Collecting localities



Biographical data


Morrow, James


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: 1820, Palmetto State, S. Carolina, U.S.A. Died: 1865, Willington, S. Carolina, U.S.A.



Was educated at the University of Georgia, at Athens (B.A. 1843); studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (M.D. 1846), from 1848-49 he pursued graduate studies in the Medical College of the State of South Carolina; he seems to have practised at Charleston. He accompanied Perry’s Expedition to Japan (see below) as Agriculturist; after coming home to South Carolina he probably returned to a practice at Charleston; at the end of 1860 appointed Assistant Surgeon in the fort on Morris Island, in 1861 assigned under the Confederate Army to James Island; in June 1865 to Willington.

He was commemorated in Lonicera (Xylosteum) morrowi A.Gray, and in Carex morrowi Boott.


Collecting localities:

Perry’s Expedition to Japan, 1852-55.1 Commodore Perry departed from Norfolk, Virginia, on Nov. 24, 1852, o/b the U.S.S. ‘Mississippi’, and sailed via Madeira, St Helena, Cape Town, Mauritius, Point de Galle, and Singapore, to Hongkong. Dr Morrow was not appointed until after the Commodore had sailed; he was assigned to the sloop-of-war ‘Vandalia’,2 which left Delaware Bay (March 6, 1853) and sailed via Rio de Janeiro, and the Cape of Good Hope; touching at W. Java: anchoring in Mew Bay (= Meeuwenbaai, near the SW. extremity) (June 19-27), some excursions on shore (20, 21, 23), crossing to Mew Island (? 21), and sailing (28) past Anger-Point (= Anjer); Singapore (July 3-11), making several trips; to Macao (establishing headquarters there, with Perry); Canton, Whampoa, Honan, Great Lew-Chew (= Okinawa), Japan, and back to China; homeward bound aboard the naval storeship ‘Lexington’ via W. Java: Anger Point (= Anjer) (Nov. 4-6, 1854); down the Straits of Sunda; Cape of Good Hope, St Helena; Brooklyn Navy Yard (Febr. 16, 1855).



He brought home dried and living plants (including some from Java), and collected seeds of crop plants. The dried collections were partly sent to Asa Gray of Harvard University;3 the specimens had to be returned to the U.S. Patent Office (= U.S. Nat. Herb. Wash. [US]) after the classification. The Japanese plants were collected with S. Wells Williams, of the American Mission at Macao.



(1) M.C. Perry: ‘Narrative of the expedition of an American squadron to the China Seas and Japan’ (Washington 1856, vol. 2).

(2) A.B. Cole: ‘A scientist with Perry in Japan. The journal of Dr James Morrow’ (Chapel Hill 1947, w. ill.).

(3) A. Gray: ‘Account of the botanical specimens. List of dried plants collected in Japan, by S. Wells Williams, Esq., and Dr. James Morrow’ (in ‘Narrative etc.’, Washington 1856, vol. 2, p. 303-332). W.S. Sullivant reported on the mosses, W.H. Harvey on the Algae, Dr Boott on the Carices, D.C. Eaton on the ferns.


biographical data:

A.B. Cole, A scientist with Perry in Japan, 1947, Introduction p. i-xxvi + portr., and App. xiv-xx, p. 253-268.