Collecting localities



Biographical data


Schröter, Carl Joseph


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: 1855, Esslingen, Würtemberg, Germany. Died: 1939, Zürich, Switzerland.



Whose family moved to Switzerland as early as 1865, and since lived at Zürich. In 1879 he was appointed University Lecturer in Botany at the Technical College (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule), and from 1884-1925 Professor of the said College at Zürich. He twice visited the D.E.I. (see below). The voyage 1898/99 was made at the expense of Mr Pernod (see there).

Author of many plant-geographical and other papers, several of which concerning the alpine flora.1

Polygonum schroeterianum Danser was named after him.


Collecting localities:

Voyage round the world, 1898-99.2 Departing in Aug. 1898, going through the U.S.A., and via Honolulu to E. Asia, especially visiting Japan, and travelling via China, Saigon, and Singapore to Java; in March 1899 he was back in Switzerland again. He and Mr Pernod stayed in W. Java3 from end Dec. 1898-Jan. 1899; they collected in mangrove forest, and at Buitenzorg, Tjibodas (Dec. 29, 1898) and on G. Pangrango; Jan. 2nd they set out to Gamboeng Estate on the slope of G. Tiloe, being for a week the guest of Mr Kerkhoven; subsequently the Cinchona plantations of G. Tangkoeban Prahoe were visited.4-journey through Java (March-Sept. 1927),5 collecting in the following localities: W. Java: G. Malabar (May); Centr. Java: Diëng Plateau (mid-May); Banjoemas; E. Java: G. Lawoe, Sarangan (May 30); G. Tengger with C.A. Backer (June 3-6); along the N. coast (G. Bentar, G. Loros, G. Kendang) (9-10); Idjen Plateau with Backer (10-12); G. Ardjoeno-Welirang (17-20); Rawah Bening with Coert (26); G. Keloed, Sarangan and G. Andjasmoro with Coert. He collected some numbers in Sumatra, probably on the voyage to or from Java, viz at Benkoelen, Kroja, on G. Sibajak and G. Pintoe (East Coast).



Herb. Techn. Coll. Zürich [ZT], from both voyages, including a 100 nos from G. Ardjoeno-Welirang (1927); dupl. in Herb. Basel [BAS]. In Herb. Pasoer. [PAS now in BO]: 39 nos with J.H. Coert (coll. 1927); Herb. Bog. [BO]: 14 dupl. (pres. 1927); in Mus. Univ. Zürich [Z]: natural history objects from Java (pres. 1901/02); Herb. Berne [BERN]: Java Fungi (pres. 1927-28).



(1) E.g. of ‘Das Pflanzenleben der Alpen’ (Zürich 1926).

(2) C. Schröter: ‘Esquisses botaniques d’un voyage autour du monde’ (Arch. d. Sci. Phys. et Nat., Oct. et Nov. 1899, Compt. Rend. d. Trav. prés. à la 82me Sess. d. 1. Soc. Helv. d. Sci. Nat. Réun. Neuchâtel d. 30 juillet au 2 août 1899, Genève 1899, p. 48; Arch. d. Sci. Phys. et Nat., Bibl. univers. 104me année, 4me pér., vol. 8, Genève 1899, p. 394; Act. Soc. Helv. d. Sci. Nat., 82me Sess., 31 juillet au 2 août 1899 a Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel 1900, p. 52-53).

(3) cf. Dammerman in Ann. Jard. But. Buit. 45, 1935, p. 23.

(4) C. Schröter: ‘Ein Besuch bei einem Cinchonenpflanzer Javas’ (Schweiz. Wochenschr. f. Chemie u. Pharmacie no 36, 1900).

(5) C. Schröter: ‘Exkursionen in Ost-Java (Idjen plateau and Weliran)’ (Vierteljahrschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 73, 1928, Beibl. 15, p. 554-600, 7 fig., pl. 17-19); ‘Eine Exkursion ins Tenggergebirge’ (Verb. Naturf. Ges. Basel 40, 1928/29, p. 511-535); ‘Javanisches Edelweiss and Heidelbeerbäume’ (Volkshochschule 1934, p. 101-102); ‘Ausflüge auf Java’ (l.c. 1935, p. 307-313).

(6) For Fungi cf. Vierteljahrschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 46, 1901, p. 122-127.


biographical data:

Wittrock, Icon. Bot. Berg., 2, 1905, p. 164-165, t. 133; Dörfler, Botaniker PortrMs, 1906/07, no 7; Festschrift in Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel, Zürich 1925;, Volkshochschule 1935, p. 302-307; Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936; Vierteljahrschrift Naturf. Ges. Zürich 84, 1939, p. 355; Nat. Tijdschr. N.I. 99, 1939, p. 71-74; Chron. Bet. 5, 1939, p. 285-286, w. portr. on p. 289; Neujahrsbl. Naturf. Ges. Zürich for 1947, 149, 1946, p. 89-90 + portr.