Collecting localities



Biographical data


Warburg, O.


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: 1859, Hamburg, Germany. Died: 1938, Berlin, Germany.



Botanist who was educated at several German universities, and took his Ph.Dr at Strassburg in 1883. From 1885-89 he made a world voyage during which he visited numerous localities in Malaysia (see itinerary below), India, Ceylon, Siam, Indo-China, China, Corea, Japan, Liukiu Islands, Bonin Islands, Formosa and Australia. When in Java he worked for several months in the Treub Laboratory of the Buitenzorg Botanic Gardens, where he made scientific researches.1 In 1891 he was appointed Lecturer in the University of Berlin, from 1894 onwards Lecturer at the Oriental Seminary, Berlin, in 1898 appointed Professor; in 1921 Director Agricultural Research Station of the Zionist Organisation in Palestine, since 1925 Professor of Botany and Director Institute of Natural History of Palestine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem.

During many years editor of ‘Der Tropenpflanzer’. Besides taxonomical papers, he wrote numerous other important ones, including several on useful plants.2

He is commemorated in some genera3, and in many plant species.


Collecting localities:

World voyage, 1885-89.4 After having visited India and Ceylon (Oct.-Dec. 1885), via Penang (end of 1885 or early in 1886) to W. Java (staying Jan.-Dec. 1886), making several trips from Buitenzorg: to Batavia and the islands in the Bay, environs of Buitenzorg (chiefly at Tjampea), G. Gedeh-Pangrango, Parakansalak and Mt Endut, G. Tangkuban Prahu, highland plain of Pengalengan,5 G. Malabar, G. Wajang, Tjilaki on G. Tilu, G. Patuha and Telaga Patengan, G. Papandajan, the Tjikahuripan, Tjisewu, Palabuhan Ratu (Wijnkoops Bay); Centr. & E. Java (Jan.-Febr. 1887): Willem I near Ambarawa, Diëng Plateau, Borobudur, environs of Djokjakarta, Bojolali, Sello, G. Merapi, G. Merbabu, G. Lawu (reaching the pass with Karang-pandan and Gondosolo), G. Wilis and Putak, G. Dorowati, Telaga Ngebel, Lodaja near Blitar, Sengon on G. Kawi, slopes of G. Klut (= Keloed); G. Tengger with Tosari, G. Bromo, Wonosari and Sukopuro; Singapore (March 1887), climbing Bt Timah; travelling in China, Japan, etc.; Philippines, Centr. Luzon (March-Apr. 1888): Manila, Mt Alban, Lukban and Sampolok in Tajabas Prov., Mariveles and Bagak; N. Luzon (Apr.-May): prope Cagajan with Aparri and Buguey on the coast, Lallo, Tigegarao with Enrile and Pinna blanca, Malagueg; prope Isabella with Malunu, Digamai; South Mindanao (June-July): Davao, Taumu, Mt Dagatpan, SibuIan, Kotta Batu, Zamboanga; Basilan Island; Sulu Islands (Aug.); Jolo Island and Tawi-Tawi Isl.; N. Celebes, Minahassa (Aug.-Sept.): Manado, Bojong (Mt Lollem-Bulan), Amurang, Sonder, Tondano; Moluccas: Balian (Sept.), visiting Mt Sibel(l)a and Brankadollong; Buru (Oct.); Amboina (Oct.); Banda (Oct.); Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumbawa (Nov.): Bima, Donggo Mts, Sambori Mts; SW. Celebes (Nov.-Dec.): Balan(gn)ipa, Bikeru, Tassosso, Wawo-Kraëng (one of the summits of G. Bonthain, 1st ascent!, Nov.), Manipi, Tjamba, Maros and Bantimurung; Moluccas (Dec.): Amboina and Banda; Ceram laut;6 Dutch SW. New Guinea (Dec.): MacCluer Gulf, Sigar (= Sekar); Aru Islands (Jan. 1889); Key (= Kai) Islands: Tual and Dular; for a short time to Australia, Queensland (Febr.), and subsequently to NE. New Guinea, former Kaiser-Wilhelmsland (March-Apr.): Finschhafen, Sattelberg (Apr. 6-12 with Hellwig, see there),7 Bussum, Constantinhafen, Stephansort, Bili-Bili, Hatzfeldhafen; Bismarck Archipelago (March): Neu Mecklenburg (= New Ireland), Nusa; Neu-Lauenburg (= Duke of York Island); Kerawara, Utuan Isl. and Ulu, Mioko; Neu-Pommern (= New Britain): Matupi, Rabaul (Gazelle Peninsula), Ralum; Australia (Apr.-June).



 Herb. Berlin [B]: siphonogams ‘Iter Warburgianum’ and ‘Plantae papuanae’, in total c. 22000 nos, including c. 15000 from Malaysia (3000 from New Guinea, 3500 Philip., 1000 Moluccas, etc.); besides collections of Algae, Fungi, Musci and Hepaticae; a large collection in the Show Mus. Berlin. Dupl. in Herb. Kew [K] (pres. 1895); Herb. Brit. Mus. [BM]; Herb. N.Y. Bot Gard [NY]: 1200 nos Philip. Isls. and Malaysia (acq. 1931); Herb. Manila [PNH]:9 2300 nos, incl. a fairly representative set of the Philippine collections; Herb. Arn. Arbor. [A]: 221 New Guinea plants (acq. 1936/37, in 1938/39 partly removed to the Gray Herb.; in the latter Herb. [GH] 168 W. Java (Priangan) plants besides, dupl. from Berlin; some ferns in Herb. Bonaparte (= Paris [P]); Herb. Leiden [L]: dupl. Molucc. and N.G. plants; Cyperaceae in private Herb. R. Gross (Berlin); 16 Myristic. from N.G. in Herb. Bot. Gard. St Petersb. (= Leningrad [LE]); Herb. Edinburgh [E]: ‘Iter Warburgianum.

Hort. Bog.: living seeds from various islands (pres. 1889).10



(1) cf. Dammerman in Ann. Jard. Bot. Buit. 45, 1935, p. 12-13.

(2) O. Warburg: ‘Die Flora des asiatischen Monsungebietes’ (in Verb. Ges. Naturf. u. Aerzte 1890, Allg. Teil (ad liter.)); ‘Die Vegetationsverhältnisse von Neu-Guinea’ (Verh. Ges. Erdkunde Berl. 19, 1892, p. 130-148); ‘Die Muskatnuss’ (Leipzig, 1897); ‘Einige Bemerkungen über die Littoral-Pantropisten’ (Ann. Jard. Bot. Buit. 11, 1898, p. 128-136); ‘Das Pflanzenkleid and die Nutzpflanzen von Neu-Guinea’ (in Krieger, Neu Guinea, 1899, p. 36-72); ‘Die botanische Erforschung der Molukken seit Rumph’s Zeiten’ (in Rumphius Gedenkboek, 1902, p. 63-78); and numerous others.

(3) cf. Palest. Journ. Bot. J. ser. 1, 1938, p. 3.

(4) cf. Monsunia l, 1900, p. vi-vii. The German ‘u’ instead of ‘oe’ in geographical names is used.

(5) O. Warburg: ‘Ein Besuch der Kina-Districte and Waldzone Preangers in Java’ (Hamburg 1887).

(6) cf. Plant-geographical sketch of Ceram Laoet in Engl. Bet. Jahrb. 17, 1893, p. 169-176.

(7) cf. Nachr. Kais. Wilh. Land 6, 1890, p. 20-21.

(8) O. Warburg: ‘Beiträge zur Kenntnis der papuanischen Flora’ (Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 13, 1891, p. 230-455; dealing with plants from Ceram Laoet, Aroe and Kai Islands, Kaiser-Wilhelmsland and the Bismarck Archipelago).

P. Hennings: ‘Fungi Warburgiani’ (Hedwigia 32, 1893, p. 216; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 25, 1898, p. 495-509).

Algae by F. Heydrich in Hedwigia 33, 1894, p. 267-306.

O. Warburg in ‘Monographic der Myristicaceen’ (Halle 1897).

H. Christ in ‘Die Farnflora von Celebes’ I (Ann. Jard. Bot. Buit. 15, 1898, p. 73-186, pl. 13-16).

Araceae by Engler in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 25, 1898, p. 7, 24.

O. Warburg and others in ‘Monsunia’ l, 1900, viii + 207 pp., t. 1-11.

Mez in ‘Monographic der Myrsinaceae’ (Pflanzenreich 9, 1902, p. 1-437, pl. 1-61).

J. Perkins: ‘Enumeration of the recently collected plants by Ahern, Jagor, Loher, Merrill, Warburg and others’ (Fragm. Fl. Philip. 1904, p. 4-66, 77-202).

Ericaceae from Celebes by H. Sleumer in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 71, 1941, p. 138-168.

(9) cf. Merrill, A discussion and bibliography of Philip. Flow. Pl. (= Enum. Philip. Fl. Pl. vol. 4). 1926, p. 52.

(10) cf. Verkl. Pl. Tuin Buitenzorg for 1889, p. 56-57.


biographical data:

Palest. Journ. Bot. R. set. 2, 1938, p. 2-16, incl. partial bibliogr. + portr.; Palest. Journ. Bot. J. ser. 1, 1938, p. 2-3, w. portr.; Chron. Bot. 4, 1938, p. 268-270, w. portr.; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.