Collecting localities



Biographical data


Hallier, Johann Gottfried ('Hans')


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 5: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement I)


Born: 1868, Jena, Germany. Died: 1932, Oegstgeest, Z.H., Holland.



Botanist, educated at Jena and Munich universities, taking his Ph. D. in 1892 at Jena; from 1892-93 Assistant at the University of Göttingen; 1893-96 temporary Assistant at the Buitenzorg Herbarium, Java; Assistant Head of the Botanical Laboratory of the University of Munich, 1897-98; Assistant of the Director of the Museum and Laboratory for Commercial Botany at Hamburg, 1898-1908; from 1908-22 Assistant at the State Herbarium, Leiden.

At the instance of the Indian Committee he was attached to the first scientific Borneo expedition (see below). In the years 1903-04 he travelled in the Philippines etc., for the purpose of collecting material for the Botanical Museum at Hamburg; during his stay in the P.I. he was appointed collector of the Exposition Board for the World Exposition at St Louis, U.S.A. In 1908/10 he paid a visit to the U.S.A. and Canada.

Author of many plant systematic and other papers; one of the promoters of the German race superiority theory.

Several Malaysian plants were named in his honour.


Collecting localities:

1893. Sumatra West Coast: Emmahaven near Padang (Febr. 2I); W. Java: environs of Buitenzorg; Banka (July 29).-Expedition to W. and Centr. Borneo, 1893-94;1 cf. also sub Nieuwenhuis, and Molengraaff. Pontianak (Sept. 24, 1893); Soeka Lanting, Kapoeas delta (24-27); Singkawang and P. L(o)emoekoetan (Oct. 3-7); Sambas, trip to G. Damoes (22-24) and G. Semedoem in the source region; kp. Dawar-Sanggau (27); Sanggau (Oct. 27-Nov. 2); Sg. Sambas and Sg. Tanggi (3-5); Pontianak (6-22); Poetoes Sibau on the Sibau River (30); making headquarters of the expedition at Smitau on the Upper Kapoeas (Dec. 3); exploration (3-18) ofthe Sg. Sibau, S. Smitau, S. Rikai, S. Keniboeng, S. Kenara, etc.; Oeloe Kenepai (19); G. Kenepai (20-29, near the base; Dec. 30-Jan. 4, 1894, ascent); Sg. Kenepai (7-8); Smitau; Sg. Kenepai (14-23); Sintang (26), from where to G. K(e)lam (Jan. 30-Febr. 13, ascending the summit 5 times); Smitau (17-26, for the greater part ill); Sg. Mandai (Febr. 28-March 3); Nanga Raoen on the upper course of the Mandai (4-6); Mt Liang Gagang (March 7-Apr. 6); Nanga Raoen (7-14); Mt Amai Ambit (Apr. 15-May 4); Nanga Raoen (5-6); returning to Java on account of ill health; back at Buitenzorg (June 6). -1894-96. W. Java: environs of Buitenzorg, Bot. Gardens Buitenzorg, Depok, G. Salak (Tjiapoes), Tandjong Priok, Batavia, Kalibata, Poentjak, Telaga Warna, G. Tjibodas (Tiampea), G. Gedeh (Tjipanas, Tjibodas, Lebaksaät, Jan.-Febr. 1895), Garoet, Tjipakoe (Aug. 14, 1896), G. Wangoen (Aug. 1896); Malay Peninsula: Singapore (Oct. -14-15, 1896), visiting Bt Timah (15); Penang.-1903-04. Southsea Voyage: sailing from Genoa (Apr. 7, 1903); stay in Ceylon; Bot. Garden Penang (May 12); Singapore (l4); Hongkong; Philippine Islands, Luzon: arriving at Manila (May 24); vicinity of Manila and Prov. of Camarines: Kakalangen, N of Manila, and Pasig (May 26-31); S. Luzon, Camarines Norte (June 8-12), between the harbours Barra de Mercedes and Daët, etc.; Camarines Sur, Nueva Caceres (June 18), ascent of Mt Iriga (20-22), and back at Nueva Caceras (24-26); Manila, July 13 sailing for Hongkong; Carolines; Hongkong; back in the Philippines, Luzon: Manila (arrival Nov. 17), San Miguel (21); Santa Mesa, E of Manila (22); environs of Manila; Ermita, Manila (29); from Caloocan to Malintah, N of Manila, visiting Blanco’s house (Dec. 6); Malamawi Isl. (6); Los Baños (Laguna) (15-21); San Lazaro near Manila (25, 27); Olongapoh N of Manila (29); trip to Subig, spending New Year’s Eve and Day at Cabatogan, Subig Peninsula (Zambales Prov.) remaining till Jan. 7, 1904; from Manila via Mindoro, Romblon, Masbate, Cebu and Mindanao to Basilan: (San) Isabela (Jan. 14-Febr. 6); Mindanao: Zamboanga (Febr. 6-17); San Ramon (17-27); via Cebu, Masbate, Romblon and Mindoro back to Luzon: Manila (March 4-25), going again t o Kakalangen where he collected in Loher’s garden (N of Manila) and at Calla Novaliches (20); sailing for Hongkong; via Shanghai to Japan; Hongkong; on the homeward passage visiting: Singapore (May 30-June 13); P. Penang (June 15); Ceylon; back at Genoa (July 22).



Herb. Bog. [BO]: > 3450 nos Borneo Expedition,2 W. Java collection (made on behalf of the ‘Flore de Buitenzorg’), etc.; Herb. Hamburg [HBG]: original set of the Philippines etc., c. 2250 nos and dupl. of other collections; also in Mus. Hamburg. Duplicates in Herb. Manila [PNH]: 773 nos Philip. Isls and dupl. from Hamburg (Philip., Mariannes, Singapore, etc.); Herb. Leiden [L]; Herb. Boiss. and Deless. (Geneva [G]): c. 250 nos ‘plant. ind. et malay.’ (purch. 1898, 1901); Herb. Berl. [B]: 70 Borneo plants and 20 from the Indian Archipelago; Herb. Sydney [NSW]: Davallia dupl. from Java (pres. by Kew); Herb. Munich [M]; Herb. Utrecht [U] (Borneo and Java).

From lists in the archives in Leiden Herbarium it is evident that he collected 842 nos in the Philippines, viz: 384 in Luzon, 21 in Romblon, 3 in Masbate, 20 in Cebu, 166 in Basilan, and 248 in Mindanao.

The collections from Sumatra and Banka (1893) are numbered with C nos.

Living plants from Borneo in Hort. Bog.3



(1) H. Hallier: ‘Verslag Borneo Expeditie’ (Bull. Mij Bevord. Nat. Onderz. Ned. Kolon. no 14, 1894); ‘Verslag dienstreis naar Midden-Borneo’ (Versl. Pl. Tuin Buitenzorg for 1894, 1895, p. 15-19); ‘Die botanische Erforschung Mittelborneo’s’ (Naturwiss. Wochenschr. 11, 1896, p. 2-7, 75-79, 85-89, 97-101, 109-114); ‘Rapport over de botanische tochten in Borneo’s Westerafdeeling gedurende de Borneo-Expeditie 1893-94’ (Nat. Tijdschr. N.I. 54, 1895, p. 406-449, w. map).

cf. also Tijdschr. K.N.A.G. 1894, p. 965-972, and Globus 66, 1894, p. 336-338.

(2) cf. Versl. Pl. Tuin Buitenzorg for 1894, 1895, p. 15-19 for the numbers, collecting localities, important plants, etc.

H. Hallier: ‘Ein neues Cypripedium aus Borneo’ (Nat. Tijdschr. N.I. 54, 1895, p. 450-452); ‘Neue and bemerkenswerte Pflanzen aus dem Malaiisch-Papuanischen Inselmeer’ I-III (Ann. Jard. But. Buit. 13, 1896, p. 276-327, pl. 21-30; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6, 1898, p. 213-220, 283-288, 348-360, 604-622, and l.c. sér. 2, vol. 1, 1901, p. 667-676, pl. 9-12) (the last 2 references dealing with his W. Java plants too); ‘Paphiopedilum amabile and die Hochgebirgsflora des Berges Klamm in West Borneo, nebst einer Übersicht über die Gattung Paphiopedilum’ (Ann. Jard. Bot. Buit. 14, 1897, p. 18-52); ‘Beiträge zur Flora von Borneo’ (Beih. Bot. Centr. Bl. 2e Abt. 34, 1916, p. 19-53).

Borneo ferns by H. Christ in Ann. Jard. Bot. Buit. 20, 1906, p. 92-140.

(3) cf. Versl. Pl. Tuin Buitenzorg for 1894, 1895, p. 56-58.


biographical data:

Short sketch of the life and scientific education of Hans Hallier Ph.D. (MS. made by Hallier himself in 1910, in Leiden Herbarium files); Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.