Anonymous*, Sumatra


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 5: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement I)


12 Filices from Acheen (= Atjeh), N. Sumatra, with Kamel’s plants in Herb. Petiver in Brit. Mus. [BM]; also 3 Algae. The material must have been collected about 1700.

A rather extensive collection from Padang and environs, Sumatra West Coast, collected in 1870, in Herb. Bog. [BO]. The labels are written in a non-German hand; some of the numbers exceed 300; cf. also sub Jodner [see also J. Heringa].

The District Officer of the Lampong Districts (S. Sumatra) sent a lot of orchids to Hort. Bog. in 1895.

The Resident of Pariaman, Sumatra West Coast, collected some plants (July 14, 1903), e.g. Knema mandaharan; in Herb. Bog. [BO].

G. Meyer-Darcis, Wohlen (herbaria dealers), Switzerland, presented 408 Sumatra ferns to the Herb. Univers. Zürich [Z] in 1905. The actual collector(s) is (are) not mentioned. The collection must have been made before 1905. There is a possibility that the plants are duplicates of the Sumatra collection of G. Schneider (see there).

The Assistant Resident of Padang Pandjang, Sumatra West Coast, sent living orchids to Hort. Bog. in 1905.

The Resident of the Lampong Districts, S. Sumatra, forwarded rattans etc. to Hort. Bog. in 1905.

In Herb. Bog. [BO]: weed collection from Bah Biroeng Oeloe, Tea plantation SE of Pematang Siantar in Sumatra East Coast (coll. 1924).

The Government Veterinary Surgeon of Sibolga (Res. Tapanoeli), N. Sumatra, sent more than 36 grasses from Padang Lawas to Herb. Bog. [BO] (pres. July 1926).

In Herb. Kol. (= Ind.) Inst. Amsterdam: a large amount of cultivated plants, presented in 1927 by the Deli Experiment Station, Medan, Sumatra East Coast.

In Herb. Bog. [BO]: 16 grasses from Tapanoeli, N. Sumatra (pres. in 1927 through the intermediary of the Dir. of the Veterinary Inst.).

In Herb. Kol. (= Ind.) Inst. Amsterdam: 11 wood samples + herbarium from the forests of Singkel (= Singkil, S. Atjeh, N. Sumatra) (pres. by the N.V. Houthandel Singkel in 1928).

The District Officer of Takengon in Atjeh, N. Sumatra, collected 4 living orchids on the Boerni Telong; in Herb. Bog. [BO] (193.).

The Forest Officer of Tapanoeli, N. Sumatra, collected 11 nos herbarium material of plants and shrubs on G. Semponan (Dairi Lands) (Nov. 27, 1929), without labels; presented to Herb. Bog. [BO] by the Forest Research Institute (Buitenzorg) towards the end of 1930.

The Estate-Manager of Kotaboemi in the Lampong Districts, S. Sumatra, collected at least 9 nos of plants (March 22, 1934); in Herb. Bog. [BO]

The Assistant Consulting Agriculturist at Wonosarie, Palembang Res., S. Sumatra, collected the weeds nos A-M; in Herb. Bog. [BO] (pres. 1940).

The Assistant Resident of Air Bangis and Rau, Sumatra West Coast, sent some herbarium specimens of trees to Herb. Leiden [L]; collected March 20, 1861.

Many times during several years plants were sent for identification to Herb. Bog. [BO] by:

1.   Deli Experiment Station, Medan.

2.   General Experiment Station of the A.V.R.O.S., Medan.

3.   The agriculturists in the employ of the Agricultural Syndicate, stationed in Sumatra West Coast and S. Sumatra.

(*) Anonymous collectors are numerous in the Malaysian collections. Many of them were officials whose names can only be traced with difficulty or not at all, and who, in all probability, often did not collect in the field themselves.

Some large collections were made by native collectors whose names are not noted (e.g. from Borneo). Further there are quite a number of totally anonymous collections, of which we have not the faintest idea who made them. The anonymous collections cannot be neglected; some are very large e.g. the ‘Native Collector(s)’ employed by the Bureau of Science in Borneo. Some are very important, and contained a lot of novelties, e.g. the grasses collected by veterinary surgeons in Soemba Isl. (L.S.I.). Sometimes duplicates were distributed of well-known collections with totally inadequate labels, specially of the old collections; these duplicates are now often ‘anonymous’. The anonymous collections have been annoying for the present compiler. They are here arranged geographically and chronologically.