Collecting localities



Biographical data


Raap, Hugo


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)



Gardener of the Botanic Garden at Genoa, who worked for some time under the direction of Penzig in preparation for his voyage to the D.E.I. He evidently was a peculiar man; Fairchild gives some particulars1 on Mr Rapps, as he erroneously names him; the statement that he disappeared during the Nias expedition does not hold true.

Homalomena raapii Engl. and other plants were named after him.


Collecting localities:2

1896. He arrived in Java towards the end of May, and collected in the following localities in W. Java: environs of Buitenzorg (May-July), G. Salak (June 2 and 7), G. Tjibodas near Tjampea (June 11), Tandjong Priok and Batavia and environs (June 14-15), G. Salak (June 22); Tjibodas on the slope of G. Gedeh (July 2-24), G. Gedeh (16), Tjisaroea (20), G. Pangrango (26). -1896-97. Batoe Islands, W of Sumatra: P. Masa (Sept. 1, 1896), P. Tello (= Poelautelo) (Sept. 3-5); P. Batoe Makele (7-8), P. Sigata (9), P. Tello (10), P. Tanah Musa (15-25; the 15th visiting P. Sago too), P. Tello (Sept. 30-Oct. 1), P. Tanah Masa (Oct. 1), P. Tello (Oct. 3-17), P. Pini (Oct. 28-Nov. 14), P. Sago (Nov. 20), P. Sibraro (27); in December to Padang, Sumatra West Coast, for medical treatment; P. Pini (Jan. 4-14, 1897), P. Tanah Masa (18), P. Tello (23), P. Tanah Bala (Febr. 1, 5-8), P. Tanah Masa (Febr. 15-20); returning to Batavia via Padang.-1897. W. Java: Tjibodas (May). P. Nias, W of Sumatra:3 from Goenoeng Sitoli (harbour) (July 27), to the Hili Madjajan, ascending the latter; Goenoeng Sitoli (staying a fortnight); departing (Sept. 18) to the southern part of the island, at Teluk Dalam (= Teloekdalem) etc.; to Lagundi (Oct. 30), the Hili Mataluo; Naku Islands (= Hinako Islands) (Nov. 17); visiting by boat some places in the northern part of Nias; Goenoeng Sitoli (Dec. 13); falling ill again, and sailing for Padang.



Herb. Bot. Mus. Genoa [GE]. The large collection from W. Java (in Herb. Genoa) was partly identified by H. Hallier f. In Herb. Bog. [BO]: 570 nos dupl. Batoe Islands; Herb. Berl. [B]: 8 portfolios with herbarium from Java and Sumatra (pres. by Prof. Knuth in 1932/33); also dupl. in Herb. Leiden [L].4

Living orchids from P. Tello in Hort. Bog.

Is cited to have collected lichens and mosses in Columbia in 1904 (cf. Urban, Gesch. Kön. Bot. Gart. Mus. Berl.-Dahl. 1916, p. 289, 311).

In literature more than once the year 1894 is mentioned as the year of collecting. This must be based on an error, possibly part of the collection (duplicates ? ) was mislabelled. It is not sure whether any plants were collected in Nias; the ethnological objects depicted in his paper on that island, are in the Municipal Museum at Braunschweig.



(1) In ‘The world was my garden’ (London & New York 1938) p. 61, 75-76.

(2) Data derived from a list of the collection in the Herbarium at Buitenzorg.

(3) H. Raap: ‘Reisen auf der Insel Nias bei Sumatra’ (Globus 83, 1903, p.147-154, 171-178, w.fig.).

(4) cf. Meded. ‘s Rijks Herb. Leiden no 37, 1918, p. 1-92.


biographical data:

Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.