Collecting localities



Biographical data


Micholitz (sometimes spelled Micholicz), W.


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 5: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement I)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1854. Died: 1932.



For many years plant collector in the employ of the firm of J. Sander & Sons, St Albans near London. He made entomological collections too. He lost all his savings as a result of the monetary deflation in Germany, following the war, and consequently straitened circumstances attended his late years.

Some plants (mostly orchids) were named after him.


Collecting localities:1

1884-85. Philippines.-In 1891 visiting the Moluccas: Banda and Timorlaut (= Tanimbar Islands), and on his way thither visiting S(e)krú (Skroe) on the W. coast of New Guinea.-Sumatra West Coast: mountains near Padang (Nov. 1891-Febr. 1892).-Natuna Islands (c. Aug. 1892).-Ambon: Hitoe, G. Wawani (189.).-1893-98. NE. and SE. New Guinea (Papua) & Bismarck Archipelago: Simbang near Finschhafen (June 1893), Friedrich Wilhelmshafen (June-Sept.), Duke of York Island (Neu Lauenburg) (Oct. 1893), Mioko and New Ireland (Oct. 1893), Ataliklikun Bay (= prob. Kambair-Bucht) (Dec.); New Britain (Dec. 1893); New Ireland: between Cape Carteret and Praslin-Hafen (Kambotorosch) (Jan. 1894), Normanby Isl., Milne Bay, Cloudy Mts (1894), Stirling Range, Suan, mountains near Mita in the vicinity of Milne Bay (2000 ft, Febr. 1895), Simbo (Solomon Isls, Oct. 1897), Louisiade Archipelago (Apr. and May 1898), Thursday Isl.-NW. Borneo, 1903-04: Labuan and Sarawak ( ? ).-Probably collecting till about 1908 (see sub collections).



Principally orchids and mosses.2 Herb. Berl. [B]: mosses from Kaiser- Wilhelmsland (= NE. New Guinea), Neu Pommern (= New Britain), Neu Mecklenburg (= New Ireland), Sumatra, Banda, Timorlaut (= Tanimbar) and the Philippines; orchids from Neu Pommern and Neu Mecklenburg.3 Herb. Kew [K]: some plants presented by Kränzlin;4 12 nos from New Guinea and the Louisiades (presume 1898) and Sumatra orchids (pres. by Sander in 1905); Herb. Sing. [SING]: plants from the Papuan regions (pres. 1898), from Labuan (pres. 1899), Tanimbar (presume 1902), Borneo (presume 1903), Philippines (pres. 1908); Herb. Vienna [W]: with Herb. Reichenbach. C. 90 Philippine ferns at Kew Herb. [K].

Hort. Sing.: living East Indian and Philippine orchids (presume 1903-09); Hort. Bog.: living orchids from G. Wawani, Ambon (presume 1895), and from Sumatra (presume 1906).



(1) Only very few data concerning his travels are known; the above-cited ones were occasionally collected in literature and are given with all reserve, they are certainly incomplete.

(2) Descriptions of orchids in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 17, 1893, p. 482-487 (W. Sumatra); Gartenflora 43, 1894, p. 114; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 44, 1894 and 45, 1895; H.G. Reichenbach: ‘Xenia Orchidacea’ (continued by F. Kränzlin) 3, Leipzig 1900, p. 100-101, t. 256; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 44, 1910, Beibl. p. 25-26.

Descriptions of mosses by Brotherus in Öfv. Finska Vet. Soc. Förh. 35,1892/93; l.c. 37,1894/95; l.c. 40, 1897/98; l.c. 42, 1899/1900.

cf. also Schumann & Lauterbach in ‘Flora d. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. i.d. Südsee’ (Leipzig 1901) and in ‘Nachträge’ to the latter (1905), Journ. Str. Brume Roy. As. Soc. no 38, 1902, p. 207 (Balanophora from Tanimbar Islands); J. Valckenier Suringar in Nova Guinea 8, 1912, p. 700 (Cyperaceae).

(3) In Beih. Bot. Centr. Blume 341, 1917 (history of the collections of Herb. Berlin).

(4) cf. Kew Bull. 1896, p. 42.


biographical data:

Gard. Chron. 3rd set. 92, 1932, p. 487; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.