Anonymous*, Java


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Plants from a Javanese Garden in Herb. Plukenet, Herb. Sloane 89 in Brit. Mus. [BM]. The material must date from about 1700.

Plants by a Dutch Gardener (from Cleyer’s garden?) from Batavia in Herb. Sloane 286-287, in Brit. Mus. [BM]. The material must date from about 1700.

Java plants, collected before 1842, without the name of the collector (ex Herb. Webb), were sold with the Herbarium of Lambert in 1842; they were bought by R. Brown (= Brit. Museum) [BM].

A native collector of the Botanic Gardens Buitenzorg, discovered Rafflesia rochussenii on the Manellawangi (= Mandelawangi, spur of G. Gedeh) on July 29, 1850 (cf. Teysmann & Binnendijk in Nat. Tijdschr. N.I. 1, 1850, p. 425-430, 2 pl.; and in l.c. 2, 1851, p. 651-655; cf. also Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. & Kew Gard. Misc. 3, 1551, p. 217-220).

Java plants of an unknown collector in Herb. Oxford [FHO or OXF] (cf. Hook. Journ. Bot. & Kew Gard. Misc. 6, 1854, p. 281).

Herb. Amsterdam [AMD]: Plantae Ind. Orient. Javanicae, beautiful collection of Piperaceae etc., collected in the vicinity of Semarang, Centr. Java. Probably very old. At Geneva [G] similar plants in Herb. Burman.

The Assistant Resident of Lebak, Bantam, W. Java, sent 6 plants of Gonystylus miquelianus to Hort. Bog. in 1866.

The District Officer of Rangkas Bitoeng, Bantam, W. Java, sent some orchids to Hort. Bog. in 1886.

From Aug. 1888-March 1889 plants were collected on behalf of J.G. Boerlage (see there) in the environs of Buitenzorg (cf. Versl. PI. Tuin Buitenzorg for 1888, p. 18); in Herb. Leiden [L].

Herb. Univers. Zürich [Z]: pharmaceutically important material in spirits from Java (purch. 1895).

Herb. Univers. Zürich [Z]: 100 plants from Java, presented by Schinz in 1903. Collector(s) unknown.

An Overseer of the Forest Service collected 13 nos of plants in the mangrove forest near the Kinderzee near Tjilatjap, Centr. Java; in Herb. Bog. [BO] (coll. 19..).

The Estate-Manager of Kiara Pajoeng, N of Tjiandjoer in W. Java, sent at least 8 nos of weeds to Herb. Bog. [BO] in July 1922.

In Herb. Kol. (= Ind.) Inst. Amsterdam: material of the cultivated species of coffee from Bangelen, presented by the Malang Experiment Station in 1926.

In Herb. Kol. (= Ind.) Inst. Amsterdam: samples of ‘cubeben’ + herbarium, presented by the Central Java Exp. Star. at Salatiga in 1926 and 1931.

The Consulting Horticulturist of E. Java collected in 1928, 30 nos Loranthaceae; in Herb. Bog. [BO]

The Consulting Horticulturist of E. Java collected in 1928, 30 nos Loranthaceae; in Herb. Bog. [BO]

An Overseer of the Forest Service collected Rubus calycinus Wall. var. suffruticosus in E. Java, on the, Jang Plateau near Taman Hidoep (Nov. 1929); in Herb. Bog. [BO]

The Forest Officer of Djember, E. Java, sent 3 nos of Aleurites montana to Herb. Bog. [BO] (pres. July 1930).

The Director of the Normal School at Ambarawa, Centr. Java, collected material of Cuscuta (Jan. 1930); in Herb. Bog. [BO]

The Estate-Manager of Tjikopo, W. Java, collected Dysoxylum macrocarpum Blume (July 1933); in Herb. Bog. [BO]

The Estate-Manager of Moedjoer, Pasoeroean, collected Omphalopus fallax (Jack) Naud. at Moedjoer, E. Java (cf. Bakhuizen v.d. Brink in Rec. Trav. Bot. néerl. 40, 1943, p. 119); specimen in Herb. Bog. [BO]

Many times during several years plants were sent for identification to Herb. Bog. by:

l. General Experiment Station for Agriculture (Algemeen Proefstation voor den Landbouw = A.P.L.) at Buitenzorg; partly collected by Hackenberg, van Heeteren and Huitema (see those) of the division Agricultural Institute, partly by others and presented through the intermediary of the said Institute; also by Franssen, van der Goot and van der Vecht (see those) of the division Institute for Plant Diseases (partly by others and presented by the said Institute).

2. The Private Experiment Stations, viz W. Java (a combination of the formerly separate stations for tea, rubber, etc.) at Buitenzorg, collected by the staff, principally by Heubel and Prillwitz (see those), and also a lot of material coming from various estates and presented through the intermediary of the Exp. Station; Salatiga, Semarang, Klaten, Malang and Besoeki (Djember) ditto, presented by the respective directors.

3. Public Health Service, Medical Laboratory at Batavia, e.g. from the Malaria Department, especially waterplants.

4. The Opium Factory at Batavia.

5. The Commercial Museum (Handelsmuseum) at Batavia (the former Museum and Inquiry Office for Economic Botany, Buitenzorg).


(*) Anonymous collectors are numerous in the Malaysian collections. Many of them were officials whose names can only be traced with difficulty or not at all, and who, in all probability, often did not collect in the field themselves.

Some large collections were made by native collectors whose names are not noted (e.g. from Borneo). Further there are quite a number of totally anonymous collections, of which we have not the faintest idea who made them. The anonymous collections cannot be neglected; some are very large e.g. the ‘Native Collector(s)’ employed by the Bureau of Science in Borneo. Some are very important, and contained a lot of novelties, e.g. the grasses collected by veterinary surgeons in Soemba Isl. (L.S.I.). Sometimes duplicates were distributed of well-known collections with totally inadequate labels, specially of the old collections; these duplicates are now often ‘anonymous’. The anonymous collections have been annoying for the present compiler. They are here arranged geographically and chronologically.