Key to the Species of New Guinea and the Solomon Islands based on Pistillate material

 

1a.

Leaves with 12 pairs of marginal glands at the base (Fig. 22B), up to 2.2 cm long. Pistillate plants unknown

52. Antidesma vaccinioides

1b.

Leaves eglandular, up to 30 cm long

2

2a.

Leaf apex retuse, rounded or obtuse. Fruits with terminal style

3

2b.

Leaf apex acute or acuminate. Fruits with lateral to terminal style

4

3a.

Leaves usually oblong, base rounded to cordate, rarely acute, (2)34.5(9) cm wide. Leaves: petioles 417 by 0.71 mm. Stipules 36 mm long. Infructescences 47 cm long, usually much-branched, consisting of (1)1020 branches. Fruits pilose, 34(5) by 2.53(3.5) mm

21. Antidesma ghaesembilla

3b.

Leaves spathulate, base cuneate-acute, (0.7)12.5(3.5) cm wide. Leaves: petioles 1.54 by 0.50.7 mm. Stipules 13 mm long. Infructescences 1.53 cm long, simple. Fruits glabrous, 46 by 35 mm

47. Antidesma spatulifolium

4a.

Midvein raised adaxially. Sepals free or nearly so; disc glabrous. Fruits and ovaries glabrous, with terminal style

10. Antidesma contractum

4b.

Midvein impressed to flat adaxially. Sepals fused to free; disc hairy or glabrous. Fruits and ovaries glabrous or hairy, with lateral to terminal style

5

5a.

Stipules 34mm wide. Fruits, ovaries and disc pilose

46b. Antidesma riparium subsp. ramosum

5b.

Stipules up to 3 mm wide. Fruits, ovaries and disc glabrous or hairy

6

6a.

Calyx 11.5 by c. 1.5 mm, sepals fused for 2/33/4 of their length. Fruits 511 mm long, always laterally compressed. Inflorescences (4)817 cm long, infructescences 1017 cm long; disc glabrous. Leaves glabrous or nearly so, without domatia. Often cultivated

5. Antidesma bunius

6b.

Calyx 0.41 by 0.41.5 mm, sepals free or fused. Fruits 25 mm long and laterally compressed, or up to 8 mm long and terete. Inflorescences 1.510 cm long, infructescences 220 cm long; disc hairy or glabrous. Leaves glabrous or hairy, with or without domatia

7

7a.

Fruits with a terminal (Fig. 3G) to subterminal (Fig. 3J) style

8

7b.

Fruits with a distinctly lateral style (Fig. 3L)

14

8a.

Leaves: petioles 1545 by 1.52 mm. Leaves 1030 cm long. Fruits 23 mm long

41. Antidesma petiolatum

8b.

Leaves: petioles 218 by 0.52 mm. Leaves 230 cm long. Fruits 2.515 mm long

9

9a.

Sepals free or nearly so

10

9b.

Sepals fused for half or more of their length

11

10a.

Fruits terete, (3)48(8) mm long; fruiting pedicels 14 mm long. Sepals often glandular-fimbriate. Leaves: petioles 12 mm wide. Leaves 26.6 times as long as wide, base acute to obtuse, rarely rounded. Inflorescences 410 cm long; infructescences 620 cm long, simple or consisting of up to 5 branches. Sepals free, to fused to half of their length, glabrous to pilose outside. Ovaries and fruits usually glabrous

33. Antidesma montanum

10b.

Fruits laterally compressed, 34(5) mm long; fruiting pedicels 02 mm long. Sepals never glandular-fimbriate. Leaves: petioles 0.71 mm wide. Leaves 12.25 times as long as wide, base rounded to cordate, rarely acute. Inflorescences 23 cm long; infructescences 37 cm long, consisting of (1)1020 branches. Sepals free, pubescent outside. Ovaries pubescent, fruits pilose

(21. Antidesma ghaesembilla)

11a.

Infructescences 620 cm long; fruiting pedicels 14 mm long. Fruits (3)46(8) by 2.54(6) mm. Leaves without domatia in the axils between the midvein and secondary veins abaxially (Fig. 2B). Sepals often glandular-fimbriate. Leaves: petioles 12 mm wide

(33. Antidesma montanum)

11b.

Infructescences 26 cm long; fruiting pedicels 01(2.5) mm long. Fruits 2.54(6) by 23 mm. Leaves with hairtuft domatia. Sepals never glandular-fimbriate. Leaves: petioles 0.51.5 mm wide

12

12a.

Leaf base acute-cuneate. Leaves usually dull, tertiary venation well-differentiated from finer venation, not tessellated (Fig. 9A). Leaves: petioles 27 mm long. Stipules 13 by 0.20.7(1) mm. Inflorescences 1.53 cm long; disc with long hairs (about as long as the disc) at the margin

45. Antidesma rhynchophyllum

12b.

Leaf base rounded to cordate, rarely obtuse. Leaves usually shiny, tertiary venation hardly differentiated from finer venation, giving it a tessellated appearance (Fig. 9D). Leaves: petioles (5)718 mm long. Stipules c. 10 by 1.5 mm. Inflorescences 47 cm long; disc glabrous or with short hairs (much shorter than the disc) outside and at the margin

13

13a.

Leaves glabrous, or puberulous only along the midvein adaxially and along the major veins abaxially

35a. Antidesma myriocarpum var. myriocarpum

13b.

Leaves hairy all over abaxially

35b. Antidesma myriocarpum var. puberulum

14a.

Leaves: petioles 13 by 0.51 mm. Leaves 2.28.5 by 13 cm, usually ovate, chartaceous, without domatia in the axils between the midvein and secondary veins abaxially (Fig. 2B). Fruits 46 mm across

15

14b.

Leaves: petioles (2)330 by 13 mm. Leaves 430 by 213.5 cm, usually elliptic, chartaceous to coriaceous, with or without domatia. Fruits 2.515 mm across

16

15a.

Indumentum appressed or lacking

9. Antidesma concinnum

15b.

Indumentum spreading

25. Antidesma jucundum

16a.

Exocarp in dry material loosely enfolding the endocarp, thick, neither areolate nor reticulate, without ridges or keels, brittle, minutely scaly. Fruits globose, not compressed. Infructescences simple, more rarely consisting of of 24branches

2. Antidesma baccatum

16b.

Exocarp in dry material closely enfolding the endocarp, thin, reticulate, areolate or wrinkled (fleshy when fresh), not brittle or scaly. Fruits laterally compressed. Infructescences simple or branched

17

17a.

Leaves: petioles 36 by 11.5 mm. Leaves 5.510 by 2.55 cm. Inflorescences, infructescences and pedicels slender; fruiting pedicels 34 mm long

8. Antidesma chalaranthum

17b.

Leaves: petioles (2)630 by 13 mm. Leaves (5)730 by (2)313.5 cm. Inflorescences, infructescences and pedicels not particularly slender. Fruiting pedicels 0.23(5) mm long

18

18a.

Leaves glabrous, or hairy only along the midvein adaxially and along the major veins abaxially. Indumentum lacking or whitish to pale yellow. Fruits glabrous to sparsely pilose. Occasionally cultivated

18a. Antidesma excavatum var. excavatum

18b.

Leaves hairy all over abaxially. Indumentum pale yellow to ferrugineous. Fruits pilose

19

19a.

Fruits (3)58 by (3)56 mm; calyx bowl-shaped to cupular, sepals fused for 2/34/5 of their length; disc at anthesis longer than or as long as the calyx; fruiting pedicels 0.35mm long

18b. Antidesma excavatum var. indutum

19b.

Fruits 2.53.5 by 23 mm; calyx campanulate with a truncate base, sepals fused for 2/34/5 of their length; disc at anthesis shorter than the calyx; fruiting pedicels 0.21.5 mm long

19. Antidesma ferrugineum