Anonymous*, Moluccas


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


The Estate-Manager of Tobelo, Halmaheira, sent some specimens of plants to Herb. Bog. in Nov. 1919.

The Resident of Ternate sent some samples of Sapotaceae to Herb. Bog. [BO] in 1884.

The Post-Holder at Kairatoe, Ceram, collected at Oldenburg, by the orders of the Resident of Ambon, specimens of Ormocarpum cochinchinense (Lour.) Merr. (July 10,1896) ; in Herb. Bog. [BO] (Herb. bot. var. Kooorders no 27).

A Civil Administrator of Ceram sent several specimens of sago-palms to Herb. Bog. [BO] in 1911-12.

Some medicinal herbs originating from Ceram were presented by the Eykman Institute (Batavia) to Herb. Bog. [BO] in Dec. 1939.

Plants from Ambon, without mentioning the collector’s name, were sold with the Herb. Lambert in 1842; they were bought by Rich (cf. Advertisement in Athenaeum 1842, p. 44). Probably the plants were presented to Lambert by W. Roxburgh (cf. Lambert, Descr. of the genus Pinus, 2, 1837, appendix p. 13-24), and collected by Roxburgh Jr or Christoph. Smith (see those) early in the 19th century.

The Lieutenant of the Chinese in Ambon sent a lot of living orchids from that island to Hort. Bog. in 1900.

The Resident of Ambon sent plants to Hort. Bog. [BO] in 1901.

In Herb. Leiden [L]: 286 Banda plants, accompanied by a list of vernacular names. Neither collector, nor the year of collecting is mentioned, but probably dates from the first half of the 19th century.

The Roman-Catholic mission in the Kai Islands sent some fodder plants to Herb. Bog. [BO] in 1927. Ditto 27 medicinal plant species to the Medical Laboratory (Batavia) in 1939, which were forwarded to Herb. Bog. [BO] too.


(*) Anonymous collectors are numerous in the Malaysian collections. Many of them were officials whose names can only be traced with difficulty or not at all, and who, in all probability, often did not collect in the field themselves.

Some large collections were made by native collectors whose names are not noted (e.g. from Borneo). Further there are quite a number of totally anonymous collections, of which we have not the faintest idea who made them. The anonymous collections cannot be neglected; some are very large e.g. the ‘Native Collector(s)’ employed by the Bureau of Science in Borneo. Some are very important, and contained a lot of novelties, e.g. the grasses collected by veterinary surgeons in Soemba Isl. (L.S.I.). Sometimes duplicates were distributed of well-known collections with totally inadequate labels, specially of the old collections; these duplicates are now often ‘anonymous’. The anonymous collections have been annoying for the present compiler. They are here arranged geographically and chronologically.