Phalaenopsis Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 294

Subfamily: Epidendroideae

Tribe: Vandeae

Subtribe: Aeridinae

Synonyms: Doritis Lindl. , Grafia A.D.Hawkes , Kingidium P.F.Hunt , Kingiella Rolfe , Lesliea Seidenf. , Polychilos Breda , Polystylus Hasselt ex Hassk. , Stauritis Rchb.f. , Stauroglottis Schauer , Synadena Raf.

A genus of c. 60 species; c. 50 species in Malesia.

Distribution: Tropical Asia, Malesia, Australia

Christenson, E. A. 2001. Phalaenopsis, a monograph. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon. 

Gruss, O. and M. Wolff. 1995. Phalaenopsis. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart.   

Padolina, J., C.R. Linder, and B.B. Simpson. 2005. A phylogeny of Phalaenopsis using multiple chloroplast markers. Selbyana 26: 23 - 27.

Sweet, H.R. 1980. The genus Phalaenopsis. Orchid Digest Inc.

Tsai, C.C., S.C. Huang, and C.H. Chou. 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Phalaenopsis Blume (Orchidaceae) based on the internal transcribed spacer of the nuclear ribosomal DNA. Pl. Syst. Evol. 256: 1 - 16.

Yukawa, T., K. Kita, T. Handa, T. Hidayat,  and M. Ito. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics of Phalaenopsis (Orchidaceae) and allied genera: re-evaluation of generic concepts. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 56: 141 - 161.


Phalaenopsis_cornucerviAS_MG_1147.JPG (95481 bytes) Phalaenopsis_pulcherrimaAS_98-1167.jpg (64152 bytes) Phalaenopsis_deliciosaAS_IMG_0356.JPG (95636 bytes)
Phalaenopsis cornucervi (Breda) Blume & Rchb.f. (section Polychilos), cultivated at the Hortus Botanicus, Leiden Phalaenopsis pulcherrima (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. (section Esmeralda), cultivated at the Hortus Botanicus, Leiden Phalaenopsis deliciosa Rchb.f. (section Deliciosae), cultivated at the Hortus Botanicus, Leiden
Phalaenopsis_hieroglyphicaED_ESCN4424.jpg (396662 bytes) Phalaenopsis_stuartianaAS_MG_3505.jpg (71387 bytes) 
Phalaenopsis maculata Rchb.f.(section Amboinenses), in situ, Borneo, Sarawak Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica (Rchb.f.) H.R.Sweet (section Amboinenses), cultivated in the Philippines Phalaenopsis stuartiana Rchb.f. (section Phalaenopsis), cultivated at the Hortus Botanicus, Leiden

last updated: 23 May 2007 by André Schuiteman

Malesian Orchid Genera