Collecting localities



Biographical data


Haviland, George Darby


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1857, Warbleton, Sussex, England. Died: 1901, Natal, S. Africa.



Surgeon and naturalist, Director of the Raffles Museum, Singapore; 1891-93 Medical Officer of the Sarawak Government, and 1893-95 Curator (possibly acting already in 1892) of the Govt Museum at Kuching, Sarawak. In 1895 he returned to England, worked for some time at Kew Herbarium, went to S. Africa and in 1901 was missing after a bicycle trip in Natal.

Several plants were named after him.


Collecting localities:

1889. Borneo (Jan.).-1890. Malay Peninsula: Pahang, at Pekan, mouth of the Pahang River, etc.-1891-95. NW. Borneo, Sarawak: Kuching, Mt Braang, ? Mt Penrissen, Limbang, Ulu Tawaran, Rejang (Sibu), Mt Lambia with Ch. Hose (May 21, 1895) and Br. N. Borneo: Mt Kinabalu with his brother H.A. Haviland (March-Apr. 1892).1



Herb. Sing. [SING]: Malay Penins. coll.2 and c. 1500 Borneo plants; Herb. Kew [K]: 3600 nos from Borneo (nos 1055-1495 from Mt Kinabalu) and additional coll. (pres. 1908); Herb. Brit. Mus. [BM]: 1031 Borneo nos (partly with Ch. Hose); Herb. Berl. [B]: 52 Sarawak nos and 266 nos Haviland & Hose; also dupl. in Herb. Sarawak [SAR], Paris [P] and Cambridge [CGE]; Vienna [W]: 227 nos (pres. by Kew in 1897); Herb. Leiden (Sarawak plants) [L]; some in Herb. Bog. [BO], Gray Herb. [GH] (dupl. Haviland & Hose ex Kew). According to Mr Holttum the ferns are in Herb. Brit. Mus. [BM] and partly in Kew [K].3 Dupl. from N. Borneo (1891-95) in Herb. Edinb. [E].

From time to time he employed native collectors, so we occasionally met plants collected by ‘Haviland’s collector’, Haviland & Garaman, & Garai, & Ulak; also by Sitam. He collected together with Ch. Hose (see there) too.

Part of the collections was identified,4 but there remain several important indeterminatae. The biography in Kew Bulletin l.c. below gives details on the cumbrous system of cyphers used for the earlier collections!



(1) cf. Detailed itinerary in O. Stapf: ‘Contribution to the flora of Kinabalu’ (Transact. Linn. Soc. Lond. ser. 2, Bot. 4, 1894, p. 71-76); cf. also Moulton in Sarawak Mus. Journ. 2, 1915, p. 158.

(2) cf. Burkill in Gard. Bull. Str. Settlem. 4, 1927, nos 4-5.

(3) cf. Gard. Bull. Str. Settlem. 7, 1934, p. 192.

(4) for plants from Mt Kinabalu cf. Stapf in l.c. sub 1, p. 127-263, pl. 11-20.

H.N. Ridley: ‘An enumeration of all Orchidaceae hitherto recorded from Borneo’ (Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 31, 1896, p. 261-306, pl. 13-15).

E.D. Merrill: ‘The Bornean species of Eugenia, Schefflera, and Saurauia, represented in the Singapore Herbarium’ (Journ. Str. Br. Roy. As. Soc. no 79, 1918, p. 19-35).

H.N. Dixon: ‘New and rare Bornean mosses’ (Journ. Bot. 79, 1941, p. 57-62, 72-77).


biographical data:

Kew Bull. 1907, p. 197-198; Biogr. Index Britten & Boulger 3rd Suppl. in Journ. Bot. 46, 1908, p. 7 and in 2nd ed. by Rendle, 1931; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.