168, illus. (+ frontispiece). — Key to 6 spp.

Sierra, S.E.C., B. Gravendeel & E.F. de Vogel. 2000. Revision of Coelogyne section Verrucosae (Orchidaceae): a new sectional delimitation based on morphological and molecular evidence. Blumea 45: 275–318, illus. — 8 spp, 2 new; key, synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Simmons, M.P., V. Savolainen, C.C. Clevinger, R.H. Archer & J.I. Davis. 2001. Phylogeny of the Celastraceae, inferred from 26S nuclear ribosomal DNA, phytochrome B, rbcL, atpB, and morphology. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 19: 353–366, illus. — Inclusion of e.g. Brexia, Parnassia, Siphonodon supported; Gymnosporia distinct from Maytenus; Cassine from Elaeodendron; Maytenus not natural; Hippocrateaceae nested in paraphyletic Celastraceae; fruits and arils with multiple origin.

Simmons, M.P., et 5 al. 2001. Phylogeny of the Celastraceae inferred from phytochrome B gene sequence and morphology. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 313–325, illus. — Monophyletic, incl. Hippocrateaceae; Loesener’s supra-generic system not supported; Goupia to be excluded; Plagiopteron sister of Hippocrateoideae; Brexia close to Elaeodendron and Pleurostylia; Canotia sister of Acanthothamnus; Perrottetia, Mortonia sister to rest of Celastraceae; Siphonodon to be included; Maytenus polyphyletic.

Simpson, D.A. 2000. A new species of Mapania (Cyperaceae) from New Guinea. Contributions to the flora of Mt Jaya, III. Kew Bull. 55: 997–1000, illus.

Simpson, D.A. & C.A. Inglis. 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural interest: a checklist. Kew Bull. 56: 257–360, illus.

Singh, B.P. 2000. Morphological nature and trends of evolution in the pappus of the Asteraceae. Acta Bot. Hung. 42: 285–293, illus.

Sivadasan, M. & V.A. Jaleel. 2001. Amorphophallus hirsutus Teysm. et Binn. (Araceae): a new report from India. Rheedea 10: 143–147, illus. — Great Nicobar Isl.

Skog, J.E. (Ed.). 2001. Report of the Committee for Fossil Plants: 3. Taxon 50: 273. — Rejection of Diphyes Blume (Orchidaceae) recommended.

Slik, J.W.F. 2001. Macaranga and Mallotus (Euphorbiaceae) as indicators for disturbance in the lowland Dipterocarp forests of East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Tropenbos-Kalimantan Ser. 4: 1–224, illus. EUR 20.00 (excl. mailing). — Attempt to detect and study indicator species useful for classifying secondary forests on a disturbance scale; effect of fire and selective logging (with R.W. Verburg & P.J.A. Keßler); study of indicator value (with Keßler & P.C. van Welzen); phylogeny of Mallotus: possibly polyphyletic, includes Macaranga (with Van Welzen); key to the taxa (with Priyono & Van Welzen); revisions of Mallotus sect. Polyadenii (with S.M. Bollendorff & Van Welzen), Hancea, Stylanthus (with Van Welzen); indices to specimens, names.

Slik, J.W.F., Priyono & P.C. van Welzen. 2000. Key to the Macaranga Thou. and Mallotus Lour. species (Euphorbiaceae) of East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 11–88, illus. — Key mainly based on vegetative characters for 27 taxa of Macaranga, 19 of Mallotus, with diagnoses [see also Slik, Fl. Males. Bull. 12 (1998) 157–178]; index to collections.

Slik, J.W.F. & P.C. van Welzen. 2001. A taxonomic revision of Mallotus sections Hancea and Stylanthus (Euphorbiaceae). Blumea 46: 3–66, illus. — 18 spp, 4 excluded, 1 new comb; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Slusser, G.S. 2001. Hoya curtisii King & Gamble. Hoyan 22: 57–58, illus. — Cultivation, flowering behaviour (Asclepiadaceae).

Snow, N. 2000. Systematic conspectus of Australasian Myrtinae (Myrtaceae). Kew Bull. 55: 647–654. — Xanthomyrtus related to Tristania?; monophyly of Leptospermoideae and Myrtoideae suspect.

Soepadmo, E. & P.P.K. Chai (Eds.). 2000. Development of Lanjak-Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary as a totally protected area. Phase I & Phase II. 1993–1999. Scientific Report. xxii, 264 pp, illus. Forest Department Sarawak & International Tropical Timber Organization. — Introductory chapters; forest types, vascular plants, fungi & lichens, establishment of gene bank sites, fauna, socio-economic aspects.

Sohmer, S.H. 2001. Conservation lessons from studies in Philippine Psychotria. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 43–47, illus. — An example of extinction: of the 127 taxa 30% are known from a single locality, over 70% from 2 or 3, 40% have not been collected after 1930, which makes the forthcoming revision more or less a palaeobotanical paper (Rubiaceae).

Song, B.-H., X.-Q. Wang, F.-Z. Li & D.-Y. Hong. 2001. Further evidence for paraphyly of the Celtidaceae from the chloroplast gene matK. Pl. Syst. Evol. 228: 107–115, illus. — Ulmaceae polyphyletic; Cannabaceae nested in Celtidaceae; Celtidaceae closer to Moraceae and Urticaceae than to Ulmaceae; Aphananthe and Gironniera basal in Celtidaceae, not in Ulmaceae s.s.

Soreng, R.J. & J.I. Davis. 2000. Phylogenetic structure in Poaceae subfamily Pooideae as inferred from molecular and morphological characters: misclassification versus reticulation. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 61–74, illus. — Aveneae and Poeae to be replaced by smaller subtribes in Poeae: informal groups proposed.

Soreng, R.J., E.E. Terrell, J. Wiersema & S.J. Darbyshire. 2001. Proposal to conserve the name Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) Dumort. against Schedonorus arundinaceus Roem. & Schult. (Poaceae: Poeae). Taxon 50: 915–917. — Better known as Festuca arundinacea, recently introduced on the Ertsberg in Irian Jaya (JFV).

Soros, C.L. & N.G. Dengler. 2001. Ontogenetic derivation and cell differentiation in photosynthetic tissues of C3 and C4 Cyperaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 992–1005, illus.

Spangler, R.E. 2000. Andropogoneae systematics and the generic limits in Sorghum. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 167–170, illus. — Sorghum not monophyletic, either to be expanded or split-up, the latter preferred; Microstegium also polyphyletic.

Spellenberg, R. 2000. Blooming ‘behaviour’ in five species of Boerhavia (Nyctaginaceae). Sida 19: 311–323, illus. — E.g. of B. coccinea.

Sridith, K. & C. Puff. 2000. Distribution of Argostemma Wall. (Rubiaceae), with special reference to Thailand and surrounding areas. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 28: 123–137, illus. — 31 taxa in Thailand, 17 endemic; biogeography.

Sridith, K. & C. Puff. 2001. Floral diversity in Argostemma (Rubiaceae). In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 169–180, illus. — Notes by organ.

Stern, W.L. & W.S. Judd. 2000. Comparative anatomy and systematics of the orchid tribe Vanilleae excluding Vanilla. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 179–202, illus. — Paraphyletic (Orchidaceae).

Stevens, P.F. 2000. Botanical systematics 1950–2000: change, progress, or both? Taxon 49: 635–659, illus. — Very interesting review of methodology and aims.

Subudhi, H.N., B.P. Choudhury & B.C. Acharya. 2000. New record of plants from Orissa – II. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 97: 459–460. — E.g. Ipomoea indica, Stachytarpheta dichotoma forma albiflora.

Suleiman, B. & M. Mansor. 2001. Endemic riverine Araceae of Peninsular Malaysia. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 279–288, illus. — 60 spp of 20 gen.

Swenson, U., A. Backlund, S. McLoughlin & R.S. Hill. 2001. Nothofagus biogeography revisited with special emphasis on the enigmatic distribution of subgenus Brassospora in New Caledonia. Cladistics 17: 28–47, illus. — Subgeneric diversification prior to break-up of Gondwana; Brassospora colonization route New Guinea – New Caledonia rejected; best explanation colonization from New Zealand, where it went extinct in the Pliocene (Fagaceae).

Swenson, U. & R.S. Hill. 2001. Most parsimonious areagrams versus fossils: the case of Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae). Austral. J. Bot. 49: 367–376, illus. — They do not agree in all cases.

Szlachetko, D.L. 2001. Genera et species orchidalium. 1. Polish Bot. J. 46: 11–26. — A great number of new gen, subgen, sect, new comb, 162 on the specific level; as no distributions are given it was too time consuming to find out what were Malesian taxa, what not (Orchidaceae).

Szlachetko, D.L. & H.B. Margonska. 2000. New Crepidium (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae) species from Solomon Islands and Bismarck Archipelago. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 37: 303–307, illus.

Szlachetko, D.L. & J. Mytnik. 2000. Lecanorchis seidenfadeni (Orchidaceae, Vanilloideae), a new orchid species from Malaya. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 37: 227–230, illus. — ‘seidenfaden-i-i’! (Orchidaceae).

Szlachetko, D.L. & P. Rutkowski. 2000. Gynostemia orchidalium I. Apostasiaceae, Cypripediaceae, Orchidaceae (Thelymitroideae, Orchidoideae, Tropidioideae, Spiranthoideae, Neottioideae, Vanilloideae). Acta Bot. Fenn. 169: 1–380, illus. — First of four volumes dealing with comparative morphology of the generative structures of Orchidales; keys down to genera; descriptions; 8 new comb (p. 380).

Takano, A. 2001. Cytological analyses of 19 taxa in Globba (Zingiberaceae). Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 52: 65–74, illus. — Sect Ceratanthera, Globba; 2n = 32, pollen fer-tility high; 2n = 48, low.

Takano, A., Hernawati & R. Tamin. 2001. Notes on Globba Linnaeus in Sumatra, W. Malaysia & Borneo: a new record of Globba brachyanthera var. rubra in Sumatra. Folia Mal. 2: 25–34, illus. — Checklist; var rubra described (Zingiberaceae).

Takeuchi, W. 2000. Additions to the flora of Crater Mt., Papua New Guinea. Sida 19: 237–247, illus. — 1 new var in Canarium; notes on Archidendron hispidum, Piper arfakianum, Syzygium hylochare; additions and emendations to list of 1999; some conclusions on survey.

Takeuchi, W. 2000. Rhododendron loranthifolium (Ericaceae) from mainland New Guinea, a distributional record and new subspecies. Edinburgh J. Bot. 57: 333–337, illus.

Takeuchi, W. 2001. New and noteworthy plants from recent botanical surveys in Papua New Guinea. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 159–172, illus. — 4 new Psychotria, 1 new Solanum, notes on Aglaia puberulanthera (fruits described), Palmeria gracilis.

Tan, F.-X., et 5 al. 2001. Analysis of nrDNA ITS sequences in subfamily Combretoideae (Combretaceae) and its systematic significance. Acta Bot. Yunn. 23: 239–242, illus. (In Chinese).

Tanaka, N. 2000. Taxonomic notes on Ophiopogon of South Asia IX. J. Jap. Bot. 75: 360–367, illus. — E.g. O. prolifer reduced to variety of O. caulescens.

Tanaka, N. 2001. Taxonomic notes on Ophiopogon of South Asia X. J. Jap. Bot. 76: 11–19, illus. — E.g. key to 17 spp cultivated in SE Asia (Liliacae).

Terrell, E.E., P.M. Peterson & W.P. Wergin. 2001. Epidermal features and spikelet micromorphology in Oryza and related genera (Poaceae: Oryzeae). Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 91: 1–50, illus. — Pedicel cupules not glumes, but expanded apices of the pedicels; new classification.

Thoms, B. 2000. More bulbophyllums. New horizons in this genus of mostly Old World orchids. Orchids 69: 1164–1171, illus. — Popular article, but very nice colour pictures! (Orchidaceae).

Thorne, R.F. 2001. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (Subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, and Lamiidae). Bot. Rev. 66: 441–647. — Review of 1992 system.

Tjitrosoedirdjo, S.S. 2000. The Asteraceae of Sumatera. xiv, 250 pp, illus. Thesis, Bogor. Ineffective publication. — 74 gen, 133 spp; new taxa in Emilia, Prenanthes, Senecio; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; special emphasis on Vernonia; copies in e.g. BIOT, BO, L, Bogor Agricultural University.

Tjitrosoedirdjo, S.S. 2001. Progress on the studies of Asteraceae in Sumatera. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 181–185, illus. — 10 tribes, 67 gen, 122 spp, 3 undescribed (Prenanthes, 1; Senecio, 2).

Tokuoka, T. & H. Tobe. 2001. Ovules and seeds in subfamily Phyllanthoideae (Euphorbiaceae): structure and systematic implications. J. Pl. Res. 114: 75–92, illus. — Not monophyletic; most Drypeteae distinct: place in Putranjivaceae supported; Hymenocardieae monophyletic to be excluded from family as well; Cleistanthus, Phyllanthus heterogeneous.

Tomlinson, P.B. & P.A. Cox. 2000. Systematic and functional anatomy of seedlings in mangrove Rhizophoraceae: vivipary explained? Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 215–231, illus. — Key; anatomical explanation for rapid erection of seedlings.

Tomlinson, P.B. & U. Posluzny. 2001. Generic limits in the seagrass family Zosteraceae. Taxon 50: 429–437, illus. — 4 gen (1 new) based on morphological and developmental evidence; 8 new comb; key to gen.

Tucker, S.C. 2000. Floral development in tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae): Amherstia, Brownea, and Tamarindus. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1385–1407, illus.

Turner, H., P. Hovenkamp & P.C. van Welzen. 2001. Biogeography of Southeast Asia and the West Pacific. J. Biogeogr. 28: 217–230, illus. — General patterns observed weakly supported and do not allow general conclusions.

Turner, I.M. 2001. The ecological importance of tropical florulas. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 49–51.

Udovicic, F. & P.Y. Ladiges. 2000. Informativeness of nuclear and chloroplast DNA regions and the phylogeny of the eucalypts and related genera (Myrtaceae). Kew Bull. 55: 633–645, illus. — Distinction of Angophora + Corymbia against Eucalyptus s.s. supported; Corymbia paraphyletic.

Utteridge, T.M.A. 2000. Revision of the genus Cyathostemma (Annonaceae). Blumea 45: 377–396, illus. — 10 spp, 1 new, 3 new comb (2 in Uvaria); incl. Tetrapetalum p.p.; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Utteridge, T.M.A. 2000. The subalpine members of Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae) from Mt Jaya, New Guinea. Contributions to the flora of Mt Jaya, II. Kew Bull. 55: 699–710, illus. — P. nubigenum re-instated, described; 1 new sp; key to mountainous taxa.

Utteridge, T.M.A. 2001. A new species of Medusanthera Seem. (Icacinaceae) from New Guinea: Medusanthera inaequalis Utteridge. Contributions to the flora of Mt Jaya, IV. Kew Bull. 56: 233–237, illus.

Utteridge, T.M.A. & R.M.K. Saunders. 2000. Maesa reflexa (Maesaceae): a new species from Mindanao, Philippines. Kew Bull. 55: 981–984, illus.

Van Balgooy, M.M.J. 2001. Aru, a botanical promise. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 225–232, illus. — Stronger affinity to New Guinea and Australia than any other Moluccan island group; main vegetation types; floristic analysis.

Van Balgooy, M.M.J. 2001. Botanical reconnaissance of Buru. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 251–259, illus. — Slight preponderance of West Malesian elements.

Van Balgooy, M.M.J. 2001. Malesian seed plants. 3. Portraits of non-tree families. 260 pp, illus. Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden. ISBN 90-71236-50-1. EUR 45.00. — The last volume of his extremely useful work for identifying Malesian plants deals with 124 families.

Van den Borre, A. & L. Watson. 2000. On the classification of the Chloridoideae: results from morphological and leaf anatomical data analyses. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 180–183, illus. — Abstract; curiously Rytidosperma, Schismus intended as out-groups turn up together well-embedded next to Pappophoreae.

Van den Heuvel, E. & J.F. Veldkamp. 2000. Revision of Hemarthria (Gramineae–Andropogoneae–Rottboelliinae). Blumea 45: 443–475. — 14 taxa, 2 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Van der Werff, H. 2001. An annotated key to the genera of Lauraceae in the Flora Malesiana region. Blumea 46: 125–140, illus. — 22 gen; based almost entirely on flowering material; generic delimitation, useful vegetative characters; Nothaphoebe to Alseodaphne.

Van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. 2001. Effects of disturbance on the economic potential of tropical rain forest. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 289–301, illus. — Direct loss of genetic diversity.

Van Welzen, P.C. 2000. The distichous Euphorbiaceae genera of Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 28: 51–58, illus. — Keys; diagnoses.

Van Welzen, P.C. & H. Turner. 2001. Vicariance and dispersal in Malesian Sapindaceae: general patterns. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 233–251, illus. — Almost all from Australia-New Guinea; W Malesia reached by dispersal via Moluccas, Celebes on separate occasions; a few from Africa/India (mainly Nephelieae).

Van Welzen, P.C., et 5 al. 2000. Checklist of the genera of Thai Euphorbiaceae – I. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 28: 59–111, illus. — Keys to species; synonymy, distribution, ecology, names, uses.

Vega, A.S. & A.C. Vegetti. 2001 (‘2000’). Growth form and inflorescence typology in Bothriochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Andropogoneae). Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 71: 377–391, illus.

Vegetti, C. & A.M. Antón. 2000. The grass inflorescence. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 29–31, illus. — Brief analysis of patterns and processes.

Veldkamp, J.F. 2001. Notes on some species of Chloris (Poaceae) described for the Philippines by P. Durand. Taxon 50: 845–852. — Bouteloua, Chloris, from America.

Veldkamp, J.F. 2001. Weeds, plants of the future. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 187–195. — Exhortation to study so-called weeds better; misprints p. 195: ‘arichoclodum’ = ‘trichocladum’; footnote: ‘clematideum’ = ‘catarium’.

Verburg, R., F. Slik, G. Heil, M. Roos & P. Baas. 2001. Secondary forest succession of rain forests in East Kalimantan: a preliminary data analysis. In: P.J.M. Hillegers & H.H. de Iongh (Eds.), The balance between biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of tropical rain forests. Workshop Proceedings, 6–8 December 1999, Balikpapan, Indonesia. Tropenbos Foundation, Wageningen, The Netherlands: 151–160.

Vermeulen, J.J. 2001. Carr’s spirit collection of Kinabalu orchids recovered, with some notes on Bulbophyllum species present in this collection. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 273–284, illus. — 3 new spp (Orchidaceae).

Vermeulen, J.J. & P. O’Byrne. 2001. Bulbophyllum jiewhoei (Orchidaceae), a new species of unknown origin. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 293–296, illus. — Bought at a local orchid show in Singapore.

Vermeulen, J.J. & L.G. Saw. 2001. Bulbophyllum sect. Hirtula (Orchidaceae): a new species and a new record for Peninsular Malaysia. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 289–292, illus.

Vink, W. 2001. Three Bornean species of Madhuca (Sapotaceae). Blumea 46: 193–199, illus. — M. borneensis redescribed.

Vitek, E., A. Weber & B.L. Burtt. 2000. Names, types and current placement of the species hitherto referred to Didymocarpus, Loxocarpus, Codonoboea, Platyadenia and Henckelia (Gesneriaceae). Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 102-B: 477–530. — For ‘true’ Didymocarpus, see A. Weber et al. (2000).

Voris, H.K. 2000. Maps of Pleistocene sea levels in Southeast Asia: shorelines, river systems and time durations. J. Biogeogr. 27: 1153–1167, illus. — Fascinating maps at various depth contours; should be considered in speculations on fairly recent (250 Ky) distributions.

Vu, X.P. 2000. Flora of Vietnam. 2. Lamiaceae. 279 pp, illus. Science & Technics Publishing House, Hanoi. No ISBN. (In Vietnamese).

Wallander, E. & V.A. Albert. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of Oleaceae based on rps-16 and trnL-F sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1827–1841, illus. — Incl. Myxopyrum, Nyctanthes; Jasminoideae paraphyletic, divided over 4 tribes; Oleoideae monophyletic with 4 subtribes (2 new).

Wang, J.-C. & C.-C. Wang. 2000. The genus Rhynchotechum Blume (Gesneriaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 45: 355–365, illus. — 4 taxa, 1 new, 1 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions.

Wang, P.-L., F.T. Pu & Z.-H. Zheng. 2000. Pollen morphology of the genus Nothofagus and its taxonomic significance. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38: 452–461, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Wang, T., Y.-J. Su, J.-M. Zhu, G.-K. Fan & C. Huang. 2000. RAPD analyses of Taxaceae and its related taxa. Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 39/5: 129–130, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Wang, W.-T. 2000. Notes on the genus Clematis (Ranunculaceae) (II). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38: 401–429, illus. — Treatment of 39 spp, some Malesian; keys; synonymy, distribution.

Wang, W.-T. 2000. Notes on the genus Clematis (Ranunculaceae) (III). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38: 497–514, illus. — Some Malesian spp in superfluous sect Aristatae (= Papuasicae) with 2 new series.

Wang, W.-T. 2001. Notes on the genus Clematis (Ranunculaceae) (IV). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 39: 1–19, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — 3 new series, 3 spp, 3 var, 6 new comb; C. javana, C. meyeniana.

Weber, A. & B.L. Burtt. 2001. New genera and generic concepts in Malesian Gesneriaceae. In: L.G. Saw et al., Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity: 187–195. — Survey, notes on e.g. Didissandra, Didymocarpus, Emarhendia, Henckelia, Hovanella, Ridleyandra, Raphiocarpus, Senyumia, Spelaeanthus.

Weber, A., B.L. Burtt & E. Vitek. 2000. Materials for a revision of Didymocarpus (Gesneriaceae). Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 102-B: 441–475. — History; checklist of names; most Malesian spp to Henckelia.

Weerasooriya, A.D. & R.M.K. Saunders. 2001. Three new species of Mitrephora (Annonaceae) from Sabah, Malaysia. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135: 305–314, illus.

Weiblen, G.D. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of fig wasps pollinating functionally dioecious Ficus based on mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphology. Syst. Biol. 50: 243–267, illus. — Wasps not monophyletic, but relationships generally congruent with and supportive of host phylogeny.

Wen, J. 2001. Evolution of the Aralia-Panax complex (Araliaceae) as inferred from nuclear ribosomal sequences. Edinburgh J. Bot. 58: 243–257, illus. — Aralia paraphyletic with Panax nested within.

Wen, J., G.M. Plunkett, A.D. Mitchell & S.J. Wagstaff. 2001. The evolution of Araliaceae: a phylogenetic analysis based on ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Syst. Bot. 26: 144–167, illus. — Tribal division not supported: instead two monophyletic groups; Pseudopanax, Schefflera polyphyletic; Aralia, Polyscias paraphyletic; paleotropical origin.

Whitlock, B.A., C. Bayer & D.A. Baum. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships and floral evolution of the Byttnerioideae (‘Sterculiaceae’ or Malvaceae s.l.) based on sequences of the chloroplast gene, ndhF. Syst. Bot. 26: 420–437, illus. — Kleinhovia to be included; Commersonia, Rulingia nested in Lasiopetaleae.

Wilkinson, H.P. 2000. A revision of the anatomy of Gunneraceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134: 233–266, illus.

Wilson, H.D. 2001. Informatics: new media and paths of data flow. Taxon 50: 381–387. — In praise of fast access to data; no mention, though, in this and similar articles (Prance, Heywood) who and how these basal data are produced: through the classical, manual, repetitive, boring, hard work of the real taxonomist; no list of references but of RULs.

Wilson, K.L. & L.A.S. Johnson. 2001. The genus Juncus (Juncaceae) in Malesia and allied septate-leaved species in adjoining regions. Telopea 9: 357–397, illus. — 8 spp, 2 new subspp, 1 new comb; key; synonymy; descriptions, notes; J. prismatocarpus and allies: key, notes; indices to names, collections.

Wong, K.M., S.S. Lee & G. Saati (Eds.). 2001. Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany. Malay. Nat. J. 55: ix, 277 pp. — Proceedings of the Benjamin C. Stone Symposium, Kuala Lumpur, 1998.

Wong, K.M., S.H. Sohmer & D.M. Madulid. 2001. Ben Stone’s scientific directions. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 1–19, photographs between p. 102 and 103; further notes pp 261–277: obituaries, eponymy, bibliography.

Wood, J.J. 2001. Dendrochilum of Borneo. xii, 371 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Nhd. & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 983-812-047-2. — 87 of the 263 taxa, 5 new, 3 stat nov; morphology, cytology, chemistry, phylogeny, biology & ecology, biogeography, etc.; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; lavishly illustrated; index to collections; index to where numbered collections can be found (Orchidaceae).

Wu, Z.-Y. & P.H. Raven (Eds.). 2001. Flora of China. Brassicaceae through Saxifragaceae 8. xii, 506 pp, illus.

Xu, F.-X., Z.-Y. Chen & D.-X. Zhang. 2000. A cladistic analysis of Magnoliaceae. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 8: 207–214, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Xu, S.-J. & H.-H. Hsue (= X.-H. Xu). 2000. Geographical distribution of Sterculiaceae. J. Trop. & Subtrop. Bot. 9: 19–30, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Origin in tropical Africa, Madagascar.

Yamada, T., R. Imaichi & M. Kato. 2001. Developmental morphology of ovules and seeds of Nymphaeales. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 963–974, illus. — Cabombaceae, Nymphaeaceae; ovules bitegmic, anatropous, crassinucellate, suggesting that these are plesiomorphic features.

Yamazaki, T. 2001. A new species of Mussaendopsis (Rubiaceae) from the Malay Peninsula. J. Jap. Bot. 76: 28–30, illus.

Yang, Y. & D.-Z. Fu. 2001. Review on the megastrobilus theories of conifers. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 39: 169–191, illus. — Seed scales evolved from secondary reproductive branches.

Yen, A.C. & R.G. Olmstead. 2000. Molecular systematics of Cyperaceae tribe Cariceae based on two chloroplast DNA regions: ndhF and trnL intron- intergenic spacer. Syst. Bot. 25: 479–494, illus. — Monophyletic; Schoenoxiphium basal; Kobresia, Uncinia nested in Carex.

Yong, H.S. & C.K. Lim. 2001. The once-common weed formerly called Vanda hookeriana. Folia Mal. 2: 7–11, illus. — Now Papilionanthe (Orchidaceae).

Yukawa, T. 2000. A new species of Dendrobium section Amblyanthus from Papua New Guinea. Lindleyana 15: 189–191, illus.

Zahorka, H. 2000. Pangium edule Reinw. – der Kühlschrank der Jäger und Sammler auf Borneo. Palmengarten 63: 121–124, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — Account of preservative use and general toxicity (Flacourtiaceae).

Zakaria, M.B. 2001. The phytochemistry of Rutaceae species with special reference to Melicope. In: K.M. Wong et al., Species, landscapes and islands. Perspectives in tropical botany: 241–250, illus.

Zhang, D.-X. 2001. Phylogenetic reconstruction of Burmannia L. (Burmanniaceae): a preliminary study. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 39: 203–223, illus. — Sect Foliosa monophyletic, Burmannia not; mycoheterotropism very likely occurred only once.

Zhang, D.[-X.] & R.M.K. Saunders. 2000. Systematics of the Burmannia coelestis complex (Burmanniaceae). Nordic J. Bot. 20: 385–394, illus. — 3 spp, 1 new; synonymy, descriptions.

Zhang, S.-R. 2001. A preliminary revision of the supraspecific classification of Kobresia Wild. (Cyperaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135: 289–294, illus. — 3 subgen, 1 new (Blysmocarex); key; representative species listed.

Zhang, W. & L.G. Clark. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of the Bambusoideae (Poaceae). In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 35–42, illus. — Restricted to Bambuseae and Olyreae (incl. Parianeae and Buergersiochloa), excl. Anemochloa, Brachyelytrum, Oryzeae, Phareae, Puellieae, Streptochaeta, Streptogyna, etc.; pseudo-spikelets homoplastic.

Zhang, W.-H., Z.-D. Chen, H.-B. Chen & Y.-C. Tang. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of the disputed genus Triplostegia based on trnL-F sequences. Acta Phytotax. Chin. 39: 337–344, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Subfamily of Dipsacaceae.

Zhu, H. 2001. A new species of Lasianthus (Rubiaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Gard. Bull. Sing. 52: 257–259.

Zhu, H., H. Wang & B.-G. Li. 2000. Gymnanthes Sw. (Euphorbiaceae), a genus new to China and its biogeographical implication. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38: 462–463.

Zona, S. 2000. A personal history of Drymophloeus in New Guinea. Palms 44: 184–186, illus. — Popular account (Palmae).

Zuloaga, F.O., O. Morrone & L.M. Giussani. 2000. A cladistic analysis of the Paniceae: a preliminary approach. In: S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett, Grasses: 123–135, illus. — Monophyletic; Panicum polyphyletic; P. maximum in/near Urochloa supported; consensus tree different from phenetic subtribal classifications.