Collecting localities



Biographical data


Candi, Thomas (also Candish or Cavendish)


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: about 1555, Gumston Hall in Trimley, Saint Martin Parish, Suffolk, England.

Died: 1592, on voyage homewards.



Had an early inclination to go to sea, and converted part of his lands into money and went out to see the world. His 1st voyage was made to Virginia in the ‘Tiger’; in 1586-88 a voyage with his pilot Christopher Hare, in the ‘Desire’, ‘Content’ and ‘Hugh Gallant’ (see below).


Collecting localities:

1586-88.1 July 21, 1586 leaving Plymouth; Brazil; via Straits of Magellan, Chili, Peru, New Spain, California; the Ladrones (= Marianas Isls); Philippines: at Cape del Espiritu Santo in Tandayas (= ? Samar) (Jan. 14, 1588); Isl. Capul (15-23); passing the Moluccas, e.g. Batachina (= Halmaheira) on the way to Java; March 1 having passed between Java minor and major (= Bali Straits), casting anchor near Bolamboam (== Balambangan in SE. Java) (5-15); Cape of Good Hope, St Helena; back at Plymouth (Sept. 9).



Clusius figured and described Anisum philippinarum insularum from material secured at Manila(?) (Luzon) by Thomas Candi.2



(1) ‘Twee vermaarde scheepstogten, van Thomas Candisch etc. gedaan in het jaar 1586 en vervolgens... geschreeven aan den Hr. Tristam Gorges’ (Leiden 1706) (wrongly recording the ship to have been in Bantam Straits).

J. Burney, A chronological history of discovery in the South Sea or Pacific Ocean, 2, 1806, p. 64-94.

‘Cavendish’Circumnavigation of the Globe’ by Fr. Pretty in Hakluyt series 11, 1904, p.290-347.

D.M. Campbell, Java past and present, 1, 1915, p. 665-669 and l.c. 2, p. 165 seq. (the supposition that the ship was in Bantam Straits is an error).

R. Hare, Voyage of the Caroline etc., London 1927, p. 246-248.

(2) Clusius, Rariorum plantarum historiae, pt 6, p. ccij and cciij.


biographical data:

Hakluyt series 11, 1904, p. xi-xii & portr. frontispiece.