Collecting localities



Biographical data


Pfeil (und Klein Ellguth), Joachim Friedrich Graf von


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: 1857, Neurode, Silesia, Germany. Died: before 1938.



Educated at Jena; from 1873-83 farmer in Natal and Orange Free State, S. Africa; exploring the Limpopo region (1882) and Ulanga (1885-86); from 1887-89 Director of the Bismarck Archipelago;1 study tour to the Dutch East Indies, 1889; visit to German SW. Africa in 1892; visits to Morocco in 1897, 1899 and 1901; to the U.S.A. and Mexico in 1904, and to German and English E. Africa in 1905; teacher at the French gymnasium at Berlin, 1917-20.


Collecting localities:

Former Kaiser- Wilhelmsland, NE. New Guinea. Arriving at Finschhafen (Dec. 22, 1887); with C. Hunstein setting out (Dec. 28) to Festungs Cape, H. returning on account of illness; excursion in the valley of the Bu Porum and returning afoot to Finschhafen.2-Bismarck Archipelago. Stationed in Kerawara (1888-89), from where making tours to Neu Mecklenburg (= New Ireland) (May 22-, 1888),3 Neu Hannover (= New Hanover); he evidently climbed the Wuna Koker or Varzinberg in New Britain4 and Mutter Volcano.5



He is said to be the collector of plants in the Bismarck Archipelago, described by F. von Mueller.

Africa plants in Herb. Berl. [B] (pres. 1892-93).



(1) Author of ‘Land and Volk im Bismarck-Archipel’ (Verb. Ges. Erdk. Berl. 17, 1890, p. 144-156); ‘Studien and Beobachtungen aus der Südsee’ (Braunschweig 1899).

(2) J. Graf Pfeil: ‘Bericht über eine Reise in Deutsch Neuguinea’ (Peterm. Mitt. 36, 1890, p. 219-227).

(3) cf. Nachr. Kais. Wilh. Land 4, 1888, p. 153-154 and Peterm. Mitt. 40, 1894, p. 73-82, pl. 7 (map).

Wichmann, Enid. Gesch. N.G., in Nova Guinea 22, p. 476 gives several data, derived from a map made by Pfeil.

(4) cf. ‘Bilder aus dem Schutzgebiet i.d. Südsee’ (Westerm. illustr. deutsche Mon. Hefte Braunschweig 72, 1892, p. 539-540).

(5) cf. Pfeil, Studien and Beobachtungen etc., l.c. p. 170.


biographical data:

cf. Nachr. Kais. Wilh. Land 4, 1888, p. 17, 57 and 145; J.C. Poggendorf, Biogr.-liter. Handwörterbuch 4, 1903, and l.c. 63, 1938.