Collecting localities



Biographical data


Wichmann, Carl Ernst Arthur


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: 1851, Hamburg, Germany. Died: 1927, Hamburg.



Was educated at Leipsic (Germany) where he took his Ph.Dr’s degree in 1874; from 1879-1921 Professor of Geology at Utrecht, Holland. His first voyage to the D.E.I. was made in 1888/89;1 in 1903 he led an expedition to Dutch North New Guinea, the so-called Wichmann expedition (see below).

Author of many important geological papers and of an extremely valuable history of New Guinea exploration.2

The Wichmann Mountains in Dutch New Guinea were named after him.


Collecting localities:

Wichmann Expedition, 1903.3 After visiting Giri near Grissee (E. Java), Wichmann departed to Ternate (staying Jan. 11-17); as the other members had not yet arrived, he availed himself of the opportunity to visit the W. coast of New Guinea (probably only collecting geologically), visiting: Fak-Fak, Sekar Bay, Fak-Fak; ascending the Belangkat (= Horst) River part of the way; the islands Lakahia, Dranai, and Aidoema; Fort du Bus (Jan. 25); islands Sangnoes, Namatote, Kelemala, Adi, Dapit, Karas; kp. Waresa (27); Otar Isl. (= Samei), Fak-Fak; touching at Saparoea and Ambon; back in Ternate (Febr. 2); departure of the expedition (7) to Dutch N. New Guinea: Andai, Sjeri (Geelvink Bay); tour to Wasian, W of Horna (Febr. 14-28), visiting G. Siep (‘padang’ on the slope!); several islands in the Geelvink Bay (March 2-7), incl. P. Jatoewar near Wakobi; Wendesi (= Windehsi); Manokwari (9); Humboldt Bay (13); fixing camp at Metoe Debi; exploring Jotefa Bay, trip to Timména (= Temena) River; Tobadi; Lake Sentani and Cyclop Mts (G. Pisero, G. Sinagai, G. Pantjana, etc., from March 31-Apr. 19; reaching the pass on the 14th); after return from this trip both mantris of the Botanic Garden returned to Buitenzorg, and during the latter part of the expedition (for this reason not extracted) no botanical collections were made.



Botanical collecting was done by Atasrip and Djibja (see those) of the Botanical Garden at Buitenzorg, from February to April 1903; in Herb. Bog. [BO];4 dupl. in Herb. Leiden [L].



(1) C.E.A. Wichmann: ‘Bericht über eine im Jahre 1888-89 im Auftrage der Niederländische geographische Gesellschaft ausgeführte Reise nach dem Indischen Archipel’ (Leiden 1890-92, 3 vols); cf. also Tijdschr. K.N.A.G. 7. 1890, p. 907-994, and l.c. 9 1, 1892, p. 161-276, 5 pl.

(2) C.E.A. Wichmann: ‘Onderzoek van Nieuw Guinea in vroegere eeuwen’ (Bull. Mij Bevord. Nat. Onderz. Ned. Kol. no 49); ‘Entdeckungsgeschichte von Neu Guinea’ (Nova Guinea vol. 1-2 1-2, 1909-12).

(3) cf. Bull. Mij Bevord. Nat. Onderz. Ned. Kol. nos 42-47; Versl. Milit. Expl. Ned. N.G. 1907-15, Weltevreden 1920, p. 19-21.

H.A. Lorentz: ‘Eenige maanden onder de Papoea’s’ (Leiden 1905).

C.E.A. Wichmann: ‘Bericht über eine im Jahre 1903 ausgeführte Reise nach Neu Guinea’ (Nova Guinea 4, 1917, xviii -I- 494 pp., 3 maps, 8 pl. and 171 ill.).

(4) Th. Valeton: ‘Plantae Papuanae’ (Bull. Dép. Agr. Ind. Néerl. no 10, 1907, 72 pp.; also in Fedde Repert. 5, 1908, p. 377-397).

J.J. Smith in Nova Guinea vol. 8.


biographical data:

Who’s who 1913; Tijdschr. K.N.A.G. 1928, p. 153; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.