Biographical data


Buysman, Maarten


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 5: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement I)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1856, Zaandam, N. H., Holland. Died: June 1919, buried at Lawang, E. Java.



Office-clerk at Vlissingen and Koudekerke, and founder of a botanical garden at the former place, of which, however, nothing remains. In April 1907 he sailed for Java in pursuance of an advertisement of Mousset (see there) who looked for a partner in his nursery. M. was given to drinking and Buysman was temporarily led away. Later the proprietor of the Hotel Nongkodjadjar (G. Tengger) took him into his employ from a feeling of pity; in hours of leisure Buysman grew plants and even exchanged seeds abroad. In 1916 he still published a catalogue of plants for sale. Author of some papers on G. Tengger.1



Herb. Utrecht [U]; less in Herb. Bog. [BO]. The plants are from G. Tengger, E. Java (exceeding 260 nos); in Herb. Utrecht [U] also material from Kidoel (= ? Zuidergebergte, Centr. Java) collected in Aug. 1907. Herb. Brit. Mus. [BM]: 50 phaner.

5 vasc. crypt. from Java (pres. 1907; the same amount mentioned for 1909, probably a mistake!); U.S. Nat. Herb. Wash. [US]: 154 Java plants.

In ± 1887 somebody collected in the D.E.I. on behalf of Buysman for a general Herbarium analyticum, the latter mainly composed of useful plants. In April 1887 Buysman had the following sub­scribers: Prof. Oudemans (Amsterdam), the Botanical Mus. at Utrecht, the State Herbarium at Leiden, Prof. Willkomm at Prague and Prof. Henriques at Coimbra (Portugal).2 In Herb. Groningen [now mainly in L]: collections ofthe pre-Indian period; in Herb. Hamburg [HBG] some nos, probably pertaining to the Herb. analyticum.

Also specimens in Herb. Kew [K].



(1) M. Buysman: ‘Botanischer Garten in Nongko Djadjar bei Lawang (Ost-Java)’ (Flora 106, 1913, p. 90-128); ‘Bijdrage tot de kennis van het klimaat van Java. De plantengroei en cultuur in ’t Tenggergebergte’ (Cultura 19, 1907, p. 592-593); ‘De plantencollectie van Nongkodjadjar’ (l.c. 28, 1916, p. 182-186).

(2) cf. Nat. Tijdschr. N.I. 47, 1887, p. 168-171; and l.c. 57, 1897, p. 104.


biographical data:

Through the intermediary of C.A. Backer, by A.J.A. Meerum Terwogt, in a letter dated Nov. 1936, and from other sources