Collecting localities




Campbell, Charles


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 5: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement I)

(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 8: Cyclopaedia of collectors, Supplement II)


Born: c. 1765, Glasgow, Scotland. Died: 1808, Calcutta, India.



Was appointed to the Bengal Establishment as an Assistant Surgeon in Oct. 1791; in Jan. 1793 he was appointed to do duty at the Medical Establishment at Bencoolen, Fort Marlborough, as surgeon and botanist. Early in the year 1798 nutmeg plants and cloves were received, which were put generally under his inspection. He made some trips into the interior. In 1807 he returned to Bengal on account of ill health.

He is credited with the donation of plants from Sumatra (1796-1807), Malay Islands (1800-01), and the Moluccas (1798, 1803) in Roxburgh, Hort. Beng. 1814. The plants from outside Sumatra were probably cultivated under his supervision in the garden at Bencoolen, and not collected by himself.

His botanical MSS possibly came into the hands of J. Arnold (see J. Bastin in J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Hist. 6, 1973, p. 365 (note 245), but probably were lost with the fire on the ‘Fame’ (see Raffles).


Collecting localities:1

1800. Sumatra West Coast. From Moco-Moco on the coast, to the northeast, Korinchi (= Kerintji) country, visiting 2 lakes (Danau Lake). In a private letter dated March 1802 he says: ‘We crossed the hills nearly behind the Sugarloaf and entered the valley of the Musi’ (Palembang).



He evidently forwarded some plants to Dr Roxburgh at Calcutta, for the latter’s herbarium (cf. W. Roxburgh Jr), e.g. Urceola elastica Roxb. and a Sumatran species of the genus Phoberos (= Scolopia);2 in 1800 he also forwarded seeds, from which Roxburgh raised plants in the Calcutta Bot. Gardens. Of these plants Carey later sent seeds to England (cf. Loddiges, Bot. Cabinet, 6, 1821, pl. 531, 587). To Kew he sent seeds of Antiaris.3

In the description of his tour of 1800 it is stated that he had only little time for botanizing, but brought some roots with him to Fort Marlborough.



(1) ‘Account of the inland country of Korinchi-Expedition to the Serampei and Sungei-tenang countries’ extracted from his correspondence in Marsden, The history of Sumatra, 1811 (3rd ed.), p. 304-308. For other data mentioned above cf. l.c. p. 147-148 and p. 364.

(2) cf. Roxburgh, Asiat. Research. vol. 5, p. 167 and Bennett & Brown, Plant. Javan. rarior., p. 188.

(3) cf. Bennett & Brown l.c. p. 58.