Collecting localities



Biographical data


Loher, August


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: Simbach, Bavaria, Germany. Died: 1930.



Since 1889 a resident in the Philippines, earning his living as wholesale dealer in pharmaceutical remedies.

Author of some small papers on Philippine plants.1 Several plants were named after him.


Collecting localities:

Philippines. 1889-96. Luzon, eastern Rizal and adjacent Tayabas.-1908-15.2 Luzon: mostly from Rizal Prov., viz at Montalban, Balacbac, Balintangan, Angilo, Mabiluang, Bantol, Puray, Guinuisan, Pinauisan, Sumag, Paningtingan, Siya Bundoc, and Lucutan; also from the Umirey region in Tayabas Prov. contiguous to the eastern boundary of Rizal Province; from the Caraballo Mts in Nueva Vizcaya Prov.; Mindanao: vicinity of Lake Mainit, Surigao Prov.; Polillo Island.-SE. New Guinea: Port Moresby (Apr. 1910).3

Plant specimens collected in April 1906 are often labelled ‘Rio Ampalit’ in Rizal Province. This locality refers to a large stream Dampalit (the Tagalog name for river) on the N. side of Mt Makiling in Laguna prov. (not Rizal).



Herb. Kew [K]: collection 1889-1896, numbering over 5200; P.I. plants (pres. 1906-07), and dupl. of Herb. Manila (pres. 1925). Duplicates of the collection 1889-1896 in U.S. Nat. Herb. Wash. [US] (> 2300), Univ. Munich [M], Calcutta [CAL], Manila [PNH] (243 nos pres. by Washingt. and Kew, 1907-11), Herb. Bing (= Paris [P]), a few nos in Herb. Dr Leon Guerrero (coll. of San Jose, Manila), Herb. Berl. [B] (219 nos, pres. 1903), Herb. N.Y. Bot. Gard. [NY] (60, pres. by Washingt.), Herb. Leiden [L]; in Herb. Paris [P]: dupl. from Centr. Luzon, possibly with ? Herb. F. Bing (pres. 1903).4

His extensive collections made posterior to 1906, were presented to Herb. Manila [PNH] in 1923 (nos 12000-15170; for the older collections see above), the 1st duplicate going to Munich [M]; other duplicates in Herb. Berl. [B]: 790 nos (pres. 1912);5 Herb. Berkeley (Cal. [UC]) (co-types); orchids in O. Ames Herb.(Cambr., Mass. [GH]).

Some papers were based on his collections.6

He sent living orchids to the Munich Bot. Garden.7



(1) Author of ‘New or noteworthy plants’ (Gard. Chron. 3rd ser. vol. 21, 1897, p. 339, 416; l.c. 22, 1897, p. 1; l.c. 46, 1909, p. 34 and 47, 1910, p. 66); ‘Orchids notes and gleanings’ (l.c. 22, 1897, p. 121); ‘Lophopetalum toxicum Loher’ (in Icon. Bogor. 1, 1897, p. 55-65, pl. 16).

(2) cf. Philip. Journ. Sci. 27, 1925, p. 21.

(3) cf. Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 56, 1920/21, p. 275 and l.c. 61, 1927, p. 185.

(4) cf. in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 19, 1903, p. 296-302.

(5) cf. C.B. Robinson in ‘The history of botany in the Philippine Islands’ (Journ. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 7, 1906, p. 104-112) p. 109; and Merrill in ‘A discussion and bibliogr. of Philip. Flow. Plants’ (Manila 1926) p. 52.

(6) H. Christ: ‘Filices Insularum Philippinarum (coll. de M.A. Loher)’ (Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6, 1898, p. 127-154, 189-212, pl. 2-4 and l.c. sér. 2, vol. 6, 1906, p. 987-1011).

J. Perkins: ‘Enumeration of some of the recently collected plants of Loher, etc.’ (in Fragm. Flor. Philip. 1904, p. 4-66, 77-202).

E.D. Merrill: ‘New species of Philippine plants collected by A. Loher’ (Philip. Journ. Sci. 27, 1925, p. 21-59).

(7) cf. Kraenzlin in Ann. k.k. Naturhist. Hofmus. Wien 30, 1916, p. 55-65.


biographical data:

Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.