Anonymous*, Borneo


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


12 Filices from Borneo with Kamel’s plants in Herb. Petiver in Brit. Mus. [BM]. The material must date from about 1700.

The Resident of SE. Borneo sent material of some useful plants to the Nat. Ver. N.I. at Batavia in 1865; they were forwarded to Herb. Bog. [BO] (cf. Nat. Tijdschr. N.I. 29, 1867, p. 428-429, 436).

The Civil Administrator of the Tidoeng lands, NE. Borneo, sent sterile specimens of Dryobalanops lanceolata Burck to Herb. Bog. [BO] (year unknown).

The Sultan of Sambas, W. Borneo, sent some iron-wood (Eusideroxylon) plants to Hort. Bog. in 1869.

The Resident of Pontianak, W. Borneo, sent living plants to Hort. Bog. in 1894 and 1896; cf. sub S.W. Tromp.

The Sultan of Koetei, E. Borneo, forwarded several orchids to Hort. Bog. in 1895.

The Resident of SE. Borneo presented fat-yielding plants to Hort. Bog. in 1897.

Mrs A. Bonorand, Küsnacht, Switzerland, presented fruits etc. from Borneo to Herb. Univers. Zürich [Z] in 1902. Probably not collected by herself.

In Herb. Kol. (= Ind.) Inst. Amsterdam: Palaquium sp. div. of the Western Division of Borneo (pres. 1909).

The Civil Administrator of Kotta Waringin, SW. Borneo, (= ? C. van Nouhuys, see there), sent living orchids to Hort. Bog. in 1912; ditto the Civil Adm. of Tanahgrogoh, E. Borneo, in 1912.

A native collector has been employed by the Philippine Bureau of Science, through the agency of the Sarawak Museum during 1913-14. The collections were made in Sarawak, NW. Borneo, e.g. on Mt Merinjak, Mt Santubong, at Kuching, and Retuh (cf. E.B. Copeland: ‘Notes on Bornean ferns’ in Philip. Journ. Sci. C. Bot. 10, 1915, p. 145-149, pl. 1). In Herb. Manila [PNH], nos ranging between 1 and 2700. Duplicates Herb. Arn. Arb. [A], Herb. Bog. [BO], Herb. Kew [K], and probably elsewhere.

The District Officer of W. Koetei (= ? W.C. van Gelder, see there), Tenggarong, E. Borneo, sent some wild orchids to Hort. Bog. in 1919.

A native collector of the Sarawak Museum [SAR] collected at Kedurong, Sarawak in 1925.

Native collectors under the supervision of the Sarawak Museum collected great numbers of plants at the instigation and with the assistance, both technical and financial, of E.D. Merrill, then at Berkeley, California. In 1926-28 large collections were dispatched to the U.S.A. It seems probable that a duplicate set is in the Sarawak Museum [SAR].

The Agricultural Officer at Pontianak, W. Borneo, sent specimens of Shorea to Herb. Bog. [BO] in Oct. 1929.

The Consulting Agriculturist at Pontianak, W. Borneo, collected Crotalaria striata at the end of 1935; in Herb. Bog. [BO].


(*) Anonymous collectors are numerous in the Malaysian collections. Many of them were officials whose names can only be traced with difficulty or not at all, and who, in all probability, often did not collect in the field themselves.

Some large collections were made by native collectors whose names are not noted (e.g. from Borneo). Further there are quite a number of totally anonymous collections, of which we have not the faintest idea who made them. The anonymous collections cannot be neglected; some are very large e.g. the ‘Native Collector(s)’ employed by the Bureau of Science in Borneo. Some are very important, and contained a lot of novelties, e.g. the grasses collected by veterinary surgeons in Soemba Isl. (L.S.I.). Sometimes duplicates were distributed of well-known collections with totally inadequate labels, specially of the old collections; these duplicates are now often ‘anonymous’. The anonymous collections have been annoying for the present compiler. They are here arranged geographically and chronologically.