[logo] Flora Malesiana Bulletin


Vol. 13(3) - December 2003

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Adema, F. 2003. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae). 9. The genus Paraderris. Blumea 48: 129–144, illus. — 7 spp (2 new; 8 new comb); key to Malesian spp; synonymy, notes; indices to specimens, names.

Adema, F. 2003. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae). 10. The genus Alysicarpus. Blumea 48: 145–152, illus. — 5 spp; index to specimens.

Adema, F. 2003. Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae). 11. The genus Derris. Blumea 48: 393–419, illus. — 20 spp, 3 new var; keys; excluded taxa; index to specimens, names.

Aguilar, J.F., P.A. Fryxell & R.K. Jansen. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and classification of the Sida generic alliance (Malvaceae) based on nrDNA ITS evidence. Syst. Bot. 28: 352–364, illus. — No clear limits of the alliance.

Alejandro, G.D. & S. Liede. 2003. The Philippine Rubiaceae genera: updated synopsis in INTKEY databases of the DELTA system. Blumea 48: 261–277, illus. — Interactive key in Windows format to 80 genera (with c. 510 spp); generation of descriptions, notes, checklist of species, literature references; see http://www.uni-bayreuth.de/departments/planta2/wgl/delta_ru/index.html; for DELTA program see http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta

Aliscioni, S.S. 2002. Contribuciσn a la filogenia del gιnero Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 89: 504–523, illus. (In Spanish, Engl. summ.). — Paraphyletic, incl. Axonopus, Thrasya (but only 1 sp of each tested).

Aliscioni, S.S., L.M. Giussani, F.O. Zuloaga & E.A. Kellogg. 2003. A molecular phylogeny of Panicum (Poaceae: Paniceae): tests of monophyly and phylogenetic placement within the Panicoideae. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 796–821, illus. — Restricted to subgen. Panicum, other species transferred to other genera or left in uncertain positions of isolated species or species groups; several new comb.

Andersson, L. 2002. Relationships and generic circumscription in the Psychotria complex (Rubiaceae, Psychotrieae). Syst. Geogr. Pl. 72: 167–202, illus. — Rps16 intron (cpDNA) analysis of 111 taxa; 2 major clades supported by pyrene characters: Psychotria s.s., Hydnophytum (incl. Amaracarpus, Calycosia, Dolianthus, Straussia).

APG. 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141: 399–436, illus. — Another shake-up of classical concepts.

Applequist, W.L. 2002. A reassessment of the nomenclature of Matricaria L. and Tripleurospermum Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae). Taxon 51: 757–761. — In Malesia Matricaria chamomilla var. recutita (M. chamomilla auct.), Tripleurospermum maritimum (L.) Koch subsp. inodorum (L.) Applequist (Matricaria inodora L.).

Argent, G.C.G. 2002. New taxa and combinations in the genus Diplycosia (Ericaceae) of Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 217–238, illus. — Pernettyopsis reduced; 8 new taxa; 2 new comb.

Ashton, P.S. 2002. Taxonomic notes on the tree flora of Brunei: 1. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 207–216. — New taxa in Dacryodes, Gluta, Hopea, Parishia.

Azmi, R. 2003. Revisiting one of the world’s rarest trees, Ficus albipila. Malay. Naturalist 56, 4: 44–46, illus. — (Moraceae).

Azmi, R. 2003. A taxonomic revision of Ceriscoides (Rubiaceae: Gardenieae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 7: 443–464, illus. — 11 spp, 4 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Baker, W.J. 2002. Two unusual Calamus species from New Guinea. Kew Bull. 57: 719–724, illus. — (Palmae).

Baker, W.J., R.P. Bayton, J. Dransfield & R.A. Maturbongs. 2003. A revision of the Calamus aruensis (Arecaceae) complex in New Guinea and the Pacific. Kew Bull. 58: 351–370, illus. — 4 spp, 2 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimen list at end.

Baker, W.J. & J. Dransfield. 2002. Calamus maturbongsii, an unusual new rattan species from New Guinea. Kew Bull. 57: 725–728, illus. — (Palmae).

Baker, W.J. & J. Dransfield. 2002. Calamus longipinna (Arecaceae: Calamoideae) and its relatives in New Guinea. Kew Bull. 57: 853–866, illus. — 5 spp, 2 new; tabellary key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Barcelona, J.F. & E.S. Fernando. 2002. A new species of Rafflesia (Rafflesiaceae) from Panay Island, Philippines. Kew Bull. 57: 647–651, illus.

Barfod, A.S., T. Burholt & F. Borchsenius. 2003. Contrasting pollination modes in three species of Licuala (Arecaceae: Coryphoideae). Telopea 10: 207–223, illus.

Barfod, A.S. & L.G. Saw. 2002. The genus Licuala (Arecaceae, Coryphoideae) in Thailand. Kew Bull. 57: 827–852, illus. — 13 spp; synoptic key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to names, specimens.

Barker, C. 2002. Broussonetia papyrifera. Moraceae. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 19: 8–18, illus. — History, uses, synonymy, description.

Barker, N., H.P. Linder, C.M. Morton & M. Lyle. 2003. The paraphyly of Cortaderia (Danthonioideae: Poaceae): evidence from morphology and chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequence data. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90: 1–24, illus. — Two clades, one S American, one Australasian; the New Guinea C. archboldii in neither, not close to Chionochloa either, nearest to Danthonia spicata, D. secundiflora.

Barlow, B.A. 2002. Loranthaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 665–706, illus.

Barlow, B.A. 2002. Viscaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 707–719, illus.

Bastmeijer, J.D. 2002. Cryptocoryne yujii Bastmeijer (Araceae), eine neue Art aus Sarawak. Aqua Planta 27: 145–146, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.).

Bateman, R.M., et 5 al. 2003. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of Orchidinae and selected Habenariinae (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142: 1–40, illus. — Habenaria highly polyphyletic; 10 new comb.

Beckner, J. 2002. A new combination in Paphiopedilum (Orchidaceae). Selbyana 23: 196. — For a form from Sumatra, only known from a lost type; a giant step in orchidology …

Behnke, H.-D. 2003. Sieve-element plastids and evolution of monocotyledons, with emphasis on Melianthaceae sensu lato and Aristolochia–Asaroideae, a putative dicotyledon sister group. Bot. Rev. 68: 524–544, illus. — Presence of cuneate protein crystals autapomorphy for monocots, also found in Asarum, Saruma, which have an additional large polygonal crystal; the latter is also found in Melanthiaceae s.l.; Japanolirion and Tofieldiaceae most basal in monocots with Aristolochiaceae as sister.

Bennett, J.R. & R.W. Scotland. 2003. A revision of Strobilanthes (Acanthaceae) in Java. Kew Bull. 58: 1–82, illus. — 25 spp, 2 new, 4 new comb, 3 new names; 12 genera recognized in the Fl. Java reduced; palynology; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes, selected collections under taxa, overall list at end.

Berg, C.C. 2003. Flora Malesiana precursor for the treatment of Moraceae I: the main subdivision of Ficus: the subgenera. Blumea 48: 167–178, illus. — 6 subgen; key; diagnoses, notes.

Berg, C.C. 2003. Flora Malesiana precursor for the treatment of Moraceae 2: Ficus subgenus Pharmacosycea section Oreosycea. Blumea 48: 289–301, illus. — 1 new subsect, 23 spp, 5 new, 2 new comb; key.

Biju, S.D. 2002. Lectotypification of two Linnaean specific names in Convolvulaceae. Taxon 51: 755–756. — Convolvulus batatas, Ipomoea quamoclit.

Bisht, M.S. & Y. Mukai. 2002. Genome organization and polyploid evolution in the genus Eleusine (Poaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 233: 243–258, illus.

Bleeker, W., A. Franzke, K. Pollmann, A.H.D. Brown & H. Hurka. 2002. Phylogeny and biogeography of southern hemisphere high-mountain Cardamine species (Brassicaceae). Austral. Syst. Bot. 15: 575–581, illus. — Relationships of New Guinea C. africana, C. keysseri unresolved; C. africana polyphyletic.

Boyce, P.C. & A. Hay. 2001. A taxonomic revision of Araceae tribe Potheae (Pothos, Pothoideum and Pedicellarum) for Malesia, Australia and the tropical Western Pacific. Telopea 9: 449–571, illus. — 46 spp, 3 new; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa and at end.

Bradford, J.C. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics and morphological evolution in Cunonieae (Cunoniaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 89: 491–503, illus. — Vesselowskya sister of monophyletic Cunonia, Pancheria, 5 sections of Weinmannia.

Bramley, G.L.C. & Q.C.B. Cronk. 2003. The Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) species of Mount Kerinci, Sumatra. Harvard Pap. Bot. 7: 407–421, illus. — 13 spp, 3 new; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Breitwieser, I., D.S. Glenny, A. Thorne & S.J. Wagstaff. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships in Australasian Gnaphalieae (Compositae) inferred from ITS sequences. New Zeal. J. Bot. 37: 399–412, illus.

Breitwieser, I. & J.M. Ward. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and character evolution in New Zealand and selected Australian Gnaphalieae (Compositae) inferred from morphological and anatomical data. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141: 183–203, illus. — 2 spp of New Guinea Anaphalioides (formerly in Anaphalis) not studied, genus polyphyletic; Euchiton involucratus, Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum also Malesian.

Bremer, B., et 7 al. 2002. Phylogenetics of asterids based on 3 coding and 3 non-coding chloroplast DNA markers and the utility of non-coding DNA at higher taxonomic levels. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 24: 274–301, illus. — Too much to summarize properly: of note: Cardiopteridaceae, Maesaceae, Tetrameristaceae supported; Avicennia to Acanthaceae; Buddleja, Myoporum to Scrophulariaceae; Carpodetus to Rousseaceae.

Brown, G.K. & L.A. Craven. 2003. A new alpine species of Rhododendron (Ericaceae) from New Guinea. Novon 13: 26–29, illus. — Key to related spp in subsect. Euvireya.

Brummitt, R.K. 2002. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 53. Taxon 51: 795–799. — Conservation of Diphyes Cookson against Diphyes Blume, Hibisus sabdariffa L. with typ. cons., rejection of Ocimum vaalae Forssk. against Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. recommended; Diospyros philippinensis A.DC. and D. philippensis (Desr.) Gόrke, and Cornera Furtado and Corneria A.V. Bobrov & Melikyan homonymous.

Buijsen, J.R.M., P.C. van Welzen & R.W.J.M. van der Ham. 2003. A phylogenetic analysis of Harpullia (Sapindaceae) with notes on historical biogeography. Syst. Bot. 28: 106–117, illus. — Monophyletic; subgeneric classification not supported; origin in New Guinea / Australian plate.

Bunchalee, P. & P. Chantaranothai. 2002. Polyalthia lateritia J. Sinclair (Annonaceae), a new record for Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 30: 59–61, illus.

Buot Jr., I.E. 2001. Latitudinal comparison of the vertical vegetation zonation on Mt. Pulog (Philippines) with other Southeast and East Asian mountains. Philipp. Scient. 38: 9–25, illus.

Burtt, B.L. 2002. New Gesneriaceae: a Chirita from Vietnam and a Monophyllaea from Sulawesi. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 239–242.

Cannon, C.H. & P.S. Manos. 2003. Phylogeography of the Southeast Asian Stone oaks (Lithocarpus). J. Biogeogr. 30: 211–226, illus. — Suggests that tropical rain forest was wide spread and extensive for the past 40 My, even during exceptional periods such as the last Ice Age (Fagaceae).

Cavestro, W. 2002. Dendrobium parnatanum William Cavestro: une nouvelle espθce de l’ouest d’Irian Jaya en Indonιsie. Orchidophile 150: 23–28, illus. (In French, Engl. summ.) (Orchidaceae).

Cavestro, W. 2002. Cleisocentron abasii William Cavestro: une nouvelle espθce du nord-est de Bornιo, en Malaisie. Orchidophile 153: 181–188, illus. (In French, Engl. summ.) (Orchidaceae).

Cellinese, N. 2002. Revision of the genus Phyllagathis (Melastomataceae: Sonerileae). I. The species in Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. Blumea 47: 463–492, illus. — Incl. Brittenia, Cyanandrium, Enaulophyton, Tylanthera; 10 spp, 1 new comb; key; synonymy, description, notes, collector’s list.

Cellinese, N. 2003. Revision of the genus Phyllagathis (Melastomataceae: Sonerileae). II. The species in Borneo and Natuna Island. Blumea 48: 69–97, illus. — 19 spp (1 new, 7 new comb, 1 new name); key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Chakrabarty, T., M. Gangopadhyay & N.P. Balakrishnan. 2002. A revision of the genus Briedelia Willd. (Euphorbiaceae) for the Indian subcontinent. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 311–330, illus. — 12 spp, some Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Chakrabarty, T., M. Gangopadhyay & N.P. Balakrishnan. 2002. The genus Cleistanthus Hook.f. ex Planch. (Euphorbiaceae) in the Indian subcontinent. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 331–345, illus. — 14 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Chakrabarty, T. & G.S. Lakra. 2002. A new species of Combretum Loefl. (Combretaceae) from North Andaman Island. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 502–504, illus.

Chatrou, L.W. 2003. Myristicineae, a new suborder within Magnoliales. Taxon 52: 277–279, illus. — Sister group.

Chen, C., S. Lu & Y. Li. 2000. Onagraceae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 53, 2: 29–133, illus. Science Press, Beijing. (In Chinese).

Chen, S. 2003. Hippeophyllum microphyllum, a new species of Orchidaceae from Papua New Guinea. Novon 13: 180–181, illus. — Actually from Vogelkop, Irian Jaya.

Chen, S.-H. & M.-J. Wu. 2003. Remarks on the species of Stachytarpheta (Verbenaceae) of Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 44: 167–174, illus. — 2 spp; S. jamaicensis usually misapplied to S. urticifolia (‘urticaefolia’) (as in Fl. Java); the true S. jamaicensis recently introduced in Taiwan (may well occur in Malesia as well!); key; synonymy, descriptions.

Chen, W.-H. & Y.-M. Shui. 2003. Additional notes on the Orchidaceae of Yunnan, China. Guihaia 23: 121–122. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — New record of Appendicula cornuta.

Chen, Y. 2001. Balsaminaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 47, 2: 1–238, illus. (In Chinese). — Impatiens (220 spp), Hydrocera (1).

Chen, Y.-Y., D.-Z. Li & H. Wang. 2002. Infrageneric phylogeny and systematic position of the Acoraceae inferred from ITS, 18S and rbcL sequences. Acta Bot. Yunn. 24: 699–706, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Monophyletic; in Monocotyledones; 2 infrageneric groups.

Cheng, C., et 5 al. 2003. Polyphyletic origin of cultivated rice: based on interspersion patterns of SINUs. Molec. Biol. Evol. 20: 67–75, illus. — Oryza sativa Japonica strain close to perennial O. rufipogon, Indica strain to annual O. rufipogon (Gramineae).

Choltco, T.C. 2002. The rediscovery of Trichoglottis acutifolia. Orchids 71: 1124–1127, illus. — Compared to T. bipunctata (Orchidaceae).

Chung, R.C.K. 2002. Leaf epidermal micromorphology of Grewia L. and Microcos L. (Tiliaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 263–286, illus. — Trichomes of little use at generic and specific level; epidermis characters distinguish the genera.

Chung, R.C.K. 2003. New taxa and new combinations of Microcos (Tiliaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. Kew Bull. 58: 329–349, illus.

Clarke, C., T. Davis & R. Tamin. 2003. Nepenthes izumiae (Nepenthaceae): a new species from Sumatra. Blumea 48: 179–182.

Clements, M.A. 2003. Molecular phylogenetic systematics in the Dendrobiinae (Orchidaceae), with emphasis on Dendrobium section Pedilonum. Telopea 10: 247–298, illus. — Non-monophyletic; recognition or reinstatement of 8 genera for former members leading to numerous new comb / names; 2 new subtribes.

Clements, M.A., et 7 al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Diurideae (Orchidaceae) based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Lindleyana 17: 135–171, illus. — Part of tribe to sister group Cranichideae, which also includes e.g. Pterostylidinae.

Co, L.L., D. Madulid & G. Argent. 2002. A new species of Vaccinium (Ericaceae) from the Philippines. Edinburgh J. Bot. 59: 373–376, illus.

Coode, M.J.E. 2002. Elaeocarpus in New Guinea: E. sericoloides (Fissipetalum group), E. royenii & E. multisectus (sect. Elaeocarpus). Contributions to the Flora of Mt Jaya, IX. Kew Bull. 57: 925–935, illus. — Key; 1 new var; synonymy, descriptions, notes (Elaeocarpaceae).

Coode, M.J.E. 2003. Elaeocarpus for Flora Malesiana: two new taxa in the Coloides subgroup of the Monocera group from New Guinea. Kew Bull. 58: 453–458. — (Elaeocarpaceae).

Corley, R.H.V. & P.B. Tinker. 2003. The Oil palm, ed. 4. xxviii, 562 pp, illus. Blackwell Science. ISBN 0-632-051212-0. — A renewed edition of a handbook mainly aimed at Elaeis guineensis; mostly about its cultivation, selection, breeding, and propagation; some taxonomy (Palmae).

Craven, L.A., S. Sunarti, M. Wardani, D. Mudiana & T. Yulistarini. 2002. Kayu putih and its relatives in Indonesia. Floribunda 2: 16–26. — Asteromyrtus (4 spp), Melaleuca (7); keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes (Myrtaceae).

Craven, L.A., F.D. Wilson & P.A. Fryxell. 2003. A taxonomic review of Hibiscus sect. Furcaria (Malvaceae) in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Austral. Syst. Bot. 16: 185–218, illus. — 30 spp, 23 treated (14 new), some Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Cross, E.W., C.J. Quinn & S.J. Wagstaff. 2002. Molecular evidence for the polyphyly of Olearia (Astereae: Asteraceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 235: 99–120, illus. — 18 lineages with 7 robust groups; the only New Guinea representative, O. velutina, to be excluded, apparently most related to a New Zealand group.

Danet, F. 2003. Potentilla baliemensis (Rosaceae), nouvelle espθce de Papousie-Occidentale. Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 72: 31–35, illus. (In French, Engl. summ.).

Dauncey, E.A. 2003. A taxonomic revision of Dendrobium section Pedilonum (Orchidaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 7: 151–320, illus. — 54 taxa, 8 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; list of collections.

Davis, A.P. 2003. A new combination in Psilanthus (Rubiaceae) for Australasia, and nomenclatural notes on Paracoffea. Novon 13: 182–184.

De Araϊjo, E.F., L.P. de Queiroz & M.A. Machado. 2003. What is Citrus? Taxonomic implications from a study of cp-DNA evolution in the tribe Citreae (Rutaceae subfamily Aurantioideae). Organ., Div. & Evol. 3: 55–62, illus. — Citrus and satellites to a single genus.

De Wilde, W.J.J.O. 2002. Myristicaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 720–777, illus.

De Wilde, W.J.J.O. & B.E.E. Duyfjes. 2003. Revision of Neoalsomitra (Cucurbitaceae). Blumea 48: 99–121, illus. — 12 taxa (1 new, 2 new comb); key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

De Wilde, W.J.J.O. & B.E.E. Duyfjes. 2003. The genus Baijiania (Cucurbitaceae). Blumea 48: 279–284, illus. — Monotypic, Chinese species excluded; 2 var, 1 new; key; descriptions, notes.

Deb, D.B. 2002. The genus Psilanthus Hook.f. tribe Coffeeae (Rubiaceae) in India – a review. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 239–242.

Den Hartog, C. 2002. Potamogetonaceae, Zosteraceae, and Cymodoceaceae. Fl. Males. I, 16: 167–216, illus. — Introduction (palynology by R.W.J.M. van der Ham, phytochemistry by R. Hegnauer); Potamogetonaceae with G. Wiegleb; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Dessein, S. 2003. Systematic studies in the Spermacoceae (Rubiaceae). Thesis, Leuven (Belgium), xii, 405 pp, illus. — General overview of delimitation, genera; special emphasis on African taxa with many pantropicals; palynology important for analyses; keys; Spermacoce of C Africa revised.

Dey, D.K. & B.R. Pati. 2002. Proliferation in the monotypic genus, Thysanolaena Nees. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 201–202, illus. — (Gramineae).

Diane, N., H.H. Hilger & M. Gottschling. 2002. Transfer cells in the seeds of Boraginales. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140: 155–164, illus. — Presence synapomorphy, but absent in Boraginaceae s.s.; Pteleocarpa not mentioned.

Diggs Jr., G.M. & B.L. Lipscomb. 2002. What is the writer of a flora to do? Evolutionary taxonomy or phylogenetic systematics? Sida 20: 647–674. — Modified traditional system supported, with notes on recent phylogenetic developments.

Dixon, D.J. 2003. A taxonomic revision of the Australian Ficus species in the section Malvanthera (Ficus subg. Urostigma: Moraceae). Telopea 10: 125–153, illus. — 17 taxa, several new, some Malesian; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Doust, A.N. & E.A. Kellogg. 2002. Inflorescence diversification in the panicoid ‘bristle grass’ clade (Paniceae, Poaceae): evidence from molecular phylogenies and developmental morphology. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1203–1222, illus. — Cenchrus monophyletic, Pennisetum, Setaria paraphyletic.

Doweld, A. 2001. De genere Libocedrus Endl. (Cupressaceae). Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. 33: 41–44. (In Russian). — Papuacedrus in Libocedraceae, fam. nov.

Dransfield, J. & W.J. Baker. 2003. An account of the Papuasian species of Calamus (Arecaceae) with paired fruit. Kew Bull. 58: 371–387, illus. — 5 spp, 1 new; synonymy, descriptions, specimens geographically under taxa.

Duyfjes, B.E.E., R.W.J.M. van der Ham & W.J.J.O. de Wilde. 2003. Papuasicyos, a new genus of Cucurbitaceae. Blumea 48: 123–128, illus. — Monotypic; palynology; synonymy, description, notes.

Eriksson, T., M.S. Hibbs, A.D. Yoder, C.F. Delwiche & M.J. Donoghue. 2003. The phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA and the trnL/F region of chloroplast DNA. Intern. J. Plant Sci. 164: 197–211, illus. — Duchesnea nested in Potentilla, but Fragaria distinct; position of Rubus not clarified.

Esser, H.-J. 2002. A revision of Triadica Lour. (Euphorbiaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 7: 17–21. — 3 spp, 1 new comb; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Esser, H.-J. 2003. Fruit characters in Malesian Euphorbiaceae. Telopea 10: 169–177, illus. — Zoochory more common in Malesia then elsewhere, possibly significant for diversification.

Evans, R.C. & C.S. Campbell. 2002. The origin of the apple subfamily (Maloideae: Rosaceae) is clarified by DNA sequence data from duplicated GBSSI genes. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1478–1484, illus. — Monophyletic, not from wide hybridization between members of other subfamilies; origin in N America; high chromosome number derived from x = 18.

Evans, T.M., K.J. Sytsma, R.B. Faden & T.J. Ginish. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in the Commelinaceae: II. A cladistic analysis of rbcL sequences and morphology. Syst. Bot. 28: 270–292, illus. — Cartonema first, Palisota second sister to family; phylogeny supports present classification, but is incongruent with morphological ones.

Everett, J. & P.G. Wilson (Eds.). 2003. Proceedings of the 5th International Flora Malesiana Symposium 2001. Telopea 10: 1–496, illus.

Feldhaar, H., B. Fiala, J. Gadau, M. Mohamed & U. Maschwitz. 2003. Molecular phylogeny of Crematogaster subgenus Decacrema ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and the colonization of Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) trees. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 27: 441–452, illus. — No strict cocladogenesis.

Fessel, H.H., E. Lόckel & J. Rφth. 2002. Dendrobium speckmaieri – ein neues Dendrobium aus der Sektion Platycaulon. Orchidee 53: 336–338, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — From N Celebes (Orchidaceae).

Fessel, H.H., E. Lόckel & J. Rφth. 2002. Dendrobium speckmaieri – Ergδnzung. Orchidee 53: 476. — Several new comb in Eurycaulis for Dendrobium spp (Orchidaceae).

Fine, P.V.A. 2002. The invasibility of tropical forests by exotic plants. J. Trop. Ecol. 18: 687–705. — There is no evidence to attribute the low invasibility of undisturbed tropical forests to either their high species diversity or their high diversity of functional types; low occurrence of exotics most likely due to absence of certain traits, e.g. shade tolerance; however, once a shade-tolerant exotic with generalized dispensers and pollinators is planted in large quantities, it may be without its predators and pests, and may easily invade.

Foo, T.S. 1985. A guide to the wildflowers of Singapore. 160 pp, illus. Singapore Science Centre. ISBN 9971-88-059-8. — Nice little pocketbook showing a number of common species, one page description, one page colour pictures (see Chapter 17).

Forster, P.I. 2002. Phyllanthera takeuchiana (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae), a new species from Papua New Guinea. Austrobaileya 6: 329–331, illus.

Fortune Hopkins, H.C. & R.D. Hoogland. 2002. Cunoniaceae. Fl. Males. I, 16: 53–165, illus. — 10 gen, 40 spp; introduction (leaf morphology, palaeobotany by R.W. Barnes, palynology by J. Muller, wood anatomy by P. Baas, phytochemistry by R. Hegnauer); keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Freudenstein, J.V., E.M. Harris & F.N. Rasmussen. 2002. The evolution of anther morphology in orchids: incumbent anthers, superposed pollinia, and the vandoid complex. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1747–1755, illus. — (Orchidaceae).

Fryxell, P.A. 2001. An Abutilon nomenclator (Malvaceae). Lundellia 5: 79–118. — More than 500 names in specific rank and numerous infraspecific ones.

Fryxell, P.A. 2001. Talipariti (Malvaceae), a segregate from Hibiscus. Contrib. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 225–270, illus. — For Hibiscus tiliaceus and allies.

Fukuda, T., J. Yokoyama & H. Tsukaya. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships among species in the genera Chisocheton and Guarea that have unique indeterminate leaves as inferred from sequences of chloroplast DNA. Intern. J. Plant Sci. 164: 13–24, illus. — Single occurrence in phylogyny; analysis does not support subgeneric groupings (Meliaceae).

Furness, C.A., P.J. Rudall & A. Eastman. 2002. Contribution of pollen and tapetal characters to the systematics of Triuridaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 235: 209–218, illus. — Most similar to Pandanaceae, but relationship with Alismatales cannot be ruled out.

Gandolfo, M.A., K.C. Nixon & W.L. Crepet. 2002. Triuridaceae fossil flowers from the Upper Cretaceous of New Jersey. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1940–1957, illus. — C. 90 My; oldest Monocot flowers; plants achlorophyllous, saprophytic; first evidence of saprophytic/mycotrophic habit in Angiosperms.

Gangopadhyay, M. & T. Chakrabarty. 2002. A note on Cryptocarya ferrarsi King ex Hook.f. (Lauraceae). J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 477–478. — Known from Andaman, now also in Assam, Bangladesh, and Myanmar (var. nov.); ‘ferrarsii’!

Gao, L.-M., D.-Z. Li, C.-Q. Zhang & J.-B. Yang. 2002. Infrageneric and sectional relationships in the genus Rhododendron (Ericaceae) inferred from ITS sequence data. Acta Bot. Sin. 44: 1351–1356, illus. — Monophyletic; subgen. Therorhodion basal; Ledum included; elepidote spp in weakly supported clade, subgen. Hymenanthes, Tsutsusi monophyletic, Azaleastrum, Pentanthera polyphyletic.

Gao, L.-M., C.-Q. Zhang, D.-Z. Li & Z.-X. Wei. 2002. Pollen morphology of the Rhodoreae (Ericaceae) and its systematic implication. Acta Bot. Yunn. 24: 471–482, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Comparison of some Rhododendron spp with Menziesia; palynology of little use to delimit infrageneric taxa.

Gardner, R.O. 2002. The genus Coprosma (Rubiaceae) in New Guinea. Candollea 57: 97–130, illus. — 9 taxa; 1 new, 3 new comb; key; description of vegetative parts, notes; collectors under taxa and at end.

Gardner, R.O. 2003. Piper (Piperaceae) in New Guinea: the non-climbing species. Blumea 48: 47–68, illus. — 8 spp (2 new; 2 introduced); key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; index to collections.

Gathorne-Hardy, F.J., Syaukani, R.G. Davies, P. Eggleton & D.T. Jones. 2002. Quarternary rainforest refugia in South-East Asia: using termites (Isoptera) as indicators. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 75: 453–466, illus. — Most of the vegetation during the glaciations a mixture of savannahs and patchy deciduous forest, rain forest confined to a few (!) refugia, recolonized the region in interglacials, i.e. past 10,000 years!

Gibbs, L.S. (1914) 2001. A contribution to the flora and plant formations of Mount Kinabalu and the highlands of British North Borneo. xii, 240 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, and The Linnean Society, London. ISBN 983-812-056-1. — Reprint of original paper in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42 (1914) 1–240, incl. plates, with an introduction, brief biography, and bibliography by J.H. Beaman.

Gideon, O.G. 2002. Coprosma bougainvilleensis (Rubiaceae), a new species from Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 165–170, illus.

Gituru, R.W., Q.-F. Wang & Y.-H. Guo. 2002. Proposal to conserve the name Sagittaria guyanensis (Alismataceae) with that spelling. Taxon 51: 575–576. — Original epithet ‘guayanensis’ in c. 50% of the cases misspelled.

Golding, J. & D.C. Wasshausen. 2002. Begoniaceae, Edition 2. Part I: Annotated species list. Part II: Illustrated key, abridgment and Supplement. Contrib. US Nat. Herb.: 1–289, illus. — A definite must for all students of the genus.

Govaerts, R. & D.G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). xii, 560 pp, illus. ISBN 1-84246-036-6. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. — Also incl. Lemnaceae; very useful for students of these groups; if there are any new combinations, as in previous volumes, they have not been listed.

Gravendeel, B. & E.F. de Vogel. 2002. Revision of Coelogyne section Moniliformes (Orchidaceae) based on morphology, plastid and nrDNA ITS sequences. Blumea 47: 409–462, illus. — 12 spp, 2 new; monophyletic; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes, collector’s index.

Green, P.S. 2003. Synopsis of the Oleaceae from the Indian sub-continent. Kew Bull. 58: 257–295. — Incl. Andamans, Nicobars; many spp Malesian; keys; synonymy.

Green, T. & D. Kloppenburg. 2002. New Malaysian Hoya species. Fraterna 15, 4: 7–12, illus. — (Apocynaceae).

Grob, G.B.J., B. Gravendeel, M.C.M. Eurlings & W.L.A. Hetterscheid. 2002. Phylogeny of the tribe Thomsonieae (Araceae) based on chloroplast matK and trnL Intron sequences. Syst. Bot. 27: 453–467, illus. — Pseudodracontium to be reduced to Amorphophallus.

Grove, D.L. 2003. The Vanda alliance. Part 3: some other Vanda species and their legacy. Orchids 72: 612–621, illus. — Various parents used in hybridization (Orchidaceae).

Gu, H.Y. & P.C. Hoch. 1997. Systematics of Kalimeris (Asteraceae: Astereae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 762–814, illus. — Incl. Asteromoea.

Gusman, G. & L. Gusman. 2002. The genus Arisaema. 438 pp, illus. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag, Rugell, Lichtenstein. ISBN 3-904144-91-X. — Beautifully illustrated manual to 14 sect. (3 new), many spp; extensive introduction; keys; synonymy, descriptions; index (Araceae).

Gustafsson, M.H.G., V. Bittrich & P.F. Stevens. 2002. Phylogeny of Clusiaceae based on rbcL sequences. Intern. J. Plant Sci. 163: 1045–1054, illus. — Podostemaceae to be included; incl. Hypericoideae, therefore Hypericaceae (1789) correct for Clusiaceae (1836).

Hadiah, J.T., C.J. Quinn & B.J. Conn. 2003. Phylogeny of Elatostema (Urticaceae) using chloroplast DNA data. Telopea 10: 235–246, illus. — Paraphyletic as it includes Procris; subgen. Pellionia not supported.

Hall, J.C., K.J. Sytsma & H.H. Iltis. 2002. Phylogeny of Capparaceae and Brassicaceae based on chloroplast sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1826–1842, illus. — Capparaceae s.s. sister to Cleomaceae and Brassicaceae.

Hao, G., D.-X. Zhang, M.-Y. Zhang, L.-X. Guo & S.-J. Li. 2003. Phylogenetics of Bauhinia subgenus Phanera (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) based on ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 44: 223–228, illus. — Polyphyletic.

Haridasan, V.K. & P.K. Mukerjee. 1996. Campanulaceae. Fasc. Fl. India 22: 25–118, illus.

Harris, J.G. & M.W. Harris. 2001. Plant identification terminology, ed. 2. x, 206 pp, illus. Spring Lake Publishing. ISBN 0-9640221-6-8 (pbk). — Very useful illustrated glossary; two parts: alphabetical by terms, and terminology by category.

Harrison, R.D., et 7 al. 2003. The diversity of hemi-epiphytic figs (Ficus: Moraceae) in a Bornean lowland rain forest. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 78: 439–455, illus. — No association with host or bark roughness; specific occurrences depend on canopy strata; Ficus kerkhovenii strangles its host in just a few months (very aptly named: ‘kerkhoven’ is Dutch for ‘graveyards’).

Hay, A. & C. Herscovitch. 2002. Two remarkable new West Malesian Homalomena (Araceae) species. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 171–178, illus.

Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10: 311–449, illus. — Very interesting survey with significance for other plants and animals as well; Ericaceae as an example for causes and explanations of distribution patterns in- and outside Malesia.

Heatabun, C.D. 2002. A monograph of Sommieria (Arecaceae). Kew Bull. 57: 599–611, illus. — Monotypic.

Hendra, M. 2002. Notes on a new record and a new species of Pinanga (Arecaceae) from Sumatra. Floribunda 2: 29–32, illus.

Hicks, D.M. & T.M.A. Utteridge. 2002. A new species of Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae) from Anggi Lakes, New Guinea. Kew Bull. 57: 937–941, illus.

Hidayat, R.S. 1999. A study of Vernonia coerulea Koster in Sumba Island, Indonesia. Comp. Newsl. 33: 33–38. — Description, ecology; also known from Timor, Wetar (Compositae).

Hilger, H.H. & M. Gottschling. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and character evolution of Ehretia and Bourreria (Ehretiaceae, Boraginales) – correction. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 124: 149–150. — Ehretia microphylla correct for E. monopyrena.

Hind, D.J.N. 2002. A new species of Papuacalia from Papua (Irian Jaya, Indonesia). Kew Bull. 57: 693–696, illus. — (Compositae).

Hind, D.J.N. & R.J. Johns. 2002. A new alpine species of Ixeridium (Compositae: Lactuceae). Contributions to the flora of Mount Jaya, VIII. Kew Bull. 57: 697–703, illus. — Also discussion on generic circumscription, infrageneric division; 1 new section.

Hind, D.J.N. & R.J. Johns. 2003. New species of Papuacalia (Compositae: Senecioneae). Contributions to the flora of Mount Jaya, XI. Kew Bull. 58: 389–402, illus.

Ho, T.-N. & S.-W. Liu. 2001. A worldwide monograph of Gentiana. v, 694 pp, illus. Science Press, Beijing, New York. ISBN 7-03-009190-6/Q.1048, 1-880132-81-8. — 430 taxa recognized in 15 sections, 22 series; chapters on history, circumscription and taxonomic position, infrageneric classification and phylogeny, geographical distribution, keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; excluded names, indices to specimens (selected), names; most impressive work! (Gentianaceae).

Hodkinson, T.R., M.W. Chase, M.D. Lledσ, N. Salamin & S.A. Renvoize. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers. J. Pl. Res. 115: 381–392, illus. — Miscanthus, Saccharum polyphyletic; Miscanthidium, Ripidium distinct; Erianthus, Narenga to Saccharum.

Hoffmann, P., A.J.M. Baker, D.A. Madulid & J. Proctor. 2003. Phyllanthus balgooyi (Euphorbiaceae s.l.), a new nickel-hyperaccumulating species from Palawan and Sabah. Blumea 48: 193–199, illus.

Holland, A.E. 2002. A review of Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Crotalarieae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 6: 293–324, illus. — 36 spp with sspp, vars, 4 new comb, 3 new taxa, 16 introduced, some Malesian; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; selected specimens geographically under taxa.

Holloway, J.D. 2003. Biological images of geological history: through a glass darkly or brightly face to face? J. Biogeogr. 30: 165–179, illus. — Attempt to achieve synthesis between island biogeography and historical biogeography.

Hoque, A. & P.K. Mukerjee. 2002. A new name for Dioscorea glabra var. hastifolia Prain et Burkill from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 99: 371–373, illus. — (Dioscoreaceae).

Howarth, D.G., M.H.G. Gustafsson, D.A. Baum & T.J. Motley. 2003. Phylogenetics of the genus Scaevola (Goodeniaceae): implication for dispersal patterns across the Pacific Basin and colonization of the Hawaiian Islands. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 915–923, illus.

Howcroft, N.H.S. 1986. The taxonomy of Spathoglottis. The Orchadian 8: 139–150, illus. — Overview of taxonomy, character states (Orchidaceae).

Howcroft, N.H.S. & W. Takeuchi. 2002. New and noteworthy orchids of the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Sida 20: 461–486, illus. — E.g. 2 new Dendrobium (Orchidaceae).

Hsieh, C.-F. 2002. Composition, endemism and phytogeographical affinities of the Taiwan flora. Taiwania 47: 298–310, illus. — Clearly Sino-Japanese, but southern parts with distinct Malesian elements; channel between Taiwan and Philippines important phytogeographical barrier.

Hsieh, T.-H. & K.-C. Yang. 2002. Revision of Torenia L. (Scrophulariaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 47: 281–289, illus. — 4 spp; palynology; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Hsu, T.-W., T.-Y. Chiang & N.-J. Chung. 2003. Laportea aestuans (L.) Chew (Urticaceae), a newly recorded plant in Taiwan. Taiwania 48: 72–76, illus. — Key to 3 Taiwan spp.

Hu, C.M. 2002. New species of Ardisia (Myrsinaceae) from Malesia. Blumea 47: 493–512. — 33 new taxa; A. daphinifolia sphalm. for A. daphnifolia?, A. sorogensis sphalm. for A. sorongensis.

Hu, J.-M. & S.-P. Chang. 2003. Two new members of the Callerya group (Fabaceae) based on phylogenetic analysis of rbcL sequences: Endosamara racemosa (Roxb.) Geesink and Callerya vasta (Kosterm.) Schot. Taiwania 48: 118–128, illus.

Huang, S.-F., R.E. Recklefs & P.H. Raven. 2002. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of Acer I – Study history of the infrageneric classification. Taiwania 47: 203–218, illus. — (Aceraceae / Sapindaceae).

Huang, T.-C. (Ed.). 2003. Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, 6. vii, 343 pp, illus. — Floristics; checklist; indices to scientific, Chinese names of vols. 1–5.

Huang, T.-C. (Ed.). 2003. Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, 6, Errata. viii, 34 pp.

Huynh, K.-L. 2002. The genus Freycinetia (Pandanaceae) in New Guinea (Part 4). Blumea 47: 513–536, illus. — 17 new spp.

Huynh, K.-L. 2002. The genus Freycinetia (Pandanaceae) in New Guinea (Part 6). Candollea 57: 55–65, illus. — 11 new spp.

Huynh, K.-L. 2002. The genus Freycinetia (Pandanaceae) in New Guinea (Part 7). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 124: 151–161, illus. — 7 new spp.

Iokawa, Y. & H. Ohashi. 2002. A taxonomic study of the genus Campylotropis (Leguminosae) I. J. Jap. Bot. 77: 179–222, illus. — Distinct from Lespedeza; 49 taxa (1 Malesian), 11 new names; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Ito, M., A. Soejima & K. Watanabe. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships of Japanese Aster (Asteraceae, Astereae) sensu lato based on chloroplast DNA restriction site mutations. J. Pl. Res. 111: 217–223, illus. — Incl. Asteromoea; Aster, Kalimeris polyphyletic.

Jacobs, S.W.L. 2001. The genus Lachnagrostis (Gramineae) in Australia. Telopea 9: 439–448, illus. — Distinct by lemma epidermal features; 20 spp, 1 Malesian, 9 new comb; key to related genera.

Jacobsen, N. 2002. Der Cryptocoryne cordata Griffith – Komplex (Araceae) in Malesien. Aqua Planta 27: 150–151 (In German, Engl. summ.). — Reduced to 4 (new) var.

Jacobsen, N., J.D. Bastmeijer & Y. Sasaki. 2002. Cryptocoryne purpurea Ridley nothovar. borneoensis N. Jacobsen, Bastmeijer & Y. Sasaki (Araceae), eine neue Hybridvarietδt aus Kalimantan. Aqua Planta 27: 152–154, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.).

Jannink, T.A. & J.F. Veldkamp. 2002. A revision of Chionachninae (Gramineae: Andropogoneae). Blumea 47: 545–580, illus. — 4 genera, 12 spp, 2 new comb; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes, indices to names, collectors.

Javed, M.A., M. Chai & R.Y. Othman. 2002. Morphological characterization of Malaysian wild banana Musa acuminata. Biotropia 18: 21–37, illus. — Only ssp. truncata distinct from the lowland forms (Musaceae).

Jayanthi, J., W.A. Dason, D. Narasimhan & C. Livingstone. 2002. Fimbristylis acuminata Vahl – an addition to sedge flora of Tamil Nadu, India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 236–238, illus. — Description (Cyperaceae).

Jenjittikul, T. & K. Larsen. 2002. Two new species of Scaphochlamys (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand. Nordic J. Bot. 22: 35–38, illus. — Key to Thai spp.

Jenny, R. 2002. Bulbophyllum arfakianum – Neues aus Herrenhausen. Orchidee 53: 193–195, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — Historical note, short biography of its discoverer, O. Beccari (photo) (Orchidaceae).

Jobson, R.W., J. Playford, K.M. Cameron & V.A. Albert. 2003. Molecular phylogenetics of Lentibulariaceae inferred from plastid rps16 intron and trnL-F DNA sequences: implications for character evolution and biogeography. Syst. Bot. 28: 157–171, illus. — Present taxonomy supported; boreotropic origin.

Jones, D.L. & M.A. Clements. 2002. Nomenclatural notes arising from studies in the tribe Diurideae (Orchidaceae): Calonemorchis. Orchadian 14: 33–42, illus. — Nom. nov. pro Calonema D.L. Jones & M.A. Clements, non Morgan; numerous new comb; generic key for Caladeniinae.

Jordaan, M. & A.E. van Wyk. 2003. Reinstatement of Gymnosporia (Celastraceae): implications for the Flora Malesiana region. Telopea 10: 155–167, illus. — For c. 108 spiny spp of Maytenus (8/9 Malesian); key, synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Kato, M., Y. Kita & S. Koi. 2003. Molecular phylogeny, taxonomy and biogeography of Malaccotristicha australis comb. nov. (syn. Tristicha australis) (Podostemaceae). Austral. Syst. Bot. 16: 177–183, illus. — Key to Tristichoideae.

Keating, R.C. 2003. Leaf anatomical characters and their value in understanding morphoclines in the Araceae. Bot. Rev. 68: 510–523, illus.

Kelly, D. & V.L. Sork. 2002. Mast seeding in perennial plants: why, how, where? Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 33: 427–447, illus. — Often adaptive reproductive trait overlaid on the direct influence of weather.

Kelly, L.M. & F. Gonzαlez. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in Aristolochiaceae. Syst. Bot. 28: 236–249, illus. — Monophyletic for broadly defined genera; Asaroideae should exclude Thottea.

Keίler, P.J.A., et 6 al. 2002. Checklist of woody plants of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Blumea, Suppl. 14: 1–160. — Analysis of 120 families and c. 13,000 specimens aimed at users for fast and reliable information, especially within the nature conservation community.

Kiew, R. 2002. Mangifera odorata (Anacardiaceae) is a hybrid. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 205–206. — Molecular study confirms what alpha-taxonomists have been saying for the past 25 years.

Kiew, R. 2002. A new species of Monophyllaea (Gesneriaceae) from Borneo. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 243–246.

Kiew, R., L.L. Teo & Y.Y. Gan. 2003. Assessment of the hybrid status of some Malesian plants using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Telopea 10: 225–233. illus. — AFLP confirmed hybrids in Begonia, Mangifera, Nepenthes; duku, langsat, and duku-langsat races of Lansium domesticum.

Kim, H.-G., D.J. Loockerman & R.K. Jansen. 2002. Systematic implications of ndhF sequence variation in the Mutisieae (Asteraceae). Syst. Bot. 27: 598–609, illus. — Polyphyletic, just as subtribes Gochnatiinae and Mutisiinae.

Kloppenburg, D. 2002. Hoya siariae Kloppenburg, sp. nova. Fraterna 15, 3: 1–4, illus. — From Luzon (Apocynaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 2002. New Philippine Hoya species. Fraterna 15, 4: 1–5, illus. — (Apocynaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. 2003. New Philippine Hoya species. Fraterna 16: 1–4, illus. — (Apocynaceae).

Kloppenburg, D. & E.-K. Wiberg. 2002. New Hoya species from Sipitang, Sabah, Malaysia (Borneo). Fraterna 15, 3: 4–7, illus. — (Apocynaceae).

Klucking, E.P. 2003. Leaf venation patterns. 9. Euphorbiaceae. Part II: Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae & Euphorbioideae. 319 pp, illus. Borntraeger, Berlin. ISBN 3-443-50022-6.

Knapp, S. & M.G. Gilbert. 2002. Proposal to conserve the name Diospyros discolor against Cavanillea philippensis (Ebenaceae). Taxon 51: 579–580. — D. discolor is in general use, but actually is superfluous; C. philippensis is basionym of D. philippensis, a later homonym of D. philippinensis, so presently the correct name would be D. mabolo; if D. philippensis would be conserved, D. philippinensis would need a new name.

Koch, M., I.A. Al-Shehbaz & K. Mummenhoff. 2003. Molecular systematics, evolution, and population biology in the Mustard family (Brassicaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90: 151–171, illus.

Kokubugata, G. 2002. Notes on species of Gesneriaceae common to both the Ryukyus and Taiwan. Nat. Sci. Mus. Monogr. 22: 137–146, illus. — E.g. Aeschynanthus acuminatus, Rhynchothechum discolor.

Kokubugata, G., K.D. Hill & K. Kondo. 2003. Chromosomal characters of two Cycas species (Cycadaceae, Cycadales). Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 21: 139–141, illus. — Cycas ophiolitica, C. wadei.

Kothari, M.J. 2002 (‘2001’). A revision of family Potamogetonaceae of India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 43: 151–194, illus. — Two genera, some spp Malesian; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Koyama, H. 2002. Taxonomic studies in the Compositae of Thailand 14. Tribe Eupatorieae. Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 28: 49–60, illus. — Some Malesian; keys; synonymy, some descriptions, notes.

Koyama, H. 2003. Taxonomic studies in the Compositae of Thailand 15. Vernonia sect. Calcarea comb. nov. Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 29: 15–22, illus. — Former Camchaya sect. Calcarea; 5 taxa, 1 new, 1 Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Kravtsova, T.I. 2002. Comparative anatomy of the pericarp in the tribe Lecantheae (Urticaceae). Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87, 4: 12–30, illus. (In Russian, Engl. summ.).

Kravtsova, T.I., I. Friis & C.M. Wilmot-Dear. 2003. Morphology and anatomy of fruits of Pouzolzia (Urticaceae) in relation to taxonomy. Kew Bull. 58: 297–327, illus. — Distinct from Boehmeria, Pipturus; 2 sect. supported.

Kress, W.J., R. DeFilipps, E. Farr & Daw Yin Yin Kyi. 2003. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contrib. US Natl. Herb. 45: 1–590, illus. — See Reviews.

Kress, W.J., L.M. Prince & K.J. Williams. 2002. The phylogeny and a new classification of the gingers (Zingiberaceae): evidence from molecular data. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1682–1696, illus. — Three of four tribes paraphyletic; Tamijia (Tamijioideae, invalid) one of the basal clades; Globbeae to Zingiberoideae (incl. Hedychieae); Alpinioideae (invalid); key to tribes.

Kron, K.A., et 7 al. 2002. Phylogenetic classification of Ericaceae: molecular and morphological evidence. Bot. Rev. 68: 335–423, illus. — Incl. Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Monotropaceae, Pyrolaceae; 8 subfam, 20 tribes; extensive discussion of characters, relationships, clades; key to tribes.

Kubitski, K. & C. Bayer. 2003. The families and genera of vascular plants. V. Flowering plants, Dicotyledons: Malvales, Capparales, and non- betalain Caryophyllales. 418 pp, illus. Springer Verlag, Berlin, etc. ISBN 3-540-42873-9.

Kumar, M. & M. Remesh. 2003. New species of Schizostachyum (Poaceae–Bambusoideae) from the Andaman Islands, India. Blumea 48: 187–192, illus. — 2 spp; descriptions, notes.

Kumar, S. & P.V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia. vii, 536 pp. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-058-7. — Check list for 2030 taxa, many of which occur in Malesia as well; extracted from the ILDIS database, very important first source of information on e.g. nomenclature, synonymy, habit, distribution, conservational status, distribution, descriptions, figures, uses, trade names; taxa alphabetically arranged, but unfortunately arranged by subfamily and tribe first.

Ladiges, P.Y., F. Udovicic & G. Nelson. 2003. Australian biogeographical connections and the phylogeny of large genera in the plant family Myrtaceae. J. Biogeogr. 30: 989–998, illus. — Eucalyptopsis, Eucalyptus, Melaleuca.

Lakshminarasimhan, P. 2003. Proposal to reject the name Strychnos colubrina (Loganiaceae). Taxon 52: 364–365. — Strychnos minor Dennst. then correct for Malesian specimens.

Lam, N., P.G. Wilson, M.M. Heslewood & C.J. Quinn. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis of the Chamelaucium alliance (Myrtaceae). Austral. Syst. Bot. 15: 535–543, illus. — Alliance monophyletic, no support for suballiances based on fruit type; several new genera suggested.

Lamb, A. 2003. The hoyas of Sabah. Gardenwise 20, January: 3–5, illus. — Popular account; list of 25 taxa (Apocynaceae).

Lamb Frye, A.S. & K.A. Kron. 2003. rbcL phylogeny and character evolution in Polygonaceae. Syst. Bot. 28: 326–332, illus. — Subfam not monophyletic; Polygonum s.l. consists of 3 clades.

Larsen, K. 2002. Caryophyllaceae. Fl. Males. I, 16: 1–51, illus. — 16 gen, at least 6 introduced, 45 spp, many as ornamentals; introduction (palynology by R.W.J.M. van der Ham); keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Larsen, K. 2002. The identity of Boesenbergia acuminata (Zingiberaceae). Nordic J. Bot. 22: 39. — Boesenbergia ochroleuca (Ridl.) Schltr.

Larsen, K. 2002. Saxifragaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 915–920, illus.

Larsen, K. 2003. Three new species of Caulokaempferia (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand with a discussion of the generic diversity. Nord. J. Bot. 22: 409–417, illus. — Key to 8 Thai spp.

Latha, R., H.M.S. Subramanian, R. Radha & M.S. Swaminathan. 2002. Genetic relationship of Porteresia coarctata Tateoka using molecular markers. Pl. Biosyst. 136: 339–348, illus. — With Oryza australiensis sister to Oryza (Gramineae).

Latiff, A. & I.M. Turner. 2002. Quarterly botanical records: new taxa and records of Malaysian vascular plants. Fol. Malays. 3: 203–206. — Bibliography.

Latiff, A. & I.M. Turner. 2003. Quarterly botanical notes: new taxa and records of Malaysian vascular plants. Fol. Malays. 4: 63–64.

Lee, C.C. 2002. Nepenthes platychila (Nepenthaceae), a new species of Pitcher plant from Sarawak, Borneo. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 257–261, illus.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. 2002. Series of revisions of Apocynaceae. LI. Leuconotis. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 72: 111–126, illus. — 5 spp, 2 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa and at end.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. 2002. Series of revisions of Apocynaceae. LII. Chilocarpus. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 72: 127–166, illus. — 13 spp; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa and at end

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. 2003. Series of revisions of Apocynaceae. LIII. Melodinus. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 73: 3–62, illus. — 19 spp (7 Malesian); overall, regional keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to specimens, names.

Lei, L.-G., Z.-Y. Wu & H.-X. Luang. 2002. Embryology of Zippelia begoniaefolia (Piperaceae) and its systematic relationships. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140: 49–64, illus. — Basal taxon in family: ‘begoniifolia’!

Levin, R.A., et 6 al. 2003. Family-level relationships of Onagraceae based on chloroplast rbcL and ndhF data. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 107–115, illus. — Monophyletic, Ludwigia basal; Oenothera not monophyletic.

Lewis, C.E. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis of the palm subtribe Oncospermatinae (Arecaceae) based on morphological characters. Brittonia 54: 78–91, illus. — Polyphyletic with 2 clades.

Lewis, C.E. & J.J. Doyle. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis of tribe Areceae (Arecaceae) using two low-copy nuclear genes. Pl. Syst. Evol. 236: 1–17, illus. — Tribe and some subtribes polyphyletic.

Li, C.-X. & Q. Yang. 2002. Divergence time estimates for major lineages of Cupressaceae (s.l.). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 40: 323–333, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Papuacedrus sister of Callitroideae.

Li, S.-P., T.-H. Hsieh & C.-C. Lin. 2002. The genus Nymphoides Sιguier (Menyanthaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 47: 246–258, illus. — 6 spp, 1 new; palynology; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Liede, S., A. Tδuber & J. Schneidt. 2002. Molecular considerations in the Tylophorinae K. Schum. (Apocynaceae–Asclepiadoideae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 59: 377–403, illus. — Tylophora polyphyletic, the Asian clade not clearly separate from Vincetoxicum.

Lim, C.K. 2002. An earlier name for the ‘Firebird’, & notes on Zingiber Boehm. in Peninsular Thailand & Malaysia. Fol. Malays. 3: 185–192, illus. — Z. mythianum reduced to Z. longibracteatum (Zingiberaceae).

Lim, C.K. 2002. Palms and Gingers in Perlis. Fol. Malays. 3: 193–202, illus. — (Palmae, Zingiberaceae).

Lim, C.K., B. Kharaukanant & S. Todam. 2002. Amomum maximum Roxb. (Zingiberaceae): a new record for Peninsular Thailand. Fol. Malays. 3: 171–184, illus. — Overview of genus in SE Asia; species not yet in Malesia, but might occur in Perak; known from Andamans; synonymy, description, notes.

Lin, Q. 2002. Taxonomic notes on some species of Kadsura (Schisandraceae). Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 22: 399–411. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Reduction of several Malesian taxa.

Lindstrom, A.J. 2002. Circumscription and lectotypification of Cycas rumphii (Cycadaceae). Brittonia 54: 305–309, illus.

Lindstrom, A.J. & K.D. Hill. 2002. New species and a new record of Cycas (Cycadaceae) from Thailand. Brittonia 54: 298–304, illus. — 11 spp, some Malesian; key.

Liu, J.-X., et 5 al. 2003. Pollen morphology of the subfamily Ehretioideae in the Boraginaceae from China and its systematic significance. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 41: 209–219, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Ehretioideae, Cordioideae primitive, first more advanced.

Liu, Q.-X., H. Hui, B.-Y. Li & Z.-H. Pan. 2002. Comparative anatomical studies on the fruits of Saniculoideae in China (Umbelliferae). J. Pl. Res. Environm. 11, 4: 1–8, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Eryngium vs. Sanicula; relationship with Hydrocotyloideae.

Liu, Q.-X., H. Hui, Z.-H. Pan & B.-Y. Li. 2002. Fruit anatomical characters of Hydrocotyloideae (Apiaceae) in China and its systematic significance. J. Pl. Res. Environm. 11, 3: 1–7, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Subfamily perhaps unnatural.

Liu, Y.-H. 2002. Systematics and evolution of the family Schisandraceae I. Foundation of Schisandrales and system of Kadsura. Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Suyatseni 41, 5: 77–82, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Kadsura with 2 subgen, 2 sect.

Liu, Y.-H. 2002. Systematics and evolution of the family Schisandraceae II. System of Schisandra and evolution of Schisandraceae. Acta. Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 41, 6: 67–73, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — 6 subgen.

Livshultz, T. 2003. Dischidia cleistantha (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae): a new Philippine endemic. Novon 13: 89–96, illus.

Mabberley, D.J. 2002. The coming of the Kauris. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 19: 252–264, illus. — History of introduction of Agathis in Europe (Araucariaceae).

Mabberley, D.J. 2002. Limau hantu and limau perut: the story of Lime-leaves (Citrus hystrix DC., Rutaceae)? Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 185–197, illus. — History, synonymy; limau perut (C. macroptera) is cultivar; provisional classification for wild and cultivated forms.

Macklin, J. & J. Parnell. 2002. An account of the Santalaceae of Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 30: 75–115, illus. – 7 gen, 13 spp; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Madulid, D.A. 2001. A dictionary of Philippine plant names. Volume I. Local name – Scientific name. xvi, 781 pp. ISBN 971-569-262-1 (pbd), 971-569-264-8 (pbk); Volume II. Scientific name – Local name. 329 pp. ISBN 971-569-263-0 (pbd), 971-569-429-2 (pbk).

Mahyar, U.W. & A. Sadili. 2002. New orchid species records for Java from Gunung Halimun National Park. Floribunda 2: 27. — Anoectochilus calcaratus, Bulbophyllum coniferum, Hetaeria elegans (Orchidaceae).

Maknoi, C. & P. Sirirugsa. 2003. New records of Zingiberaceae from southern Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 50: 225–237, illus.

Mallett, K. & A.E. Orchard. 2002. Poaceae 1. Introduction and atlas. Fl. Austral. 43: xx, 406 pp, illus. — Very extensive introduction with chapters by various authors on morphology, classification, palaeobotany, anatomy, physiology, ecology, biogeography, economics; keys to tribes and genera; 1403 distribution maps.

Maneenoon, K. & P. Sirirugsa. 2002. Two species of Sciaphila Blume (Triuridaceae), new records for Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 30: 39–42, illus. — S. arfakiana, S. maculata; synonymy, descriptions; key to 4 Thai spp.

Manen, J.-F., M.C. Boulter & Y. Naciri-Graven. 2002. The complex history of the genus Ilex L. (Aquifoliaceae): evidence from the comparison of plastid and nuclear DNA sequences and from fossil data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 235: 79–98, illus. — Mainly concerned with American taxa; one S American clade shows Asian affinities.

Margonska, H.B. 2003. Materials towards a revision of the genus Pseudoliparis (Orchidaceae, Malaxidinae), 1. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 40: 63–66. — 10 new comb for Malesian orchids, previously in Malaxis, Microstylis; key to related Asiatic genera; list of species.

Martins, L., C. Oberprieler & F.H. Hellwig. 2003. A phylogenetic analysis of Primulaceae s.l. based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) DNA sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 237: 75–85, illus. — Primuleae polyphyletic, for the major part joined with Myrsinaceae s.s.

Matthews, E. (Ed.). 2002. The state of the forest: Indonesia. xii, 103 pp, illus. Forest Watch Indonesia & Global Forest Watch. ISBN 1-56973-492-5 (Engl.), 979-96730-0-2 (Indonesian). — Critical survey of past, present, and future of Indonesia’s forests.

Matthews, M.L. & P.K. Endress. 2002. Comparative floral structure and systematics in Oxalidales (Oxalidaceae, Connaraceae, Brunelliaceae, Cephalotaceae, Cunoniaceae, Elaeocarpaceae, Tremandraceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140: 321–381, illus. — Oxalidaceae/Connaraceae, Elaeocarpaceae/Tremandraceae highly supported sister groups.

Mayer, V., M. Mφller, M. Perret & A. Weber. 2003. Phylogenetic position and generic differentiation of Epithemateae (Gesneriaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 321–329, illus. — Monophyletic, sister to Cyrtandroideae, i.e. paleotropical Gesneriaceae; support for existing generic delimitations.

McDonald, M.W. 2003. Revision of Acacia tumida (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) and close allies, including the description of three rare taxa. Austral. Syst. Bot. 16: 139–164, illus. — 8 taxa, 6 new; key.

Meade, C.V. & J.A.N. Parnell. 2002. Neotypification of Uvaria hirsuta Jack. (Annonaceae). Taxon 51: 767–768.

Meerow, A.W., M.F. Fay, M.W. Chase, C.L. Guy & Q-B. Li. 1999. The new phylogeny of the Amaryllidaceae. Herbertia 54: 180–203, illus. — After application of molecular techniques.

Meerow, A.W., D.J. Lehmiller & J.R. Clayton. 2003. Phylogeny and biogeography of Crinum L. (Amaryllidaceae) inferred from nuclear and limited plastid non-coding DNA sequences. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141: 349–363, illus. — Three clades not corresponding with present subgenera

Meijaard, E. 2003. Mammals of south-east Asian islands and their Late Pleistocene environments. J. Biogeogr. 30: 1245–1257, illus. — ‘Islands’ are small islands off the coast of the larger ones; of importance for recent plant movements due to drastic climatic changes as well.

Mιndez Santos, I.E. 2002. A taxonomic revision of Lantana sect. Lantana (Verbenaceae) in the Greater Antilles. Willdenowia 32: 285–301, illus. — 26 taxa, e.g. very polymorphic L. camara; keys; synonymy, diagnoses or descriptions, notes.

Meve, U. 2002. Species numbers and progress in asclepiad taxonomy. Kew Bull. 57: 459–464, illus. — Species more numerous than thought, here est. 231 gen, 3400 spp.

Meve, U., R. Omlor & S. Liede. 2002. A new combination in Tylophora (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) from the Philippines. Syst. Geogr. Pl. 72: 27–32, illus.

Michelangeli, F.A., J.I. Davis & D.W. Stevenson. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships among Poaceae and related families as inferred from morphology, inversions of the plastid genome, and sequence data from mitochondrial and plastid genomes. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 93–106, illus. — Ecdeiocola possibly sister of Poaceae, and Joinvillea sister of both.

Middleton, D.J. 2003. A new species of Carruthersia (Apocynaceae: Apocynoideae) from the Philippines. Harvard. Pap. Bot. 8: 1–3, illus. — Key to 4 spp.

Mirro, A. & H. Zelenko. 2003. Orchids in art. 31. Phalaenopsis schilleriana Rchb.f. Orchids 72: 602–603, illus. — (Orchidaceae).

Mols, J.B. & P.J.A. Keίler. 2003. Studies in the Miliuseae. V. Review of the taxonomic history of a polyphyletic ‘tribe’. Telopea 10: 113–124, illus. — (Annonaceae).

Mondal, M.S. & R. Guha. 2001 (‘2000’). Phytogeographical notes on Indian Connaraceae. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 42: 133–142, illus.

Moylan, E.C., R.T. Pennington & R.W. Scotland. 2002. Taxonomic account of Hemigraphis Nees (Strobilanthinae–Acanthaceae) from the Philippines. Kew Bull. 57: 769–825, illus. — 18 spp, 1 new; multi-access key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to names, specimens

Muasya, A.M. & D.A. Simpson. 2002. Monograph of the genus Isolepis R.Br. (Cyperaceae). Kew Bull. 57: 257–362, illus. — Distinct from Scirpus, not monophyletic, some closer to sister Ficinia, others to Cyperus; 3 subgen, 3 sections, 69 taxa, 3 new.

Muellner, A.N., et 5 al. 2003. Molecular phylogenetics of Meliaceae (Sapindales) based on nuclear and plastid DNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 471–480, illus. — 2 subfam supported; delimitation of most tribes not clear.

Murthy, G.V.S. & M. Sanjappa. 2002. SEM studies on seed morphology of Indigofera L. (Fabaceae) and its taxonomic utility. Rheedea 12: 21–51, illus. — 51 spp studied; patterns characteristic for species or groups; key.

Naruhashi, N., Y. Iwatsubo & C.-I Peng. 2002. Chromosome numbers in Rubus (Rosaceae) of Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43: 193–201, illus. — R. fraxinifolius (2n = 14), R. pectinellus (42), R. pyrifolius (42), R. rolfei (42), R. sumatranus (14), R. tagallus (= R. rosifolius, 14).

Nava-Rojo, A., M. Gσmez-Sαnchez & M. Gonzαlez-Ledesma. 2002. Agrostis avenacea (Poaceae: Pooideae): first record for the Mexican flora. Sida 20: 423–429, illus. — Distribution, anatomy, description.

Nesom, G.L. 2002. Euchiton (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae) in North America and Hawaii. Sida 20: 515–521. — E. involucratus (Gnaphalium involucratum), E. sphaericus (G. involucratum auct., G. japonicum auct.) in Malesia.

Neyland, R. & M. Hennigan. 2003. A phylogenetic analysis of large-subunit (26S) ribosome DNA sequences suggests that the Corsiaceae are polyphyletic. N. Zeal. J. Bot. 41: 1–11, illus.

Niyomdham, C. 2002. An account of Dalbergia (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae) in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 30: 124–166, illus. — 26 spp; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Nowicke, J.W. & M. Takahashi. 2002. Pollen morphology, exine structure and systematics of Acalyphoideae (Euphorbiaceae), part 4, 1. Tribes Acalypheae pro parte … Plukenetieae … Omphaleae …, and discussion and summary of the complete subfamily. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 121: 231–336, illus. — Study of 372 spieces, 112 genera (half-page-long title here abbreviated).

Numata, S., M. Yushuda, T. Okuda, N. Kachi & N.S. Md. Noor. 2003. Temporal and spatial patterns of mass flowerings on the Malay Peninsula. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 1025–1031, illus. — Correlated with drought and low temperatures; changes in El Niρo may be extra influence.

O’Byrne, P. & J. Vermeulen. 2002. One rare endemic orchid and two new records for Peninsular Malaysia. Mal. Orchid Rev. 36: 46–50, illus. — Notes on, descriptions of Apostasia latifolia, Lecanorchis javanica, Microtatorchis javanica (Orchidaceae).

O’Byrne, P. & J. Vermeulen. 2002. Four new orchid species from SE Asia. Mal. Orchid Rev. 36: 62–71, 94–96, illus. — In Appendicula, Coelogyne, Micropera, Tuberolabium (Orchidaceae).

Ong, J.E. 2003. Plants of the Merbok mangrove, Kedah, Malaysia, and the urgent need for their conservation. Fol. Malays. 4: 1–18, illus. — Said to be the most species diverse in the world (57 spp), now threatened by rice fields, shrimp ponds, oil palms; first record for Malaysia of Heritiera formes, Rhizophora annamalayana, Sonneratia griffithii.

Opie, P. & J. Parnell. 2002. Buddlejaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 655–661, illus.

Orchard, A.E. & B.R. Maslin. 2003. Proposal to conserve the name Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) with a conserved type. Taxon 52: 362–363. — Acacia penninervis in stead of A. nilotica, A. scorpioides.

Ormerod, P. 2002. Some brief notes on Taiwanese orchids 1. Taiwania 47: 239–245. — Notes supplementary to the account in Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2; 4 new comb (Orchidaceae).

Ormerod, P. 2002. Taxonomic changes in Goodyerinae (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae). Lindleyana 17: 189–238, illus. — One new genus, 9 spp, more than 50 new comb.

Ormerod, P. 2003. Orchidaceous additions to the floras of China and Taiwan. Taiwania 48: 87–93, illus. — E.g. Malesian Cheirostylis, Eulophia (Orchidaceae).

Pan, Y.-H., K.-M. Liu & L.-G. Lei. 2002. Advances in the systematics of Acorus L. and the re-establishment of Acoraceae. Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 22: 417–421. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Park, K.-R. & A. Backlund. 2002. Origin of the cyathium-bearing Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae): phylogenetic study based on morphological characters. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43: 57–62, illus. — Monophyletic; possibly derived from Hippomaneae or from common ancestor; Hippomaneae not consistently a clade.

Parnell, J. 2003. Pollen of Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from SE Asia, especially Thailand. Blumea 48: 303–317, illus. — 57 spp; no correlation with present infrageneric systems, possibly with pollinators.

Parnell, J. & P. Chantaranothai. 2002. Myrtaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 778–914, illus.

Partomihardjo, T. 2003. Colonisation of orchids on the Krakatau Islands. Telopea 10: 299–310, illus. — Mainly Java taxa (Orchidaceae).

Pasquet, R.S. 2002. Proposal to conserve Vigna nom. cons. (Leguminosae) against an additional name, Cadelium. Taxon 51: 819.

Peters, H.A. 2001. Clidemia hirta invasion at the Pasoh Forest Reserve: an unexpected plant invasion in an undisturbed tropical forest. Biotropica 33: 60–68, illus. — Dominating gaps and influencing regeneration (Melastomataceae).

Pooma, R. 2002. Further notes on Thai Dipterocarpaceae. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 30: 7–27, illus. — Update of previous checklist; 1 new subsp; several Malesian spp.

Pornpongrungrueng, P. & P. Chantaranothai. 2002. Pollen morphology of the tribe Inuleae (Compositae) in Thailand. Thai For. Bull., Bot. 30: 116–123, illus.

Priyanti. 2002. Jenis-jenis Annonaceae pemanjat di Kabupaten Berau, Kalimantan Timur. Floribunda 2: 9–15. (In Indonesian, Engl. summ.). — Report on 13 (1 new) climbing species; key, descriptions, synonymy.

Quinn, C.J., R.A. Price & P.A. Gadek. 2002. Familial concepts and relationships in the conifers based on rbcL and matK sequence comparisons. Kew Bull. 57: 513–531, illus. — Phyllocladaceae not supported, to Podocarpaceae.

Raghavan, R.S. 1996. Aponogetonaceae. Fasc. Fl. India 22: 122–137, illus.

Rahayu, S.E. & A. Hartana. 2002. Biosistematika Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae) di Jawa. Floribunda 2: 38–43, illus. (In Indonesian, Engl. summ.). — 9 cultivars of C. melo, C. sativus.

Rao, P.S.N. 2001 (‘2000’). The Andaman Red-wood tree Pterocarpus dalbergioides Roxb. – an economic timber plant. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 42: 149–154, illus. — (Papilionaceae).

Rao, P.S.N. 2001 (‘2000’). Coastal and marine plant diversity of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 42: 1–40, illus.

Rao, T.A. 1996. Salvadoraceae. Fasc. Fl. India 22: 1–10, illus.

Rao, T.A. 1996. Sonneratiaceae. Fasc. Fl. India 22: 11–19.

Rao, T.A. 1996. Goodeniaceae. Fasc. Fl. India 22: 20–24, illus.

Rao, T.A. 1996. Ellisiophyllaceae. Fasc. Fl. India 22: 119–121, illus. — Also in Scrophulariaceae, more recently in Plantaginaceae s.l.

Rapini, A., M.W. Chase, D.J. Goyder & J. Griffiths. 2003. Asclepiadeae classification: evaluating the phylogenetic relationships of New World Asclepiadoideae (Apocynaceae). Taxon 52: 33–50, illus. — Based on taxonomic arrangement of subtribes for 111 species representing mayor lineages; 3 main clade; Old World Astephaninae sister.

Rejmαnek, M. & S.W. Brewer. 2001. Vegetative identification of tropical woody plants: state of the art and annotated bibliography. Biotropica 33: 214–228.

Rivadavia, F., K. Kondo, M. Kato & M. Hasebe. 2003. Phylogeny of the Sundews, Drosera (Droseraceae), based on chloroplast rbcL and nuclear 18S ribosomal DNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 123–130, illus. — Drosera sister to Aldrovanda + Dionaea; Afro-Australian origin.

Rosetto, M., B.R. Jackes, K.D. Scott & R.J. Henry. 2002. Is the genus Cissus (Vitaceae) monophyletic? Evidence from plastid and nuclear ribosomal DNA. Syst. Bot. 27: 522–533, illus. — Yes.

Rout, R.C. & D.B. Deb. 2002 (‘1999’). Taxonomic revision of the genus Pavetta (Rubiaceae) in Indian sub-continent. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 41: 1–182, illus. — 25 spp, some Malesia; keys; descriptions, notes.

Rozefelds, A.C. & R.W. Barnes. 2002. The systematic and biogeographical relationships of Ceratopetalum (Cunoniaceae) in Australia and New Guinea. Intern. J. Plant Sci. 163: 651–673, illus. — 9 spp, 2 new; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; representative specimens geographically under taxa.

Rudall, P.J. 2003. Unique floral structures and iterative evolutionary themes in Asparagales: insights from a morphological cladistic analysis. Bot. Rev. 68: 488–509, illus. — Orchidaceae basal.

Rudjiman & D.T. Adriyanti. 2002. Identification manual of Shorea spp. 56 pp, illus. ISBN 979-96652-2-1. Faculty of Forestry, GMU, Yogyakarta. — Description of 22 species, incl. seedlings; no key (Dipterocarpaceae).

Rugaya. 2002. Leaf anatomy of Trichosanthes tricuspidata and its related species from Java. Floribunda 2: 46–49, illus. — (Cucurbitaceae).

Rustiama, H. 2002. A new species of Daemonorops section Piptospatha (Arecaceae) from Siberut Island, West Sumatra. Kew Bull. 57: 729–733, illus.

Rustiami, H. 2002. Keanekaragaman palem di Gunung Kerinci dan Gunung Tujuh, Taman Nasional Kerinci Sablat, Sumatra. Floribunda 2: 6–8. (In Indonesian, Engl. summ.). — Survey of 7 palm species; key.

Rustiami, H. 2002. Two new species of Daemonorops (Palmae) from Sumatra. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 199–204, illus.

Rutishauser, R. & E. Pfeifer. 2002. Comparative morphology of Cladopus (including Torrenticola, Podostemaceae) from East Asia to north-eastern Australia. Austral. J. Bot. 50: 725–739, illus.

Sabu, M. 2003. Revision of the genus Zingiber in South India. Fol. Malays. 4: 25–52, illus. — 8 spp, some Malesian; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes (Zingiberaceae).

Sakai, S. & H. Nagamasu. 2003. A significant range extension for the monotypic Tamijioideae (Zingiberaceae). Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 54: 81–83, illus.

Sanjappa, M. 1995. Leguminosae–Papilionoideae. Tribe: Indigofereae. Fasc. Fl. India 21: 1–160, illus.

Sasaki, Y. 2002. Cryptocoryne uenoi Y. Sasaki (Araceae), eine neue Art aus Sarawak. Aqua Planta 27: 147–149, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.).

Saunders, R.M.K. 2002. Schisandraceae. Sp. Pl. 4: v, 62 pp, illus. — 2 gen, 39 spp; keys, synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Saunders, R.M.K. 2003. A synopsis of Goniothalamus species (Annonaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia, with a description of a new species. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142: 321–339, illus. — 18 spp; keys; synonymy, notes.

Sauquet, H., et 6 al. 2003. Phylogenetic analysis of Magnoliales and Myristicaceae based on multiple data sets: implications for character evolution. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142: 125–186, illus. — Myristicaceae sister of Magnoliineae; relationships within Annonaceae resolved, but incomplete within Myristicaceae.

Savinov, I.A. 2002. Sarawakodendroideae – a new subfamily from Celastraceae family. Bot. Zur. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87, 7: 108–109. (In Russian, Engl. summ.).

Saw, L.G. 2002. Costus oligophyllus K. Schum. Its rediscovery after more than a century. Malays. Natural. 56: 44–47, illus. — Second collection! Emendated description (Costaceae).

Saw, L.G. 2002. A new species of Vatica (Dipterocarpaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 247–251, illus.

Saw, L.G., J. Dransfield & D.M. Keith-Lucas. 2003. Morphological diversity of the genus Licuala (Palmae). Telopea 10: 187–206, illus.

Schuiteman, A. 2002. Mediocalcar J.J. Sm. – άberblick όber die Gattung. Orchidee 53: 486–494, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — Introduction; enumeration; brief synonymy, descriptions, notes (Orchidaceae).

Schuiteman, A. & E.F. de Vogel. 2002. Nepenthes vogelii (Nepenthaceae): a new species from Sarawak. Blumea 47: 537–540, illus.

Schuiteman, A. & E.F. de Vogel. 2003. Coelogyne yiii Schuit. & de Vogel, a new species of section Tomentosae from Sarawak. J. Orch.-Freund. 10: 222–230, illus. (In German / Engl.). — (Orchidaceae).

Scotland, R.W. & A.H. Wortley. 2003. How many species of seed plants are there? Taxon 52: 101–104, illus. — 223,300; in Malesia c. 42,000, i.e. 18.8%.

Sheue, C.-R., H.-Y. Liu & J.W.H. Yong. 2003. Kandelia obovata (Rhizophoraceae), a new mangrove species from Eastern Asia. Taxon 52: 287–294, illus. — N Vietnam to Japan; key; synonymy of K. candel; descriptions, notes.

Shi, J.-H. & L.-Q. Li. 2003. Leaf epidermal feature in Clematis (Ranunculaceae) with reference to its systematic significance. Acta Bot. Sin. 45: 257–268, illus. — Useful at subsectional level.

Shrestha, S., S.W. Adkins, G.C. Graham & D.S. Loch. 2003. Phylogeny of the Sporobolus indicus complex, based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. Austral. Syst. Bot. 16: 165–176, illus. — Distinct taxa derived from a common ancestor (on the evidence presented I am even more convinced that they are best regarded as varieties of a single species. JFV) (Gramineae).

Shui, Y.-M., C.-I Peng & C.-Y. Wu. 2002. Synopsis of the Chinese species of Begonia (Begoniaceae), with a reappraisal of sectional delimitation. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43: 313–327, illus. — Nine sections (1 new), key; 150 spp enumerated.

Simpson, D. & H. Sanderson. 2002. Eichhornia crassipes. Pontederiaceae. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 19: 28–34, illus. — History, uses, cultivation, synonymy, description.

Simpson, D.A, C.A. Furness, T.R. Hodkinson, A.M. Muasya & M.W. Chase. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in Cyperaceae subfamily Mapanioideae inferred from pollen and plastid DNA sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 1071–1086, illus. — Two clades corresponding with pollen type.

Singh, V. 2002. A new name for a Bornean species of Diospyros L. (Ebenaceae). Kew Bull. 57: 762.

Skvortsov, A.K. 2003. Prophylls in grasses: three storeys of homology. Bull. Moscow Soc. Natur., Biol. 108, 1: 32–37, illus. — Prophylls come in pairs, in different shapes depending on where they are on the plant: in embryo free as epiblast = lower cotyledon, scutellum = upper cotyledon; connate in vegetative part = prophyll s.s.; in spikelet: free: lower and upper glume, fused: palea; analysis of inflorescence of Anomochloa (Gramineae).

Snogerup, S., P.F. Zika & J. Kirschner. 2002. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Juncus. Preslia 74: 247–266. — New comb in J. prismatocarpus (Juncaceae).

Snow, N., G.P. Guymer & G. Sawvel. 2003. Systematics of Austromyrtus, Lenwebbia, and the Australian species of Gossia (Myrtaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 65: 1–95, illus. — Austromyrtus reduced to 3 spp, most others to Gossia; 1 sp also in Malesia (Backhousia floribunda) and several in New Caledonia; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa and at end.

Soltis, D.E., et 8 al. 2003. Gunnerales are sister to other core Eudicots: implications for the evolution of pentamery. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 461–470, illus. — Pentamery occurred after split-off of Gunnerales.

Song, G., A. Li, B.-R. Lu, S.-Z. Zhang & D.-Y. Hong. 2002. A phylogeny of the rice tribe Oryzeae (Poaceae) based on matK sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1967–1972, illus. — Two monophyletic lineages: Oryza + Leersia, Porteresia nested in Oryza, next to O. schlechteri, others in Zizaniinae.

Spangler, R.E. 2003. Taxonomy of Sarga, Sorghum and Vacoparis (Poaceae: Andropogoneae). Austral. Syst. Bot. 16: 279–299, illus. — Sorghum split up; keys; synonym, descriptions, notes; ‘sarga’ is female, not neuter!

Stapf, O. (1894) 2001. On the flora of Mount Kinabalu in North Borneo. 16 + 211 pp, illus. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, and The Linnean Society, London. ISBN 983-812-055-3. — Reprint of original paper in Trans. Linn. Soc., London, II (Bot.) 4 (1894) 69–263, incl. plates, with an introduction, brief biography by J.H. Beaman.

Starr, J.R., S.A. Harris & D.A. Simpson. 2003. Potential of the 5’ and 3’ ends of the intergenic spacer (IGS) of rDNA in the Cyperaceae: new sequences for lower-level phylogenies in sedges with an example from Uncinia Pers. Intern. J. Plant Sci. 164: 213–227, illus. — Sections Uncinia, Platyandrae monophyletic, series not supported.

Steane, D.A., K.L. Wilson & R.S. Hill. 2003. Using matK sequence data to unravel the phylogeny of Casuarinaceae. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 28: 47–59, illus.

Stefanovic, S., L. Krueger & R.G. Olmstead. 2002. Monophyly of the Convolvulaceae and circumscription of their major lineages based on DNA sequences of multiple chloroplast loci. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1510–1522, illus. — Sister to Solanaceae; Cuscuta, Dichondra nested within Convolvulaceae; several tribes polyphyletic.

Steinmann, V.W. & J.M. Porter. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) based on ITS and ndhF sequence data. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 89: 453–490, illus. — Tribe and subtribes monophyletic; Euphorbia paraphyletic unless all 2000 species of subtribe are included.

Studnicka, M. 2002. Dendrobium helix Cribb – aus dem Botanischen Garten Liberec. Orchidee 53: 352, illus. (In German, Engl. summ.). — (Orchidaceae).

Subramanian, D., M. Munian & K. Shanmugasundaram. 2002 (‘1998’). Studies of pollen grains among the species of Vigna and Phaseolus. J. Palynol. 34: 111–129, illus. — Support for transfer of Phaseolus spp to Vigna (Leguminosae).

Sukarsa, A. Pudjoarinto & N. Utami. 2002. Morfologi dan nilai taksonomi serbuk sari Impatiens (Balsaminaceae). Floribunda 2: 1–5, illus. (In Indonesian, Engl. summ.). — Palynology of 11 spp; 2 types; key.

Sumathis, R., J. Jayanthis, K. Karthigeyan & P.V. Sreekumar. 2003. Anoectochilus narasimhanii (Orchidaceae), a new ‘Jewel orchid’ from the Andaman Islands, India. Blumea 48: 285–287, illus.

Sun, T.-X., H. Wu, P.-T. Li, J. Sun & X.-F. Zheng. 2002. Leaf anatomy of Desmos and Dasymaschalon (Annonaceae) from China in relation to taxonomic significance. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 40: 385–395, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — Distinction supported.

Sur, P.R. 2002. Taxonomy and ethnobotany of the genus Mucuna Adans. in India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 494–498. — 14 taxa, some Malesian; key, synonymy (Leguminosae).

Sytsma, K.J., et 7 al. 2002. Urticalean rosids: circumscription, rosid ancestry, and phylogenetics based on rbcL, trnL-F, and ndhF sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 1531–1546, illus. — Celtidaceae reduced to Cannabaceae; Moraceae, Urticaceae distinct; Cecropiaceae reduced to Urticaceae, Poikilospermum seem close to Elatostemeae.

Szlachetko, D.L. 2003. Genera et species Orchidalium. 7. Vandeae. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 40: 67–70. — 5 new gen, some Malesian; 28 new comb (Orchidaceae).

Szlachetko, D.L. & H.B. Margoska. 2001. Genera et species orchidalium. 3. Pol. Bot. J. 46: 113–121. — 6 new gen, 112 new comb, 1 new name (Orchidaceae).

Szlachetko, D.L. & H.B. Margoska. 2002. Gynostemia orchidalium II. Acta Bot. Fenn. 173: 1–275, illus. — Part 2 of a treatise on the gynostemia of Orchidaceae; keys; descriptions, notes; index to both parts.

Szlachetko, D.L. & P. Rutkowski. 2003. Quelques notes additionelles sur la sous-famille Thelymitroideae (Orchidaceae). Richardiana 3: 90–100. (In French, Engl. summ.). — One new subtribe; new subgen in Arthrochilus, Caladenia, Corysanthes, Genoplesium, Microtidium; new sect in Corybas, Corysanthes; moreover numerous new combinations in Acianthopsis, Calonemorchis, Phlebochilus.

Tadesse, M., D.J. Crawford & S.-C. Kim. 2001. A cladistic analysis of morphological features in Bidens L. and Coreopsis L. (Asteraceae–Heliantheae) with notes on generic delimitation and systematics. Biol. Skr. 54: 85–102, illus. — Both paraphyletic; phylogenies of molecular and morphological data differ.

Takeuchi, W. 2003. Two new species from the Bomberai Peninsula of Indonesian Papua, New Guinea. Harvard. Pap. Bot. 8: 131–136, illus. — Glochidion (Euphorbiaceae), key to cauliflorous spp; Scaevola (Goodeniaceae).

Takeuchi, W. & M. Golman. 2002. The present status of Ledermann’s April River localities in Papua New Guinea. Sida 20: 55–70, illus.

Takeuchi, W. & M. Golman. 2002. The identity of Eaglewood (Gyrinops, Thymelaeaceae), a new economic resource for Papua New Guinea. Sida 20: 216–267, illus. — G. ledermannii (see Compton & Zich, FMB 13, 2001, 61–65).

Tan, F., S. Shi, Y. Zhong & X. Gong. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of Combretoideae (Combretaceae) inferred from plastid, nuclear gene and spacer sequences. J. Pl. Res. 115: 475–481, illus. — Two main clades corresponding with tribes; Terminalia polyphyletic.

Tan, H.T.W. & H.C. Sin. 1995. A guide to the orchids of Singapore. 160 pp, illus. Singapore Science Centre. ISBN 9971-88-359-7. — Popular booklet introducing the family, its taxonomy, some native and many hybrids described and depicted; very nice introduction (see Chapter 17) (Orchidaceae).

Tebbitt, M.C. 2003. Taxonomy of Begonia longifolia Blume (Begoniaceae) and related species. Brittonia 55: 19–29, illus. — 7 spp, 5 Malesian; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Teixera, G. & M.A. Diniz. 2003. Contribution of micromorphology to the taxonomy of Abrus (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae). Blumea 48: 153–162, illus. — Leaf surface structure of African species, some also Malesian.

Teo, D.H.L., H.T.W. Tan, R.T. Corlett, C.M. Wong & S.K.Y. Lum. 2003. Continental rain forest fragments in Singapore resist invasion by exotic plants. J. Biogeogr. 30: 305–310, illus. — Forest fragments remarkably resilient for decades to a century or more.

Terrell, E.E. & R.P. Wunderlin. 2002. Seed and fruit characters in selected Spermacoceae and comparison with Hedyotideae (Rubiaceae). Sida 20: 549–557, illus.

Thankachi, S.S.M. & N.O. Kumari. 2002 (‘1998’). Exine character diversity in scrophulariaceous pollen. J. Palynol. 34: 41–50, illus.

Thankachi, S.S.M. & N.O. Kumari. 2002 (‘1998’). Pollen morphological studies in the genus Limnophila Br. (Scrophulariaceae). J. Palynol. 34: 99–109, illus. — 5 spp studied.

Thiv, M. 2003. A taxonomic revision of Canscora, Cracosna, Duplipetala, Hoppea, Microrphium, Phyllocyclus and Schinziella (Gentianaceae–Canscoreae). Blumea 48: 1–46, illus. — 7 gen (1 new), 23 spp, 6 Malesian (1 new, 7 new comb); seed coat descriptions; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to collections, names.

Thornton, I.W.B., et 7 al. 2002. How important were stepping stones in the colonization of Krakatau? Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 77: 275–317, illus. — Stepping stone effect not demonstrated.

Tjitrosoedirdjo, S.S. 2002. Notes on Asteraceae of Sumatra. Biotropia 19: 65–84, illus. — Occurrence, distribution, biogeography, checklist.

Tokuoka, T. & H. Tobe. 2002. Ovules and seeds in Euphorbioideae (Euphorbiaceae): structure and systematic implications. J. Pl. Res. 115: 361–374, illus.

Tschapka, M. & S. Dressler. 2002. Chiropterophily: on bat-flowers and flower bats. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 19: 114–125, illus. — Excellent survey of bat pollination.

Tsou, C.-H. & D.M. Johnson. 2003. Comparative development of aseptate and septate anthers of Annonaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 90: 832–848, illus.

Tsuyuki, S. 1988, 2002. Dendrobium. (In Japanese). — Two picture booklets with photographs and diagnoses of Dendrobium spp (Orchidaceae).

Utteridge, T.M.A. 2003. Maesa from New Guinea: a new species and revised description of Maesa beamanii. Contributions to the flora of Mt Yaja, X. Kew Bull. 58: 237–241, illus. — (Maesaceae / Myrsinaceae).

Van der Ham, R. & B.J. van Heuven. 2003. A new pollen type in Old World Cucurbitaceae. Grana 42: 88–90, illus. — Borneosicyos; pollen in tetrads.

Van der Vlugt, P.J. 2002. Klein, kleiner, am kleinsten … Microcarpaea minima (Koenig ex Retz.) Merr. Aqua Planta 3: 103–107, illus. (In German). — Description, cultivation (Scrophulariaceae).

Van Fraassen, C. & H. Straver. 2002. G.E. Rumphius, de Ambonse eilanden onder de VOC, zoals opgetekend in De Ambonse Landbeschrijving. 254 pp, illus. Landelijk Steunpunt Educatie Molukkers, Utrecht. ISBN 90-76729-29-8. — Extensively annotated and richly illustrated translation of Rumphius work (see also Reviews in vol. 13/1, p. 69, of a similar publication by W. Buijze).

Van Welzen, P.C. 2003. Revision of the Malesian and Thai species of Sauropus (Euphorbiaceae: Phyllanthoideae). Blumea 48: 319–391, illus. — Malesia 14 spp, malesia 21, 2 new; incl. Synostemon; together with Breynia and Glochidion embedded in paraphyletic Phyllanthus; regional keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes; indices to specimens, names.

Van Welzen, P.C., H. Turner & P. Hovenkamp. 2003. Historical biogeography of Southeast Asia and the West Pacific, or the generality of unrooted area networks as historical biogeographic hypotheses. J. Biogeogr. 30: 181–192, illus.

Vander Kloet, S.P. 2002. Re-examination of Vaccinium dialypetalum (Ericaceae). Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 179–183. — Key to Malesian spp of sect. Galeopetalum; 3 taxa, 2 new with later homonyms: V. micranthum Vander Kloet, non Dun = V. ridleyi, V. perakensis (sic!) Vander Kloet, non Ridl. = V. longilingue.

Vander Stappen, J., J. de Laet, S. Gama-Lσpez, S. Van Campenhout & G. Volckaert. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of Stylosanthes (Fabaceae) based on the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Pl. Syst. Evol. 234: 27–51, illus.

Varma, P.G. & B. Vijayavalli. 2002 (‘1998’). Studies in the pollen morphology of Inulaeae and Heliantheae of Asteraceae. J. Palynol. 34: 51–83, illus.

Vegetti, A.C. 2002. Typological reinterpretation of the inflorescences in Cariceae (Cyperaceae). Phyton (Austria) 42: 159–168, illus.

Vegetti, A.C. 2003. Synflorescence typology in Cyperaceae. Ann. Bot. Fenn. 40: 35–46, illus.

Venverloo, C.J., A. Schuiteman & E.F. de Vogel. 2003. Phalaenopsis (Orchidaceae–Aeridinae): fruit morphology and floral post-pollination phenomena. J. Orch.-Freund. 10: 262–277, illus. (In German/Engl.). — (Orchidaceae).

Vermeulen, J.J. 2002. A taxonomic revision of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) 2: sections Altisceptrum and Hirtula. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 1–151, illus. — 50 taxa, 8 new; keys; synonymy, descriptions, notes, identification lists.

Vermeulen, J.J. 2002. Bulbophyllum praetervisum J.J. Verm. (Orchidaceae), an overlooked species close to B. macranthum Lindl. Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 153–154.

Vermeulen, J.J. 2002. Updates on sections of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) revised in Vermeulen (1993). Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 287–288. — 1 new name, 1 new comb, 1 change in synonymy.

Vinckier, S. & E. Smets. 2002. Morphology, ultrastructure and typology of orbicules in Loganiaceae s.l. and related genera, in relation to systematics. Rev. Palaeobot. Palyn. 119: 161–189, illus. — 5 types supporting present classifications, e.g. Anthocleista, Fagraea, Potalieae to Gentianaceae.

Vinckier, S. & E. Smets. 2002. Systematic importance of orbicule diversity in Gentianales. Grana 41: 158–182, illus. — Present in most species studied, of importance at tribal level.

Von Balthazar, M. & P.K. Endress. 2002. Development of inflorescences and flowers in Buxaceae and the problem of perianth interpretation. Intern. J. Plant Sci. 163: 847–876, illus.

Von Balthazar, M. & P.K. Endress. 2002. Reproductive structures and systematics of Buxaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 140: 193–228, illus.

Von Hagen, K.B. & J.W. Kadereit. 2002. Phylogeny and flower evolution of the Swertiinae (Gentianaceae–Gentianeae): homoplasy and the principle of variable proportions. Syst. Bot. 27: 548–572, illus. — Swertia polyphyletic.

Wang, B.-S., S.-C. Liang, W.-Y. Zhang & Q.-J. Zan. 2003. Mangrove flora of the world. Acta Bot. Sin. 45: 644–653, illus. — Discussion on what is and what isn’t a true or a semi-mangrove sp; list of 16 fam, 24 gen, 84 spp.

Wang, W.-T. 2003. A revision of Clematis sect. Clematis (Ranunculaceae). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 41: 1–62, illus. — Keys; 29 spp, 3 Malesian; synonymy, descriptions, notes.

Wang, W.-T. 2003. A revision of Clematis sect. Clematis (Ranunculaceae) (Continued). Acta Phytotax. Sin. 41: 97–172, illus.

Wang, Y.-Z. & Z.-Y. Li. 2002. Inflorescence development of Whytockia (Epithemateae, Gesneriaceae) and phylogenetic implications within Gesneriaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 236: 45–54, illus. — Inflorescence in Whytockia derived, not plesiomorphic.

Wanntorp, L. & H.-E. Wanntorp. 2003. The biogeography of Gunnera L.: vicariance and dispersal. J. Biogeogr. 30: 979–987, illus. — (Gunneraceae).

Wanntorp, L., H.-E. Wanntorp & M. Kδllersjφ. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of Gunnera based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS region, rbcL and rps16 Intron sequences. Syst. Bot. 27: 512–521, illus. — Gunneraceae / Haloragaceae: question not resolved here.

Waterhouse, B.M. 2003. Know your enemy: recent records of potentially serious weeds in northern Australia, Papua New Guinea and Papua (Indonesia). Telopea 10: 477–485. — E.g. Chromolaena odorata, Cleome rutidosperma, Clidemia hirta, Limnocharis flava, Mikania micrantha.

Wei, Z.-X., Q.-J. Jin, H. Wang, X. Tian & S.-K. Chen. 2002. Pollen morphology of Stachyuraceae and related taxa. Acta Bot. Yunn. 24: 483–496, illus. — Compared to e.g. Actinidiaceae, Dilleniaceae, Ochnaceae, Saurauiaceae, Staphyleaceae, Theaceae; relationships not as obvious as suggested by molecular analyses.

Wei, Z.-X., F. Wang, Q.-J. Jin & H. Wang. 2002. A cladistic analysis of Stachyuraceae and related taxa. Acta Bot. Yunn. 24: 591–599, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Wen, J. 2000. Cynomoriaceae, Haloragaceae, Hippuridaceae, Theligoniaceae, Trapaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 53, 2: 1–26, 135–154, illus. Science Press, Beijing. (In Chinese).

Wen, J. 2002. Revision of Aralia sect. Pentapanax (Seem.) J. Wen (Araliaceae). Cathaya 13/14: vi, 117 pp, illus. — Pentapanax reduced; 19 spp, mainly in China, S India, Sri Lanka, 1 in Java: A. laevis because of misprint not described.

Wen, J., A.K. Pandey & M.K. Pathak. 2002. Revision of Aralia L. (Araliaceae) in India. Rheedea 12: 1–20. — 11 species, some Malesia; key; synonymy, descriptions, notes; specimens under taxa.

Wilkin, P., K.K. Davis, P. Schols & C.A. Furness. 2002. Dioscorea ridleyi and D. palawana: new systematic data on two rare South-East Asian yam species. Kew Bull. 57: 885–900, illus. — (Dioscoreaceae).

Wilkins, C.F. & J.A. Chappill. 2002. Seed and seedling morphology and seed anatomy of Lasiopetaleae (Malvaceae s.l. or Sterculiaceae). Austral. Syst. Bot. 15: 545–563, illus. — Useful at generic and/or specific levels.

Williams, K.J., W.J. Kress & H. Thet. 2003. A striking new epiphytic Hedychium (Zingiberaceae) from Myanmar with a discussion on some anomalous related genera. Edinburgh J. Bot. 60: 43–48, illus. — Compared to e.g. Nanochilus, which differs only very little.

Wilson, C.A. & C.L. Calvin. 2003. Development, taxonomic significance and ecological role of the cuticular epithelium in the Santalales. IAWA J. 24: 129–138, illus.

Winkworth, R.C., J. Grau, A.W. Robertson & P.J. Lockhart. 2002. The origins and evolution of the genus Myosotis L. (Boraginaceae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 24: 180–193, illus. — N hemisphere origin; heterogenity of M. australis suggests recognition of M. sarwagedica.

Wong, K.M., M. Sugumaran, J. Jamirus & Z. Ibrahim. 2002. New and interesting records for Peninsular Malaysia: Bulbophyllum lemniscatoides and Mischobolbum crassum (Orchidaceae). Malay. Nat. J. 56: 183–186, illus.

Wong, M. & F. Gan. 2002. Rafflesia no. 19. Malays. Natural. 56: 14–17, illus. — Popular account of an unnamed new Rafflesia (Rafflesiaceae).

Wong, M. & F. Gan. 2003. The elegant Rafflesia kerrii of Kelantan. Fol. Malays. 4: 53–62, illus. — Rafflesia cantleyi (and others?) myrmycochorous?; description (Rafflesiaceae).

Wong, T.M. 2002. A dictionary of Malaysian timbers, ed. 2. Revised by S.C. Lim & R.C.K. Chung. Malay. For. Res. 30: xxvii, 201 pp. FRIM. ISBN 983-2181-29-1.

Wongprasert, T. 2002. Hydrangeaceae. Fl. Thail. 7: 662–663, illus.

Wood, J. & S. Bell. 2002. Liparis latifolia. Orchidaceae. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 19: 88–91, illus. — History, cultivation, synonymy, description, notes.

Wood, J.R.I., J.R. Bennett & R.W. Scotland. 2003. Notes on Strobilanthes: the Sympagis group. Kew Bull. 58: 131–173, illus. — 30 spp, 6 new, 1 new name, 3 new comb; palynology (Acanthaceae).

Wood, J.R.I. & R.W. Scotland. 2003. The 2-lipped species of Strobilanthes (Acanthaceae). Kew Bull. 58: 83–129, illus. — Not a generic character: 7 genera reduced; some new combinations; importance of palynology.

Woodruff, D.S. 2003. Neogene marine transgressions, palaeogeography and biogeographic transitions on the Thai–Malay Peninsula. J. Biogeogr. 30: 551–567, illus. — Very interesting review of Malesia’s northwestern border; sea levels 100 m higher (!) in the past flooded the Peninsula and created circumstances leading to the biogeographical patterns of today; borders at c. 7 (Kangar-Pattani) and 11–13 N (Ranong-Chumphon).

Wu, Z.-Y., A.-M. Lu, Y.-C. Tang, Z.-D. Chen & Z.-Z. Li. 2002. Synopsis of a new ‘polyphyletic-polychronic-polytopic’ system of the angiosperms. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 40: 289–322. — 8 classes, 40 subclasses (22 new), 202 orders (6 new), 572 families.

Wu, Z.[-Y.] & P.H. Raven. 2002. Flora of China 24. Illustrations. Flagellariaceae through Marantaceae. xii, 445 pp. Science Press, Beijing, Missouri Botanical Garden Press. ISBN 7-03-010253-3/Q.1150, 0-930723-00-8 (V.24 illustrations).

Xiang, Q.-Y., M.L. Moody, D.E. Soltis, C.Z. Fan & P.S. Soltis. 2002. Relationships within Cornales and circumscription of Cornaceae – matK and rbcL sequence data and effects of outgroups and long branches. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 24: 35–57, illus. — Support for Cornales incl. Hydrostachys, Cornaceae (Alangium, Cornus), Nyssaceae (Camptotheca, Nyssa), Davidiaceae (monotypic), Mastixiaceae (Diplopanax, Mastixia), Grubbiaceae (Curtisia, Grubbia) and the larger Hydrangeaceae and Loasaceae.

Xie, X.-M., S.-Z. Zhang, Y. Li & H. Wu. 2003. Review of taxonomic studies on Sterculiaceae. Guihaia 23: 311–317, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.).

Yang, A.-Y., M.-Y. Chen & J.-T. Yang. 2002. Application of cecidomyiid galls to the systematics of the genus Machilus (Lauraceae) in Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43: 31–35, illus. — Midge and plant with congruent cladograms.

Yang, Z.-R., Q. Lin, C.-J. Liu & J.-C. Zhao. 2002. Seed morphology of the genus Schisandra and its taxonomic significance. Acta Bot. Yunn. 24: 627–637, illus. (In Chinese, Engl. summ.). — (Schisandraceae).

Yukawa, T., K. Miyoshi & J. Yokoyama. 2002. Molecular phylogeny and character evolution of Cymbidium (Orchidaceae). Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 28: 129–139, illus. — Subgen. Cyperorchis, sect. Pachyrhizanthe nest among other spp; all subgenera para/polyphyletic.

Yuzammi & S. Hidayat. 2002. The unique, endemic and rare flora of Sulawesi. xi, 220 pp, illus. Center for Plant Conservation, Bogor. ISBN 979-97297-0-X. — Coffee table book with nice pictures of orchids and other flowering plants.

Zanis, M.J., P.S. Soltis, Y.-L. Qiu, E. Zimmer & D.E. Soltis. 2003. Phylogenetic analyses and perianth evolution in basal angiosperms. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 90: 129–150, illus. — Undifferentiated perianth ancestral, differentiation occurred several times; earliest branching angiosperms Amborellaceae, Nymphaeaceae, Austrobaileyales; Ceratophyllum basal to monocots, together basal to rest of angiosperms; Canellales, Piperales sister to Laurales, Magnoliales, together they form the magnoliid clade.

Zhang, W.-H., Z.-D. Chen, J.-H. Li, H.-B. Chen & Y.-C. Tang. 2003. Phylogeny of the Dipsacales s.l. based on chloroplast trnL-F and ndhF sequences. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 26: 176–189, illus. — Caprifoliaceae consist of 4 families; Triplostegia sister to Dipsacaceae.

Zona, S. 2003. Endosperm condition and the paradox of Ptychococcus paradoxus. Telopea 10: 179–185, illus. — Endosperm type variable from homogeneous to deeply ruminate; genus monotypic (Palmae).