Collecting localities



Biographical data


Haenke, Thaddäus Peregrinus Xaverius


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 5: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement I)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1761, Kreibnitz, N. Bohemia, Czechoslovakia. Died: 1817, Cochabamba Prov. in Centr. Bolivia.



Studied botany at Prague from 1780-86, and in Vienna with J.N. von Jacquin from 1786-89. Botanist who entered the Spanish Government service in 1789, to accompany the Spanish expedition under command of Malaspina (see below). He made many travels in S. America and in 1796 settled at Cochabamba, practising as a doctor and making several trips in the interior.

Author of several MSS, now mainly in the National Archives at Buenos Aires and the Bot. Inst. Madrid. Some of the later MSS, relating to S. America, were published there. The MSS in Madrid consist of 12 bound volumes and quantities of loose papers, now being arranged by the librarian (Mr A.H.G. Alston in litt.). They contain data belonging to the specimens, some drawings (partly in colour), and some scraps of specimens. Among his MSS (in Madrid, fasc. 15-16) are short botanical notes, partly from the Philippines, which however, may partly originate from L. Née.6

Several plants were named after him.


Collecting localities:

Malaspina Expedition in ‘La Descubierta’ and ‘La Atrevida’, 1789-94;1 cf. also sub Née and Pineda. Haenke missed the ship at Cadiz and subsequently embarked (Aug. 19, 1789) for Montevideo; when he did not meet with the expedition there, nor at Rio de Janeiro, he made some travels on his own in S. America and finally joined the expedition in Chile (April 1790); at the end of 1791 the expedition left America, sailing via the Marianas to the Philippines (staying March-Dec. 1792): Luzon, visiting Sorsogon (March 10), anchoring near Manila (March 27) and making several trips by land, e.g. to: Bulacan, Illocos, Panquasing, Pampanga, W. Luzon, Sorsogon, Cavite, Cagayan and Pangasinan, returning at Manila in the beginning of July; June 20 joined by Née, who had visited before then the provinces of Albay, Camarines, Tayabas and Laguna; from mid-Sept. at Laguna de Bay for investigations on cinnamon, visiting Taal Volcano, etc.; leaving Mindanao on Nov. 22; returning to S. America via the Society Isls. The expedition was back in Spain in Sept. 1794, but Haenke stayed behind in S. America.



Herb. Prague [PR];2 c. 9000 nos Malaspina Expedition, in part in the Herb. Královstvi Ceského, in part in the German Univers. Herb. Duplicates in Herb. Vienna [W], Munich (700) [M], Berlin [B], Miss. Bot. Gard. St Louis (U.S.A.) [MO]; Herb. Martius (= Brussels [BR]): 380 nos ‘Reliq. Haenk.’; Herb. Brit. Mus. [BM]: small set of ‘Reliquiae Haenkeanae’ acq. with Herb. Shuttleworth; Herb. Kew [K]; scattered specimens in Herb. Decand. and Deless. (Geneva [G]), Gray Herb. [GH] (removed from Arm Arbor. in 1938-39); N.Y. Bot. Gard. [NY]; Herb. Bot. Gard. St Petersb. (= Leningrad [LE]): 100 species ‘Reliq. Haenk.’; Leiden [L] and Manila [PNH]. The duplicates were sold by Prague.3 Part of his plants were sold with Lambert’s Herbarium in 1842 (acq. by Riley); part of the Lambert Herbarium collection (Mexico and Philippines), sold 1842, is now at Kew [K] (cf. Taxon 19, 1970, 524).

A number of plants were erroneously labelled.4 According to Lasègue only a small part of Haenke’s collections is preserved in Europe, the bulk having been sent to Lima by the Spanish Government in 1818.1 In the same book (p. 347) he, however, mentions that H.’s collections from S. America are in Herb. Madrid! [MA]. According to Presl in his Introduction to the ‘Reliquiae Haenkeanae’, no plants were received after the return of the expedition in Sept. 1794; a number of cases were sent off from America, but never reached Europe. A Dutch unsigned paper on the expedition5 mentions the arrival of part of his collections (viz of the first half of the voyage, which was left behind at Manila) at Cadiz, Spain; but evidently they lay neglected. Later they were acquired by Prague.2

Some living plants were cultivated in Hort. Madrid.



(1) cf. C. Sternberg In Presl, Reliq. Haenk., 1, 1825, p. vi-xv (on dates of publication etc.); Lasègue, Mus. Bot. Deless., 1845, p. 451.

A. Malaspina: ‘Viaje politico-cientifico alrededor del mando por las corbetas Descubierta y Atrevida al mando de los capitanes de navió D. Alejandro Malaspina y Don José de Bustamante y Guerra desde 1789 a 1794’(1885; introd. by P. de Novo y Colson).

V. Maiwald in Ges. Bot. Böhmen 1904, p. 103-106; W.E. Safford in Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 9, 1905, p. 25-27; A.H.G. Alston in Journ. Bot. 72, 1934, p. 223-225.

J.F. Revello: ‘Los artistas pintores de la expedición Malaspina’ (Univ. B. Aires 1944) (n.v.).

For itinerary in Alaska cf. Bot. Not. 1940, p. 297; for itinerary in Luzon cf. J. Kühnel l.c. below sub BIOGR. DATA

(2) cf. Flora 42, 1821, p. 423-427.

C.B. Presl: ‘Reliquiae Haenkeanae, seu descriptiones et icones plantarum, quas in America meridionali et boreali, in insulis Philippinis et Marianes collegit Th. Haenke’ (vol. 1, p. iii-xv + 1-84 (1825) pl. 1-12; p. 85-148 (1827) pl. 13-25; p. 149-206 (1828) pl. 26-36; p. 207-355 (1830) pl. 37-48; vol. 2, p. 1-56 (1831) pl. 49-60; p. 57-152 (1835) pl. 61-72; vol. 1, pl. 1-48 and vol. 2, pl. 49-72).

F. Lamson Scribner: ‘Notes on the Grasses in the Bernhardi Herbarium, collected by Thaddeus Haenke, and described by J.S. Presl’ (Rep. Miss. Bot. Gard. 10, 1899, p. 35-59, pl. 54).

The remaining part published in Warburg, Monsunia, 1900.

cf. also E.D. Merrill in Philip. Journ. Sci. C. Bot. 7, 1912, p. 364.

A.H.G. Alston: ‘The Selaginellae collected by Th. Haenke and described by K.B. Presl’ (Journ. Bot. 72, 1934, p. 223-230).

W.T. Stearn: ‘Presl’s “Reliquiae Haenkeanae”’ (Journ. Soc. Bibl. Nat. Hist. Lond. 1, 1938, p. 153-154).

T. Nakai: ‘Reliquiae Haenkeanae’ (Bot. Magaz. Tokyo 56, 1942, p. 97; in Japanese).

R.E. Holttum: ‘A commentary on some type specimens of ferns in the Herbarium of K.B. Presl (Nov. Bot. Inst. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag. 1968, p. 3-57) (see also review by C.V. Morton in Amer. Fern J. 60, 1970, p. 119-123).

(3) cf. Flora 121, 1829, Beil. p. 1; l.c. 131, 1830, Beil. p. 41; l.c. 171, 1834, Int. Bl. p. 33-34.

(4) E.D. Merrill: ‘Genera and species erroneously credited to the Philippine Flora’ (Philip. Journ. Sci. C. Bot. 10, 1915, p. 171-194).

cf. also sub Alston (l.c. sub 2).

(5) cf. Nieuwe Vaderl. Bibl. 32, 1799, p. 132.

(6) R. Gicklhorn: ‘Unbekannte botanische and zoologische Forschungsergebnisse von Thaddaus Haenke’ (Verb. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 103/104, 1964, p. 215); ‘Neue Dokumente zu Beginn der Forschungsreisen von Thaddaus Haenke’ (Phyton 14, 1972, p. 295-308).


biographical data:

Nieuwe Vaderl. Bibl. 32, 1799, p. 123-132; Presl, Reliquiae Haenkeanae, 1, 1825, p. vi-xv; in Hemsley & Hooker, Biol. Centr.-Amer. 4, 1887, App. p. 119-120; Wittrock, Icon. Bot. Berg., 1903, p. 154; and l.c. 2, 1905, p. 166; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936; Beih. Bot. Centr. Bl. 60A, 1940, p. 157-222, 5 pl., 1 fig.; Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sc. no 20, 1943, p. 13; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 54, Secc. Geol. 1957, p. 195-203; J. Kühnel: Thaddeus Haenke, Leben and Wirken eines Forschers, München 1960, Veröff. Collegium Carolinum Bd G, incl. portr., bibliogr., maps, letters, etc.; Verb. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 103/104, 1964, p. 213-222, 2 fig.