Collecting localities



Biographical data


Hagen, B.


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1853, Germersheim a.R., Germany. Died: 1919, Frankfurt a.M., Germany.



Studied medicine at Munich University; from 1879-91 physician in the employ of a planting company (Senembah) in Deli, Sumatra East Coast, stationed at Tandjong Morawa.1 During that period he made several exploration tours on which mainly zoological collections were made.2 Towards the end of 1893 he was appointed in the employ of the Astrolabe Company, at first stationed at Erima and subsequently at Stephansort in former Kaiser-Wilhelmsland (NE. New Guinea).3 In 1895, when on the return voyage to Germany, he paid a visit to Sumatra, revisiting the island some ten years later in company with his wife. From 1897-1904 Division Chief of the Senckenberg Museum at Frankfurt a.M., where he founded a municipal museum for ethnology in 1904.

Besides of the below-cited papers, he is the author of many others relating to zoology, ethnography and geography.

Asplenium hagenii v.A.v.R. was named after him.


Collecting localities:

Sumatra East Coast. 1881. From Tandjong Morawa, Serdang (Aug. 3), via Patumbukan to the Batak Lands, Salamagura, Nama Djambu, kp. Durinn, valley of the Sungei Boaia (= Boeaja) to its sources, kp. Gunong Sinombah, Toba Plateau, Sibaribuan, base of G. Singgalang and Tongging situated on Toba Lake, staying 11 days, making trips to Pageh, Sipablangit Peninsula, etc.; returning via Sipablangit and Pageh, Bangusaribu, Sibaribuan and following the same route back to Tandjong Morawa (Aug. 25).4-1883. The same route as above (Dec. 3-26).5-Java. Sept. 1887 paying a visit to the Botanic Gardens at Buitenzorg.-NE. New Guinea (= former Kaiser-Wilhelmsland). He collected in Sumatra at least up to 1891. Nov. 1893-Febr. 1895. Apparently no extensive trips; he collected butterflies in Neu Pommern (= New Britain, Bismarck Archipelago).-S. Sumatra: climbing G. Kaba, when crossing from Palembang to Benkoelen (March-Apr. 1895).6-1905-06. S. Sumatra. Palembang Res. and Banka.7



Herb. Bog. [BO]: plants from the environs of Toba Lake (pres. 1884, through the Director of the Dept of Education and Public Worship). Herb. Vienna [W]: small collection of Sumatra plants (pres. 1888-89); dupl. in Herb. Munich [M].8

In New Guinea he made zoological,2 anthropological, and ethnological collections.



(1) B. Hagen: ‘Die Pflanzen and Thierwelt von Deli auf der Ostküste Sumatra’s’ (Tijdschr. K.N.A.G. 1890, p. 1-240, 578); ‘Die Gajoländer auf Sumatra’ (Jahresber. Frankf. Ver. f. Geogr. u. Stat. 1901-03, 1903, p. 29-85); ‘Sumatra and die nördlichen Batakländer’ (l.c. p. 176-180); ‘Die Orang Kubu auf Sumatra’ (Frankfurt a.M. 1908).

(2) For the zoological collections in Mus. Leiden cf. F.A. Jentink in Tijdschr. K.N.A.G. 1883, p. 77-79 and A. Gijzen, ’s Rijks Museum v. Nat. Hist. 1820-1915, Rotterdam 1938, p. 126, 153.

(3) B. Hagen: ‘Unter den Papuas. Beobachtungen and Studien über Land and Leute, Thier-und Pflanzenwelt in Kaiser Wilhelms-Land’ (Wiesbaden 1899); ‘Land and Leute in Deutsch Neu-Guinea’ (Umschau 3, 1899, p. 499-502).

cf. Nachr. Kais. Wilh. Land 9, 1893, p. 134; l.c. 10, 1894, p. 11, 26-29; l.c. 11, 1895, p. 14.

Other references cf. Wichmann, Entd. Gesch. N.G., in Nova Guinea 22, p. 581.

(4) cf. Ausland 54, 1881, p. 779, 840; Peterm. Mitt. 29, 1883, p. 41, 102, 142, 167 + map.

Dr B. Hagen: ‘Een reis naar het Toba-meer op Midden Sumatra’ (Ind. Mercuur 6, 1883, nos 16-18, 23, and 26; with English transl.).

(5) B. Hagen: ‘Rapport über eine in Dezember 1883 unternommene wissenschaftliche Reise an den Toba-See’ (Tijdschr. Ind. Taal-, Land- en Volkenk. 31, 1886, p. 328-386, 3 pl., 2 maps).

(6) B. Hagen: ‘Eine Besteigung des Vulkans Kaba auf Sumatra’ (Globus 79, 1901, p. 245-250, 267-273, 278-281, w. map & ill.).

(7) cf. Jahresber. Frankf. Ver. f. Geogr. u. Stat. 1905/06, 1907, p. 89.

(8) cf. Mez in Pflanzenreich 9, 1902, p. 42; and Sydow, Deutscher Botaniker-Kalender für 1899.


biographical data:

Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.