Collecting localities



Biographical data


Schimper, Andreas Franz Wilhelm


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: 1856, Strassburg, Germany. Died: 1901, Basel, Switzerland.



Botanist who after taking his Ph.Dr’s degree (1878 at Strassburg) worked for some time at Lyons (France) and Baltimore (U.S.A.) (1881); in 1882 he settled at Bonn, in 1886 being appointed Extraordinary Professor there; since 1898 Professor at Basel, entering upon his duties after return from the ‘Valdivia’ Expedition (see below). Beside as a member of this deep-sea expedition, he travelled in the West Indies (1883), Brazil (1886-87), Ceylon and Java (1889-90).

His special interest was the beach and crater vegetation and the life-history of epiphytes.1

Vaccinium schimperi Koord. was named after him.


Collecting localities:

Java (Oct. 1, 1889-March 13, 1890).2 In W. Java: Buitenzorg, Priok, Tjilintjing, P. Leiden and the Duizend Eilanden (in the Bay of Batavia) for the study of the beach vegetation; visiting G. Salak, G. Gedeh-Pangrango, G. Tangkuban Prahu, G. Guntur (lava fields), G. Papandajan, G. Tjikorai, Telaga Bodas and Kawah Manuk for the study of the alpine and the crater flora; in Centr. Java: coastal forests of Nusa Kambangan (S of Java) and the rhizophore regions along the Kinderzee (Febr. 1890); the dunes of Wodjo (Febr. 1890); E. Java: rhizophore regions of Pasuruan and Probolinggo; on G. Ardjuno and G. Tengger (Febr.).

Deep-sea expedition in the ‘Valdivia’, 1898-99.3 Sailing from Hamburg (July 1898) via the Canaries, Cameroon, the Cape of Good Hope, Kerguelen, New Amsterdam and the Cocos Islands; W. Sumatra (Jan. 22-29, 1899): Emmahaven, Padang, Padang Pandjang, Fort de Kock, Pajakombo, Kloof van Harau; Mentawai Islands: Siberoet (Jan. 30, not going ashore); S. Nias (Febr. 1, part of the expedition going ashore); P. Weh: Sabang (Febr. 6); via the Nicobars, Maladives, Ceylon, Seychelles, and the Red Sea, to Europe; Hamburg (Apr. 29, 1899).



According to Urban4 he (in 1898-99) mainly collected material in spirit, preserved in Herb. Bonn [destroyed in WW II] and Basel [BAS]. In the Show Mus. Berl.: 30 nos of rhizophores of the Malay Archipelago. A few plants, including the type specimen of Vaccinium schimperi Koord., in Herb. Leiden [L].



(1) Author of ‘Die Indo-Malayische Strandflora’ (Jena 1891); ‘Die Gebirgswälder Javas’ (Forstl. Naturw. Zeitschr. 2, 1893, p. 329-345; transl. in Ind. Forester 20, 1894, p. 55-57, 87-91); his life-work ‘Pflanzengeograph ie auf physiologischer Grundlage’ (Jena 1898; revised and enlarged edition by F.C. von Faber in 1935); and numerous physiological papers on the evaporation of leaves, the life of epiphytes, etc.

(2) cf. Dammerman in Ann. Jard. Bot. Buit. 45, 1935, p. 15.

(3) cf. Peterm. Mitt. 45, 1899, p. 24, 48, 72, 128.

Carl Chun: ‘Aus den Tiefen des Weltmeeres’ (Jena 1900); also transl. into Dutch.

‘Valdivia’. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der deutschen Tiefsee Expedition auf dem Dampfer Valdivia 1898-1899 ... herausgegeben von Carl Chun (Jena 1902- .; Schimper’s notes were elaborated by H. Schenck).

(4) cf. Urban, Symb. Antill. 3, 1902-03, p. 120.


biographical data:

Ber. D.B.G. 19, 1901, Gen. Vers. Heft p. (54)-(70), incl. bibliogr. & portr.; Wittrock, Icon. Bot. Berg., 1903,p.141-142; l.c. 2, 1905, p. 151; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.