Collecting localities



Biographical data


Naumann, Friedrich Carl


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 5: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement I)


Born: 1841, Ehrenbreitstein, Germany. Died: 1902, Kloster Lausnitz, Germany.



Studied natural sciences and medicine at Berlin and Heidelberg, taking his Dr’s degree in 1865; fleet-surgeon on the voyage of the ‘Medusa’ to Eastern Asia and on the voyage of the ‘Gazelle’ (see below); from the latter voyage returning with broken health. In 1877 he settled as practitioner at Gera in Germany.

Several plants were named after him.


Collecting localities:

Voyage in the ‘Medusa’, 1868-71. Via England, Madeira, Canaries, Rio de Janeiro, Cape of Good Hope, Sunda Archipelago, China and Japan, returning to Kiel.-Voyage in the ‘Gazelle’, 1874-76.1 Sailing from Kiel (June 21, 1874); Madeira, Liberia, Ascension, mouth of the Congo, Cape of Good Hope, Kerguelen, St Paul and Amsterdam, Mauritius, NW. Australia; Dutch Timor: Koepang (May 14-16, 1875); Taimanain Mts, N. side of the bay of Koepang (23-24); Pariti (24); Koepang (26); Atapopa (N. coast Dutch Timor), making trip inland (27); Ambon (June 2-10) making a trip to a sandstone cave, S of the town; West Dutch New Guinea, Vogelkop: Gulf of MacCluer, anchoring in the Sisir Gulf (= Segaar or Sekar Bay), then named Gazelle-Hafen (June 15-20); Bismarck Archipelago (July-end of Aug.), visiting several coastal villages and exploring in Neu Hannover (= New Hanover) (July 19-26; W. and S. coast, at Nordhafen, Wasserhafen, etc., trip in the mountains), Neu Mecklenburg (= New Ireland) (July 30-Aug. 5; W. coast to the SE. end), and in NeuPommern (= NewBritain) (12-16; Blanche Bay, Gazelle Halbinsel, climbing 2 volcanoes) and in New Ireland again (18; Carteret-Hafen, Sulphur Bay); Solomon Islands (25-28; Bougainville Isl.);2 proceeding to Australia, Queensland, New Zealand, Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa Islands and passing the Straits of Magellan to the Azores; back at Kiel (end of Apr. 1876).



Herb. Berl. [B]; the results of the ‘Gazelle’ were published.3 Also in Herb. Haussknecht (Herb. Boiss. (Geneva [G]), Kew [K] or Leningrad [LE]).

From Engler’s Übersicht (see Lit. 3) it is evident that 2 species were collected in the Lucipara Islands. As the present author supposed that she might have overlooked these islands when extracting the itinerary from the ‘Reisebericht’ (see Lit. 1), she consulted the book once more. It appeared that the ‘Gazelle’ did not touch the Lucipara Islands, but passed them between May 28 and June 2, 1875. The plants must have been collected when a small boat was sent to inspect the possibility of anchoring near the W. side of the islands. In vol. I of ‘Die Forschungsreisse etc.’ (p. 157) no mention is made of a landing of a party.



(1) ‘Die Expedition S.M.S. Gazelle’ (in Ann. d. Hydrogr. and marit. Meteorologie 1874; l.c. 1875, and l.c. 1876, p. 1-14) (pr. p. non vidi). In the latter volume besides several scientific observations and hydrographical contributions by von Schleinitz.

‘Die Forschungsreise S.M.S. Gazelle in den Jahren 1874 his 1876 unter Kommando des Kapitan z. See Freiherr von Schleinitz’ (herausgegeben von dem Hydrographischen Amt des Reichsmarines-Amts zu Berlin; 5 vols, 1889-1890). Itinerary of the voyage (Reisebericht) in l.c. vol. 1, 1889.

For the stay in the Malaysian region cf. also letter by Naumann to Dr Prahl in Zeitschr. Ges. Erdk. Berl. 11, 1876, p. 138-142; ‘Ueber Land and Leute an der MacCluer Bay, New Guinea, and in Melanesien’ (Verh. Berl. Ges. Anthropol. 1876, p. (67)-(69)); in Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenburg 18, 1876 A, p. 26-38, 38-51.

(2) F.C. Naumann: ‘Ueber den Vegetationscharakter der Inseln des Neu-Britannischen Archipels and der Insel Bougainville’ (Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 6, 1885, p. 422-426).

cf. also Th. Studer (member of the expedition too!): ‘Ein Besuch auf den Papua-Inseln nördlich von Neu Guinea’ (Deutsche Geogr. Blätt. 1, 1877, p. 182-200; incl. description of the vegetation!).

(3) ‘Ueber Meerphanerogamen des indischen Oceans and indischen Archipels’. Mitgetheilt aus Briefen des Dr F. Naumann (Bot. Zeit. 33, 1875, p. 760-765).

P. Ascherson: ‘Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Seegräser des Stillen and Indischen Ozeans’ (aus Briefen des Dr Naumann mitgeteilt) (Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenburg 1876, p. 52-63).

Lichens by J. Müller in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 4, 1883, p. 53 seq. and in l.c. 1884.

Cyperaceae by C. Böckeler in l.c. 5, 1884, p. 89 seq.

Gramineae by E. Hackel in l.c. 6, 1885, p. 233 seq.

Orchidaceae by F. KRANZLIN in l.c. 7, 1886, p. 435-443.

Siphonogams in l.c. 7, 1886, p. 444-480.

A. Engler: Forschungsreise S.M.S. Gazelle. ‘Botanik’ (with Askenasy, von Thümen, Kuhn and other botanists) (Die Forschungsreise S.M.S. Gazelle vol. 4, 1889). Herein A. Engler: ‘Übersicht über die botanischen Ergebnisse der Gazelle-Expedition’ (p. vi-xvi).


biographical data:

Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. 19, 1904, p. 1-7, incl. bibliogr. (the name probably by mistake ‘Ferdinand’); Schumann & Lauterbach, Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schützgeb. Südsee, 1905, p. 25-26; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.