Collecting localities



Biographical data


Raciborski, Marian


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1863, Brzostawa near Opotów, ? Galicia. Died: 1917, Zakopane, S of Krakau, Galicia.



From December 1896 to May 1897 attached to the Buitenzorg Bota. nic Gardens, applying himself to the study of ferns;1 then in the employ of the Sugar Experiment Station at Kagok near Tegal till October 1898,2 and subsequently on the staff of the Experiment Station for ‘Vorstenlanden’ Tobacco at Klaten (Central Java too). In August 1900 he went to Galicia, finally being appointed Professor and Director of the Botanic Gardens, Lemberg; since 1912 Professor and organizer of a new botanical institution at Krakau.

Author of several papers, mainly dealing with cryptogams and orchids.3

Several plants, especially ferns, were named after him.


Collecting localities:

Dec. 1896-May 1897. W. Java: environs of Buitenzorg, Depok, Tjigombong, Kota Batoe (Jan. 4, 1897), Tjidahoe (Jan. 20), Telagawarna (Poentjak Pass), Tjibodas and G. Gedeh, Tjiapoes, G. Salak, G. Pantjar, G. Malang (Febr. 20), Geger Bintang (March 15), Krakatau group (March 17, with Penzig) and P. Merak, Telagabodas, Ngalindoeng (S of Reunghas), G. Goentoer (Apr. 16).-1897-1900. Centr. Java: Tegal, G. Slamat (1898), Djokja, Noesa Kambangan (S of Java), etc.-In 1899 he visited W. Java again, climbing G. Salak with J.J. Smith (Nov. 28).-On his way to Europe he collected in Singapore, P. Penang and Ceylon in 1900.4



Principally ferns, but also orchids, Burmanniaceae, lichens, Fungi, and Algae.5 Partly in Herb. Bog. [BO], e.g. 100 Crypt. paras. in ins. Java lectae et exsiccatae: in Herb. Berl. [B]: ditto (pres. 1899) and 191 nos of vascular cryptogams Arch. Ind. (1899 pres.); Herb. Kew [K] plants from Malaya (pres. 1899); Herb. Sydney [NSW]: Java ferns (pres. by Kew and Buitenzorg); Herb. Vienna [W]: Crypt. parasit. ins. Java 103 nos (by exch. 1900); U.S. Nat. Herb. Wash. [US]: 118 Java nos. In Herb. Bot. Gard. Krakau [KRAM]: small collection of lichens6 and probably his private collections, as the Herb. Leiden [L] received 241 duplicates of Java ferns from that institute in 1936/37.

Hort. Bog.: ferns, orchids, etc. from G. Goentoer and other localities (pres. 1897-98).



(1) M. Raciborski: ‘Die Pteridophyten der Flora von Buitenzorg’ (1898).

(2) M. Raciborski: ‘Biologische Mittheilungen aus Java’ (Flora 85, 1898, p. 325-367, 14 fig.); ‘Die Farne von Tegal’ (Nat. Tijdschr. N.I. 59, 1900, p. 234-253).

(3) cf. also references in Ann. Jard. Bot. Bait. 45, 1935, p. 79, 87, 92.

(4) According to Burkill (Gard. Bull. Str. Settlem. 4, 1927, p. 130) in 1899, which must be a mistake.

(5) R. Gutwinsky: ‘Additamenta ad floram algarum Indiae Batavorum cognoscendam. Algae a cl Dre. M. Raciborski in montibus Vulcaniis: Krakatau et Slamat anno 1897 collectee’ (Diss. math. Phys. Acad. Litter. Cracov. vol. 39, p. 287-307); ‘De Algis a Dre. Raciborski in Insula Java collectis’ (Bull. Acad. Sci. Cracovice 1902, p. 575-617, pl. 36-40).

For literature on Fungi cf. Ann. Jard. Bot. Bait. 45, 1935, p. 107, 110.

(6) cf. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 12, 1935, p. 111, nota 1.


biographical data:

Ber. D.B.G. 35, 1917, p. (97)-(107), incl. bibliogr.; Kosmos 42, Lemberg 1917, p. 66-95, w. portr.; Spr. Kom. Fiz. 51, 1917, p. xxxvii-xl; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936; Ochr. Przyr. 29, 1963, p. 9-16, w. portr. (w. English summary).