Collecting localities



Biographical data


Eschscholz, Johann Friedrich


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1793, Dorpat, Latvia, Baltic States. Died: 1831, Dorpat, Latvia.



Surgeon who accompanied the two Russian expeditions under command of Kotzebue, the last one as naturalist. Later appointed Professor of Zoology at Dorpat.

The genus Eschscholzia Cram. was named in his honour.


Collecting localities:

Voyage in the ‘Ruri(c)k’, 1815-18. Itiner., liter., etc. cf. sub Chamisso.-Voyage in the ‘Predpriiatii’ (or Predpriyatie), 1823-26.1 Sailing from Kronstadt (July 28, 1823), via Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Cape Horn, Chile, Taïti, Samoa Islands, Radack Archipelago (= Marshall Islands), Kamschatka, N. Archangel, California, Sandwich Isls and many others; Mariannes; Philippines, Luzon: Manila (Nov. 8, 1825-Jan 10, 1826); home voyage via the Cape of Good Hope; back at Kronstadt (July 10, 1826).



Herb. Bot. Gard. St Petersb. (= Leningrad [LE]): 1300 nos (purch. 1825), and with Herb. Ledebour and Fischer;2 Herb. Acad. Sci. St Petersb. [LE]: grasses (with Trinius Agrostotheca), and with Herb. Chamisso; Herb. Lindemann (U.S. S.R.): 526 nos; some from California in Herb. Deless. (Geneva [G]).3

His plants in Herb. Fischer are provided with the pseudonym ‘Melioxylon’.2



(1) O. von Kotzebue: ‘Neue Reise um die Welt in den Jahren 1823-26’ (transl. from the Russian edition, Weimar 1830, 2 vols in one); also transl. into Dutch: ‘Nieuwe ontdekkingsreise rondom de wereld etc.’ (Haarlem 1830, 2 vols).

Eschscholz took care of the accessory zoological atlas (1829-33).

(2) cf. Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 9, 1888, p. 435.

(3) cf. Lasègue, Mus. Bot. Deless., 1845, p. 212-213.

‘Descriptiones plantarum Novae Californiae adjectis florum exoticorum analysibus’ (Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St Petersb. 10, 1826).

Also plants of his described by C.A. Meyer in ‘Cyperaceae novae descriptionibus et iconibus illustratae’ (vol. 1).


biographical data:

E.O. Essig, A history of entomology, New York 1931, p. 617-622, fig. 186 (portr.); Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936; references in Amer. Midl. Naturalist 33, 1945, p.29; Occ. Pap. Calif. Ac. Sc. no 20, 1943, p. 27-28.