Collecting localities



Biographical data


Moulton, John Coney


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 5: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement I)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1886, St Leonards in the West-Country, England. Died: 1926, London, England.



Major in the British Army, amateur entomologist-ornithologist-mammologist; Curator of the Sarawak Museum, 1905-15, and founder of the Sarawak Museum Journal in 1911; joining his regiment from 1915-16 serving in India, coming to Singapore serving as staff officer until 1919. In July 1919 he was appointed Director of the Raffles Museum and Library, Singapore, resigning in 1923, to return to Sarawak as Chief Secretary of the Government, etc. He took his D.Sc. (Oxon.) in 1924. According to the obituary, he visited Borneo twice while in charge of the Raffles Museum.

Besides the below-mentioned papers, he published on Borneo birds in the Sarawak Gazette, 1913-14.

The genus Moultonianthus Merr. and many species of plants were named after him.


Collecting localities:

NW. Borneo, Sarawak. 1909. Banting and Simanggang Distr. (May); Lawas Distr. (Aug.-Sept.); Mt Penrissen (end of Nov.).1-1910. Up the Limbang River, in an endeavour to reach Mt Batu Lawi (March-Apr.); short excursions to Bintulu and the Samarahan Distr. (10 days each); Mt Matang, Santubong and Upper Sarawak (day or 2 each).-1911. Expedition to Mt Batu Lawi on the headwaters of the Limbang River:2 leaving Kuching (May 2), Limbang (5), up-river journey from Bidang (7-16), reaching upper waters of the Madihit (l7), overland journey, climbing Mt Turan, Mt Derian, Mt ? Selinguid; Batu Lawi (29-30), reaching 600 ft below the summit; Kalabit (June 3); the Dayak collectors returning down the Mahidit and Limbang River; Moulton to the Seridan River behind the Molu Range, down the Mago River, across country to a tributary of the Apoh and down into the main Baram River (15), spending a month at Claudetown; Kuching (July 17). Mt Klingkang at the head of the Simunjan River (Oct.); Mt Matang, Santubong and Satang-1912. Fortnight on Mt Serambu (Jan.).-1913. Mt Poi (Apr. 15-20; also on the summit, G. Rumput);3 Expedition to Mt Kinabalu (Br. N. Borneo) via Tampassuk Road, Kiau (Aug. 8-Oct. 16),4 reaching the summit Aug. 25, staying 6 weeks on the mountain at different altitudes, making camp near the summit (Pakka camp) (5 days), at Kamborangah (5 days), Lobong (Sept. 3, staying a week), at the entrance of the Minitindok Gorge, exploring the NW. spur (Marei Parii), and returning to Kiau, etc.-1914. Headwaters of the Sadong River and Mt Merinjak, return journey across the foot of Nit Penrissen and down the Sarawak River.5 Upper Baram River, reaching the first Kalabit village at the head of the Akar River, but having to return on Nov. 19; staying 11 days on Nit Merinjak on the Dutch border.-1920. 2nd Attempt to reach the Kalabit Country (Oct.), which neither met with success, and the expedition soon returned;6 according to Mjöberg he was about Liomatu and on the mountains to the north of it.

On G. Lingga, situated 4 miles from the sea and 100 from Kuching, he had collecting done at 2-3000 ft by 2 Dyak collectors.



In Herb. Sarawak [SAR], including many ferns; from Mt Kinabalu 120 nos; he also employed native collectors. Dupl. in Herb. Sing. [SING] and some in Herb. Bog. [BO]; Herb. Manila [PNH]: c. 3000 specimens, collected by Dyaks (1911-15) and 296 Moulton dupl. (pres. 1921). Other collections by the Dyak collectors made at the expense of Prince Bonaparte (= Herb. Paris [P]) (1914-. . ) and Herb. Sing. [SING] (1914- . ); U.S. Nat. Herb. Wash. [US]: 4 Borneo plants. Plants from Kinabalu, N. Borneo (1913), and from Sarawak in Herb. Edinb. [E].

Dupl. of Moultons collectors in Herb. Brit. Mus. [BM].



(1) J.C. M.: ‘Mount Penrissen’ (Sarawak Gazette 40, 1910, p. 5-7).

(2) J.C. Moulton: ‘An expedition to Batu Lawi’ (Sarawak Gazette 41, 1911, p, 148-151); ‘An expedition to Mount Batu Lawi’ (Journ. Str. Br. Roy. As. Soc. no 63, 1912, p. 1-104 + map, incl. lists of plants etc.).

(3) J.C. Moulton: ‘Some notes on a short collecting trip to Mt. Poi, Sarawak, undertaken recently by the Raffles Museum, Singapore, and the Sarawak Museum’ (Journ. Str. Br. Roy. As. Soc. no 65, 1913, p. 1-12).

(4) J.C. Moulton: ‘A collecting expedition on Mt. Kinabalu’ (Sarawak Gazette 43, 1913, p. 248-250, 262-264); cf. also in his ‘An account of the various expeditions to Mt Kinabalu’ (Sarawak Mus. Journ. no 6, 1915, p. 137-176, 1 map and literature).

(5) cf. Zoologist for Oct. and Nov. 1914; Sarawak Gazette 44, 1914, p. 136-137.

(6) cf. Rep. Sarawak Mus. for 1914, 1915, p. 3 and Rep. Raffles Mus. for 1920.

(7) H.N. Ridley: ‘Some plants collected on Mr. Moulton’s expedition to Batu Lawi (Borneo)’ (Journ. Str. Br. Roy. As. Soc. no 63, 1912, p. 59-63).

F.O. Bower: ‘Studies in the Phyl. of Filicales V. Cheiropleuria bicuspis (Blume) Prain, and certain other related ferns’ (Ann. Bot. 29, 1915, p. 495-529; material coll. by Moulton on Mt Poi in Apr. 1913).

Ferns (collected by the Dyak collectors and partly by Moulton) in Bonaparte, Notes ptéridol., fast. 1, 1915, p. 211-212; l.c. 4, 1917, p. 107-112; l.c. 7, 1918, p. 397-405; and l.c. 13, 1921, p. 221-226 (coll. Moulton 1920).

cf. also Sarawak Mus. Journ. 2, 1915, p. 177 and l.c. 2, 1916, p. 277-286; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 8, 1915, p. 349-356 and l.c. 13, 1921, p. 188; and Journ. Str. Br. Roy. As. Soc. no 85, 1922 (collection Upper Baram).


biographical data:

Who’s who 1913; Journ. Mal. Br. Roy. As. Soc. 4, 1926, p. 264-265; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.