Collecting localities



Biographical data


Oxley, Thomas


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Died: 1886, Southampton, England.



Surgeon in the Straits Settlements, in the employ of the English E.I.C.; in 1831 stationed in the isle of Penang (= Prince of Wales’ Isl.), from 1845-57 in Singapore. He paid a visit to the Banda Islands (Moluccas).2

He was especially interested in entomology and in economic plants.1 He lend a helping hand to Thomas Lobb on the latter’s travels.

Some plants were named after him.


Collecting localities:

There are no data as to collecting localities in the Malay Peninsula; he climbed Mt Ophir (NW. Johore) twice (Jan. 1840 and Apr. 1848).3



He sent plants from Malacca to Voigt in Bengal, at the moment when the East India Company had ordered the construction of a new herbarium in the Calcutta Botanic Garden, evidently to replace what Wallich had just dispersed. He was said to possess a herbarium of 1000-1200 specimens in 1845 (cf. Burkill in Gard. Bull. Str. Settlem. 4, 1927, nos 4-5). In Herb. Kew [K] (pres. 1848-52), also with Herb. Sir W.J. Hooker.

He sent living material to Hort. Calcutta (c. 1843) and to Hort. Bog. He introduced the so-called ‘flamboyant’ (Poincinia regia Bojer) in Java (1848).



(1) Author of ‘Botany of Singapore’ (Logan Journ. Ind. Arch. 4, 1850, p. 436-440); also some other papers, chiefly dealing with economic plants, in the same periodical.

(2) cf. T. Oxley: ‘The Banda Nutmeg Plantations’ (Hook. Journ. Bot. & Kew Gard. Misc. 9, 1857, p. 1-6).

(3) On the 1st ascent cf. Logan Journ. Ind. Arch. 6, 1852, p. 636-642 (reprinted from Singapore Free Press 1840, without mentioning the author).


biographical data:

Biogr. Index Britten & Boulger, 2nd ed. by Rendle, 1931; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.