Biographical data


Wiles, James


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


fl. 1790-1806



Gardener of R.A. Salisbury; he accompanied the voyage of the ‘Providence’ under Capt. Bligh (see there), and botanized in Oct. 1792 with Christoph. Smith (see there) in Timor, Lesser Sunda Islands. From Timor and other islands visited during Bligh’s 2nd voyage, they brought useful plants for cultivation to the West Indies. In Febr. 1793 they landed 300 young breadfruits at Jamaica, which were placed under Wiles’s care in the Botanic Garden at Liguanae; in 1805 he was still in charge of the gardens; his further history is unknown. In 1810 the garden was sold by the House of Assembly.



Herb. Brit. Mus. [BM]: plants collected on the voyage of the ‘Providence’ (acq. with Herb. Banks), and c. 800 species of the same voyage with Herb. Lambert.1 Also duplicates in Herb. Deless. (Geneva [G]), ex Herb. Lambert.2



(1) cf. Advertisement of Lambert sale in Athenaeum 1842, p. 44; Journ. Bot. 60, 1922, p. 24.

(2) cf. Urban, Symbol. Antill., 3,1902/03, p.140.


biographical data:

Kew Bull. 1891, p. 300-301; Biogr. Index Britten & Boulger in Journ. Bot. 37, 1899, p. 83, and in 2nd ed. by Rendle, 1931.