Collecting localities



Biographical data


Brackenridge, William Dunlop


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: 1810, Ayr, Scotland. Died: 1893, Baltimore, Maryland, U. S. A.



At first a gardener employed by Patrick Neill at Edinburgh; about 1837 he settled in America and shortly after accompanied the Wilkes U.S. Exploring Expedition (see sub Wilkes, Pickering and Rich) as Horticulturist and Assistant Botanist. When the expedition was over, he was charged with the supervision of the living plants which were brought home by the expedition, in the years 1842-54. In 1855 he settled at Baltimore as a floriculturist and garden architect.

Assisted by A. Gray he wrote the 16th volume of the Reports on the expedition.1

The genus Brackenridgea Gray was named after him.


Collecting localities:

Wilkes U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-42. Visiting the Philippines (Jan. 13-Febr. 12, 1842). Detailed itinerary, literature, etc. cf. sub Wilkes.



U.S. Nat. Herb. Wash. [US]. The present author does not know whether the labels bear the names of the actual collector or the name of the expedition only.

Several living plants were brought home from Singapore Island.



(1) Botany of the U.S. Exploring Expedition under the command of Wilkes vol. 16 ‘Cryptogamia, Filices including Lycopodiaceae and Hydropterides’ (1854, atlas 1855, pl. 1-46). In this exceedingly rare volume 77 Philippine species are referred to. Several other issues of this work exist (cf. sub Wilkes Lit. 1); cf. also J.H. Barnhart: ‘Brackenridge and his book on ferns’ (Journ. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 20, 1919, p. 117-124).


biographical data:

Portr. in Meehan’s Card. Monthly, Dec. 1884; Maiden in Journ. & Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 42, 1908, p. 93; Journ. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 20, 1919, p. 117-124; in Biogr. Index Britten & Boulger, 2nd ed. by Rendle, 1931; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936; portr. in D.C. Haskell, The U.S. Expl. Exped. etc., New York 1942.