Collecting localities



Biographical data


Anderson, Thomas


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Addenda & Corrigenda)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: 1832, Edinburgh, Scotland. Died: 1870, Edinburgh, Scotland



A surgeon under the Government of India and from 1860-68 Superintendent of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Calcutta.1 He was also the first Conservator of Forests in Bengal. In 1861 he made a journey to Java in connection with Cinchona culture. In 1868 he returned to Scotland on account of illness and spent his time in working on Acanthaceae.

Eranthemum andersoni Masters was named after him.


Collecting localities:

1861. W. Java, Priangan Res.: G. Goentoer and G. Malabar (Oct. 19), etc.; Buitenzorg (Nov. 6); Malay Peninsula: Singapore.2

Some plants collected in 1861 in W. Java, on G. Tangkoeban Prahoe, G. Malabar, etc., were described and delineated by L. Pierre in MS. (in Arch. Herb. (Phanérog.) Paris)



Herb. Calcutta [CAL]; probably > 470 nos of above-mentioned trip; Herb. Kew [K]: India, Suez (pres. 1861-70); Herb. Brit. Mus. [BM]: Singapore plants; also dupl. in Herb. Berlin [B] and Herb. Leiden [L]. Java and Singapore dupl. (1861) in Herb. Edinb. [E]



(1) Author of the ‘Florula Adenensis’ (Journ. Linn. Soc. Lond. Bot. 1860, suppl. 1, 47 pp.).

(2) T. Anderson: ‘On a new genus of Moraceae from Sumatra and Singapore’ (Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 8, 1865, p. 167-168).

(3) Plants mentioned by Valckenier Suringar in ‘Het geslacht Cyperus’ (Leeuwarden 1898) p. 110; in Pflanzenreich 46, p. 271; in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit. sdr. 2, vol. 9, 1913, p. 38; Ann. Conserv.Jard. Bot. Genève 21, 1920, p. 272.


biographical data:

Journ. Bot. 1870, p. 368 w. bibliogr.; Gard. Chron. 1870, p. 1478; Pritzel, Thes. Lit. Bot., 1872; Biogr. Index Britten & Boulger in Journ. Bot. 26, 1888, p. 54 and in 2nd ed. by Rendle, 1931; Curtis’ Bot. Mag. Dedic. 1827-1927, p. 151-152 + portr.; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936.