Collecting localities



Biographical data


Waitz, Friedrich August Carl


(Source: Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 1: Cyclopaedia of collectors)


Born: 1798, Bückeburg, Schaumburg-Lippe, Germany. Died: 1882, Batavia, Java.



Was sent to Java in the employ of the Civil Health Department in 1823, and was stationed at Semarang ; in 1828 and from 1836-44 on European leave. In 1849 he was pensioned off; from 1850-53 in Holland; in 1854 he was allowed to set up as a medical practitioner at Batavia, in 1855 he returned to Europe, and finally settled at Batavia in 1873. His interest mainly centred in native drugs;1 as a token of appreciation of his work King Willem I presented him with a copy of Blume’s Flora Javae.

He is commemorated in several plant names.


Collecting localities:

Between 1823-55. In W Java: Mandalawangi and G. Pangrango; Centr. Java: G. Ungarang, northern slope near Medini; G. Merapi and Merbaboe; Tegal and G. Slamat; Grobogan (Rembang) (Oct. 1842); coastal forest S of Djokja; beach and environs of Semarang; G. Muriah (= Moerjo);2 E. Java: Djati Kalangan, G. Wilis, G. Kawi, G. Ardjoeno, G. Tengger.

In literature he is cited as the collector of plants in Sumatra (Indrapoera),3 and Borneo;4 no data of him having visited these islands are available, so there is a possibility that he did not collect the plants himself.



Herb. Berlin [B]: > 875 nos; dupl. in Herb. Leiden [L]; evidently at least some in Herb. Göttingen [GOET],5 and in Herb. Bot. Gard. St Petersb. (= Leningrad [LE]).

Miquel described plants of his in the Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat.



(1) Fr.A.C. Waitz: ‘Practische waarnemingen over eenige Javaansche geneesmiddelen’ (1829); ditto in German: ‘Practische Beobachtungen iffier einige Javanische Arzneimittel’ (Leipzig 1829).

(2) cf. Blume, Rumphia, 3, 1837, p. 162.

(3) cf. Valckenier Suringar, Het geslacht Cyperus, 1898, p. 93; and Rec. Trav. Bot. néerl. 33, 1936,p.137.

(4) cf. Merrill, Enum. Born. Pl., 1921, p. 450 (by Blume in Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1, 1849, p. 9, no collector is mentioned).

(5) cf. Mez in Pflanzenreich 9, 1901, p. 32.


biographical data:

Leop. Carol. Akad. no 1421 (non vidi); Backer, Verkl. Woordenb., 1936; card index Barnhart in N.Y. Bot. Gard.